1. OMB director Brian Deese says that the rapid rate of decline in the deficit is due to a historic reduction in the rate of health care costs. In the last two years the cost of health care has been less expensive than in the past fifty years.
2. With the presidents proposed budget for 2015 the deficits are only 1.6% of the economy; however, the baseline would put deficits at 3.4% of the economy. This is because it is based on constraining the cost of health care even more, thereby allowing the government to invest in infrastructure, education and innovation.
3. Congress has agreed to a budget, that not necessarily encompassed everything both democrats and republicans wanted, but it served as a chance to provide stability for the economy. The president is building on this concept by investing in what he thinks will provide stability in what he calls the opportunity, growth, and security initiative. This initiative entails early learning (adding 100,00 slots for children), basic research, manufacturing (national networks to create jobs), apprenticeships, and national security.
4. Ideally I see this budget as a great thing; however, as the video did not say specifically how the budget would accomplish so many things without increasing the deficit, it seems very idealized and over exaggerated what the budget can do. I think the budget is trying to hard to accomplish too many things without explaining how it will do so.
Obama has chosen to enact an executive order regarding the pay of federal employees because he lacks the congressional support to raise wages or end gender pay disparities. This executive order shows how limited Obama and all presidents are in their executive orders because they usually lack congressional support and congress is in control of the budget. This also creates a motif for Obama's presidency of pursuing action without congressional approval. Executive orders are often criticized because they don't demonstrate a positive relationship with congress and they are seen as an overstep of presidential power especially in the case of Obama. The white house avoided making policy addressing anti gay discrimination protecting gays working for federal contractors. The white house says that such policy would be redundant because of executive orders made by Kennedy and Roosevelt. Likely the white house avoids such policy because of its controversial nature and the potential lack of support it may receive.
Video on msnbc.com: The age-old practice of politicians re-drawing Congressional districts to find friendly voters, or, gerrymandering, has allowed members of the House of Representatives from both sides of the aisle to stay in power regardless of...
1. The state legislatures redraw congressional districts every ten years (following the census). The party in charge of the state legislature can redraw the lines to create safe districts, districts that align with their party in the majority. These districts are kept within a certain population to theoretically create equality among the districts.
2. Gerrymandering effects incumbency because even though in 2012 both parties only had 15% approval rate but most of their representatives, 90%, were reelected for congress. Politicians have begun to choose and place their voters instead of voters truly choosing their representatives.
3. Mathematicians have come up with a plan that would create districts only based on geography and population to decrease representatives choosing their voters. This could mean that it would be much harder for incumbents to be reelected. that would be a good thing because it gives more power to the voters; however, the longer a person is in office/the more times representatives are reelected the more policy they can enact.
4. The electoral college results in indirect voting for the president. The popular vote does not dictate which candidate will win, the candidate must win the majority in the electoral college. Similarly, due to gerrymandering a representative may not have high approval rate, but they will still get reelected. Gerrymandering almost causes indirect reelection.
5. Even though gerrymandering does sometimes benefit democrats and sometimes republicans it is not justified because it takes away the voice from the minorities in the districts. It also helps to feed into the two party system because the only parties in power to gerrymander are the republicans and democrats thereby continuing their power.
1. It seems to me that in 2016 the media is looking for a candidate that is strong in its beliefs across the board. O n both the table for Republicans and for Democrats the main advantage of prospect candidates is that they had strong liberal or strong conservative pasts.
2. There was minimal focus on the issues (platform) of the candidates. Most information given about the candidates was concerning past experience and their appeal to the public.
3. The "permanent presidential campaign" is in regards to the fact that a person must start years in advance to ensure that a candidate can withstand public scrutiny and lives up to what the people want. A potential candidate must be vetted to ensure that nothing in his past can be used against him in future campaigns and offices. Also a candidate must show their ability to maintain office and inform the public about their character and intentions.
4. I see being identified as an early leader in the presidential race as both an advantage and disadvantage. It is an advantage because it allows the early leader to inform the public of its platforms and advantages as a candidate. However it can be a disadvantage because the vetting process for the candidate may not be fully completed and something in the candidates past might be revealed before such factors are ready to be handled.
Texas remains a Republican-leaning state because its white residents are becoming increasingly Republican and its large Hispanic population, though solidly Democratic, is less so than Hispanics nationally.
1. The Hispanic population is decibel democratic and with the second largest population of Hispanics in any state, Texas might see a party realignment. This is related to the concept of majority minority because as the majority white group becomes a minority, the democratic Hispanics may be able to realign politics in Texas.
2. Texas is a primarily Republican party especially among the minority; however, the Hispanic minority mostly votes democratic. Hispanics in Texas are still less likely than Hispanics in other states to vote democratic.
3. Political participation among adult Hispanics is very low when compared to majorities. While most other states have a 50% participation among Hispanics, Texas only has a 47%. When 47% political participations among Hispanics is compared to the 82% participation of whites and 77% among blacks the Hispanics population is extreme misrepresented. This means that political realignment is not likely.
4. There is a low sampling error in this poll because 178528 people were random sampled with telephone interviews of adults 18 years and older from all 50 states and dc were interviewed. 50% of phones called were landlines and 50% were cell phones chosen by a random-digit-dial. Also the poll had demographic weight based on the most recent population survey among those in the united states 18 years and older.
1. In Roberts' court conservative decisions have been highly favored because the court is in majority conservative. Robert ruled to maintain affirmative action and refused to find something in the constitution that supports same sex marriage.
2. A precedent is when a court decides on a case and that decision serves as a basis for other court cases, Roberts has been able to persuade the more liberal justices to vote conservatively, meaning that he helps to maintain previous decisions rather than change them.
3. The Obama administration has a poor overall record with the court because their liberal views don't mesh with the conservative views of the court. Obama might gain success by pointing out the limitations of current legislation and by exaggerating the effects of the legislation he supports.
4. Justice Kennedy is considered to be the swing vote on the court because he doesn't always vote conservative or liberal.
5. Personally I do not believe there to be an overwhelming bias. There were things written about the conservative view point that uplifted it and others that bashed on its inability for change. This was also prevalent for liberal side. There might slightly be a biased towards the conservative view because it ends with the opinion of Roberts leaving that to be the thing en-grained in the reader's head.
1. The NRA has raised such a hail storm about this nominee for the surgeon general because the nominee plans to create stronger gun control laws, limit on the amount of ammo available, and require gun education courses. The NRA is expressing its power by refusing to support democratic candidates from conservative states.
2. For the senators reelection is at stake especially in conservative states because most of their constituents are very angry with the gun control laws presented by nomination for surgeon general.
3. The president nominates the surgeon general, then him and the white house work together to present the nominee in such a way as to get him confirmed by their party who is in the majority.
4. Because past nominations have stopped working they have come with a strategy to get this nomination to pass. That strategy includes working with Democratic leaders to gain more support, delaying a vote until after the midterm elections, or allowing Dr. Murthy to withdraw.
1. The constitutional basis for the electoral college is that the founders did not believe the average person would be able to make an educated decision in regards to the election because of the inability for information to spread fast and widely. However, the founders also did not wish to give the full power of electing a president over to the federal government.
2. The common strategy used to get 270 electoral votes is to focus on gaining the votes of largely populated states. Safe states are states that can be counted on to vote for one party or another. Swing states are states that jump back and forth on which party they vote for. These states effect which states the candidate plans to focus on.
3. If no candidate receives 270 electoral votes then it is up to the House of Representatives to choose a president.
4. The 2000 election raised a lot of critique over the electoral college because while Al Gore won the popular vote, Bush won the electoral college and also the presidency. Critiques say the electoral college does not always reflect the will of the people and leaves small states in the dust.
5. I believe in theory the electoral college is a good idea, I don't believe every person is educated enough on the elections to only rely on popular vote to decide the president. I do, however, believe that smaller states underrepresented in the electoral college and safe states misrepresent the public.
More Americans today are satisfied with where the nation stands on acceptance of gays and lesbians, federal taxes, and healthcare availability than were satisfied in 2001. But Americans' satisfaction with the economy has declined.
1. Gallup chose this thirteen year comparison because the opinions reflected in the 2001help to contrast the opinions of Americans post 9/11. The wars with Afghanistan could be a cause of American's increasing dissatisfaction with the nation's economy and world affairs. Most likely there are other factors outside of 9/11 that have shaped Americans ideas about the economy and world affairs, such as the affordable care act.
2. The results in the chart comparing Democratic and Republican satisfaction do coincide with my expectations resulting from the books depiction of liberalism and conservatism. Republicans seemed least satisfied with the strength of the government and its army, they wish to see an increase in power. The Democrats however were satisfied with the minimal military power and increased government involvement in social issues.
3. Republicans would support a better plan that would increase the affordability of available health care, increased US involvement in world affairs, and a stronger military. Democrats would support a continence of a little military involvement, government involvement in social issues, and increasing the quality of the environment.
4. This has a relatively small sampling error so for the most part I believe the results of the poll; however with the sampling error I must take into account that the ideas expressed in this poll can be skewed.
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