Changes to people and places in the Sydney region as a result of British Colonisation
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A Convict Story: Historic Houses Trust of NSW

A Convict Story: Historic Houses Trust of NSW | Changes to people and places in the Sydney region as a result of British Colonisation | Scoop.it
Sydney Living Museums, the public identity of the Historic Houses Trust of NSW, brings 12 major heritage sites alive through exhibitions, publications, events, and education.
Sririn Buppapirak's insight:

This is a highly engaging teaching resource developed by the Historic Houses Trust of NSW in partnership with the NSW Curriculum and Learning Innovation Centre. Once you click through to the interactive interface, there are different modules each with specific information, activities and teaching notes to implement in the classroom or in conjunction with excursions to Hyde Park Barracks or the Museum of Sydney.

 

For instance, the 'Journeys' module includes animated videos and timelines to teach about the First Fleet, while convict transportation is explored through different activities. A particularly interesting activity is for students to think about what they would pack if they were a convict being transported to Australia. This would encourage students to think about items that would help them survive in the early days of the colony. It also links to a numeracy outcome as part of the task is to review the dimensions of the box to work out the volume and how much the box would hold.

 

In the module 'Life at the barracks', students learn about the layout of the barracks, the living and working conditions for a convict and how punishment was carried out. Activities include writing a diary entry from the point of view of a convict assigned to kitchen duties, including illustrations, comments and feelings about the situation and life in the colony. Similarly, students could write a newspaper report on life in the barracks and what they can expect once they complete their sentence.

 

These modules provide great ideas to take students through the different experiences and interactions as a convict living and working during colonisation.

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Barani - Indigenous History

Barani - Indigenous History | Changes to people and places in the Sydney region as a result of British Colonisation | Scoop.it
Homepage of Barani Indigenous history of Sydney city website
Sririn Buppapirak's insight:

This site focuses on the Eora people - the original inhabitants of Sydney, and encompasses a range of useful information on Sydney's indigenous history. In particular, the 'People and Place' and 'First Contact' pages provide a comprehensive overview of the impacts of British colonisation on the Eora people.

 

There are many teaching ideas that can draw on this resource. An idea could be for students to construct a consequences chart of the different impacts to the Eora people and categorise these into environmental, social and cultural changes that occurred. This could include changes to landscape, construction, disease, food shortage, violence and resistance, decimation of local clans, etc. By doing so, students can demonstrate a holistic understanding of the varied impacts of colonisation on indigenous people and surroundings.

Another idea could be for students to write a diary entry of the daily life before and after colonisation – highlighting the difference between their clans, languages spoken, food, housing, health, links to land and culture, and thoughts and feelings about their life and events taking place. By using a range of primary sources such as letters, diaries and oral recounts, students can engage and reflect from a personal point of view. Substantiating these with secondary sources, such as texts and biographies, students can be encouraged to integrate key ideas from both types of sources and present these as a formative exercise.

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Australian Aboriginal History

Australian Aboriginal History | Changes to people and places in the Sydney region as a result of British Colonisation | Scoop.it
Aboriginal history is not just the Dreaming - current events leave their mark in Indigenous history and are equally important.
Sririn Buppapirak's insight:

This site provides a range of useful history resources from an Aboriginal perspective, such as a comprehensive timeline of key events with particular focus on the involvement and impacts on Aboriginal people, Aboriginal war history and commemoration, and history of legislation and the fight for rights, land and recognition.

 

A particular page, 'Australia Day – Invasion Day', outlines the different perspectives of Australia Day. While generally Australia Day is a day of celebration and optimism, for many Aboriginal people it is a day to commemorate great loss. To this effect, Aboriginal people often refer to this day as 'Invasion Day', 'Day of Mourning' or 'Survival Day'.

 

This page can be used to facilitate classroom discussion on different perspectives of colonisation. Students could be divided into two groups – one to take on the view of colonisation as an establishment of a colony from the view of the British government and settlers/explorers, the other to take on the view of colonisation as an invasion from the view of Aboriginal people living at the time of arrival. Students could be asked to refer to a range of primary and secondary sources, such as historical recounts, texts, letters, and diary entries to reflect and propose facts, opinions and events that may support their respective view. Following this, students could pair up with someone from the other group to share their findings. Through this exercise, students are encouraged to consider all perspectives and build a greater understanding and appreciation of Aboriginal positioning on historical events.

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European Colonial Empires - The Map as History

Europe’s colonial expansion : colonization of Africa, colonization of Asia, Indian Empire, French Colonial Empire, British Empire, colonies and colonial empires of European countries
Sririn Buppapirak's insight:

This site provides animated maps to depict historical routes of Europe's colonial expansion. Routes include the conquest and resistance in French Indochina, the British Empire in India, European expansion in the Far East, resistance and uprisings in Africa, and colonisation and settlement of Algeria.

 

This resource can be used as a precursor to teaching about the British colonisation of Australia and introducing a global perspective to learning about colonisation. As the maps depict many different routes to different continents around the world, this could help set the context for colonisation and faciliate classroom discussion. Colonisation can therefore be explored as a commonly undertaken strategic means of obtaining power, increasing wealth, creating new markets and providing resources for European economies from other countries around the world.

 

A class activity may be for students to learn about two different colonised countries and outline the similarities and differences using global themes. Teachers could include the impact of colonisation on indigenous people, their rights and social justice, where students could compare how the respective groups were treated and how it may have impacted life in the respective colonies differently. Teachers can then present the changes in attitudes over time, whether these countries have recognised colonisation differently or attempted to reconcile with indigenous cultures to rebuild trust and peace. Students could summarise their understanding in a venn diagram to clearly portray their observations.

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Historical Walking Tours - City of Sydney

Historical Walking Tours - City of Sydney | Changes to people and places in the Sydney region as a result of British Colonisation | Scoop.it
Aboriginal culture, historical walking tours, Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Opera House are just some of Sydney's tourist attractions.
Sririn Buppapirak's insight:

This site from the City of Sydney council provides a range of historical self-guided walking tours. In particular, the 'Colony' walking tour covers the walking trail of early European Sydneysiders, convicts, soldiers, whalers and sailors; while the Barani/Barrabugu (Yesterday/Tomorrow) tour showcases Aboriginal Sydney from first contact to today's living culture.

 

This is a great resource for units of work incorporating excursions and experiential learning to complement other learning activities. For example, an excursion could involve exploring the streets of historical Sydney, stopping at main landmarks and discussing its heritage, progression and historial significance. Students could have the opportunity to physically engage with the buildings and surroundings and have a first-hand view.

 

Following the excursion, students could choose one particular landmark of interest for a larger project, such as a historial report to outline its original purpose, changes over time and what the building/site is used for today. Students could be encouraged to source other information such as maps, photographs, timelines, historical documents and information on significant people during that period to provide a comprehensive recount. This could be followed by a reflective exercise, where students consider the experience of living in early Sydney and discuss the positives and negatives from different points of view – settlers, convicts and Aboriginals in the area. This will facilitate a better understanding of the impact of colonisation not just as it occurred but as it pertains in current culture.

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