The classics of change management are here, featuring Lewin, as well as Agile project management and risks.
Lewin’s change management model depicts three phases that apply to any change.
- Unfreeze, which means removing the constraints and generate the will to change.
- The change itself, where people reposition themselves according to the new objectives.
- Refreeze, where the new situation becomes stable.
Kotter’s 8-step change model is also listed. The article highlights:
Steps 1-to-5 fit into the “unfreeze” phase, steps 6 and 7 correspond to the “change” itself, and step 8 corresponds to the “refreeze” phase of Lewin’s model.
By Dr. John Kotter:
- Create urgency
- Form a coalition
- Create a vision for change
- Communicate the vision
- Remove obstacles
- Create short-term wins
- Build on the change
- Anchor the change
The change curve...shows that [a] main objective... is to reduce negative effect during transition and to shorten the time needed to reach a new equilibrium.
Change management also deals with people’s stress and the temporary negative effect of change. What helps with change stress?
- Guarantee job stability for a period of time long enough for them to learn the new skills and settle in their new roles.
- Increase tolerance to mistakes and decreased efficiency during a period of time.
- Emphasize that this is a chance to develop new, more marketable skills.
The change curve (see Daryl Conner's work especially) pictures the negative impact of change across time. It shows that one of the main objectives of change management is to reduce negative effect during transition and to shorten the time needed to reach a new equilibrium.
Agile project management is well suited to deal with transformation projects
Setting Up a Project to Manage Change
Many changes are carried in operational mode, which tends to be chaotic because it doesn’t explicitly address concerns such as cost management, quality management, schedule management, procurement, etc,
By balancing discipline and flexibility appropriately, Agile project management is well suited to deal with transformation projects.
- The most critical area is risk management.
- In project management, risks are “known unknowns”, identified areas of uncertainty to manage.
- “Unknown unknowns”, means risks not yet identified yet.
The full article is here: http://t.co/ADKBgl3v...)...
Companion, relevant articles by Deb are here: