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Change in the Nature of Work: The Case For "Antiwork" and the 20 hour Work Week

Change in the Nature of Work: The Case For "Antiwork" and the 20 hour Work Week | Change Leadership Watch | Scoop.it

Does a 40+ hours a week actually work for today's and tomorrow's world?  Consider what would happen if we had a 20+ hour work week as the new standard?


________________
   
Society seems to be in denial over this...  ~ Brian Dean

________________


Excerpted:

U.K.-based writer Brian Dean argues that we need to reframe the idea of work itself—and maybe replace it with "antiwork" instead. He explains:
 

"Antiwork is a moral alternative to the obsession with "jobs" that has plagued our society for too long. It’s a project to radically reframe work and leisure. It’s also a cognitive antidote to the pernicious culture of "hard work," which has taken over our minds as well as our precious time."

________________

    

"The global economic collapse wasn’t caused by human idleness, and neither were the previous recessions." 

   

________________


Twenty years ago, Jeremy Rifkin estimated that about 75% of jobs in industrialized countries included tasks that could be at least partially automated, and as artificial intelligence and engineering improves, that number keeps getting higher.


"Society seems to be in denial over this, to a large extent," Dean says.

"So, we see the persistent belief that we can achieve 'full employment.' Rifkin showed empirically that this is nonsense, unless we create a lot of make-work, i.e., work for the sake of working. And that’s what, as a society, we seem to be doing. Everywhere you look there are stupid, pointless (and probably environmentally destructive) jobs."
 

If we don't work, how will we pay rent?  Dean supports the idea of unconditional basic income—a system in which society pays everyone enough to meet basic needs, so we can all spend our time doing something that truly fulfills us.

   

Related change posts by Deb on Reveln:
    

       

 

Deb's related ScoopIt streams:

    

    

   

Deb Nystrom, REVELN's insight:

So the 20-30 hour work week rises again.  Frithjof Bergman, at the University of Michigan,  suggested it for society decades ago.  Perhaps now with the pain of income disparity, the speed of technological advances including communication, it can be taken more seriously.

Excerpted from the interview referenced below:  

Frithjof:   New Work represents the effort to redirect the use of technology so that it isn’t used simply to speed up the work and in the process ruin the world – turning rivers into sewers and rain into acid.
     

The purpose of technology should be to reduce the oppressive, spirit-breaking, dementing power of work – to use machines to do the work that is boring and repetitive. Then human beings can do the creative, imaginative, uplifting work.
      

So New Work is simply the attempt to allow people, for at least some of their time, to do something they passionately want to do, something they deeply believe in.   ~ Deb

   

Reference:  http://www.context.org/iclib/ic37/bergmann/

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Billion-Dollar Babies: Are All These Little Companies Really Worth $1 Billion?

Billion-Dollar Babies: Are All These Little Companies Really Worth $1 Billion? | Change Leadership Watch | Scoop.it
As small companies get valued at such large sums of money, it begs the question, "Are they really worth it?"



Part of it is that money has been cheap and there’s a lot of it sloshing around looking for a home. There’s also the sense that the next wave of computing, built on mobile devices and social software, is going to be bigger than anything that has come before it...


...these are the companies that the “smart money” has decided will be the winners out of an ocean of new startups...


Check out: Fab.com, Snapchat and other relatively tiny companies have been generating sky-high valuations...including:



 


  • Evernote, Spotify, and Airbnb.
Deb Nystrom, REVELN's insight:

Good piece including the "transfer of wealth" that provides insights to what is happening and forecasted in the tech world.  Are there any of us that haven't been touched by changes tech innovations and growth?  ~  D

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Leadership Lesson: The Difference Between Google and Apple

Leadership Lesson: The Difference Between Google and Apple | Change Leadership Watch | Scoop.it

Google and Apple - what makes for innovation and what are the lessons learned?

 

...Google could have made the decision to stay solely focused on search, but they had the foresight to move beyond the certainty of what is to pursue new opportunity by focusing on what if.


Apple on the other hand, while once the leading innovator in their space, has ceded that position to other more aggressive players like Samsung, HTC , and yes, Google.


Where Apple went wrong is they began to confuse version releases and feature improvements with innovation.  


Via Dr. Susan Bainbridge
Deb Nystrom, REVELN's insight:

Confusing version releases with innovation Apple?  Mike Myatt takes on "offense and defense."  And so goes the comparisons of two very different cultures and the leaders at the top.  ~  D

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Deb Nystrom, REVELN's curator insight, May 17, 2013 4:29 PM

How innovation wasn't, via Mike Myatt, at Apple vs. Google.  Interesting take worth a look.  ~  D

Ante Lauc's curator insight, May 18, 2013 2:56 AM

I would like that a new firm create their synthesis.

Denize Piccolotto Carvalho's curator insight, May 20, 2013 11:15 AM

Interesting...

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Trend Disruptions: 5 Funded Tech Companies Set to Impact 2013 Higher Ed

Trend Disruptions: 5 Funded Tech Companies Set to Impact  2013 Higher Ed | Change Leadership Watch | Scoop.it

"It's a great time to be in education technology industry: venture capitalists have dropped a whopping $1.37 billion into the industry since 2011. That's a lot of cash &  opportunitiy to seriously change the way we do education."

  

Here are excerpts of the five profiled:

 

1. 2U   ~ The first startup of its kind to partner with top universities to offer full degree programs entirely on the Web.  

    

  • Founded in 2008, they've raised an impressive $97 million in venture funding, positioning it as a key leader in the ed tech industry.

   
2. EdSurge     The company recently nabbed $400,000 in seed funding from investors including the Washington Post, and it's backed by finances from the Bill and Melina Gates Foundation.

      

  • Launched in 2011, EdSurge was founded by veteran journalists and education technology professionals.

   

3. Echo360     Boasting $31 million in startup funding, Echo360 offers online and mobile tools for blended learning.  

         

  • Echo360 snagged $450 million to fund an initiative to reach 50 percent of U.S. college students in the next five years. The company also recently acquired ed-tech startup LectureTools Inc., its first public acquisition.

   

4. Noodle   Think big education searh:  Noodle has developed the most comprehensive, age-ubiquitous online search engine dedicated solely to educational topics. 

   

  • Founded in 2010 by the creator of the Princeton Review and 2U, the site features over 170,000 education providers and has received millions in funding. 

   

5. Always Prepped     In beta, Always Prepped provides online tools to help manage student and classroom data, providing a single stream of imported data for teachers to analyze their students or classes.

   

  • They've  raised an impressive $650,000 in startup funding.
Deb Nystrom, REVELN's insight:

The five start-ups listed are well funded and may be seriously on-fire within the year or two ahead.  

Time will tell, as the focus on lecture style and learning (competency building) and all the admin that goes with it begins to trade places.

 ~ Deb

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15 Of The Sharpest Up And Coming CEOs In Silicon Valley

15 Of The Sharpest Up And Coming CEOs In Silicon Valley | Change Leadership Watch | Scoop.it

Here's the Tech CEO best of the best list via Business Insider. Tech startups CEOs give a great view of what's next.


Here's two from the full list that were quite fetching in ingenuity and business style.  It's also an easy to browse, via click, article. ~  Deb


Excerpts:


Jamie Wong speaks multiple languages and has spent her life traveling the world. Now she's building a startup that makes it much easier for everyone to do the same.]


Vayable basically shortens the process of planning a vacation from 30 hours down to about 5 minutes. It makes it easy to plan "experiences," like touring the Louvre with a French student instead of riding a tour bus around town.


Patrick Collison's Stripe has become the go-to provider for accepting payments online. It makes it dead simple to add a way to pay for things on just about any app.


That's great for other founders, because payments are typically the most tricky part of building an application, and can take months to finally get off the ground. With Stripe, it's just a few lines of code.


Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/25-hot-ceos-of-silicon-valley-startups-you-cant-afford-to-ignore-2012-8?op=1#ixzz258nSrsMH

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Beginning to See the Light - Universities Adapt

"American universities are exiting a period of denial to grasp that they must remake themselves, beginning by understanding their place in society."

Go to the 30 minutes mark in to hear a 5 minute forecast by Huron [Consulting] managing director, Education leader, Edwin Eisendrath. 

__________________
   
Today there is disequilibrium. Once a few universities get it right..it will be very exciting.

    

__________________


Excerpts (not in order):

American universities are ...making their operations more efficient, deferring capital expenditures, and professionalizing management.

    

Faculty needs support.  Smart administrations are building easy to travel roads that faculty can use.

   

Universities are beginning to challenge publish or perish with new incentives, annual review on tenure process, social incentives for faculty - social networks that are institution based rather than discipline based.
    
Today there is disequilibrium. Once a few universities get it right..it will be very exciting.

 

Other excerpts:
Examples of turbulence: President Teresa Sullivan - formerly provost of the University of Michigan, at University of Virginia - hired, fired, rehired.


Good news, Universities are figuring this out. The University of Michigan is beginning to prepare for the public engagement for how to reach out and listen.

     

Questions for universities & colleges what’s changing:

  • Vision (markets, values, direction, needs), 
  • Incentives, support, 
  • Governance
  • Direction of money
  • Capacity to compete
  • National identity, context for the place of universities in society - role will need to be different
  • New or alternative paths to employment:


“A paper on King Lear may lead somewhere, unlike the

rather far-fetched play of the same name. It may be

a stepping-stone to the Local Government Board.

…As long as learning is connected with earning,

as long as certain jobs can only be reached

through exams, [and we]…we take the

examination system seriously.

If another ladder to employment were contrived,

much so-called education would disappear,

and no one be a penny the stupider.”

                                

                                         ~ E.M. Forster, Aspects of a Novel


Related tools from Deb:

               

 


Deb Nystrom, REVELN's insight:

This consulting firm director shares examples of how higher education, using technology tools for efficiencies & re-examining how the environment has dramatically changed, is adapting and experimenting with new approaches, now.

     


Examples include:  
     

  • Rethinking publish or perish for faculty, and faculty support

     

  • Administrative  collaboration with FERPA (Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act) and
        
  • Georgetown, Washington, DC - Offers short courses on how policy gets made, with government leaders. 

         

  • Governor of Wisconsin - with its high unemployment rate, is exploring college credits and competencies to build a system that is competency based to help Wisconsin residents get credit for learning and access further online education.

~  D
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Yahoo to Buy Tumblr for $1.1 Billion

Yahoo to Buy Tumblr for $1.1 Billion | Change Leadership Watch | Scoop.it
Yahoo’s move aims to make up for years of missing out on the growth of social networks and mobile devices.


Excerpts:


The deal would be the largest acquisition of a social networking company in years, surpassing Facebook’s $1 billion purchase of Instagram last year.


Tumblr has over 108 million blogs, with many highly active users.

For Yahoo and its chief executive, Marissa Mayer, buying Tumblr would be a bold move as she tries to breathe new life into the company. The deal, the seventh since Ms. Mayer defected from Google last summer to take over the company, would be her biggest yet.


It is meant to give her company more appeal to young people, and to make up for years of missing out on the revolutions in social networking and mobile devices.


News from Deb:


   
Deb Nystrom, REVELN's insight:

The 7th and biggest deal - Yahoo acquisitions.  The stock market is not liking it --today that is. 


Now the biggest challenge yet, for Marissa Mayer,culture change at Yahoo AND smart connection with the hip, youthful Tumblr and their 108 million blogs, with many highly active users.  Wordpress watching at the gate.

I do like my venerable, old fashioned Flickr.com photo account. Yet if well handled, the coolness of Tumblr could make a good things happen at Flickr.  Challenge:  the account owners are quite a bit different.  ~  Deb

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Deb Nystrom, REVELN's curator insight, May 20, 2013 3:08 PM

More change bound to show soon if this biggest, hip buy of Tumblr has any effect on the venerable Yahoo. ~ Deb

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What Nassim Taleb Misses About Technology and Innovation

What Nassim Taleb Misses About Technology and Innovation | Change Leadership Watch | Scoop.it

"What Nassim Taleb misses about technology and innovation is that its purpose is not to entertain the delicate tastes of the chattering classes, but to improve the lives of us all.  ...What’s more, most of technology’s black swans are positive ones."


Excerpts: The Usefulness Of Useless Things


What Mr. Taleb fails to understand is that technologists are supremely aware that most of their efforts will come to nothing


_________________________



What, I wonder, would Mr. Taleb make of Edison’s 9,999th try?  

_________________________



...They are, in fact, searching out black swans (to use Mr. Taleb’s own parlance), in full knowledge that they will spend most of their time rushing up blind alleys.  


What, I wonder, would Mr. Taleb make of Edison’s 9,999th try?

The truth is that useless things often end up very useful indeed.  Modern information technology did not originate with engineers, but has its roots in an obscure academic crisis, whose major figures, such as Cantor, Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Gödel and others never dreamed that their work would have important practical consequences.


...What Mr. Taleb seems to miss is that these are ...people dedicated to following their dreams and willing to put their own skin in the game to do so.


What’s more, most of technology’s black swans are positive ones. 

As [Greg Satell] recently wrote in the Harvard Business Review, “Innovation is a particularly sticky problem because it so often remains undefined.”  You can’t simply focus on the technologies that are sure bets, but must take into account the entire matrix (pictured in the article, four quadrants.)

 

... the logical consequence of his argument) is that we should remain in the upper right quadrant, where both the problem and the domain are well defined and he would presumably assign the lowest value on basic research and disruptive innovation, which have no clear applicability.


Yet it is there that we break truly new ground.


Other antifragile Scoops:

    

         
         

    Deb's related posts:

         

        


    Deb Nystrom, REVELN's insight:

    This is a follow-up on the "Anti-Fragile" post below.  The author discusses failure is an important part of the process leading to success, as author Greg Satell explains via the nature of innovation.  


    This seems to be a worthy new perspective and critique of Taleb's work, also listed in our Innovation and Institutions curation stream.  ~  Deb

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    Deb Nystrom, REVELN's curator insight, April 28, 2013 11:25 AM

    I've shared news about Taleb's perspective on Change Leadership Watch. It's now paired with this innovation perspective about the place of failure! a compelling view.  ~ D

    Bill LeGray's comment, April 29, 2013 11:26 AM
    Good thoughts verey deeply buried within the Social Media mileau. BUT not so deep I will not try to follow the Change Leadership Watch, and other excellent Forums provided by Scoop It. In fact, while quite broad, the entire Innovatioon and Institutions stream may be worth a look now and then. Deb; "Thanks for leading the way for creativity, process changes, and obtaining "better" innovations and institutions with more properly responsive institutional outcomes."
    Deb Nystrom, REVELN's comment, April 30, 2013 3:37 PM
    Thanks for the comment Bill. Best to you.
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    Target Managing Change, Unique & Standard, Starting With the CIO

    Target Managing Change, Unique & Standard, Starting With the CIO | Change Leadership Watch | Scoop.it

    "Target Corp. is among the top three or four U.S. retailers, ...a coveted position in such a volatile industry.  IT is a critical player in each move, if not a keystone."


    The CIO of Target provides insight into how the giant retailer accomplished major change in the last 2-3 years.  For readers from larger companies with IT responsible for helping support major change, how does their story resonate with what you've experienced with IT as an accelerator or lever?

    _________________________

      

    We're making changes where [project] life cycle is a matter of days or weeks...

    _________________________


    Excerpts:

    Target brought over Beth Jacob from an operations post, an unconventional move. Jacob was vice president of guest operations when she was tapped to lead IT as executive vice president and CIO with a budget of over $1 billion.


    She oversaw Target.com's switch from Amazon.com's e-commerce platform to one that was home-grown.


    At the other end of the big-project spectrum, Jacob has introduced projects that capitalize on mobile computing, such as smartphone coupons.


    CIO Insight: The nature or change has changed, hasn't it? It seems that change isn't always iterative... You can't attack fires the same way because the fire's never the same.


    Jacob: You're spot on. …change management is …going to be more important than ever. ...Change is something we lean into.


    Because of that, the TTS team has had to change almost everything, including the way it partners [internally and externally]. And the way it approaches different organizational change initiatives.


    ...In the last year or so, the pace of change has significantly increased. We're making changes where the [project] life cycle is a matter of days or weeks - think about the mobile capabilities we've implemented.


    CIO Insight: ...days and weeks. Can you expand on that?


    Jacob: We have to be ready to bring a company offering to our guests and staff, both of whom are more tech savvy. One example would...mobile [device] coupons. Last holiday, we created a mobile-coupon program tied to our toy catalog in just a few days. ...The coupons are very easy for guests to use, very easy for our team members to work with.


    [Ed. note: Target claims to be the first national retailer to offer a scanable mobile-coupon program, in 2010. Shoppers who opt in get a text-message link to a mobile Web page that can contain multiple with offers, all accessible through a single bar code. Coupons are then redeemed by a cashier scanning the bar code on the shopper's phone at checkout.]


    CIO Insight: You took a big gamble ...when Target decided to abandon Amazon.com's e-commerce platform for one you built yourselves. 


    Jacob: It took us just over two years to get off the Amazon platform and onto our own. Overall, it went well.


    Photo source:  Wikipedia.org (en)


    Click on the title or photo to read the full article.


    From Deb,  Change Management is an engagement focus. Exert too much control, and you stifle it. Here's more about control issues within a project implementation:


       
        
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