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Climate change is a major challenge for agriculture and food security in West Africa | WorldStage News

Climate change is a major challenge for agriculture and food security in West Africa | WorldStage News | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Climate change is a major challenge for agriculture and food security in West Africa. Complex relationships and interactions exist between agriculture and climate change.

 

What are the actions to take and/or implement in order to help the poor in climate change mitigation? This is the challenge being tackled by the new CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) through its research theme 2.

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Alerts on climate information encouraging - Report | Business News 2014-11-10 | GhanaWeb

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A new study by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) finds that many countries are already providing millions of farmers with innovative “climate information services” that allow them to anticipate and adapt to rapidly-changing conditions.

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Africa: As Climate Change Threatens Food Production, Countries Fight Back by Arming Farmers with Precise Advice on Growing Conditions | allAfrica.com

Africa: As Climate Change Threatens Food Production, Countries Fight Back by Arming Farmers with Precise Advice on Growing Conditions | allAfrica.com | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
As Climate Change Threatens Food Production, Countries Fight Back by Arming Farmers with Precise Advice on Growing Conditions
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Countries are mobilizing community radio stations, government meteorological services, religious groups, agriculture extension agents, schools and farmers themselves to develop and distribute forecasts and farming strategies that provide a front-line defense against the effects of climate change on food production, according to the study by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

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Climate knowledge by farmers boosts harvests – report | The Star

With weather extremes caused by climate change now widely seen as a major threat to food production in Africa and South Asia, a new report finds that many countries including Kenya are now providing millions of farmers with innovative climate information services that allow them to anticipate and adapt to rapidly changing conditions.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The study by the CGIAR Research Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) comes as experts meet today for the Managing Agricultural Risks in a Changing Climate in Sub-Saharan Africa conference in South Africa. The study reveals that the services work best when they involve broad collaborations between meteorologists, agricultural experts, farmers and agriculture extension agents.

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Cameroon study shows mitigation and adaptation go together | Thomson Reuters Foundation

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The study drew from observations of two community forest-carbon conservation projects in southern Cameroon implemented by the Centre for Environment and Development (CED), as well as results from CIFOR’s Congo Basin Forests and Climate Change Adaptation (CoFCCA) research project.

As climate change affects weather patterns, cultivation seasons and crop production, experts anticipate that farmers will be compelled to expand arable areas, including by clearing more forests in tropical locations—such as the two communities studied in the Cameroon paper. This would undermine the mitigation projects being implemented there, in which local people get paid to protect the trees from deforestation, thus contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

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Tanzania receives support to strengthen policies on climate change, food security | Africa Science News

Africa Science News Service | Reporting about African science with an African eye
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The four-year project, Policy Action for Climate Change Adaptation (PACCA), is led by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and funded by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). It is being implemented in both Uganda  and Tanzania.

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How big data is helping farmers save millions | Gizmag

How big data is helping farmers save millions | Gizmag | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Data scientists in Colombia have have developed a computer model that can work out what crops work best under specific weather conditions. They have advised...
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Data scientists studying crop growth and weather patterns in Colombia have advised rice farmers not to plant crops, saving them millions of dollars. The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and the Colombian Rice Growers Federation have developed a computer model that can work out what crops work best under specific weather conditions in certain areas.

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Back agriculture to get the most out of aid to Africa | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Back agriculture to get the most out of aid to Africa | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
The Thomson Reuters Foundation stands for free, independent journalism, human rights, women's empowerment, and the rule of law.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

An online tool developed by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), and launched earlier this year, allows policymakers to identify which technologies or practices (out of 10 that were modelled) will do most to improve yields in their region, taking predicted climate changeconditions into account. [2] The results for sub-Saharan Africa were striking. For instance, the joint adoption of no-till agriculture and drought-tolerant crops could as much as triple yields by 2050.

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Project on Mitigation of Methane Emissions in Paddy Rice to be Launched | Oryza

Project on Mitigation of Methane Emissions in Paddy Rice to be Launched | Oryza | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) have planned to launch a project on mitigation of methane emissions in paddy rice on October 29, 2014, according to a news release on the CGIAR website.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) have planned to launch a project on mitigation of methane emissions in paddy rice on October 29, 2014.

The project will be supported by the CGIAR research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), the Colombia-based International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and the Philippines-based International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) 

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How Climate-Smart Villages in Bangladesh, India and Nepal Are Preparing Farmers for the Future | Global Voices

How Climate-Smart Villages in Bangladesh, India and Nepal Are Preparing Farmers for the Future | Global Voices | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
As part of the effort to help farmers adapt to changing climates, text and voice messages were sent to 1,400 farmers in 60 Indian villages with important farming information.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

What is climate-smart agriculture? It's the idea of helping farmers adapt to changing climates while weaning them off techniques and technologies that produce greenhouse gases. In a number of countries in Africa and Asia, Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), a research program of CGIAR (a global partnership dedicated to agriculture research), has already set up “climate-smart villages” to put the idea into practice.

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Back agriculture to get the most out of aid to Africa | SciDev.Net

Back agriculture to get the most out of aid to Africa | SciDev.Net | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
An online tool shows which technologies will do the most to help farmers improve yields, says Gordon Conway.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

An online tool developed by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), and launched earlier this year, allows policymakers to identify which technologies or practices (out of 10 that were modelled) will do most to improve yields in their region, taking predicted climate change conditions into account.  The results for sub-Saharan Africa were striking. For instance, the joint adoption of no-till agriculture and drought-tolerant crops could as much as triple yields by 2050.

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Scientists ship 2 metric tons of wheat seed samples around the world | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Scientists ship 2 metric tons of wheat seed samples around the world | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Juan Hernandez Caballero (L) and Victor Cano Valencia, prepare to load wheat samples onto a van in El Batan, Mexico, for shipment overseas. Scientists at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) are continuously developing improved wheat varieties and each year seed samples are sent out to government and university research institutions and national agricultural research systems around the world. CIMMYT/Julie Mollins
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Scientists at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) are continuously developing improved varieties and each year seed samples -- known as International Wheat Nurseries -- are sent out to government and university research institutions and national agricultural research systems around the world.

“Wheat plays a vital role in food security,” said Tom Payne, head of CIMMYT’s Wheat Germplasm Bank, which stores almost 145,000 wheat varieties collected over the past 60 years. “We’ve been sending out wheat samples each year since 1974, so if you do the math that’s 367 tons over the years.”

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Cómo las “aldeas climáticamente inteligentes” de Bangladesh, India y Nepal preparan a los agricultores para el futuro · Global Voices en Español | globalvoiceonline.org

Cómo las “aldeas climáticamente inteligentes” de Bangladesh, India y Nepal preparan a los agricultores para el futuro · Global Voices en Español | globalvoiceonline.org | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
En India, 1400 agricultores de 60 aldeas diferentes, reciben mensajes de texto y de voz con información agrícola que los ayudan a adaptarse a los cambios climáticos.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

En respuesta a los retos agrícolas surgidos a raíz del cambio climático, elprograma de investigación sobre Cambio Climático, Agricultura y Seguridad Alimentaria del CGIAR, ha presentado, junto con el Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo y otras organizaciones participantes, un portafolio de tecnologías y prácticas agrícolas climáticamente inteligentes puestas en práctica en sus aldeas.

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Climate aid needed for 500 million small farmers - researchers | trust.org

Climate aid needed for 500 million small farmers - researchers | trust.org | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Farmers in South Asia and Africa need "climate smart agriculture" interventions like crop insurance and weather data
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Small-scale farmers need better access to crop insurance and weather information to boost resilience, said Bruce Campbell, an ecologist who leads the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

The CGIAR, a global agricultural research partnership, is one of the members of a new Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture, which involves hundreds of scientific, business and farming organisations, and aims to bring together expertise and money to scale up efforts to improve agricultural resilience to climate change.

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Mỗi năm nhiệt độ ở Việt Nam tăng 0,5 - 0,7 độ C | Thanh Niên Online

Mỗi năm nhiệt độ ở Việt Nam tăng 0,5 - 0,7 độ C |  Thanh Niên Online | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
(TNO) Trung bình mỗi năm nhiệt độ Việt Nam tăng 0,5 - 0,7 độ C trong 50 năm qua và mực nước biển cũng đã dâng 20 cm trong khoảng thời gian này.
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Weather forecasters predict better services for women | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Weather forecasters predict better services for women | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Meteorologists gather in Geneva to develop climate and weather information that better meets women's needs
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Arame Tall has spent years in the Kaffrine region of Senegal with the CGIAR, setting up climate services for women farmers.


"If there was an abrupt end in rainfall during the season, they would be handicapped," she said, adding that women are not permitted to plant crops until three to four weeks after men.


Tall found that women suffered more from changing weather patterns, as their duties were not limited to agriculture. They are also responsible for cooking, childcare and water fetching.

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Africa Focus: Africa adopts new initiative to help farmers tackle climate risks | GlobalPost

Africa Focus: Africa adopts new initiative to help farmers tackle climate risks | GlobalPost | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Africa Focus: Africa adopts new initiative to help farmers tackle climate risks
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Several countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are providing millions of farmers with "climate information services" to adapt to increased weather and climate extremes and help boost food production, said a new study released by France- based international agricultural research body CGIAR on Tuesday.

The study by the CGIAR's research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) says climate information services advise farmers about the upcoming growing season, from shorter-term weather alerts to seasonal climate forecasts.

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Africa will help feed 9 billion by 2050 | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Africa will help feed 9 billion by 2050 | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Africa's green revolution is now a vibrant movement, giving hope that sub-Saharan Africa will feed itself by 2050, even with a population of about 2 bln people then
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The first link of the value chain (inputs and financing) is now being repaired using subsidies, but  more recently risk sharing facilities, credit guarantees to back up a portion of bank loan defaults  by smallholder farmers who have no collateral.

Governments and donors are now providing over $3.5 billion in several countries enabling the banking industry to reach the poorest farmers. Electronic wallets have been used by 14 million farmers in Nigeria to access credits and smart subsidies, buy agricultural inputs, sell their crops, and pay bank loans using mobile phones. 

The second link is crop production itself. This is where the CGIAR, its national partners and the private sector continue to provide  improved germplasm, agronomic practices, integrated pest management, nutrient management and post-harvest technologies that double or triple crop yields in farmer fields, not only yields of the basic food crops, but also products such as cocoa and camel milk.  

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Central Africa struggles with gaps in knowledge of climate change | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Central Africa struggles with gaps in knowledge of climate change |  Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A grasp of even basic terms is lacking, threatening forest protection, research finds
CGIAR Climate's insight:

It is all but undisputed fact—few exceptions aside—that tropical forests can be a powerful force in the fight against climate change, absorbing carbon from the atmosphere even as they age, while emitting carbon when they are cleared.

But not enough of this information has reached people where findings meet forests, according to the study, “What are we talking about? The state of perceptions and knowledge on REDD+ and adaptation to climate change in Central Africa.” This knowledge gap could hamper efforts to help local people manage their natural resources and slow the uptake of programs such asREDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation).

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India's farmers beating climate change with technology | Lanka Business Today

Sep. 27, 2014 (LBT) - It's the end of the monsoon season in India. But it's not been a good year.
During the sowing and planting season, when water was needed the most, rain was largely absent.
Now it's nearly harvest time and it has been raining heavily.
But for farmer Lovepreet Singh in the no
CGIAR Climate's insight:

People here have been helped to move to so-called "climate smart'' technology, trying to mitigate the impact changing weather patterns are having.

The Asia Development Bank recently warned that the impact of altered weather patterns could cause huge damage to the Indian economy, wiping off the equivalent of about 9% of GDP each year by the next century.

So it is critical to adapt, says Surabhi Mittal, an agricultural economist from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre.

"A two-degree increase in temperature is going to impact the yield of wheat the most," she says. "That means the producers and consumers are going to suffer. Wheat yields might go down. That means food prices are going to be higher for consumers."

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Gana hasta US$10 mil por desarrollar una app para agricultura | Elcomercio

Gana hasta US$10 mil por desarrollar una app para agricultura | Elcomercio | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Para acercar información relevante a agricultores mediante las TIC, organismo internacional lanzó convocatoria
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Ante ello, el programa de cambio climático, agricultura y seguridad alimentaria (CCAFS, por sus siglas en inglés) de la alianza mundial CGIAR lanzó la "Hackathon de agricultura sostenible adaptada al clima", convocatoria para premiar al desarrollador que diseñe una aplicación con información útil para los agricultores.

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Calling on Half a Billion Farmers to Join the "Climate-Smart" Revolution | Huffington Post

Calling on Half a Billion Farmers to Join the "Climate-Smart" Revolution | Huffington Post | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Scientists are concerned that climate stresses are likely to cause massive losses in tropical fisheries and threaten livestock that sustain the world's poorest people....
CGIAR Climate's insight:

This week at the United Nations Climate Summit, the world took an important step back from the brink of a grim future filled with food crises by embracing the cause of climate-smart agriculture. UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon announced the formation of a new Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture. Over the next two decades, the Alliance aspires to reach 500 million farmers, fishers, pastoralists, livestock keepers and foresters -- equivalent to half of the world's one billion small-scale farmers -- with climate-smart practices. The goal is to ensure food production can survive amidst much higher temperatures and far more frequent encounters with drought, flooding and violent storms.

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A Sign of Things to Come: Examining Four Major Climate Related Disasters 2010-2013, and their Impacts on Food Security | Sudan Vision Daily

A Sign of Things to Come: Examining Four Major Climate Related Disasters 2010-2013, and their Impacts on Food Security | Sudan Vision Daily | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

In this report, case studies are used to examine the effect of specific extreme weather events on vulnerable groups’ food security, working within the same food-systems approach. This approach covers access, availability and utilization, and stability. In addition to seeking a better understanding of the interaction between recent extreme weather and food security for each case study, the report considers the potential influence of climate change and the possible implications for food security if the frequency or magnitude of extreme weather events were to increase.

The report draws on a wide range of academic and other literature. It has been prepared in close consultation with climate scientists, food systems researchers, and scenarios experts from the University of Oxford’s Environmental Change Institute (ECI) and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

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Opening Europe’s doors to Central Asian scientists | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Opening Europe’s doors to Central Asian scientists | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
The Thomson Reuters Foundation stands for free, independent journalism, human rights, women's empowerment, and the rule of law.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Kazakhstan has 424 research organisations and around 17,000 research scientists, while Uzbekistan has 202 organisations and nearly 35,000 researchers. The other countries in the region are much smaller: Kyrgyzstan has 84 research organisations and around 5,000 researchers; Tajikistan has nearly 70 organisations and around 5,600 researchers; and Turkmenistan has an estimated 46 organisations and nearly 4,000 research staff.

One leading centre of research in the region is a single site in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, where agricultural research is concentrated. The Regional Program for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Central Asia and the Caucasus houses several global research organisations including eight CGIAR centres, as well as Bioversity International and the regional centre for the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).

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Costs of ignoring hunger | Thehindu.com

Costs of ignoring hunger | Thehindu.com | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Ignoring hunger and malnutrition will have significant costs to any country’s development. Nutrition improvement has both intrinsic and instrumental value
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The 2014 Global Hunger Index report of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) shows considerable improvement in India’s hunger index and in the percentage of underweight children — from 24.2 in 2005 to 17.8 in 2014 — an increase of 6.4 points. Also, out of 76 countries, India’s rank improved by around 8 points, from 63 to 55. While India is no longer in the category of “alarming” cases, its hunger status is still classified in the category of “serious”. 

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African Farmers Urged to Adopt 'Climate-Smart Approach' | allAfrica.com

African Farmers Urged to Adopt 'Climate-Smart Approach' | allAfrica.com | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Nigeria was able to avert major food crisis aftermath of the 2012 flood in major parts of the country that affected many farms, but countries in the horn of Africa are not that lucky with the ravaging droughts with devastating effects on crops and livestock production.
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Another member of the team, Dr. James Kinyangi, [regional program leader at CCAFS],  explained that the compelling need to deal with the challenges posed by climate change offers an opportunity to transform the way food systems use natural resources, improve agriculture's sustainability and promote poverty reduction and economic growth.

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