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Global Agriculture Raises Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Science News - redOrbit

Global Agriculture Raises Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Science News - redOrbit | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Two new reports on climate change and the food supply indicate, among other thing, that over 18,000 megatons of carbon dioxide are released into the atmosphere annually by agriculture and food production.

 

Previous studies have examined the connection between agriculture and emissions, but the new report from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) performs that analysis on the entire food production infrastructure that accounts for up to 29 percent of global emissions.
redOrbit (http://s.tt/1rscM)

 

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Asia-Pacific Analysis: Climate change and agriculture

Asia-Pacific Analysis: Climate change and agriculture | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Agriculture is part of both the climate change problem and solution.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

This article mentions a climate-smart agriculture project in Vietnam, which is funded by CCAFS and managed by the International Institute of Rural Reconstruction IIRR and the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF).

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An Empty Table? Food-Climate-Conflict Connections in Paris | New Security Beat

An Empty Table? Food-Climate-Conflict Connections in Paris | New Security Beat | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
The blog of the Wilson Center’s Environmental Change and Security Program, with contributions from the Maternal Health Initiative, China Environment Forum, and more
CGIAR Climate's insight:

This article reflects on the Paris climate conference and agreement, and draws connections between climate change and instability.


The article mentiones the CCAFS info note about the Paris agreement.

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Here’s how climate change will affect what you eat | BBC

Here’s how climate change will affect what you eat | BBC | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Could some foods go extinct, or is the threat exaggerated? Rachel Nuwer investigates the myths and the reality.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Despite warnings that some foods could go extinct, Andrew Jarvis, CCAFS Flagship Leader, told BBC that it will not happen to crops because "Somewhere in the world, it will grow.”

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COP21: Cut emissions AND build resilience

COP21: Cut emissions AND build resilience | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it

Climate change is part of the planet’s natural cycle, and its citizens have always learned to cope. But the increased global temperatures recorded over the last century point to a future where, without common action, the globe may fall – irreparably – out of kilter.


This article include an Interview with ICRAF-CCAFS climate change adaptation scientist Michael Marshall, who cites some of the challenges facing African farmers.

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Report from COP21: Food security-climate change nexus gains momentum | CTA news

Report from COP21: Food security-climate change nexus gains momentum | CTA news | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it

Report back from the Global Landscapes Forum side event "From Farmers' Fields to Landscapes: food Security in a New Climate Regime" co-organised by CCAFS and CTA, alongside COP21 in Paris. 

CGIAR Climate's insight:

The climate change and food security event was one of two that CTA co-organised with the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) at COP21. The other event, "Scaling up innovative approaches to climate-smart agriculture in Africa", highlighted innovative approaches to agriculture in Africa in the context of a changing climate that can be part of the implementation of the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), and showcased solutions for smallholder farmers in Africa.

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Agriculture not mentioned in Paris | The Western Producer

BARCELONA, Spain (Thomson Reuters Foundation) — Climate change is threatening agricultural growth, productivity, prices and a new global goal to end hunger by 2030, says […]
CGIAR Climate's insight:

This article is based on a post from Reuters that cites a new CCAFS analysis which reviews countries' INDCs and their commitment to agriculture.


The article also quotes CCAFS Program Director Bruce Campbell as saying that "climate finance needs to include agriculture as a key sector, and support countries to implement the plans they have laid out".

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Sonja Vermeulen: How Science Can Inform Business Climate Commitments | Business Fights Poverty

Sonja Vermeulen: How Science Can Inform Business Climate Commitments | Business Fights Poverty | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Image: Georgina Smith
By Sonja Vermeulen, Head of Research at the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

Big business can…
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Big business can make a big difference to tackle climate change in agriculture, but needs a strong scientific base to guide and monitor investments, writes Sonja Vermeulen, Head of Research for CCAFS.


Her article follows an announcement by the World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD), planning to reduce food emissions by almost a third in the next 15 years.


"Bringing farmers’ organisations, suppliers and customers on board will be critical to success. Civil society consultations are already underway to build public credibility. We hope that bringing scientists on board to provide scientific advice and monitor progress proves to be a smart decision too," Vermeulen writes.

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Agriculture Was Left Out Of The Paris Deal, But That Won’t Stop Countries From Taking It On | ThinkProgress

Agriculture Was Left Out Of The Paris Deal, But That Won’t Stop Countries From Taking It On | ThinkProgress | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
What would an international agreement on climate change do for food and agriculture?
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Though agriculture is not mentioned in the new Paris climate agreement, COP21 opened the door for more adaptation and mitigation in the agriculture sector. However, it raises the question of where money for adaptation and mitigation strategies will come from.


According to a new CCAFS study, the article writes, "the 48 least developed countries will need $5 billion in funding annually to help adapt their farms and farmers to climate change while mitigating their emissions," which is much more than the commitments that the countries are promising.

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Climate Nerd Loves Science But Admits 'Only God (Is) Sure 100 Percent' | NPR

Climate Nerd Loves Science But Admits 'Only God (Is) Sure 100 Percent' | NPR | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Armed with a Ph.D from Columbia University, Ousmane Ndiaye wants to tell farmers when the rain will (and won't) fall. But he's the first to say he's not always right.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Interview with Ousmane Ndiaye from the Senegalese meteorology service (ANACIM) aboutthe challenges and rewards of working in Senegal.

He participated in the media training and field trip carried out by CCAFS in September.

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Can the Paris agreement protect poor farmers from climate change? | Reuters

Can the Paris agreement protect poor farmers from climate change? | Reuters | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Purity Gachanga is one small-scale farmer who is beating climate change. On her several acres of land in Embu North district in central Kenya, she keeps cows and goats that produce milk, grows trees for fodder, and collects water to irrigate her food crops in a pond filled with tilapia fish.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

This Reuters article cites a new CCAFS analysis which reviews countries' INDCs and their commitment to agriculture.


The article also quotes CCAFS Program Director Bruce Campbell as saying that "climate finance needs to include agriculture as a key sector, and support countries to implement the plans they have laid out".

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Africa Should Empower Women To Address Food Security | The Star

CGIAR Climate's insight:

In Africa, women are less equipped to fight climate change then men. It is crucial to address this inequality because, for instance, as Catherine Mungai, from CCAFS East Africa, said: “Women have the ability to improve the food situation of their households and that of the community if given equal chances as the men do, to access resources, information and empowered economically.”

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Time to Unleash Our Secret Weapon Against Climate Change: Farmers | The Huffington Post

Time to Unleash Our Secret Weapon Against Climate Change: Farmers | The Huffington Post | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Just like David vs. Goliath, one should never underestimate the smaller guy in the struggle. Small farmers can still thrive in the face of climate change, and our research is proving it.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Frank Rijsberman, CEO of CGIAR, explains how farmers can thrive in the face of climate change. He showcases CGIAR projects that help farmers cope with climate change, including a CCAFS-led project on weather-based index insurance.

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La recette d’un village sénégalais face aux changements climatiques | SciDevNet

La recette d’un village sénégalais face aux changements climatiques | SciDevNet | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Des habitants de Daga Birame (Sénégal) sont allés voir comment on vit à Linguère, localité beaucoup plus aride. Et ils ont pris des résolutions…
CGIAR Climate's insight:

"A la faveur d’un programme piloté par l’Institut sénégalais de recherches agricoles (ISRA) en collaboration avec d’autres partenaires comme le Climate change agriculture and food security (CCAFS), les populations du village  Daga Birame se préparent déjà aux conditions climatiques qui les attendent dans trente ans."

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Kenya: Ready Markets for Small-Scale Farmers Will Enhance Need to Produce More | All Africa

Kenya: Ready Markets for Small-Scale Farmers Will Enhance Need to Produce More | All Africa | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Scientists have recommended that the government must deliberately assist small-scale farmers to access markets to sell their produce in order to enhance the need to produce more.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The article cites a CCAFS study on the contributions of off-farm income to farmers' financial stability and food security. 


The cited study was carried out by CCAFS and the CGIAR Research Programs on Livestock and Fish as well as on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics. 

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MoFA launches programme to tackle climate change in Ghana | Graphic Online

MoFA launches programme to tackle climate change in Ghana | Graphic Online | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A five-year Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) Action Plan has been launched by the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA) to serve as a vehicle for the...
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The Government of Ghana launched its national climate change plans including a Climate-Smart Agriculture Action Plan that was formulated with the help of CCAFS and ICRISAT.

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Changing climate contributed to Syrian conflict, will increasingly hurt Mideast economies-studies | SalaamGateway

Changing climate contributed to Syrian conflict, will increasingly hurt Mideast economies-studies | SalaamGateway | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A growing body of evidence suggests that climate change helped spark the ongoing conflict in Syria–and that if left unchecked, it will continue to wreak havoc on the societies and economies of the Middle East.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Droughts in the Syrian countryside brought people to the cities and the country's poor management of dealing with the influx of people might have contributed to the civil war in Syria.


The article quotes Bruce Campbell, Director of CCAFS about the connection between climate change and the Syrian war, and about possible solutions for the situation.

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Report from COP21: Climate-smart agriculture showcased at Paris climate talks

Report from COP21: Climate-smart agriculture showcased at Paris climate talks | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it

Report back from Africa Pavilion side event (4 December) on Scaling up innovative approaches to climate-smart agriculture in Africa. Co-organised by CCAFS and CTA, at UNFCCC COP21. 

CGIAR Climate's insight:

The event was co-organised by CTA and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). It highlighted innovative approaches to agriculture in Africa in the context of a changing climate that can be part of the implementation of the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), and showcased solutions for smallholder farmers in Africa.

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3 climate finance innovations for food security | Devex

3 climate finance innovations for food security | Devex | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The article presents how Rome-based agencies like the World Food Programme (WFP), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) are using climate finance innovatively.


The author mentions the IFAD-CCAFS Knowlege Partnership which aligns climate change-related research activities of the CGIAR to IFAD's analytical needs in the field of climate change adaptation.

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Reaching Farmers with Agro-climatic information services | Farm Radio Trust

Reaching Farmers with Agro-climatic information services | Farm Radio Trust | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Farm Radio Trust-Malawi (FRT) is an indigenous, self-existent, non-partisan, and non-profit organization whose main goal is to promote radio and ICTs as key mediums of communication in agriculture and rural development in Malawi. The institution was established in December 2009 after successfully implementing an action research, radio-based food security programme that started in 2007.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

This article by Farm Radio Trust (FRT) mentions collaboration between CCAFS the World Food Programme (WFP) in Malawi. 


FRT is a key partner in CCAFS's mission to deliver climate services to farmers and pastoralists, in Malawi and beyond.

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Interview with Regional CCAFS Program Leader James Kinyangi | UNFCCC Climate Change Studio

CGIAR Climate's insight:

In an interview at the COP21 climate conference held in December in Paris, Kinyangi explains why it is high time agriculture was included and safeguarded in the new climate deal.


"...going through the whole range of commitments that have been submitted by the [COP21] parties [...] we see that nearly 90% of those are making reference to issues that are related to agriculture, forestry, land-use and land-use change," Kinyangi says in the interview. 


"We really want to see agriculture framed in the emerging deal, post 2020, as a solution to the climate change challenge," Kinyangi adds. 

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The Climate African Farmers Counted On Is Gone | World Policy Institute

The Climate African Farmers Counted On Is Gone | World Policy Institute | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
By Esther Ngumbi
CGIAR Climate's insight:

"In West Africa, Mali’s President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita presides over a state under siege by terrorists," Ngumbi writes. "But he also faces a threat to his people that makes fewer international headlines: climate change." 


Arguing that one of the necessary steps for containing this threat is the availability of reliable weather and climate information, Ngumbi goes on to mention CCAFS work, such as the 'training-of-trainers', which "can be scaled up across Africa".

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Will a radical farming shift save drought-stricken Zimbabwe? A call for climate-smart action | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Will a radical farming shift save drought-stricken Zimbabwe? A call for climate-smart action | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Effective climate adaptation requires an integrated approach from labs to farms, right up to the marketplace
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The article cites CGIAR researcher Sabine Homann of ICRISAT and mentions a recent impact study from CCAFS on the cowpea and sesame sector in Burkina Faso.

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Dira Ya Dunia | BBC Swahili

Dira Ya Dunia | BBC Swahili | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Kipindi cha habari, makala na mahojiano cha kila siku kuanzia saa kumi na mbili unusu jioni Afrika Mashariki
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Climate change debate featuring John Recha, CCAFS East Africa program's Participatory Action Research Specialist.

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Climate Change: Half a Degree Will Make a World of Difference for the Food We Eat | The Huffington Post

Climate Change: Half a Degree Will Make a World of Difference for the Food We Eat | The Huffington Post | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
World leaders are now debating whether to aim at limiting global warming to two degree C or 1.5 degree C. But nobody is talking about what these different targets mean for future agricultural production
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Should the aim of a new climate agreement be limiting global warming to two degree C or 1.5 degree C? Bruce Campbell, DIrector of CCAFS, explains what these different targets mean for future agricultural production.

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Is Food Security Breaking Through in Paris Climate Talks? | The Huffington Post

Is Food Security Breaking Through in Paris Climate Talks? | The Huffington Post | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
The latest news from Paris is cautiously optimistic that we will have an agreement by Friday. What does it mean for agriculture and food security? Although the French government has shown great leadership championing agriculture at COP21, it is not yet really on the table for the negotiators.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Frank Rijsberman, CEO of CGIAR, writes about what a new climate agreement means for agriculture and food security.


In this article, Rijsberman referes to a new CCAFS Info Note that analyzes agriculture in countries' climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies .

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