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No hunger game: 'Green bullet' ideas sought to feed the world's billions - The Province

No hunger game: 'Green bullet' ideas sought to feed the world's billions - The Province | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it

“Food insecurity and climate change are already inhibiting human well-being and economic growth throughout the world, and these problems are poised to accelerate,” said John Beddington, Britain’s chief science adviser, in a March report by the International Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change.

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African anti-hunger drive could be blown off track by climate change | Devex

African anti-hunger drive could be blown off track by climate change | Devex | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Sir Gordon Conway believes donors are committed to ending hunger in Africa. But the director of the advocacy group Agriculture for Impact worries that climate change could derail even the best-laid and well-funded plans.

“I think climate change is the biggest threat, particularly in Africa,” said the man recognized as one of the world’s leading scholars on agricultural development and currently professor of International Development at Imperial College London.

Conway discussed the agriculture-climate change dilemma during an exclusive interview with Devex in Paris, where he was a speaker at the “Closing the Gender Gap in Farming Under Climate Change” conference sponsored by a coalition of groups spearheaded by CGIAR, an international consortium of agricultural research organizations.

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Africa: Report Slams Inequalities in Research Partnerships `| AllAfrica

Africa: Report Slams Inequalities in Research Partnerships `| AllAfrica | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Partners from rich countries must step up their contribution to capacity building, fairness and accountability in research partnerships with developing nations or risk undermining efforts to meet three of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), says a report.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Unless this changes, says Bruce Campbell, director of climate change, agriculture and food security research at international agricultural science consortium CGIAR, question marks will remain over whether such collaborations can spearhead development under the SDGs.

"Currently, having to deal with developed country people is painful," he tells SciDev.Net. "The power balance in research is not very good."

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'Supergoats' help Kenyan farmers adapt to climate change | Minnesota Public Radio

'Supergoats' help Kenyan farmers adapt to climate change | Minnesota Public Radio | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A newly introduced breed of supergoat is cutting the number of months per year that villagers in the district of Nyando go hungry.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The goats were brought to Nyando by scientists at the CGIAR, a global agricultural research partnership to improve food security. The goats are part of the partnership's "climate smart villages" project, which helps farmers in the developing world adapt to climate change.

Agriculture needs a "radical transformation" to produce more food in increasingly difficult environmental conditions, says Dr. James Kinyangi, who leads the project in east Africa. "Farmers must become more climate smart," he says.

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Study identifies bean varieties immune to climate change | United Press International

Study identifies bean varieties immune to climate change | United Press International | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A new study has identified several varieties of beans that are best suited to survive the globe's warming climate.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Recent climate models raised concerns that the production of beans -- a staple crop and vital source of protein for millions around the world, especially in Latin America and Africa -- could be wiped out by rising temperatures. Most bean plants are especially sensitive to heat.

In response to these fears, researchers at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) began scouring their seed repository for bean varieties hardy and adaptable enough to thrive on a warming planet.

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Louise Payton's curator insight, March 27, 1:25 PM

We will need to grow more leguminous crops in the future so great that instead of losing bean lineages, there has been an effort to save them and identify the ones that can be grown at higher temperatures!

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Hopes grow for climate-proof beans | BBC News

Hopes grow for climate-proof beans | BBC News | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A breakthrough in the development of temperature-resilient beans could help sustain a vital source of protein for millions of people around the globe.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Climate projections suggest that 50% of the countries' bean production will be lost by 2050 if farmers do not have access to the new variety of bean.

The discovery was made by plant breeders at CGIAR, a global agricultural research group.

One of the plant breeders involved in the research, Steve Beebe - a senior bean researcher at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) - explained that bean plants were, as a rule, very sensitive to excessive heat.

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FUCOL INGENIERIA's curator insight, March 29, 1:23 PM

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Four Fast Facts to Debunk Myths About Rural Women | IPS

Four Fast Facts to Debunk Myths About Rural Women | IPS | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Whilst it is true that women farmers have less access to training, land, and inputs than their male counterparts, we need to debunk a few myths that have long been cited as fact, that are a bad basis for policy decision-making.

New research, drawing on work done by IFPRI and others, presented in Paris this week by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security will start this process.

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Taking HeforShe to the Farm

Taking HeforShe to the Farm | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Every stance that men take in the fight for gender equality is critical. But there is one particular group of women who remain the most marginalised: rural women, especially women farmers. We need to take "HeforShe" to the farm....
CGIAR Climate's insight:

So how can the gender gap in agriculture be addressed? The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security hosted a seminar this week to spark discussions on how to protect the food security and incomes of rural communities in the face of climate change.

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Converting Africa's savannas into farmland too costly | Digital Journal

Converting Africa's savannas into farmland too costly | Digital Journal | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Analysts and policymakers are looking at converting the wet savannas of Africa into farmlands. But a new study shows that this conversion will come at a high cost to the environment and will not meet the standards for renewable fuels.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The researchers determined that each country should have an analysis of its own productivity, as well as any environmental impact involved before considering mass land conversions. The overall impact of the release of high levels of stored carbon from cultivated lands and the high cost in terms of lost species really has to be considered.


"One basic lesson is that Africa's wet savannas deserve more environmental respect than they get," said Phil Thornton, a co-author and senior researcher with the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

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Counting the cost of farming Africa’s ‘wet savannahs | Nature Asia

Counting the cost of farming Africa’s ‘wet savannahs
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Timothy Searchinger and colleagues modelled the carbon and biodiversity cost of farming a wide range of ‘suitable’ (having sufficient soil moisture for agriculture) African savannahs, shrublands and woodlands. They found that only very small proportions of this land area, two to three per cent for maize and 10 per cent for soybeans, can be converted to high yielding cropland without high carbon costs.

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New paper explodes a 'breadbasket' myth: African food production for African people, please | ILRI news

New paper explodes a 'breadbasket' myth: African food production for African people, please | ILRI news | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
'Africa could be on the brink of an agricultural revolution. Political commitment to the sector is thankfully gaining momentum as an effective route to bring African populations out of hunger and p...
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Africa’s agriculture has great potential, and its development will be a necessity in order to feed growing populations. But we should dispel the myth that Africa’s land is available to fill global rather than local needs.

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Dispelling the ‘breadbasket’ myth about African agriculture | This is Africa

Dispelling the ‘breadbasket’ myth about African agriculture | This is Africa | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Africa’s agriculture revolution should focus on feeding domestic populations first.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Within Africa, government policy should focus as much as possible on boosting yields on existing cropland.Where some cropland expansion is necessary, the task should be to find land that will produce relatively high yields at relatively low environmental cost, and should focus on serving Africa’s regional food needs first.

There is a great need for scientists to map these lands carefully at a much finer level of detail than our project could undertake. Governments could then guide conversion only of those lands with the most appropriate trade-offs.

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FUCOL INGENIERIA's curator insight, March 29, 1:23 PM

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What's next for climate-smart agriculture? | Thomson Reuters Foundation

What's next for climate-smart agriculture? | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A new alliance aims to help farmers raise productivity, adapt to climate change, and reduce agricultural emissions
CGIAR Climate's insight:

With so many competing and complex problems, one may wonder where to begin. At the Global Forum for Innovations in Agriculture in Abu Dhabi this week, the international agricultural research network CGIAR and key agencies drove forward a new global movement that is ready to tackle these challenges.

The Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture (GACSA) is a new collaborative initiative dedicated to ensuring food security in the face of a warming world, which will enable farmers to raise productivity, adapt to climate change, and reduce the impact agriculture has on global greenhouse gas emissions.

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FUCOL INGENIERIA's curator insight, March 29, 1:24 PM

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Environment policy to revitalise challenges | DailyNews

Environment policy to revitalise challenges | DailyNews | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Tanzania\'s leading online News Edition (The National Newspaper). Get access to the most current and latest authoritative news on local issues, politics, events, celebrations, editorial, columnists, features, people and business
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The project, launched last year, is supporting Uganda and Tanzania in the development of policies that are climate resilient; it is led by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and is part of the CGIAR Research Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Flagship Programme on Policies and Institutions on Climate-Resilient Food Systems.

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3 tips for agricultural development leaders from Sir Gordon Conway | Devex

3 tips for agricultural development leaders from Sir Gordon Conway | Devex | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

“These days I’m no longer an administrator. I’m no longer a researcher, though I’ve been all those things in my life,” he told an audience in Paris at the “Closing the Gender Gap in Farming Under Climate Change” conference sponsored by a coalition of groups spearheaded by CGIAR, an international consortium of agricultural research organizations.

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Africa’s Savannahs Are Not a Cost-Effective Solution for Croplands

New research shows that Africa’s wetter savannahs which include mixtures of grasslands, shrubs and trees are wet enough to produce crops identified as having large growth potential. However...
CGIAR Climate's insight:

New research shows that Africa’s wetter savannahs which include mixtures of grasslands, shrubs and trees are wet enough to produce crops identified as having large growth potential. However, researchers warn the costs of converting this land is significantly higher than originally thought.

The study was conducted by Princeton University and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

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Farming African Wet Savannah | BBC World Service

Scientists have 3D printed a replica of a vintage 1965 Shelby Cobra sports car
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The global population is estimated to rise to 9.2 billion in 2050, and to feed us all, it has been calculated that we will need 70% more food production. The need to find more sustainable sources of food has led governments and intergovernmental groups such as the World Bank, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN and even the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to look for supplementary, and alternative, regions to grow crops, both for food and biofuels. One type of habitat that is getting a lot of focus, and is assumed to be suitable is wet savannah, particularly those in Africa. But these habitats, with their sufficient rainfall and lack of dense cover, argues Tim Searchinger in Nature Climate Change this week, are not a low environmental cost solution for converting to cropland. Based on new studies, he estimates only 2% of these areas would be suitable for growing maize with carbon levels less than the average and that the threat to biodiversity is another reason for the world’s leaders to seek alternative sources of food.

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Bean breakthrough bodes well for climate change challenge | The Guardian

Bean breakthrough bodes well for climate change challenge | The Guardian | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Scientists have hailed the emergence of heat-tolerant beans, but there are fears corporate interests in Africa’s seed sector will wrest control from local farmers
CGIAR Climate's insight:

In 2012, CGIAR researchers began to test more than 1,000 types of beans in a bid to find “heat beater” beans able to grow amid high temperatures and drought. Scientists cultivated test plots on Colombia’s Caribbean coast and in greenhouses, before eventually discovering 30 heat-tolerant bean types that can withstand a 4C increase in temperature. CGIAR said it used natural breeding to discover the seed.

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In an important first for Africa, emissions data 'made in Kenya' | Thomson Reuters Foundation

In an important first for Africa, emissions data 'made in Kenya' | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Research centre is expected to generate more cost-effective and precise greenhouse gas emissions measurements
CGIAR Climate's insight:

CIFOR scientist Mariana Rufino sees the climate change work being done in Kenya as part of an effort to provide Kenya with support for its National Climate Change Action Plan, drawn up in 2013. In addition to the crucial data that can be produced and analyzed thanks to the sophisticated equipment in the lab, which she said can improve the quality of data and thus the greenhouse gas inventories, it will also provide an extremely important training ground for young technicians and scientists from Kenya and elsewhere in Africa.

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Cropping Africa’s wet savannas would bring high environmental costs | NZ Health Tec

With the global population rising, analysts and policymakers have targeted Africa’s vast wet savannas as a place to produce staple foods and bioenergy groups at
CGIAR Climate's insight:

“One simple doctrine is that Africa’s soppy savannas merit some-more environmental honour than they get,” pronounced Phil Thornton, a co-author and comparison researcher with a CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

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Climate Smart Agriculture 2015 - 18 March 2015

CGIAR Climate's insight:

More than 700 participants coming from 75 different countries around the world convened at the 3rd Global Science Conference on Climate-Smart Agriculture in Montpellier, France, 16-18 March 2015 to share their experience and agree on global and specific research agendas. The conference gathered representatives from scientific organizations, national and international governmental organizations, farmers’ associations, industries, NGOs and civil society.

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Cropping Africa’s wet savannas would bring high environmental costs | Independence News

To News Archive| Previous by Date|Next by Date Cropping Africa's wet savannas would bring high environmental costsPosted March 16, 2015; 03:00 p.m.by B. Rose
CGIAR Climate's insight:

“One simple doctrine is that Africa’s soppy savannas merit some-more environmental honour than they get,” pronounced Phil Thornton, a co-author and comparison researcher with a CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

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Princeton University - Cropping Africa's wet savannas would bring high environmental costs | Princeton University

CGIAR Climate's insight:

"One basic lesson is that Africa's wet savannas deserve more environmental respect than they get," said Phil Thornton, a co-author and senior researcher with the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

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Farming Africa’s wet savannahs would have a high climate cost, study warns | Carbon Brief

Farming Africa’s wet savannahs would have a high climate cost, study warns | Carbon Brief | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

As the global population rises, some scientists have suggested that Africa's wet savannahs could be ideal for growing the extra crops needed to meet the growing demand for food and bioenergy.

But it isn't quite the solution it seems, according to new research. The idea that Africa can provide food and biofuels while keeping emissions low "does not add up", the researchers say.

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Climate-adaptation effort cuts hunger in African villages | Nature

Climate-adaptation effort cuts hunger in African villages | Nature | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Shift in farming techniques reduces number of households eating one or no meals each day.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The African sites are part of an effort to turn villages on five continents into labs, testing new farming techniques, crop varieties and livestock breeds to improve food security in the face of climate change. Run by the CGIAR, a global partnership focused on agricultural research for food security, the project will present initial results from its 22 'climate-smart villages' at a conference in Montpellier, France, on 16–18 March.

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Scientists Warn Climate Change is Threatening World's Most Expansive Temperate Rainforests | PR Newswire

Scientists Warn Climate Change is Threatening World's Most Expansive Temperate Rainforests | PR Newswire | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
ASHLAND, Ore., Feb. 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- International climate change and rainforest experts warned that...
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Dr. Patric Brandt of the Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), which specializes in global warming research, participated in the study, adding, "We know from studies around the world that if rainforests are stressed by the combined impacts of climate change and land-disturbances, there is little hope in maintaining their ecosystem benefits for people or wildlife over the long term."

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