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No hunger game: 'Green bullet' ideas sought to feed the world's billions - The Province

No hunger game: 'Green bullet' ideas sought to feed the world's billions - The Province | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it

“Food insecurity and climate change are already inhibiting human well-being and economic growth throughout the world, and these problems are poised to accelerate,” said John Beddington, Britain’s chief science adviser, in a March report by the International Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change.

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CGIAR Climate in the News
Tracking media mentions of research from the CGIAR Climate program
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A Sign of Things to Come: Examining Four Major Climate Related Disasters 2010-2013, and their Impacts on Food Security | Sudan Vision Daily

A Sign of Things to Come: Examining Four Major Climate Related Disasters 2010-2013, and their Impacts on Food Security | Sudan Vision Daily | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

In this report, case studies are used to examine the effect of specific extreme weather events on vulnerable groups’ food security, working within the same food-systems approach. This approach covers access, availability and utilization, and stability. In addition to seeking a better understanding of the interaction between recent extreme weather and food security for each case study, the report considers the potential influence of climate change and the possible implications for food security if the frequency or magnitude of extreme weather events were to increase.

The report draws on a wide range of academic and other literature. It has been prepared in close consultation with climate scientists, food systems researchers, and scenarios experts from the University of Oxford’s Environmental Change Institute (ECI) and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

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Opening Europe’s doors to Central Asian scientists | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Opening Europe’s doors to Central Asian scientists | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
The Thomson Reuters Foundation stands for free, independent journalism, human rights, women's empowerment, and the rule of law.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Kazakhstan has 424 research organisations and around 17,000 research scientists, while Uzbekistan has 202 organisations and nearly 35,000 researchers. The other countries in the region are much smaller: Kyrgyzstan has 84 research organisations and around 5,000 researchers; Tajikistan has nearly 70 organisations and around 5,600 researchers; and Turkmenistan has an estimated 46 organisations and nearly 4,000 research staff.

One leading centre of research in the region is a single site in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, where agricultural research is concentrated. The Regional Program for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Central Asia and the Caucasus houses several global research organisations including eight CGIAR centres, as well as Bioversity International and the regional centre for the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).

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Costs of ignoring hunger | Thehindu.com

Costs of ignoring hunger | Thehindu.com | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Ignoring hunger and malnutrition will have significant costs to any country’s development. Nutrition improvement has both intrinsic and instrumental value
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The 2014 Global Hunger Index report of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) shows considerable improvement in India’s hunger index and in the percentage of underweight children — from 24.2 in 2005 to 17.8 in 2014 — an increase of 6.4 points. Also, out of 76 countries, India’s rank improved by around 8 points, from 63 to 55. While India is no longer in the category of “alarming” cases, its hunger status is still classified in the category of “serious”. 

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African Farmers Urged to Adopt 'Climate-Smart Approach' | allAfrica.com

African Farmers Urged to Adopt 'Climate-Smart Approach' | allAfrica.com | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Nigeria was able to avert major food crisis aftermath of the 2012 flood in major parts of the country that affected many farms, but countries in the horn of Africa are not that lucky with the ravaging droughts with devastating effects on crops and livestock production.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Another member of the team, Dr. James Kinyangi, [regional program leader at CCAFS],  explained that the compelling need to deal with the challenges posed by climate change offers an opportunity to transform the way food systems use natural resources, improve agriculture's sustainability and promote poverty reduction and economic growth.

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New wheat breeds can help avert food security disaster | Thomson Reuters Foundation

New wheat breeds can help avert food security disaster | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Efforts to develop wheat varieties tolerant to drought, heat, extremely wet and cold conditions must be sped up as temperatures continue to warm and weather becomes more erratic
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Two years after he won the Nobel Peace Prize, Borlaug stepped aside and appointed me head of the CIMMYT wheat breeding program where I spent most of my career fighting alongside other Green Revolutionaries developing resilient wheat varieties, except for the eight years I spent at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).

Those wheat varieties are now grown on 58 million hectares (143 million acres) worldwide, contributing to the average 700 million metric tons (770 million tons) of wheat produced annually. We estimate these varieties provide wheat to more than 1 billion people a year. 

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Africa’s agriculture system… need for new approaches | BusinessDay

Africa’s agriculture system… need for new approaches | BusinessDay | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Agricultural biotechnology comprises several scientific techniques (genetic engineering, molecular marker–assisted breeding, the use of molecular diagnostics and vaccines, and tissue culture) that are used to improve plants, animals, and microorganisms. However, IFPRI has focused on Genetic Modification (GM) technologies in particular and on the agricultural context in which they are being applied, because GM technologies are at the centre of the controversy about biotechnology’s role in Africa.

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The Blind Spot for Climate Research in Agriculture: Not All Climate Change is Bad | The Huffington Post

The Blind Spot for Climate Research in Agriculture: Not All Climate Change is Bad | The Huffington Post | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
We should focus on these "climate opportunities" in addition to the "climate hotspots" -- the areas that the models show will be adversely impacted....
CGIAR Climate's insight:

What is not written about very often -- and this is what I consider to be the blind spot -- is the fact that we can also see areas that will have higher agricultural productivity as a result of climate change -- at least through 2050, which is where my research has focused. That is, many if not most countries have areas within them that are projected to have higher productivity due to climate change. It is reasonably well known that agricultural productivity in some parts of temperate countries would increase because warming could remove some of the limitations on production, particularly in lengthening growing seasons and limiting damaging frosts. But the same general observation is true for many tropical countries, as well.

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Kenyan scientists set up laboratory on climate change | Coastweek

Kenyan scientists set up laboratory on climate change | Coastweek | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Coastweek Online,Kenya Coast news,Mombasa Information,Kenya Safari,Kilindini Shipping,Mombasa Shipping,Kenya Shipping
CGIAR Climate's insight:

According to scientists, crop failure in sub-Saharan Africa is blamed on the changing climate that has led to low harvest, livestock deaths and recurrent drought.


However, all is not lost as attempts to find a lasting solution has continued courtesy of the universities and scientists from the Kenya-based Consultative Group of Agricultural Research (CGIAR), which includes the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF).


At the moment ICRAF scientists are in the process of researching on trees to help map out climatic conditions the trees’ past drought pattern by establishing a state-of-the-art laboratory.

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U.N. Honors CIAT Project That "Saved" Rice Crops in Colombia | HispanicallySpeakingNews.com

U.N. Honors CIAT Project That "Saved" Rice Crops in Colombia  |  HispanicallySpeakingNews.com | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Daily on-line newspaper delivering breaking news about and for U.S. Hispanics with commentary, Latin American content, special focus on Chicago Hispanic News.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

“Through a case study in two rice growing areas, we observed that the big climate factor limiting yields is accumulated solar energy during the grain ripening phase,” CIAT researcher and project leader Daniel Jimenez said.


The communique added that “in another case study, the analysis of historical weather data revealed that a diverse set of distinct climate patterns occurring over the years…is clearly associated with growing conditions that are favorable or not for production.”


“To ensure that crops get optimum radiation, farmers can just shift the sowing date, and to further reduce yield losses, they can adopt rice varieties that are less sensitive to the amount of radiation received,” Jimenez said.

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New Online Series: How Can We Sustainably Feed 9 Billion People By 2050? | Thomson Reuters Foundation

New Online Series: How Can We Sustainably Feed 9 Billion People By 2050? | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
The Thomson Reuters Foundation stands for free, independent journalism, human rights, women's empowerment, and the rule of law.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

To foster much-needed dialogue and discussion around the intersection of these issues, avenues to accelerate progress, and where innovative, collaborative partnerships can truly make a difference in the lives and livelihoods of billions of people, the World Food Prize Foundation—organizers of the Borlaug Dialogue and awarders of the coveted World Food Prize—is partnering with the CGIAR Fund, the world’s largest investor in agricultural science for the benefit of poor smallholders, to host an online series of thought-provoking articles by some of the world’s leading voices on the power and promise of agriculture to change the world.

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Can farmers outsmart climate change?

Can farmers outsmart climate change? | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
As the world heats up, so do efforts to save our food system.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Luckily, CSA is starting to gain attention. CGIAR, a group of 15 scientific research centers that specialize in assisting farmers in the tropics, recently issued a statement that it would commit a 60 whopping percent of its operating budget (which is over $55 million) to develop climate-smart tools for 500 million farmers around the world. (Let’s take a moment to pause for applause.)

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Let's feed 9 billion people together, OK? | Devex

Let's feed 9 billion people together, OK? | Devex | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Through leveraging the combined expertise and reach of its 15 centers and advocating for the small-holder farmer, CGIAR is positioned as an influential global player that can achieve real and lasting food security in our lifetimes.

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Tanzania, Uganda launch climate change pact | IPP Media

Tanzania, Uganda launch climate change pact | IPP Media | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:
Ugandan, Climate Change Agriculture and Food security (CCAFS) Project Officer, Dr. Edidah Ampaire told reporters mid week in Dar es Salaam that, the initiative will apply interdisciplinary science-based recommendations to adopt implementation of better policies that suits in “climate-smart” agricultural practices across multiple scales and actors.
 
She said the project is seeking to achieve enhanced agricultural practices and policies that will ensure maximum food security and environmental protection among the entire population of the two the countries.
 
According to the environmental expert, the four- year project (2014 to 2017) is an activity within the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security.
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Back agriculture to get the most out of aid to Africa | SciDev.Net

Back agriculture to get the most out of aid to Africa | SciDev.Net | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
An online tool shows which technologies will do the most to help farmers improve yields, says Gordon Conway.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

An online tool developed by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), and launched earlier this year, allows policymakers to identify which technologies or practices (out of 10 that were modelled) will do most to improve yields in their region, taking predicted climate change conditions into account.  The results for sub-Saharan Africa were striking. For instance, the joint adoption of no-till agriculture and drought-tolerant crops could as much as triple yields by 2050.

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Scientists ship 2 metric tons of wheat seed samples around the world | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Scientists ship 2 metric tons of wheat seed samples around the world | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Juan Hernandez Caballero (L) and Victor Cano Valencia, prepare to load wheat samples onto a van in El Batan, Mexico, for shipment overseas. Scientists at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) are continuously developing improved wheat varieties and each year seed samples are sent out to government and university research institutions and national agricultural research systems around the world. CIMMYT/Julie Mollins
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Scientists at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) are continuously developing improved varieties and each year seed samples -- known as International Wheat Nurseries -- are sent out to government and university research institutions and national agricultural research systems around the world.

“Wheat plays a vital role in food security,” said Tom Payne, head of CIMMYT’s Wheat Germplasm Bank, which stores almost 145,000 wheat varieties collected over the past 60 years. “We’ve been sending out wheat samples each year since 1974, so if you do the math that’s 367 tons over the years.”

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Cómo las “aldeas climáticamente inteligentes” de Bangladesh, India y Nepal preparan a los agricultores para el futuro · Global Voices en Español | globalvoiceonline.org

Cómo las “aldeas climáticamente inteligentes” de Bangladesh, India y Nepal preparan a los agricultores para el futuro · Global Voices en Español | globalvoiceonline.org | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
En India, 1400 agricultores de 60 aldeas diferentes, reciben mensajes de texto y de voz con información agrícola que los ayudan a adaptarse a los cambios climáticos.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

En respuesta a los retos agrícolas surgidos a raíz del cambio climático, elprograma de investigación sobre Cambio Climático, Agricultura y Seguridad Alimentaria del CGIAR, ha presentado, junto con el Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo y otras organizaciones participantes, un portafolio de tecnologías y prácticas agrícolas climáticamente inteligentes puestas en práctica en sus aldeas.

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Climate aid needed for 500 million small farmers - researchers | trust.org

Climate aid needed for 500 million small farmers - researchers | trust.org | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Farmers in South Asia and Africa need "climate smart agriculture" interventions like crop insurance and weather data
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Small-scale farmers need better access to crop insurance and weather information to boost resilience, said Bruce Campbell, an ecologist who leads the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

The CGIAR, a global agricultural research partnership, is one of the members of a new Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture, which involves hundreds of scientific, business and farming organisations, and aims to bring together expertise and money to scale up efforts to improve agricultural resilience to climate change.

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[Michael Koch] Why Korea, and the world, must protect crop diversity | koreaherald.com

[Michael Koch] Why Korea, and the world, must protect crop diversity | koreaherald.com | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it

The Global Crop Diversity Trust is the only worldwide response to this issue. Founded by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and Biodiversity International on behalf of CGIAR (formerly the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research) 10 years ago, the Crop Trust is an international organization working to guarantee the conservation of crop diversity, forever. It does so in support of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture of 2001, which 132 countries have signed, including the Republic of Korea.

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CIP calls for more integration of Asian tubers for food security | BusinessMirror

CIP calls for more integration  of Asian tubers for food security | BusinessMirror | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
PERU-BASED International Potato Center (known by its Spanish acronym CIP, for Centro Internacional de la Papa) is calling for more regional and national engagement in popularizing Asian tubers as a...
CGIAR Climate's insight:

There is enough research that “root and tuber crops are an effective way of improving the health, quality of life and resilience, especially of smallholder farming households,” Julieta Roa, collaborating researcher at the CIP-Philippines, said during a recent discussion on ways to improve food security in the face of the changes in weather pattern.

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Rapid population growth on has bearing on climate change | IPP Media

Rapid population growth on has bearing on climate change | IPP Media | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The increasing frequency and severity of drought, heat and cold stress as well as floods are likely to lead to major food crises in the region, according to International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

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Here's Why We Haven't Quite Figured Out How to Feed Billions More People | National Geographic

Here's Why We Haven't Quite Figured Out How to Feed Billions More People | National Geographic | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Solving the world's looming food crisis will require big investments in agricultural research, yet public support for that is lagging.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Bruce Campbell, a CGIAR researcher, tells of Mary Ogello, a Kenyan farmer who was able to triple and quadruple her corn and sorghum harvests after researchers helped her access information about the start of rainy season and the likelihood of flood and drought on her land. Such thinking is part of a new approach called climate-smart agriculturethat seeks to help farmers respond to climate change while reducing greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture that drive climate change.

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Climate change: 15m farmers to get crop insurance by 2017 – Adesina | The Sun News

Climate change: 15m farmers to get crop insurance by 2017 – Adesina | The Sun News | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Climate change: 15m farmers to get crop insurance by 2017 –Adesina
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Adesina acknowledged that the work of CGIAR has helped to change the lives and livelihoods of farmers, calling for greater support for its work and its partners to help broaden options for farmers, as they adapt to climate change.

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Tanzania receives support to strengthen policies on climate change and food security - Press releases - IITA

Tanzania receives support to strengthen policies on climate change and food security - Press releases - IITA | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
IITA, through its research for development, creates agricultural solutions to tackle hunger and poverty in sub-Saharan Africa.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The four-year project, Policy Action for Climate Change Adaptation (PACCA), is led by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and funded by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). It is being implemented in both Uganda and Tanzania. In Tanzania the project will be implemented in partnership with the Environmental Management Unit (EMU) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives.

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Colombia rice growers saved from ruin after being told not to plant their crop / The Guardian

Colombia rice growers saved from ruin after being told not to plant their crop / The Guardian | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Farmers given radical advice following a drought warning by scientists using a computer data tool that reaped a UN reward. Diana Cariboni reports
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Scientists at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (Ciat) had forecast that the first growing season of the year would coincide with a severe dry period and an acute water deficit. They urged farmers in the Caribbean department of Córdoba, one of the country’s five rice producing areas, to sow immediately to avoid an estimated yield decline of 3% for each week without sowing, but Fedearroz talked to farmers and recommended that they did not sow at all in the first growing season.

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Elite rice to combat flooding in Vietnam’s Mekong Delta - News - Professional Resources | PreventionWeb.net

By Georgina Smith Researchers are creating more robust, climate-ready rice varieties that boost yields and adapt well to harsh conditions
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Flooding and sea water intrusion are two of the biggest threats to rice producers in the lower Mekong Delta,” said Dr Ngo Dang Phong, IRRI’s project coordinator for the CLUES project, funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research.


CLUES is part of a global effort to tackle climate change in the region under the CGIAR’s Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), jointly implemented by IRRI and Can Tho University.

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