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Global Climate Change May Cut Asian Rice Yields by 50% in 3 Decades, Warn Scientists - Oryza

Global Climate Change May Cut Asian Rice Yields by 50% in 3 Decades, Warn Scientists - Oryza | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it

Photo: P. Casier (CGIAR). While South and Southeast Asia are responsible for almost 90% of total rice production drastic climate change in the region threatens to reduce rice production fall by as much as 50% in the next three decades, according to scientists at the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) speaking at a climate conference taking place this week in Bangkok Thailand.

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CGIAR Climate in the News
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Agriculture vital to tackling effects of climate change

Agriculture vital to tackling effects of climate change | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Experts have called for a focus on agriculture to help tackle negative impacts of climate change.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

With climate change affecting rainfall rates and patterns, agriculture deserves more attention in international climate change debates. More droughts and increased catastrophic flooding affects food production across the world, calling for action on the matter. 

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UN News - Small farmers can be major actors in reducing agriculture's carbon footprint - UN News Centre

UN News - Small farmers can be major actors in reducing agriculture's carbon footprint - UN News Centre | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Helping farmers adapt to the impacts of climate change can also significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions, finds a new study released today by one of the agricultural agencies of the United Nations system.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

If smallholder adaptation can help reduce global emissions, there could be new opportunities, according to Sonja Vermeulen, Head of research at the CGIAR program.

“Currently over 90 per cent of public and private climate funds go to mitigation, not adaptation. For future food security it would be very helpful if the majority of the world's farmers, who are smallholders, could access those funds,” she said.

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World Stock Markets & Stock Index Performance - Businessweek

Read breaking news from stock markets around the world. Find information on the major U.S. indices and stock exchanges for your investing decisions.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

IFAD chose UNESCO's Our Common Future under Climate Change Science Conference in Paris to release details of its latest research with the Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

The study finds reducing emissions may not be as big a burden as some may believe and could be another benefit of adaptation activities. The study, released today, examines IFAD's portfolio of projects focused on making smallholder agriculture more resilient to climate change.

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Backed by Solid Science, Agriculture Climbs the International Climate Change Agenda | The Huffington Post

Backed by Solid Science, Agriculture Climbs the International Climate Change Agenda | The Huffington Post | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Despite getting explicit mention in the original climate change treaty, agriculture has never been amongst the key issues at subsequent climate negotiations. Quite a surprise considering the headline facts and figures.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

CGIAR focusses its work on developing countries and smallholder farmers, and has in its mission a focus on poverty alleviation and food insecurity. Getting more evidence about impacts and options for smallholder farmers is crucial as the literature is dominated by work in developed countries. 

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Preemptive Genetics Girds Farmers for Climate Extremes and Disease | Scientific American

Preemptive Genetics Girds Farmers for Climate Extremes and Disease | Scientific American | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
High-tech breeding to bolster cattle and crops against potential outbreaks is becoming increasingly urgent as diseases continue to march across Africa
CGIAR Climate's insight:

As part of their proactive breeding program, the CGIAR researchers are drawing up a map of African livestock that are resilient to pests and environmental stresses such as heat. They use predictions of climatic changes and disease threats to focus their search for these desirable traits. 

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Seizing the Opportunity for Agriculture in a New Climate Change Deal | The Huffington Post

It has been a long, and at times drawn-out, affair. We have seen progress made on reducing emissions from deforestation (REDD+), and on many other issues. Still, agriculture has been touch-and-go for much of the past decade.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

As advocates for agriculture, we need to mobilize to make 2015 the year in which agriculture becomes an unavoidable part of the discussion on climate change under UNFCCC.

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Coffee catastrophe beckons as climate change threatens arabica plant | The Guardian

Coffee catastrophe beckons as climate change threatens arabica plant | The Guardian | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Dr Peter Läderach, a CCAFS climate change specialist and co-author of the report, said that although some countries would be able to mitigate the “massive impact” of climate change by simply moving their coffee to higher, cooler areas, it was not an option for everyone.

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3 tips for agricultural development leaders from Sir Gordon Conway | Devex

3 tips for agricultural development leaders from Sir Gordon Conway | Devex | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

“These days I’m no longer an administrator. I’m no longer a researcher, though I’ve been all those things in my life,” he told an audience in Paris at the “Closing the Gender Gap in Farming Under Climate Change” conference sponsored by a coalition of groups spearheaded by CGIAR, an international consortium of agricultural research organizations.

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Africa’s Savannahs Are Not a Cost-Effective Solution for Croplands

New research shows that Africa’s wetter savannahs which include mixtures of grasslands, shrubs and trees are wet enough to produce crops identified as having large growth potential. However...
CGIAR Climate's insight:

New research shows that Africa’s wetter savannahs which include mixtures of grasslands, shrubs and trees are wet enough to produce crops identified as having large growth potential. However, researchers warn the costs of converting this land is significantly higher than originally thought.

The study was conducted by Princeton University and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

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Farming African Wet Savannah | BBC World Service

Scientists have 3D printed a replica of a vintage 1965 Shelby Cobra sports car
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The global population is estimated to rise to 9.2 billion in 2050, and to feed us all, it has been calculated that we will need 70% more food production. The need to find more sustainable sources of food has led governments and intergovernmental groups such as the World Bank, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN and even the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to look for supplementary, and alternative, regions to grow crops, both for food and biofuels. One type of habitat that is getting a lot of focus, and is assumed to be suitable is wet savannah, particularly those in Africa. But these habitats, with their sufficient rainfall and lack of dense cover, argues Tim Searchinger in Nature Climate Change this week, are not a low environmental cost solution for converting to cropland. Based on new studies, he estimates only 2% of these areas would be suitable for growing maize with carbon levels less than the average and that the threat to biodiversity is another reason for the world’s leaders to seek alternative sources of food.

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Bean breakthrough bodes well for climate change challenge | The Guardian

Bean breakthrough bodes well for climate change challenge | The Guardian | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Scientists have hailed the emergence of heat-tolerant beans, but there are fears corporate interests in Africa’s seed sector will wrest control from local farmers
CGIAR Climate's insight:

In 2012, CGIAR researchers began to test more than 1,000 types of beans in a bid to find “heat beater” beans able to grow amid high temperatures and drought. Scientists cultivated test plots on Colombia’s Caribbean coast and in greenhouses, before eventually discovering 30 heat-tolerant bean types that can withstand a 4C increase in temperature. CGIAR said it used natural breeding to discover the seed.

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In an important first for Africa, emissions data 'made in Kenya' | Thomson Reuters Foundation

In an important first for Africa, emissions data 'made in Kenya' | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Research centre is expected to generate more cost-effective and precise greenhouse gas emissions measurements
CGIAR Climate's insight:

CIFOR scientist Mariana Rufino sees the climate change work being done in Kenya as part of an effort to provide Kenya with support for its National Climate Change Action Plan, drawn up in 2013. In addition to the crucial data that can be produced and analyzed thanks to the sophisticated equipment in the lab, which she said can improve the quality of data and thus the greenhouse gas inventories, it will also provide an extremely important training ground for young technicians and scientists from Kenya and elsewhere in Africa.

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Cropping Africa’s wet savannas would bring high environmental costs | NZ Health Tec

With the global population rising, analysts and policymakers have targeted Africa’s vast wet savannas as a place to produce staple foods and bioenergy groups at
CGIAR Climate's insight:

“One simple doctrine is that Africa’s soppy savannas merit some-more environmental honour than they get,” pronounced Phil Thornton, a co-author and comparison researcher with a CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

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From second jobs to new 'stinginess', women see climate change differently | Thomson Reuters Foundation

From second jobs to new 'stinginess', women see climate change differently | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Getting their input is crucial to getting climate adaptation right, researchers say
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Nyasimi, of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), said that in Kenya’s Nyando district, hit by both more frequent droughts and floods, she found the most rapid uptake of climate-resilient farming was among women whose husbands were away and not making day-to-day decisions.

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V. C. Bestor's curator insight, July 15, 11:39 AM

Global warming is mass murder of poor women & their kids

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Why climate talks need to focus on agriculture | SciDev.Net

Why climate talks need to focus on agriculture | SciDev.Net | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Other sectors often dominate discussions, but climate-smart farming offers potent solutions, says Frank Rijsberman.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

There are already good examples of agriculture turning climate smart. In Uganda, for example, prolonged drought and erratic rains threaten yields of coffee, the country’s most important cash crop. And pests and diseases such as leaf miners, mealy bugs and leaf rust appear to be more common.

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Project initiated to build resilient farming systems | SciDev.Net

Project initiated to build resilient farming systems | SciDev.Net | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A four-year project aims to help small-scale farmers in West Africa adapt to climate change through agroforestry.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The Building Resilient Agro-forestry Pastoral Systems through Participatory Action Research (BRAS-PAR) project aims to improve the understanding of farmers’ perceptions and demands by addressing barriers to technology adoption while taking into consideration genderand social differentiation.

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Climate change impacts on livestock: 'This information does not exist' | ILRI news

Climate change impacts on livestock: 'This information does not exist' | ILRI news | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A new working paper from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) has been published on the impacts of climate change on livestock across Africa. Lead aut...
CGIAR Climate's insight:

While we have evidence of how climate change is impacting crop agriculture, and thus can prepare ourselves for how to adapt, there is as yet little evidence for how climate change is affecting the world’s cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry and other livestock. 

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El Nino to disrupt rains, cut Africa, East Asia harvests, scientists say | Thomson Reuters Foundation

ROME (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Farmers in Africa and East Asia are expected to suffer crop losses as extreme weather linked to the El Nino phenomenon alters rainfall patterns, scientists told a conference
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The rainy season has been delayed in several African nations, and it is difficult to predict exactly how large the crop losses will be, said Sonja Vermeulen, a University of Copenhagen scientist.

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Ireland should lead the way on climate smart farming, says ecology expert | The Irish Times

Ireland should  lead the way on climate smart farming, says ecology expert | The Irish Times | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Dr Bruce Campbell says no country is taking emissions reductions seriously
CGIAR Climate's insight:
Ireland should become a global leader in encouraging countries to produce more food in a sustainable way while reducing emissions, climate change expert Bruce Campbell has said.
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African anti-hunger drive could be blown off track by climate change | Devex

African anti-hunger drive could be blown off track by climate change | Devex | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Sir Gordon Conway believes donors are committed to ending hunger in Africa. But the director of the advocacy group Agriculture for Impact worries that climate change could derail even the best-laid and well-funded plans.

“I think climate change is the biggest threat, particularly in Africa,” said the man recognized as one of the world’s leading scholars on agricultural development and currently professor of International Development at Imperial College London.

Conway discussed the agriculture-climate change dilemma during an exclusive interview with Devex in Paris, where he was a speaker at the “Closing the Gender Gap in Farming Under Climate Change” conference sponsored by a coalition of groups spearheaded by CGIAR, an international consortium of agricultural research organizations.

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Africa: Report Slams Inequalities in Research Partnerships `| AllAfrica

Africa: Report Slams Inequalities in Research Partnerships `| AllAfrica | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Partners from rich countries must step up their contribution to capacity building, fairness and accountability in research partnerships with developing nations or risk undermining efforts to meet three of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), says a report.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Unless this changes, says Bruce Campbell, director of climate change, agriculture and food security research at international agricultural science consortium CGIAR, question marks will remain over whether such collaborations can spearhead development under the SDGs.

"Currently, having to deal with developed country people is painful," he tells SciDev.Net. "The power balance in research is not very good."

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'Supergoats' help Kenyan farmers adapt to climate change | Minnesota Public Radio

'Supergoats' help Kenyan farmers adapt to climate change | Minnesota Public Radio | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A newly introduced breed of supergoat is cutting the number of months per year that villagers in the district of Nyando go hungry.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The goats were brought to Nyando by scientists at the CGIAR, a global agricultural research partnership to improve food security. The goats are part of the partnership's "climate smart villages" project, which helps farmers in the developing world adapt to climate change.

Agriculture needs a "radical transformation" to produce more food in increasingly difficult environmental conditions, says Dr. James Kinyangi, who leads the project in east Africa. "Farmers must become more climate smart," he says.

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Study identifies bean varieties immune to climate change | United Press International

Study identifies bean varieties immune to climate change | United Press International | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A new study has identified several varieties of beans that are best suited to survive the globe's warming climate.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Recent climate models raised concerns that the production of beans -- a staple crop and vital source of protein for millions around the world, especially in Latin America and Africa -- could be wiped out by rising temperatures. Most bean plants are especially sensitive to heat.

In response to these fears, researchers at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) began scouring their seed repository for bean varieties hardy and adaptable enough to thrive on a warming planet.

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Louise Payton's curator insight, March 27, 1:25 PM

We will need to grow more leguminous crops in the future so great that instead of losing bean lineages, there has been an effort to save them and identify the ones that can be grown at higher temperatures!

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Hopes grow for climate-proof beans | BBC News

Hopes grow for climate-proof beans | BBC News | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A breakthrough in the development of temperature-resilient beans could help sustain a vital source of protein for millions of people around the globe.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Climate projections suggest that 50% of the countries' bean production will be lost by 2050 if farmers do not have access to the new variety of bean.

The discovery was made by plant breeders at CGIAR, a global agricultural research group.

One of the plant breeders involved in the research, Steve Beebe - a senior bean researcher at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) - explained that bean plants were, as a rule, very sensitive to excessive heat.

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FUCOL INGENIERIA's curator insight, March 29, 1:23 PM

añada su visión ...

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Four Fast Facts to Debunk Myths About Rural Women | IPS

Four Fast Facts to Debunk Myths About Rural Women | IPS | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Whilst it is true that women farmers have less access to training, land, and inputs than their male counterparts, we need to debunk a few myths that have long been cited as fact, that are a bad basis for policy decision-making.

New research, drawing on work done by IFPRI and others, presented in Paris this week by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security will start this process.

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