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World Scientists Tackle Food Insecurity - Nourishing the Planet

World Scientists Tackle Food Insecurity - Nourishing the Planet | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it

In their report, the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change proposes specific policy responses to the global challenge of feeding a world confronted by climate change, population growth, poverty, food price spikes, and degraded ecosystems.

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Rice Sellers's comment, September 12, 2012 3:22 AM
Great Article! Sadly the global climate has worsened for farmers globally over the past few years and this has drastically affected the growth of crops which is in turn affecting the price of Food in the Exchange markets, increasing it regardless of the global financial meltdown.. I hope governments are paying attention and working out Plan B's and C's.

Rice Sellers
Adhara-COnsolida Rice Inc., Thailand
http://www.whitericesellers.com
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Why farms of the future need to mix livestock and crops | Devex

Why farms of the future need to mix livestock and crops | Devex | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Climate projections indicate that over the next three decades, in some parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the weather will often be too hot and the growing seasons too short to support existing varieties of important staple crops, such as maize. But how these climatological shifts will affect individual farmers in Africa depends on how they produce food. Most of them depend on livestock-crop interactions, and that can leave them both more vulnerable and more resilient to climate change.

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For Tanzania’s coffee farmers, climate change is a buzzkill | Al Jazeera

For Tanzania’s coffee farmers, climate change is a buzzkill | Al Jazeera | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
An indispensable source of income for many in the country's workforce, coffee production is feeling the heat
CGIAR Climate's insight:

"For the last 20 years, Fredrick Damien has watched as his coffee trees have produced fewer and fewer beans. Back in the 1990s, his half-acre farm at the base of Mount Kilimanjaro turned out as many as 330 pounds of coffee a season, but now he’s happy to harvest 200 pounds of beans."


The article mentions, and links to, a report by CCAFS scientists on the effects of climate change on arabica coffee production.

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Farmers Hold Key to Reducing Climate Threats

Farmers Hold Key to Reducing Climate Threats | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A new study finds that Africa’s rural farmers can reduce carbon emissions and it won’t be such a big burden as was once thought.

The International Fund for Agricultura...
CGIAR Climate's insight:

This Voice of America article refers to research by CCAFS and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). It quotes Lini Wallenberg, CCAFS Flagship Leader for Low Emissions Agriculture, on smallholders'  potential to reduce emissions.


“We believe the potential would be about one giga-ton of CO-2 equivalent per year for all of agriculture. And if we estimate that about one-third of emissions come from small-holders now, we would then extrapolate to say that about point-three giga-tons would be possible."

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Communicating climate change: bridging science and society

Communicating climate change: bridging science and society | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

"From prolonged droughts to heavy flooding, rising seas and erratic, fiercer typhoons, scientists have said in many scientific studies that climate change effects are already hitting the poor and vulnerable the hardest, including millions of people in the Philippines. While it is an overwhelming issue, climate change could well be the story of the century and it is important to bring it to the center of media coverage."

CCAFS and partners work towards a better public understanding of the risks and opportunities which climate change presents. This article mentions some of the work which CCAFS Southeast Asia, the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), the World Agro-Forestry Center (ICRAF) and other partners are doing in the Philippines. 

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Agriculture vital to tackling effects of climate change

Agriculture vital to tackling effects of climate change | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Experts have called for a focus on agriculture to help tackle negative impacts of climate change.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

With climate change affecting rainfall rates and patterns, agriculture deserves more attention in international climate change debates. More droughts and increased catastrophic flooding affects food production across the world, calling for action on the matter. 

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UN News - Small farmers can be major actors in reducing agriculture's carbon footprint - UN News Centre

UN News - Small farmers can be major actors in reducing agriculture's carbon footprint - UN News Centre | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Helping farmers adapt to the impacts of climate change can also significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions, finds a new study released today by one of the agricultural agencies of the United Nations system.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

If smallholder adaptation can help reduce global emissions, there could be new opportunities, according to Sonja Vermeulen, Head of research at the CGIAR program.

“Currently over 90 per cent of public and private climate funds go to mitigation, not adaptation. For future food security it would be very helpful if the majority of the world's farmers, who are smallholders, could access those funds,” she said.

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World Stock Markets & Stock Index Performance - Businessweek

Read breaking news from stock markets around the world. Find information on the major U.S. indices and stock exchanges for your investing decisions.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

IFAD chose UNESCO's Our Common Future under Climate Change Science Conference in Paris to release details of its latest research with the Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

The study finds reducing emissions may not be as big a burden as some may believe and could be another benefit of adaptation activities. The study, released today, examines IFAD's portfolio of projects focused on making smallholder agriculture more resilient to climate change.

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Backed by Solid Science, Agriculture Climbs the International Climate Change Agenda | The Huffington Post

Backed by Solid Science, Agriculture Climbs the International Climate Change Agenda | The Huffington Post | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Despite getting explicit mention in the original climate change treaty, agriculture has never been amongst the key issues at subsequent climate negotiations. Quite a surprise considering the headline facts and figures.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

CGIAR focusses its work on developing countries and smallholder farmers, and has in its mission a focus on poverty alleviation and food insecurity. Getting more evidence about impacts and options for smallholder farmers is crucial as the literature is dominated by work in developed countries. 

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Preemptive Genetics Girds Farmers for Climate Extremes and Disease | Scientific American

Preemptive Genetics Girds Farmers for Climate Extremes and Disease | Scientific American | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
High-tech breeding to bolster cattle and crops against potential outbreaks is becoming increasingly urgent as diseases continue to march across Africa
CGIAR Climate's insight:

As part of their proactive breeding program, the CGIAR researchers are drawing up a map of African livestock that are resilient to pests and environmental stresses such as heat. They use predictions of climatic changes and disease threats to focus their search for these desirable traits. 

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Seizing the Opportunity for Agriculture in a New Climate Change Deal | The Huffington Post

It has been a long, and at times drawn-out, affair. We have seen progress made on reducing emissions from deforestation (REDD+), and on many other issues. Still, agriculture has been touch-and-go for much of the past decade.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

As advocates for agriculture, we need to mobilize to make 2015 the year in which agriculture becomes an unavoidable part of the discussion on climate change under UNFCCC.

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Coffee catastrophe beckons as climate change threatens arabica plant | The Guardian

Coffee catastrophe beckons as climate change threatens arabica plant | The Guardian | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Dr Peter Läderach, a CCAFS climate change specialist and co-author of the report, said that although some countries would be able to mitigate the “massive impact” of climate change by simply moving their coffee to higher, cooler areas, it was not an option for everyone.

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3 tips for agricultural development leaders from Sir Gordon Conway | Devex

3 tips for agricultural development leaders from Sir Gordon Conway | Devex | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

“These days I’m no longer an administrator. I’m no longer a researcher, though I’ve been all those things in my life,” he told an audience in Paris at the “Closing the Gender Gap in Farming Under Climate Change” conference sponsored by a coalition of groups spearheaded by CGIAR, an international consortium of agricultural research organizations.

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Africa’s Savannahs Are Not a Cost-Effective Solution for Croplands

New research shows that Africa’s wetter savannahs which include mixtures of grasslands, shrubs and trees are wet enough to produce crops identified as having large growth potential. However...
CGIAR Climate's insight:

New research shows that Africa’s wetter savannahs which include mixtures of grasslands, shrubs and trees are wet enough to produce crops identified as having large growth potential. However, researchers warn the costs of converting this land is significantly higher than originally thought.

The study was conducted by Princeton University and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

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Recipes for Change: Chefs Feature Ingredients from Small Farmers Adapting to Climate Change | Food Tank

Recipes for Change: Chefs Feature Ingredients from Small Farmers Adapting to Climate Change | Food Tank | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Chefs and farmers are working together in the developing world to adapt to a changing climate and create unique #RecipesForChange.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

A series of videos features stories and recipes from rural communities in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, and also features celebrity chefs from those regions. IFAD, a specialized agency of the United Nations, has partnered with the Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security(CCAFS) to produce the videos.

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Aiming to Boost Production

Aiming to Boost Production | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Grain, flour and feed industry news and commentary offering insight on business, new products, market and product trends, supplier innovations and more.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

CCAFS Programme Director, Bruce Campbell, is quoted here on the topic of Africa’s potential to become the world’s next “breadbasket.”:

"Campbell said some of the factors needed for this to occur are trending in a positive direction. Signs of technological progress, such as cell phone penetration, are taking place across the continent, GDP is rising at a significant rate as is grain yield per hectare."

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New project to help cocoa farmers tackle climate change

New project to help cocoa farmers tackle climate change | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A three-year initiative aims to help cocoa farmers in Ghana become resilient to climate change.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

"The project, which targets cocoa-based farming systems in Ghana, leverages existing value chain interventions and will translate climate science into actionable strategies for farmers and supporting actors including industry, certifiers and investors."

For this project, CCAFS partnered up with the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Rainforest Alliance, Root Capital and Sustainable Food Lab.

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A message to climate negotiators: Don’t forget farmers

A message to climate negotiators: Don’t forget farmers | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Agriculture should be integral to global dialogue on climate change, writes James Kinyangi.
CGIAR Climate's insight:
“In Africa, climate change is expected to lower crop yields by at least five per cent with two degrees Celsius warming, and by about 15 per cent should warming increase to 2.5 degrees Celsius,” said James Kinyangi, Project Leader for East Africa at CCAFS.
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From second jobs to new 'stinginess', women see climate change differently | Thomson Reuters Foundation

From second jobs to new 'stinginess', women see climate change differently | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Getting their input is crucial to getting climate adaptation right, researchers say
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Nyasimi, of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), said that in Kenya’s Nyando district, hit by both more frequent droughts and floods, she found the most rapid uptake of climate-resilient farming was among women whose husbands were away and not making day-to-day decisions.

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V. C. Bestor's curator insight, July 15, 11:39 AM

Global warming is mass murder of poor women & their kids

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Why climate talks need to focus on agriculture | SciDev.Net

Why climate talks need to focus on agriculture | SciDev.Net | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Other sectors often dominate discussions, but climate-smart farming offers potent solutions, says Frank Rijsberman.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

There are already good examples of agriculture turning climate smart. In Uganda, for example, prolonged drought and erratic rains threaten yields of coffee, the country’s most important cash crop. And pests and diseases such as leaf miners, mealy bugs and leaf rust appear to be more common.

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Project initiated to build resilient farming systems | SciDev.Net

Project initiated to build resilient farming systems | SciDev.Net | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A four-year project aims to help small-scale farmers in West Africa adapt to climate change through agroforestry.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The Building Resilient Agro-forestry Pastoral Systems through Participatory Action Research (BRAS-PAR) project aims to improve the understanding of farmers’ perceptions and demands by addressing barriers to technology adoption while taking into consideration genderand social differentiation.

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Climate change impacts on livestock: 'This information does not exist' | ILRI news

Climate change impacts on livestock: 'This information does not exist' | ILRI news | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A new working paper from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) has been published on the impacts of climate change on livestock across Africa. Lead aut...
CGIAR Climate's insight:

While we have evidence of how climate change is impacting crop agriculture, and thus can prepare ourselves for how to adapt, there is as yet little evidence for how climate change is affecting the world’s cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry and other livestock. 

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El Nino to disrupt rains, cut Africa, East Asia harvests, scientists say | Thomson Reuters Foundation

ROME (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Farmers in Africa and East Asia are expected to suffer crop losses as extreme weather linked to the El Nino phenomenon alters rainfall patterns, scientists told a conference
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The rainy season has been delayed in several African nations, and it is difficult to predict exactly how large the crop losses will be, said Sonja Vermeulen, a University of Copenhagen scientist.

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Ireland should lead the way on climate smart farming, says ecology expert | The Irish Times

Ireland should  lead the way on climate smart farming, says ecology expert | The Irish Times | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Dr Bruce Campbell says no country is taking emissions reductions seriously
CGIAR Climate's insight:
Ireland should become a global leader in encouraging countries to produce more food in a sustainable way while reducing emissions, climate change expert Bruce Campbell has said.
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African anti-hunger drive could be blown off track by climate change | Devex

African anti-hunger drive could be blown off track by climate change | Devex | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Sir Gordon Conway believes donors are committed to ending hunger in Africa. But the director of the advocacy group Agriculture for Impact worries that climate change could derail even the best-laid and well-funded plans.

“I think climate change is the biggest threat, particularly in Africa,” said the man recognized as one of the world’s leading scholars on agricultural development and currently professor of International Development at Imperial College London.

Conway discussed the agriculture-climate change dilemma during an exclusive interview with Devex in Paris, where he was a speaker at the “Closing the Gender Gap in Farming Under Climate Change” conference sponsored by a coalition of groups spearheaded by CGIAR, an international consortium of agricultural research organizations.

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Africa: Report Slams Inequalities in Research Partnerships `| AllAfrica

Africa: Report Slams Inequalities in Research Partnerships `| AllAfrica | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Partners from rich countries must step up their contribution to capacity building, fairness and accountability in research partnerships with developing nations or risk undermining efforts to meet three of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), says a report.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Unless this changes, says Bruce Campbell, director of climate change, agriculture and food security research at international agricultural science consortium CGIAR, question marks will remain over whether such collaborations can spearhead development under the SDGs.

"Currently, having to deal with developed country people is painful," he tells SciDev.Net. "The power balance in research is not very good."

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