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World Scientists Tackle Food Insecurity - Nourishing the Planet

World Scientists Tackle Food Insecurity - Nourishing the Planet | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it

In their report, the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change proposes specific policy responses to the global challenge of feeding a world confronted by climate change, population growth, poverty, food price spikes, and degraded ecosystems.

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Rice Sellers's comment, September 12, 2012 3:22 AM
Great Article! Sadly the global climate has worsened for farmers globally over the past few years and this has drastically affected the growth of crops which is in turn affecting the price of Food in the Exchange markets, increasing it regardless of the global financial meltdown.. I hope governments are paying attention and working out Plan B's and C's.

Rice Sellers
Adhara-COnsolida Rice Inc., Thailand
http://www.whitericesellers.com
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Food Security Group Wins Major Funding For World-Leading Food and Land Research - Scotland Food and Drink

The Scottish Food Security Alliance-Crops (SFSA-C), which is a collaborative venture between the university of Aberdeen, The James Hutton Institute and University of Dundee, has been awarded prestigious funding to research the global links between Food Security and Land Use Change.

CGIAR Climate's insight:

The project also has the support of the world bank and CCAFS (the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security). It will begin early in 2015 and will run for 48 months, and is expected to deliver outputs relevant for policy making at regional and global scales. 

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Climate Change Creates New Geography of Food | Inter Press Service

Climate Change Creates New Geography of Food | Inter Press Service | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The countryside is the first sector directly affected by climate change, said Andy Jarvis, a researcher at the International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) who specialises in low-carbon farming in the CGIAR Research Programme for Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.


“Climate and agriculture go hand in hand and it’s the climate that defines whether a crop will do well or poorly. The geography of where crops grow is going to change, and the impacts can be extremely negative if nothing is done,” Jarvis told Tierramérica during the Global Landscapes Forum, the biggest parallel event to the COP20.

Crops like coffee, cacao and beans are especially vulnerable to drastic temperatures and scarce rainfall and can suffer huge losses as a result of changing climate patterns.

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IISD/ENB Presents - ENV #50: Increasing Resilience to Climate Change through Adoption of CSA Practices with a Focus on Gender | iisd.ca

IISD/ENB Presents - ENV #50: Increasing Resilience to Climate Change through Adoption of CSA Practices with a Focus on Gender | iisd.ca | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
On Wednesday, December 3, 2014, delegates at a UNFCCC COP 20 side event discussed “Increasing the Resilience of Farming Communities to Climate Change through Shared Learning and Adaptation Decision-Making With a Focus on Gender.”
The event brought together a wide range of stakeholders who shared case studies from Latin America, Africa, and Southeast Asia. This video by IISD Reporting Services addresses traditional knowledge, gender barriers to climate smart technologies, and the changing role of women due to climate change. Produced by Asheline Appleton and edited/filmed by Ben Crowe.
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“Dragons” urge youth to take the reins of power and solve forestry and agriculture problems- Forest News

“Dragons” urge youth to take the reins of power and solve forestry and agriculture problems- Forest News | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
LIMA, Peru—Young people in forestry don’t want to be thought of as the ‘future’ but be involved in important discussions and listened to in the present, was the message from a youth session at the Global Landscapes Forum in Lima, Peru

At the youth session, 100 young people under 30 – along with 50 senior professionals – divided into groups to discuss key issues in forestry and brainstorm innovative ideas for integrated land use.

The ‘dragons’ were Rachel Kyte from the World Bank, CIFOR’s Peter Holmgren, Paola Agostini from TerrAfrica, Andy Jarvis from CCAFS and CIAT, Brazilian UNFCCC negotiator Guilherme do Prado Lima, and Peruvian Ministry of Environment COP20 Youth Liaison officer Irene Hofmeijer Merkeli.
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Why Solving Inequality is Key to a Climate Smart and Food Secure Future | Food Tank

Why Solving Inequality is Key to a Climate Smart and Food Secure Future | Food Tank | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Addressing gender inequality in agriculture would result in a much-needed increase in global food security.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Gender is clearly an issue in the farming sector of developing countries. Despite providing half of the agricultural workforce and a strong role in ensuring proper family nutrition, especially for children and vulnerable household members, a great majority of women in the 500 million smallholder farming households worldwide don’t often have much say in how the farm resources are allocated.

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Vietnam, IRRI to craft strategy to boost country’s rice industry | Ag Professional

Vietnam, IRRI to craft strategy to boost country’s rice industry | Ag Professional | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Vietnam's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) last week put its full weight behind a national strategy designed to make rice production an even larger engine of inclusive economic growth.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Together with the top leadership of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and other public and private sector partners, MARD seeks the rapid and sustained growth of the agriculture sector, especially the rice subsector in which Vietnam is already a global leader.

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Africa: IFPRI Researchers Contribute to the Lima Climate Change Conference in Peru

Africa: IFPRI Researchers Contribute to the Lima Climate Change Conference in Peru | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
IFPRI researchers will present findings of a new series of policy notes on women farmers' ability to adapt to climate change and contribute to a workshop on the economic viability of climate change mitigation policies at the annual climate conference known as COP 20.
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Lima — IFPRI researchers will present findings of a new series of policy notes on women farmers' ability to adapt to climate change and contribute to a workshop on the economic viability of climate change mitigation policies at the annual climate conference known as COP 20.

At the same side event, IFPRI has invited the National Economic and Development Authority of the Philippines as well as the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), to address specific gender dimensions of climate-smart-agriculture, in the context of South East Asia, and particularly the Philippines.

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Alerts on climate information encouraging - Report | Business News 2014-11-10 | GhanaWeb

CGIAR Climate's insight:

A new study by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) finds that many countries are already providing millions of farmers with innovative “climate information services” that allow them to anticipate and adapt to rapidly-changing conditions.

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Africa: As Climate Change Threatens Food Production, Countries Fight Back by Arming Farmers with Precise Advice on Growing Conditions | allAfrica.com

Africa: As Climate Change Threatens Food Production, Countries Fight Back by Arming Farmers with Precise Advice on Growing Conditions | allAfrica.com | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
As Climate Change Threatens Food Production, Countries Fight Back by Arming Farmers with Precise Advice on Growing Conditions
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Countries are mobilizing community radio stations, government meteorological services, religious groups, agriculture extension agents, schools and farmers themselves to develop and distribute forecasts and farming strategies that provide a front-line defense against the effects of climate change on food production, according to the study by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

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Climate knowledge by farmers boosts harvests – report | The Star

With weather extremes caused by climate change now widely seen as a major threat to food production in Africa and South Asia, a new report finds that many countries including Kenya are now providing millions of farmers with innovative climate information services that allow them to anticipate and adapt to rapidly changing conditions.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The study by the CGIAR Research Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) comes as experts meet today for the Managing Agricultural Risks in a Changing Climate in Sub-Saharan Africa conference in South Africa. The study reveals that the services work best when they involve broad collaborations between meteorologists, agricultural experts, farmers and agriculture extension agents.

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Cameroon study shows mitigation and adaptation go together | Thomson Reuters Foundation

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The study drew from observations of two community forest-carbon conservation projects in southern Cameroon implemented by the Centre for Environment and Development (CED), as well as results from CIFOR’s Congo Basin Forests and Climate Change Adaptation (CoFCCA) research project.

As climate change affects weather patterns, cultivation seasons and crop production, experts anticipate that farmers will be compelled to expand arable areas, including by clearing more forests in tropical locations—such as the two communities studied in the Cameroon paper. This would undermine the mitigation projects being implemented there, in which local people get paid to protect the trees from deforestation, thus contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

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Tanzania receives support to strengthen policies on climate change, food security | Africa Science News

Africa Science News Service | Reporting about African science with an African eye
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The four-year project, Policy Action for Climate Change Adaptation (PACCA), is led by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and funded by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). It is being implemented in both Uganda  and Tanzania.

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How big data is helping farmers save millions | Gizmag

How big data is helping farmers save millions | Gizmag | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Data scientists in Colombia have have developed a computer model that can work out what crops work best under specific weather conditions. They have advised...
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Data scientists studying crop growth and weather patterns in Colombia have advised rice farmers not to plant crops, saving them millions of dollars. The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and the Colombian Rice Growers Federation have developed a computer model that can work out what crops work best under specific weather conditions in certain areas.

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Datasets will be accessible online to spur future ‘climate-smart’ innovations for food and farming - News - Professional Resources - PreventionWeb.net

Press release: Lima, Peru — CGIAR, a consortium of international agricultural research centers, will make its wealth of data more accessible and available for addressing critical food security and development challenges using the Amazon Web Services (AWS) Cloud
CGIAR Climate's insight:

“Farmers need to plan for the short and long term, and climate change throws a major wrench in the works,” said Andy Jarvis, a senior scientist with the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), which contributed the “CCAFS-Climate” dataset.

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OPINION: How Shifting to the Cloud Can Unlock Innovation for Food and Farming | Inter Press Service

OPINION: How Shifting to the Cloud Can Unlock Innovation for Food and Farming | Inter Press Service | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Andy Jarvis, CCAFS Program Leader, writes:


Researchers have spent decades collecting data on climate patterns, but only in recent years have cost-effective solutions for publicly hosting this information been developed. Cloud computing services make the ideal home for key climate data – given that they have a vast capacity for not only storing data, but analysing it as well.


This rationale is the basis for a brand new partnership between CGIAR, a consortium of international research centres, and Amazon web services. With 40 years of research under its belt, CGIAR holds a wealth of information on not just climate patterns, but on all aspects of agriculture.

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Increasing concerns over nitrous oxide | ABC

There are calls for a greater focus on the production of nitrous oxide emissions as delegates from around the world gather in Lima for the UN Climate Conference.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The so-called 'forgotten' greenhouse gas traps 300 times more heat than carbon dioxide and its production is increasing dramatically due to rising global food production and fertiliser use.

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For more food and more resilience, turn to women- Thomson Reuters Foundation

For more food and more resilience, turn to women- Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Why solving inequality is key to a climate-smart and food-secure future
CGIAR Climate's insight:

This is why gender has been flagged as one of the six issues we need to tackle in an issues paper co-authored by CARE International, the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) for the COP20 U.N. climate conference in Peru.

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Climate Change: Re-adapting agriculture | The Africa Report

Climate Change: Re-adapting agriculture | The Africa Report | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Predictions abound regarding the many ways in which climate change will affect life around the world, and in the grim contest over who will suffer the most, the people of sub-Saharan Africa may come out on top.
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Avoiding a future of perpetual food crises will require Africans to increase crop production by a daunting 260 percent.


This herculean task must be accomplished in a world where climate change is expected to make droughts in large swaths of sub-Saharan Africa longer and more intense, while in other areas climate change could do the opposite: unleash a torrent of rainfall that will intensify flooding and soil erosion.

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How science is solving today’s development problems | The Guardian

How science is solving today’s development problems | The Guardian | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Frans Berkhout: Ebola, climate change and food security are just some of the challenges that research and science can help us face and bring knowledge that we can act on
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Recent studies by the Cgiar research programme on climate change, agriculture and food security (CCAFS) look at the interconnectedness of climate change and food production systems, combining climate modelling with social research techniques to better understand how the world’s farmers can react to climate change.


For example, in India, CCAFS South Asia is supporting a study that will equip genebanks with seeds that are “climate-ready”. This means they have genetic resources that are resilient to climatic stresses such as severe heat or scarce water. 

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‘Climate-smart’ villages to be built in three regions in Vietnam | Tuoitrenews.vn

‘Climate-smart’ villages to be built in three regions in Vietnam | Tuoitrenews.vn | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Preparations are underway to build three ‘climate smart’ villages to cope with climate change in three provinces, Yen Bai, Ha Tinh and Bac Lieu, which are in the north, central and southern parts of Vietnam respectively, a recent seminar was told.


The information was released at a seminar on communications on climate change jointly held in Hanoi last week by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Regional Program for Southeast Asia (CCAFS-SEA).

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Mỗi năm nhiệt độ ở Việt Nam tăng 0,5 - 0,7 độ C | Thanh Niên Online

Mỗi năm nhiệt độ ở Việt Nam tăng 0,5 - 0,7 độ C |  Thanh Niên Online | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
(TNO) Trung bình mỗi năm nhiệt độ Việt Nam tăng 0,5 - 0,7 độ C trong 50 năm qua và mực nước biển cũng đã dâng 20 cm trong khoảng thời gian này.
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Weather forecasters predict better services for women | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Weather forecasters predict better services for women | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Meteorologists gather in Geneva to develop climate and weather information that better meets women's needs
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Arame Tall has spent years in the Kaffrine region of Senegal with the CGIAR, setting up climate services for women farmers.


"If there was an abrupt end in rainfall during the season, they would be handicapped," she said, adding that women are not permitted to plant crops until three to four weeks after men.


Tall found that women suffered more from changing weather patterns, as their duties were not limited to agriculture. They are also responsible for cooking, childcare and water fetching.

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Africa Focus: Africa adopts new initiative to help farmers tackle climate risks | GlobalPost

Africa Focus: Africa adopts new initiative to help farmers tackle climate risks | GlobalPost | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Africa Focus: Africa adopts new initiative to help farmers tackle climate risks
CGIAR Climate's insight:

Several countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are providing millions of farmers with "climate information services" to adapt to increased weather and climate extremes and help boost food production, said a new study released by France- based international agricultural research body CGIAR on Tuesday.

The study by the CGIAR's research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) says climate information services advise farmers about the upcoming growing season, from shorter-term weather alerts to seasonal climate forecasts.

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Africa will help feed 9 billion by 2050 | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Africa will help feed 9 billion by 2050 | Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
Africa's green revolution is now a vibrant movement, giving hope that sub-Saharan Africa will feed itself by 2050, even with a population of about 2 bln people then
CGIAR Climate's insight:

The first link of the value chain (inputs and financing) is now being repaired using subsidies, but  more recently risk sharing facilities, credit guarantees to back up a portion of bank loan defaults  by smallholder farmers who have no collateral.

Governments and donors are now providing over $3.5 billion in several countries enabling the banking industry to reach the poorest farmers. Electronic wallets have been used by 14 million farmers in Nigeria to access credits and smart subsidies, buy agricultural inputs, sell their crops, and pay bank loans using mobile phones. 

The second link is crop production itself. This is where the CGIAR, its national partners and the private sector continue to provide  improved germplasm, agronomic practices, integrated pest management, nutrient management and post-harvest technologies that double or triple crop yields in farmer fields, not only yields of the basic food crops, but also products such as cocoa and camel milk.  

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Central Africa struggles with gaps in knowledge of climate change | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Central Africa struggles with gaps in knowledge of climate change |  Thomson Reuters Foundation | CGIAR Climate in the News | Scoop.it
A grasp of even basic terms is lacking, threatening forest protection, research finds
CGIAR Climate's insight:

It is all but undisputed fact—few exceptions aside—that tropical forests can be a powerful force in the fight against climate change, absorbing carbon from the atmosphere even as they age, while emitting carbon when they are cleared.

But not enough of this information has reached people where findings meet forests, according to the study, “What are we talking about? The state of perceptions and knowledge on REDD+ and adaptation to climate change in Central Africa.” This knowledge gap could hamper efforts to help local people manage their natural resources and slow the uptake of programs such asREDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation).

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