This article is just a great compilation of information regarding the famous anthropologist and ethologist. I feel like people hear the name Jane Goodall and think of chimpanzees, but she has done so much more in addition to her work in Gombe National Park. She is basically an animal rights activist for any kind of animal that is in any kind of danger. She is the founder of the Jane Goodall Institute and Roots and Shoots, an organization that has began to involved young people in the fight to save the planet and everything natural on it.
She is truly inspiring and I am working to also become and anthropologist and ethologist. I hope to cross paths with her at some time in my life !
An international team of researchers assessed the well-being and happiness of the great apes. They found well-being was high in youth, fell to a low in midlife and rose again in old age, similar to the "U-shape curve" of happiness in humans. The study brought together experts such as psychologists, primatologists and economists. "What we are testing is whether the U-shaped curve can describe the association between age and well-being in non-human primates as it does in humans," psychologist and lead author Dr. Alexander Weiss of the University of Edinburgh told BBC Nature. Dr. Weiss hoped the results would show a similar curve because of the close relationship between humans, chimpanzees and orangutans.
The sample subjects included 508 chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and orangutans (Pongo sp.) of varying ages, from zoos, sanctuaries and research centres. They were assessed by zoo keepers, volunteers, researchers and caretakers who had worked with the primate subject for at least two years and knew its behavior. The animals were numerically scored for well-being and happiness on a short questionnaire, which was based on a human well-being model but modified for use in non-human primates. Dr. Weiss said that the similarities between humans, chimps and orangutans go beyond genetics and physiology. For example, chimpanzees face similar social pressures and stress factors to humans.
"You don't have the chimpanzee hitting mid-life and suddenly they want a bright red sports car," explained Dr Weiss. "But there may be other things that they want like mating with more females or gaining access to more resources."
Co-author Andrew Oswald, professor of economics at the University of Warwick, has researched human happiness for 20 years. "One of the reasons we decided to look at ape data was that when you study humans, that U-shape is exactly the same when you adjust statistically for things like education, income and marriage. For Prof. Oswald it was "quite mind-blowing... to find it in apes".
This is great! When you think of a mid-life crisis, you don't think about any other being other than a human. So here, we have a uniquely human behavior. Or now, a once thought uniquely human behavior. Researchers have found the same U-shaped curve of well-being over an animal's lifetime, where the bottom of that curve appears around mid-life. This is the model found in humans and researchers have found the same model to apply to chimpanzees as well. Talk about learning to empathize with these magnificent creatures.
Vaccine researchers say an end to testing on chimpanzees would be a major setback
Chloe Cudaback's insight:
Of course, not all issues regarding the release of chimpanzees can be positive. This Al Jazeera article tackles the unfortunate truth that comes hand in hand with the discontinued use of chimpanzees. While the chimpanzee is so close to us humans in physiology and psychology and we can use this in our argument to stop the use of them for biomedical research, this is also an argument for their continued use as the next best thing to chimpanzee testing is human testing.
While I can see the controversy, the chimpanzees should have their own rights. Also, wiping out diseases like Hepatitis C altogether will not be a good things for us as a species in the long run, anyway. This is not how evolution and natural selection works. Eventually, if Hepatitis C carriers are not to reproduce, or their offspring do not survive, we could live in a world with a very low population of humans with Hep C.
This petition that was started to help end the selling of primates for research is probably just another example of people taking action after all of the chimpanzee legislation signed last year. There is an new uproar of humans that are calling for attention to our chimpanzee cousins that has never been heard quite like this before. I am certain that there are many other petitions like this one circulating and I will be signing all of them.
I said Woodland Park Zoo in a prior Scoop.It! regarding internships. I forgot that the Woodland Park Zoo is not currently holding internships and I meant an internship at Point Defiance Zoo and Aquarium. The specific internship I am interested in is the Asia Sanctuary internship.
You learn about Animal Husbandry, Nutrition and Diet, Environmental Enrichment, Public Education/Animal Interpretation, Animal Species Knowledge, and basic zookeeper training. This internship sounds like a dream and I hope to apply for this for the summer of 2015. That way I can work and do my internship without worrying about schoolwork as well. All of the things I will learn during this internship will help prepare me for jobs in the future as well as future classes I will take for my PhD in Zoology with a focus on Chimpanzee Ecology from UBC. (University of British Columbia)
Chimp Haven is a chimpanzee sanctuary in Keithville, LA, that houses over 100 retired chimpanzees.
Chloe Cudaback's insight:
This is the page for the most prolific chimpanzee sanctuary in the country, Chimp Haven. All of the people on the Board of Directors have a PhD or higher education in medicine. I know that this is where I want to go and I understand what it takes to get there. I don't want to not get the proper education for the position I dream to have and regret this later in life.
I am inspired by the incredible work that all of these directors have accomplished and I hope that, even if I don't establish, my own sanctuary, that there will be opportunities to have high positions at another sanctuary like this one.
Whether animals have the ability to show empathy similar to humans has been the subject for debate for many years. Matthew Campbell and Frans de Waal, who work at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, set about to test this under controlled conditions.
Research undertaken by the two found that chimpanzees can empathise with humans, even if the human is unfamiliar to them. The team explain, “Chimpanzees showed that the ability to connect with unfamiliar individuals is not unique to humans.” However, the chimpanzees did not empathise with baboons, a species that was unknown to the chimps in the experiment.
Contagious yawning was key in the study, as with this mimicked action the team were able to measure how empathetic the chimps were – the more yawns, the greater the level of empathy.
This is incredible evidence of the undeniable biological bond that chimpanzees have to humans. I find that too often chimpanzees get grouped with monkeys and baboons, gorillas and other apes. But rarely, would a human truly group chimpanzees with humans. This is amazing research that shows chimpanzees sense more of an attachment with humans than with baboons.
Yawning was a huge part of this experiment. When humans yawn because they see another human yawn, it is because they empathize with the other human's tiredness. If chimpanzees are mimicking the yawning as well, this could be evidence that a chimpanzee understands human actions and can draw from their own mind to act on these actions.
Chimpanzee is a 2012 nature documentary film about a young common chimpanzee named Oscar who finds himself alone in the African forests until he is adopted by another chimpanzee who takes him in and raises him like his own child. The U.S. release of the film is narrated by Tim Allen.
Chimpanzee (2012) in an American documentary about a young chimpanzee who is named Oscar who is alone in the African jungle but soon is found and taken in by another chimpanzee that raises Oscar like his own. The film was directed by Alastair Fotherill and Mark Linfield. The film was also narrated by Tim Allen
I have actually used this movie, produced by Disney, as part of my research for my CE project. The story, in the way that the editors pieced it together may be a little fake, but nonetheless, there is some amazing footage of chimpanzees taking on tasks that, only 50 years ago, were thought to be exclusively human actions.
The music is entertaining and I think is a must see for anyone who wants to learn to connect with the world around them, but may not have the attention for History or Discovery channel. In other words, this movie is a great eye opener for kids; a movie about a chimpanzee "kid" just like themselves. Great, valuable research tool
This article touches on the sensitive topic for many people who believe that humans are the supreme, unique member of the animal kingdom. The idea that chimpanzees have their own form of language subtracts the notion that humans are unique because they have language.
66 gestures is 36 more than previously thought. I know from prior research that gestures differ between regions of chimpanzees and that chimpanzees in one region may have different gestures for "food" than chimpanzees in another region. Also, chimpanzees in one region may have developed a gestures for something that another region may not even have a gesture for.
A research study was done with chimpanzees and humans where the chimpanzees were the only group to know where the food was in the testing area and the human was able to find the food due to the chimpanzee's ability to use gestures to communicate. Researchers believe that using gestures to communicate is an important step in understanding the evolution of language and how humans came to have verbal language. This article demonstrates more evidence for the closeness of chimpanzees to humans.
This Colbert Report episode is no National Geographic article, but it happens to be very relevant to my project. Jane Goodall has been brought on as a guest to discuss her new book about the importance of horticulture in the world. (Quite the feat for just one book.) I am an avid watcher of Colbert's show and I know how he can be in an interview. Surprisingly, Goodall was able to really hold her own and stump Stephen with matter-of-fact statements, shutting down his satirical jokes and comments.
Despite her book being on horticulture, Colbert references a lot to her work with the chimpanzees with some of the first footage taken of chimpanzees creating and using tools in the wild. This was amazing to watch and I am always inspired by her speeches.
This article particularly intrigues me because I fully accept Evolutionary Theory and believe that the will to do right and not wrong is within us as intelligent beings. I am not religious at all and I feel as though humans use religion as a way to explain what we don't understand about the human mind. This article is great as it shows primates, not religiously practicing, as far as we know now, intelligent beings that have a sense of right or wrong.
If our closest living relative has this same sense that humans have, but without an obvious religious background, is it possible that humans have natural senses of right and wrong aside from any religious beliefs? I think that more studying on this topic must be done in order for humans of this earth to understand that we are not some specially created lambs of god, sent to do his bidding. That we are naturally good-doers just like our cousins the chimpanzee. I think that if we realize this that we will be more at peace with ourselves and the world around us than we ever did with the "comforts" of religion.
Drugmaker says while animal research is 'indispensable,' recent scientific advances led to decision
Chloe Cudaback's insight:
While the legislation passed last year is specifcally for test chimpanzees belonging to the USA, the bills have still put a social pressure on large companies privately owning chimpanzees for research to also discontinue the use of these primates.
It looks like the drug company Merck directed this popular word news site to this new development in hopes that this would get the word out about their decision, perhaps making them appear more "friendly" to animals, possibly improving sales and image.
They have stated that despite their discontinuing of chimpanzees for biomedical research, it is impossible to continue with this type of research for humans without the use of some animals.
It's great to see the Baboon Sanctuary in NatGeo's Top 10 Animal Encounters: "Two hundred landowners have pledged to protect their local population, an initiative started at Bermudian Landing and now covering more than 19 square miles (50 sq km) of rain forest along the Belize River."
This is a different kind of sanctuary altogether from the ones I have been scooping and blogging about. This sanctuary is huge that runs along the Belize River. The land actually belongs to several different people, but they have all agreed to keep their part free from harm to the baboon populations.
This article specifically addresses National Geographic's stamp of approval on this story and the wonderful effort that the land owners are making to improve the lives of wild baboons.
Chimp Haven is a chimpanzee sanctuary in Keithville, LA, that houses over 100 retired chimpanzees.
Chloe Cudaback's insight:
This is another page on the Chimp Haven website. I have visited this page many times before and there always seems to be new job listings. This is encouraging as when I tell people of my future job prospects, they always seem to want to know more about what kind of job market there is for that (as in, they don't think there is one.)
Even being a chimpanzee caregiver has a minimum education requirement of an Associates/Bachelor's degree.
That is probably not where the real money is, but it is a good starting point. The page also contains information about various internships that are available which would be a good thing to look into for the gap year between graduating and grad school. I am also going to look into Woodland Park Zoo internships so that I have a leg up in competing for internships with the sanctuary and jobs later on.
This is a petition to release test chimpanzees in New York around the same time that President Barack Obama signed a bipartisan bill stating his support with the release of chimpanzees. This may have been what sparked this petition.
The CHIMP Act passed in September was for the continued and expanded funding for primate sanctuary start up and care from the original bill passed in 2000, but this is only for chimpanzees owned by the national government. Luckily, while doing this research I came across a few articles for companies that were following in the footsteps of the nation and releasing their chimps to sanctuaries across the country, specifically, Chimp Haven in Louisiana.
Yet again, another great example of chimpanzees performing tasks that were once thought to be only human. In this case, the handshake that was passed down through generations of chimapanzees in one area, is an example of chimpanzees practicing culture. Still, as culture is rapidly becoming a hard idea to pinpoint, many humans believe that we are the only animals capable of culture.
This study breaks that notion with the idea that one, singular group of chimpanzees would have a special action that only they do and only generations before of that group have done. Actions that are isolated within groups that are geographically isolated from each other are not uncommon and in my Anthropology class I took fall quarter I learned that researchers have found 39 different cultural gestures among all groups of chimpanzees in Africa.
Recently, at WWU Western Preview, the cultural anthropology professor explained the four branches of anthropology: Cultural, Archaeology, Biological (Physical), and Linquistic. This article was a great brief about what I have learned this weekend. Each section of anthropology is unique and yet, they work closely together to accomplish observational and surveyed research questions. I am excited to get experience in all fields of anthropology in order to be well rounded going into grad school. Also, I might end up liking another aspect of anthropology more than Biological. I doubt it, but I am not putting it completely out of the question.
While this article is a bit biased, in that they seem to be harping on high school students rather than just provding the information for both experimental groups, it is still rather shocking. At first glance from the title, you would think that they were testing the groups on knowledge related trivia, which doesn't make much sense. Instead the groups were tested on basic problem solving skills. a chimpanzee named Natasha, was able complete tasks faster and more efficiently than high school students, if high school students were even able to complete the task at all.
The article also points out that chimpanzees are just more aware than high school students. They are alert and actively observing their surroundings, while high school students seem to drag by in a zombie like state 24/7.
Sharing your scoops to your social media accounts is a must to distribute your curated content. Not only will it drive traffic and leads through your content, but it will help show your expertise with your followers.
How to integrate my topics' content to my website?
Integrating your curated content to your website or blog will allow you to increase your website visitors’ engagement, boost SEO and acquire new visitors. By redirecting your social media traffic to your website, Scoop.it will also help you generate more qualified traffic and leads from your curation work.
Distributing your curated content through a newsletter is a great way to nurture and engage your email subscribers will developing your traffic and visibility.
Creating engaging newsletters with your curated content is really easy.