CCS2.1 - British Colonisation of Australia
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Rescooped by Nancy Sawaya from Changes to people and places in the Sydney region as a result of British Colonisation!

Australian Aboriginal History

Australian Aboriginal History | CCS2.1 - British Colonisation of Australia |
Aboriginal history is not just the Dreaming - current events leave their mark in Indigenous history and are equally important.

Via Sririn Buppapirak
Sririn Buppapirak's curator insight, April 15, 2013 1:03 AM

This site provides a range of useful history resources from an Aboriginal perspective, such as a comprehensive timeline of key events with particular focus on the involvement and impacts on Aboriginal people, Aboriginal war history and commemoration, and history of legislation and the fight for rights, land and recognition.


A particular page, 'Australia Day – Invasion Day', outlines the different perspectives of Australia Day. While generally Australia Day is a day of celebration and optimism, for many Aboriginal people it is a day to commemorate great loss. To this effect, Aboriginal people often refer to this day as 'Invasion Day', 'Day of Mourning' or 'Survival Day'.


This page can be used to facilitate classroom discussion on different perspectives of colonisation. Students could be divided into two groups – one to take on the view of colonisation as an establishment of a colony from the view of the British government and settlers/explorers, the other to take on the view of colonisation as an invasion from the view of Aboriginal people living at the time of arrival. Students could be asked to refer to a range of primary and secondary sources, such as historical recounts, texts, letters, and diary entries to reflect and propose facts, opinions and events that may support their respective view. Following this, students could pair up with someone from the other group to share their findings. Through this exercise, students are encouraged to consider all perspectives and build a greater understanding and appreciation of Aboriginal positioning on historical events.

Rescooped by Nancy Sawaya from Changes to people and places in the Sydney region as a result of British Colonisation!

European Colonial Empires - The Map as History

Europe’s colonial expansion : colonization of Africa, colonization of Asia, Indian Empire, French Colonial Empire, British Empire, colonies and colonial empires of European countries

Via Sririn Buppapirak
Sririn Buppapirak's curator insight, April 15, 2013 5:34 AM

This site provides animated maps to depict historical routes of Europe's colonial expansion. Routes include the conquest and resistance in French Indochina, the British Empire in India, European expansion in the Far East, resistance and uprisings in Africa, and colonisation and settlement of Algeria.


This resource can be used as a precursor to teaching about the British colonisation of Australia and introducing a global perspective to learning about colonisation. As the maps depict many different routes to different continents around the world, this could help set the context for colonisation and faciliate classroom discussion. Colonisation can therefore be explored as a commonly undertaken strategic means of obtaining power, increasing wealth, creating new markets and providing resources for European economies from other countries around the world.


A class activity may be for students to learn about two different colonised countries and outline the similarities and differences using global themes. Teachers could include the impact of colonisation on indigenous people, their rights and social justice, where students could compare how the respective groups were treated and how it may have impacted life in the respective colonies differently. Teachers can then present the changes in attitudes over time, whether these countries have recognised colonisation differently or attempted to reconcile with indigenous cultures to rebuild trust and peace. Students could summarise their understanding in a venn diagram to clearly portray their observations.

Rescooped by Nancy Sawaya from British Colonisation of Australia!

Aboriginal history timeline (1770 - 1899) - Creative Spirits

Aboriginal history timeline (1770 - 1899) - Creative Spirits | CCS2.1 - British Colonisation of Australia |

Via Heather Munro
Heather Munro's curator insight, April 22, 2013 3:35 AM

This is an Indigenous Australian resource and provides a timeline of events that occurred throughout 1770-1899 from the Indigenous perspective. In the society we live in, we cannot deny the devastating effect that the arrival and establishment of a British colony, has been detrimental to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. This subject matter doesn’t explicitly mention the Aboriginal community, as it is accounted for in following subject matter (Board of Studies, 1998), however, many events that occurred following the establishment of a British colony are due to the inability for the settlers to live alongside and understand the Aboriginal community, and hostile interaction was often the end result. 


It is hard to understand what really unfolded between the Aboriginal community and the British settlers unless one seeks out Indigenous sources to view, in conjunction with the readily available British primary sources. It is easier to say there was conflict between these two groups and move on to the next part of the syllabus, but to understand the issues that currently affect Australia today and therefore have a better understanding, we have to seek out the past from which the present stems from, and learn from it.

When teaching about the establishment of a British colony, we should be using the “interpretation and evaluation of diverse forms of evidence and the appreciation of conflicting accounts of the past and differences in historical interpretation as key elements” (Cavanagh, p.55, 2011). There were two distinct cultural groups present at colonisation, both have their own perspective of events that unfolded and therefore this act of teaching shared history should be used to provide students with a significantly better education then if taught otherwise.


This resource serves the purpose of introducing the students to a different perspective on the establishment of a British colony, where they look at the events that were recorded by the Indigenous community, shedding light on the true extent of conflict that occurred between these two groups.

cy.osaki's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:55 PM

This site is useful because it gives you a timeline with the dates

Rescooped by Nancy Sawaya from British Colonisation of Australia!

education - Colonisation on ASO - Australia's audio and visual heritage online

education - Colonisation on ASO - Australia's audio and visual heritage online | CCS2.1 - British Colonisation of Australia |
Video clips related to Colonisation that have teachers notes on australianscreen.

Via Heather Munro
Heather Munro's curator insight, April 22, 2013 3:44 AM

This website provides access to short videos collected by Australian Screen (2013), which is the source of Australia’s audio-visual heritage, and has a section dedicated to colonisation. The video extracts from The Colony (Australia Screen, 2013) would be particularly useful for students to use when looking at aspects of life associated with living on a newly established colony. These extracts are set in modern times, where three families are taking part in a living history experiment, where the participants have been placed into similar conditions as those arriving to Australia in 1788. While some may have reservations about using documented living history, it would be beneficial to students in small doses to make this part of history more realistic and imaginable for them. This resource demonstrates a key feature involved with history education, the role of ‘story’, which encourages the students to view this subject matter as a story, rather than historical facts that they must learn, as “stories have great potential to create interest in the past…They can spark initial curiosity” (Gilbert and Hoepper, p.200, 2011), and the students will meaningfully engage more easily.


An example of how a teacher could use this resource in the classroom would be to allow students to watch the video extracts and then begin a class discussion on what life would be like in early Australia on the colony, relating back to the video and suggesting what supplies the settlers had access to and where these materials came from. The teacher can easily build activities relating to the information discussed and use them as a cross-curriculum tool, such as using the rations that settlers were provided with as stimulus for mathematics. This activity could involve looking at how much money the British Government would need to supply the colonies with to fund these families, and also proceeding on to hypothetical bartering between students. Literacy links could also be made, where the student is taking on a persona who lived on the colonies and write a diary entry based on that fictitious person’s average day, which the teacher could use as an assessment tool to see if students understand different aspects of life that was present following the colonisation of Australia.

Catherine Smyth's curator insight, May 12, 2013 9:39 PM

This site has a range of short videos that provide useful and interesting snapshots of what life was like in the colonies. 

Rescooped by Nancy Sawaya from Changes to people and places in the Sydney region as a result of British Colonisation!

Barani - Indigenous History

Barani - Indigenous History | CCS2.1 - British Colonisation of Australia |
Homepage of Barani Indigenous history of Sydney city website

Via Sririn Buppapirak
Sririn Buppapirak's curator insight, April 15, 2013 2:07 AM

This site focuses on the Eora people - the original inhabitants of Sydney, and encompasses a range of useful information on Sydney's indigenous history. In particular, the 'People and Place' and 'First Contact' pages provide a comprehensive overview of the impacts of British colonisation on the Eora people.


There are many teaching ideas that can draw on this resource. An idea could be for students to construct a consequences chart of the different impacts to the Eora people and categorise these into environmental, social and cultural changes that occurred. This could include changes to landscape, construction, disease, food shortage, violence and resistance, decimation of local clans, etc. By doing so, students can demonstrate a holistic understanding of the varied impacts of colonisation on indigenous people and surroundings.

Another idea could be for students to write a diary entry of the daily life before and after colonisation – highlighting the difference between their clans, languages spoken, food, housing, health, links to land and culture, and thoughts and feelings about their life and events taking place. By using a range of primary sources such as letters, diaries and oral recounts, students can engage and reflect from a personal point of view. Substantiating these with secondary sources, such as texts and biographies, students can be encouraged to integrate key ideas from both types of sources and present these as a formative exercise.

Rescooped by Nancy Sawaya from Changes to people and places in the Sydney region as a result of British Colonisation!

A Convict Story: Historic Houses Trust of NSW

A Convict Story: Historic Houses Trust of NSW | CCS2.1 - British Colonisation of Australia |
Sydney Living Museums, the public identity of the Historic Houses Trust of NSW, brings 12 major heritage sites alive through exhibitions, publications, events, and education.

Via Sririn Buppapirak
Sririn Buppapirak's curator insight, April 15, 2013 3:49 AM

This is a highly engaging teaching resource developed by the Historic Houses Trust of NSW in partnership with the NSW Curriculum and Learning Innovation Centre. Once you click through to the interactive interface, there are different modules each with specific information, activities and teaching notes to implement in the classroom or in conjunction with excursions to Hyde Park Barracks or the Museum of Sydney.


For instance, the 'Journeys' module includes animated videos and timelines to teach about the First Fleet, while convict transportation is explored through different activities. A particularly interesting activity is for students to think about what they would pack if they were a convict being transported to Australia. This would encourage students to think about items that would help them survive in the early days of the colony. It also links to a numeracy outcome as part of the task is to review the dimensions of the box to work out the volume and how much the box would hold.


In the module 'Life at the barracks', students learn about the layout of the barracks, the living and working conditions for a convict and how punishment was carried out. Activities include writing a diary entry from the point of view of a convict assigned to kitchen duties, including illustrations, comments and feelings about the situation and life in the colony. Similarly, students could write a newspaper report on life in the barracks and what they can expect once they complete their sentence.


These modules provide great ideas to take students through the different experiences and interactions as a convict living and working during colonisation.

Rescooped by Nancy Sawaya from British Colonisation of Australia!

Ancient Australian History

Ancient Australian History | CCS2.1 - British Colonisation of Australia |

Via Heather Munro
Heather Munro's curator insight, April 22, 2013 3:53 AM

This website is a resource that could be used by students in the classroom independently or in pairs. This website covers the Colonisation of Australia to Federation (1788-1900) that this subject matter is purely interested in. It does also cover Australia before colonisation and post Federation. Colonisation has been split into seven different categories, which detail different events and consequences, such as the Australian Explorers; who moved away from the safety of the shoreline to map out Australia, the Goldrush and Bushrangers. This resource meets the required subject matter, better in some aspects than others, for example the category of Early Years, where significant people such as Governor Arthur Phillip, John Macarthur and Lachlan Macquarie can be found in detail. This website should be used in conjunction with an Indigenous source when teaching about the Colonisation because it lacks the Indigenous perspective which is an essential element to teaching this subject matter, as the Indigenous community were devastated by Colonisation. This website should also be used with another resource that provides an insight to the life of free settlers, as it only offers the perspective of convicts and doesn’t acknowledge other groups who moved over to Australia in the early years for other reasons.


The purpose of allowing students to work independently from the teacher on this website is to engage them in the development of their literacy and research skills whilst using ICT. To direct and maintain students’ engagement on task, meaningful and effective activities should be developed in order to prevent students from merely skimming the information to retrieve answers to the activities that the website has to offer. De Bono's Six Thinking Hats (The Opportunity Thinker, 2013) can be used by students to analyse the specific information provided by this website, such as the convicts section. The students will use all of the hats to comment on the treatment and wellbeing of the convicts, to sympathise and challenge the ideals held at the time; to have a better understanding of the tensions that came with Australia being settled by convicts forced into transportation.


If teachers use this website appropriately and in consultation with other resources, it can have great potential with students in broadening their knowledge on the Colonisation of Australia as well as build their self-confidence on researching and retrieving answers from the internet independently.

cy.osaki's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:57 PM

this site tells you about the different times of australia

ZOE MILLER's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:58 PM

this site is good for knowing about different times in autralian history