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farm animals biodiversity and management of domestic animal genetic resources (AnGR)
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Animal genetic resources and “Access and Benefit-Sharing”: not made for each other?

Animal genetic resources and “Access and Benefit-Sharing”: not made for each other? | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
During the eighth session of the Intergovernmental Technical Working Group on Animal Genetic Resources (ITWG-AnGR 8), the confusion of delegates about how to apply the concept of "Access and Benefit-Sharing" to animal genetic resources (AnGR) was palpable. Developed countries such…
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'2,000 Bull Project' targets cattle traits

'2,000 Bull Project' targets cattle traits | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Breakthroughs in genetic research have made it possible to evaluate and routinely predict growth, calving ease, and other important, easily observable traits within beef cattle breeds. 

To help producers further improve their genetic evaluations, USMARC geneticist Mark Thallman and his colleagues started the “2,000 Bulls Project” in 2007.They collaborated with the largest U.S. cattle breed associations to collect genetic profiles of 2,000 bulls from 16 different breeds.

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Save pigs, Eat pigs.

Save pigs, Eat pigs. | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
Travis Hood is raising a rare species of pig called the Red Wattle. He's part of a small but growing movement across the country to hold on to biodiversity and save heritage breeds.
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Rooster problem boosting chicken prices

Rooster problem boosting chicken prices | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

It appears theres a problem in the hen house The worlds largest chicken breeder has discovered that a key breed of rooster has a genetic issue adding to problems constraining U S poultry production.

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Genetic erosion threatens resilience of Ethiopian Borana Cattle

Genetic erosion threatens resilience of Ethiopian Borana Cattle | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

The genetic makeup of the Ethiopian Borana cattle breed is under threat, a recent study has shown. 

Borana cattle are undoubtedly the most important indigenous breed in the lowlands of southern Ethiopia for beef and milk production. Among the local cattle populations, the Borana cattle are superior and one of the most suitable cattle breed for arid and semi-arid regions of Ethiopia. As a result of natural and artificial selection, the breed has developed greater ability to survive, grow and reproduce in conditions of high ambient temperature, poor feed quality, water shortage and disease including tick infestations.

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Scientists race to breed heat-resistant livestock

Scientists race to breed heat-resistant livestock | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
Heat-tolerant breeds of farm animals will be essential to feeding the world as climate change takes hold.
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Pigs for Keepers: Visiting Women Pig Farmers in Papua New-Guinea

Pigs for Keepers: Visiting Women Pig Farmers in Papua New-Guinea | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is famous for its multitude of pig cultures. When an invitation by Dr. Workneh Ayalev of its National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) in Lae arrived  to catch a glimpse of them, this was a rare and cherished opportunity. Dr. Workneh who hails from Ethiopia shares my confidence in the value of indigenous breeds, in fact did a seminal study comparing the benefits of cross-bred versus indigenous goats to farmers in the Ethiopian highlands.

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Livestock improvement: Niger imports exotic animals from South Africa

The delivery of the exotic animals to the state government was seen in many quarters as a no mean feat as it was the first of its kind of this scale in the entire country. This comes against the backdrop of the determination of the incumbent civilian administration, led by Dr Muazu Babangida Aliyu, at upgrading  the local breed of animals in the state, and improving on their yield at harvest periods.

“In fact the coming of these animals is a realisation of our dreams in upgrading our animals. But importing these animals did not mean that we have the intention of eradicating our indigenous breeds, rather we just want to upgrade local animals."

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World Donkey Day (May 8)

World Donkey Day (May 8) | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Donkey is very useful, important and precious animal genetic resource for food and agriculture. Donkey plays pivotal role in the livelihood earning of the million people of the world.

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Wild bee loss bad for breed

Wild bee loss bad for breed | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Beekeepers are being warned to check the genetic diversity of their stock following the first stage of a nationwide survey that shows significant in-breeding.

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Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India

Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

An article for those who want to know more about indigenous breeds of cattle and buffalo in India.

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Senegal’s Shepherds of Tabaski, by Jori Lewis

Senegal’s Shepherds of Tabaski, by Jori Lewis | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Yaya Camara still remembers what happened to him in 1988. It was Tabaski, what people here in Senegal call ‘Id al-Adha—the feast of the sacrifice. Tabaski commemorates Ibrahim’s willingness to follow God’s order to sacrifice his beloved son Ismail who, when saved from the knife, was replaced on the altar with a ram. Every year, Muslims around the world sacrifice an animal in remembrance.

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Genetic chip will help salmon farmers breed better fish | Science Codex

Genetic chip will help salmon farmers breed better fish | Science Codex | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Atlantic salmon production could be boosted by a new technology that will help select the best fish for breeding. The development will enable salmon breeders to improve the quality of their stock and its resistance to disease.

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Focus on Desi cows to up milk yield, India

Focus on Desi cows to up milk yield, India | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
People generally wake up to the challenge of climate change when they face extreme weather events, but temperature rise can affect us in other ways. Impact of global warming on India’s milk production is one such area which has, of late, caught attention of policy-makers and experts.
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Lack of genetic diversity threat to livestock

Lack of genetic diversity threat to livestock | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

It's a wake-up call, flagging commercial agriculture's tendency to put all its eggs in one genetic basket. It's an issue as old as the Irish potato famine, which was caused by an overreliance on a narrow range of varieties, all of which were susceptible to blight.

Ken Richards, retired research manager for genetic resources with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, said in a recent email there are many examples of the effects of genetic diversity loss affecting production in modern agriculture. "One only needs to look at the amount of inbreeding depression occurring in the five major dairy breeds in production in Canada at the present time," he said.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

"Another challenge is maintaining financial support. Two years ago, the University of Alberta turned to charitable donations to preserve its flock of heritage poultry breeds. Threatened by budget cuts, the university's Poultry Research Centre appealed for public support under an innovative "adopt-a-heritage-chicken" program. Individual donors -- which now number 400 -- pay $150 a year in exchange for receiving 24 dozen eggs over a 10-month period."

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Mission to develop pure breed Sahiwal cattle begins

Mission to develop pure breed Sahiwal cattle begins | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
In 2012, Mr. Ram had brought two Sahiwal cows from Haryana to Tarakaturu on the Vijayawada-Machilipatnam national highway. Despite the Sahiwal cow is a dairy farmer’s friend by yielding eight litres of milk per day, the humble conservator of the cow never runs for the yield.
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Camel is official Rajasthan's state animal!

Camel is official Rajasthan's state animal! | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Camel breeders are happy that the camel will receive protection, but are worried about the planned ban on moving camels across state borders.

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Wanted: a breed of chicken that can survive crippling heatwaves

Wanted: a breed of chicken that can survive crippling heatwaves | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
US scientists fear climate change could have devastating effects on poultry farmers as temperatures reach scorching levels
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Crossbreeding programme for 3.3 million goats and sheep in Abu Dhabi farms

Crossbreeding programme for 3.3 million goats and sheep in Abu Dhabi farms | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Two breeds of sheep and one breed of goat from Australia that would be compatible with the local population will be introduced in the local farms for breeding

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Crossbreeding programs need to be framed in a way that is compatible with the preservation (or purebred improvement) of the indigenous breeds.

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The Role of Livestock Breed Diversity in Sustainable Diets

The Role of Livestock Breed Diversity in Sustainable Diets | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

By Irene Hoffmann, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

When we were invited to contribute to the book “Diversifying Food and Diets: Using Agricultural Biodiversity to Improve Nutrition and Health”, my colleague Roswitha Baumung and I were faced with an interesting challenge. Agricultural biodiversity, including livestock breeds, is important for food and nutritional security as a safeguard against hunger. It provides a source of nutrients for improved dietary diversity and quality and strengthens local food systems and environmental sustainability. However, at the same time, there are heated discussions taking place about the environmental impact of livestock production and about how much meat, milk or eggs are needed for a healthy and nutritious diet.

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Rare breed project stamps issued

Rare breed project stamps issued | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

A project to nurture and protect rare breeds from extinction on the Isle of Man has been celebrated with a specially commissioned set of stamps.

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A donkey is more than just a draft animal

A donkey is more than just a draft animal | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Namibia’s first ever Livestock Catalogue was launched last week in Windhoek by the Minister of Agriculture, Water and Forestry John Mutorwa, and it was met with great excitement and a promise that the catalogue will be made available to farmers in even the remotest areas via extension officers in the ministry. The catalogue summarises information about livestock breeds and echo-types in Namibia as is meant to be a guide for all livestock farmers in their quest to become better producers by knowing their animals. Farmers Forum’s Deon Schlechetr will from now on regularly feature articles on all the animals contained in the catalogue. Today he looks at some interesting facts about the donkey.

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A long way from home: Himalayan YAK moves to farm in rural Cheshire

A long way from home: Himalayan YAK moves to farm in rural Cheshire | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
A Cheshire farm has welcomed an unlikely guest, a long-haired creature from almost 5,000 miles away called the Himalayan yak. Farming couple Helen and Matthew Worth have now created a hybrid cow and yak breed- the yow.
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Pedigree selection for Indian milch buffalo breed

Pedigree selection for Indian milch buffalo breed | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

 

In a bid to conserve and develop indigenous milch buffalo breeds in their native tract and help increase their productivity, Pedigree selection programme with an outlay of Rs 4.98 crore has been announced for Pandharpuri breed of buffalo.

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Breeding against TB

Breeding against TB | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
IT MAY be possible to breed cattle with natural resistance to bovine tuberculosis, scientists in Edinburgh have claimed.
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