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Philosophical Questions Blog

Philosophical Questions Blog | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

The official blog of the Institute for Philosophy in Public Life and Why? Philosophical Discussions About Everyday Life, this site is dedicated to the exploration of philosophy. Everyone can join in regardless of expertise or credentials. Be thoughtful and respectful, courageous and interesting, and post your comments to converse with the world. And please, enjoy yourself.

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Critical Pedagogy

Critical Pedagogy | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

Worth Checking out: Critical Pedagogy Pinterest Site with links to many different resources.

Motto: "The unexamined life is not worth living." Socrates

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Free online course by the University of Edinburgh: Introduction to Philosophy

Free online course by the University of Edinburgh: Introduction to Philosophy | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

This course will introduce you to some of the most important areas of research in contemporary philosophy. Each week a different philosopher will talk you through some of the most important questions and issues in their area of expertise.

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Axel Honneth: Der Kampf um Anerkennung (The Struggle for Recognition-interview in German)

Honneth is a leading proponent of critical theory. According to Honneth the 'Struggle for Recognition' is the motor, which drives our ethical advances. 

[German:]

Der Frankfurter Philosoph Axel Honneth ist einer der wichtigsten lebenden Vertreter der Kritischen Theorie, die in den 1930er Jahren von Horkheimer und Adorno begründet wurde. Während die Kritische Theorie unter dem Eindruck des Nationalsozialismus ein düsteres Bild der Zukunft zeichnete, ist Axel Honneth zuversichtlicher. In seinem neusten Buch «Das Recht der Freiheit» behauptet er gar, unsere Welt werde immer gerechter, da die Menschen nicht müde werden, Unrecht anzuprangern und Anerkennung einzufordern. Der Kampf um Anerkennung wird damit für Honneth zum ethischen Fortschrittsmotor -- er verändert unser politisches System, unsere Arbeitswelten und letztlich auch unsere Liebesbeziehungen zum Guten hin.

More @ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axel_Honneth ;

 

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UNESCO: Towards EFA 2015 and Beyond - Shaping a New Vision for Education

UNESCO: Towards EFA 2015 and Beyond - Shaping a New Vision for Education | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

UNESCO’s Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education, in co-operation with the Korean National Commission for UNESCO and UNICEF Regional Offices, held a high level regional expert meeting on the post-2015 education agenda for the region. The meeting brought together renowned regional experts and professionals in education policy and research.

-->Key documents can be downloaded from the website.

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Peter McLaren - Critical Pedagogy, Social Justice and the Struggle for Peace - 1/6

Peter McLaren is internationally recognized as one of the leading architects of critical pedagogy worldwide. McLaren is currently Professor of Education, Graduate School of Education and Information Studies, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Peter McLarens papers are housed and on permanent exhibit at the Paulo and Nita Freire Center for International Critical Pedagogy, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

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Critical Explorers: Inquiry-Based Curricula and Teaching

Critical Explorers: Inquiry-Based Curricula and Teaching | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

Critical Explorers, a non-profit organization, creates and shares inquiry-based curricula and teaching approaches that support critical exploration in public school classrooms. Critical exploration is a teaching and research method suitable for teachers and learners of all ages, both in and out of schools.
Critical exploration in the classroom, a particular approach to teaching, learning, and curriculum, was originated by professor Eleanor Duckworth. A teacher practicing critical exploration selects materials to engage students directly with the subject matter, invites students to express their thoughts, and listens carefully, following the students’ thinking in order to determine what to do next to help them to think more deeply. Thus, curriculum is created or adapted as the teacher nurtures a material environment and intellectual community in which students can take their own thoughts further.

For an introdutory lecture by Eleanor Duckworth on their work check http://snd.sc/PyQ6DI ;

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Philosophy For Young Thinkers - Amy Leask at TEDxMilton

Amy Leask discusses how the todays youth can apply philosophical thinking in todays world. Amy Leask is living proof that you really can do something useful ...
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Habermas, Critical Theory And Education - Preview

Habermas, Critical Theory And Education - Preview | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

The sociologist and philosopher Jürgen Habermas has had a wide-ranging and significant impact on understandings of social change and social conflict. However, there has been no concerted and focused attempt to introduce his ideas to the field of education broadly. This book rectifies this omission and delivers a definitive contribution to the understanding of Habermas's oeuvre as it applies to the field. The authors examine the contribution Habermas's theory has and can make to: pedagogy, learning and classroom interaction; the relation between education, civil society and the state; forms of democracy, reason and critical thinking; and performativity, audit cultures and accountability.

Additionally, the book answers a range of more specific questions, including: what are the implications for pedagogy of a shift from a philosophy of consciousness to a philosophy of language?; What contribution can Habermas's re-shaping of speech act theory and communicative rationality make to theories of classroom interaction?; and how can his theories of reason and colonization be used to explore questions of governance and accountability in education?

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On Philosophy In Schools – Philosophy For Children With Dr Sue Knight | Token Skeptic

On Philosophy In Schools – Philosophy For Children With Dr Sue Knight | Token Skeptic | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

[Audio file of the interview is available on the website]

 

As a resource writer, high school and now university-level teacher, I owe a lot to the Philosophy for Children methodology – known as “P4C”). What makes my experience particularly interesting is that P4C hails from the USA and I am an Australian – it is more popular overseas, than in its place of origin.
The P4C method draws primarily from the pragmatist tradition – Pierce, James, Mead and especially Dewey. The Community for Inquiry (aka CoI) includes Vygotsky’s theory of the internalization of social behavior and, naturally, draws upon the Socratic method with its community approach, with pupils sharing their views on questions drawn from stimulus materials.

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Austrian Center of Philosophy with Children

Austrian Center of Philosophy with Children | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

The Austrian Center of Philosophy with Children was set up in 1985 to promote research in philosophy with children and to advance the field in theory and practice. The ACPC runs the Institute of Philosophy with Children.

  The Center also organizes a yearly conference. For more information please visit  http://www-gewi.kfunigraz.ac.at/acpc/english/kongr2012.html

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Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Open Domain

1865: Lewis Carroll

Illustrations by John Tenniel

Please check this lovely video animation of Alice @ http://archive.org/details/AlicesWonderland ;

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Monty Python’s Best Philosophy Sketches

Monty Python’s Best Philosophy Sketches | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

From dead parrots to The Meaning of Life, Monty Python covered a lot of territory. Educated at Oxford and Cambridge, the Pythons made a habit of weaving arcane intellectual references into the silliest of sketches. A classic example is “Mrs. Premise and Mrs. Conclusion Visit Jean-Paul Sartre,” (above) from episode 27 of Monty Python’s Flying Circus.

http://www.openculture.com/2011/11/monty_pythons_flying_philosophy.html

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Philosophy for Children Alberta

Philosophy for Children Alberta | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

Founded in Spring 2008 by Professor Rob Wilson, Philosophy for Children Alberta (P4CA) is an associate organization within of the University of Alberta’s Faculty of Arts. The core of P4CA is an innovative team that includes undergraduate and graduate students, professors, teachers, and community members dedicated to carrying out the two-part mission of P4CA:
Develop critical thinking skills, creativity, and caring communities through philosophical inquiry programs.

Promote the Philosophy for Children Program as an exemplary method of achieving #1.

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James Nottingham on Labels Limit Learning.

Educational consultant James Nottingham draws attention to the problem of labelling children - even when those labels seem positive. He describes the impact of labels - good and bad - on student expectations and how this affects learning. He then offers us alternatives - to focus on student progress (rather than rank order) and to use labels to describe actions rather than people.

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22. Easy to understand lecture on Emergence and Complexity Lecture

(May 21, 2010) Professor Robert Sapolsky gives a lecture on emergence and complexity. He details how a small difference at one place in nature can have a huge effect on a system as time goes on. He calls this idea fractal magnification and applies it to many different systems that exist throughout nature.

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Now for reading online: “Arab-Muslim Civilization in the Mirror of the Universal: Philosophical Perspectives” | UNESCO

The 34 pedagogical sheets assembled in this publication elucidate in a detailed way the large intellectual, spiritual, artistic and political foundations on which the Arab-Muslim civilization is based. The sheets are of philosophical nature while they also delineate the intellectual figures and key inventions that have marked this civilization.
This documented, analytical and illustrated collection has been produced for the attention of trainers and teachers, and more widely for all actors of the education sector, the media and civil society.

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Childhood Philosophy | Philosophy For Children New Zealand | P4C

Childhood Philosophy | Philosophy For Children New Zealand | P4C | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

P4CNZ is the New Zealand association for Philosophy for Children. P4CNZ is an associate of the Federation of Australasian Philosophy in Schools Associations, and it offers training for teachers (and others) who wish to facilitiate philosophical inquiry with children and young people. P4CNZ is a not-for-profit grassroots organisation run by teachers and philosophers who have a commitment to making the benefits of the philosophical community of inquiry available to everyone.

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Article: No credit where it's due, but students are philosophical

Article: No credit where it's due, but students are philosophical | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

New Zealand and philosophy in education.

Also check http://www.p4c.org.nz/ ;

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KidsThinkAbout! Philosophy for Kids, Philosophy for Children, Books, Apps, Teacher Resources

KidsThinkAbout! Philosophy for Kids, Philosophy for Children, Books, Apps, Teacher Resources | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

Welcome to KidsThinkAboutIt! We think children are natural philosophers and it’s our mission to provide online and print resources to help young thinkers tackle big questions.

We also help parents and teachers have meaningful discussions with their kids about some of the most interesting ideas humans have ever come up with. It’s our goal to help both big and little thinkers bring philosophy to kitchen table, the classroom, the community center, and the clubhouse.

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Quantum Models of Cognition and Decision: by Jerome R. Busemeyer, Peter D. Bruza

Quantum Models of Cognition and Decision: by Jerome R. Busemeyer, Peter D. Bruza | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

This book will go long way in trying to explain the easy problems of consciousness. For a richer understanding of the 'hard problems' theories related to the 'Quantum Mind' might be more useful.

Recommended reading:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_mind
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/qt-consciousness/
http://www.quantum-mind.co.uk/;

Two books by Nicholas Humphrey, a prominent figure in research on the evolution of human intelligence and consciousness

- Seeing Red: A Study in Consciousness (Mind/Brain/Behavior Initiative; 2009) http://amzn.com/0674030540 + For a review check http://gu.com/p/2m6yk or http://www.hcs.harvard.edu/~hbr/issues/7.3spring06/articles/seeingred.shtml 

- Soul Dust: The Magic of Consciousness (2011) http://amzn.com/0691138621 for a review check http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/22/books/review/book-review-soul-dust-the-magic-of-consciousness-by-nicholas-humphrey.html ;

Hard problems of consiousness @ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_Problem_of_Consciousness ;

Book available @ http://amzn.com/110701199X

 

Acknowledgment: Thank you Howard Ellison for suggesting to include Nicholas Humphrey. Visit Howard @ http://www.linkedin.com/profile/view?id=84197902&authType=name&authToken=bQpC&goback=%2Eamf_78660_84197902&trk=NUS_DISC_Q-ncuc_cmtr  

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Stephen Law: Can children think philosophically?

Stephen Law: Can children think philosophically? | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

One notable example is the Buranda State School, a small Australian primary school near Brisbane, which in 1997 introduced into all its classes a philosophy program along much the lines outlined above.

A report on the success of the program says,

[f]or the last four years, students at Buranda have achieved outstanding academic results. This had not been the case prior to the teaching of Philosophy. In the systemic Year 3/5/7 tests, our students performed below the state mean in most areas in 1996. Following the introduction of Philosophy in 1997, the results of our students improved significantly and have been maintained or improved upon since that time.

There were substantial payoffs in terms of behaviour too. The report indicates “significantly improved outcomes” occurred in the social behaviour of the students:

The respect for others and the increase in individual self esteem generated in the community of inquiry have permeated all aspects of school life. We now have few behaviour problems at our school. [T]hey are more willing to accept their own mistakes as a normal part of learning and they discuss problems as they occur... A visiting academic commented, ‘Your children don’t fight, they negotiate’… 

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Lipman: Are children natural philosophers?

Matthew Lipman interviewed by Eugenio Echeverria in Reykjavík, Spring 1993.

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5 Classic Children’s Books with Timeless Philosophy for Grown-Ups

5 Classic Children’s Books with Timeless Philosophy for Grown-Ups | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

The hallmark of superb writing lies in the ability to compress multiple layers of meaning into a single narrative. Today, we look at five works of literature intended for children but rich in insight and wisdom about our adult reality and the ways of the grown-up world.- Maria Popova

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Iran Book News Agency (IBNA) - Philosophy Book of the Month focusing on Philosophy for Children

Iran Book News Agency (IBNA) - Philosophy Book of the Month focusing on Philosophy for Children | Butterflies in my head | Scoop.it

The editorial of the present issue is penned by Saeid Naji, translator and philosophy expert who writes for children. In this article he briefly introduces the goals of philosophy for children as developed 50 years ago by figures such as Matthew Lipman, Ann Margaret Sharp and Gareth Matthews.

"Unfortunately philosophy for children is often misunderstood as people still take it as simplifying philosophy for the kids, whereas it is a well-organized pedagogical program and tends to reinforce thinking abilities in children to help them improve in their educations and in life," he writes.

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