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Merck – Oh Baby, Baby

Merck – Oh Baby, Baby | facts | Scoop.it
Der Pharmakonzern spielt im Geschäft mit der künstlichen Befruchtung eine führende Rolle. Dieser Markt wächst pro Jahr um sieben Prozent.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Manche raten zu mehr als drei Versuchen, falls die Beziehung das aushält. Andere glauben, es mangele an Aufklärung darüber, dass die Chancen auf ein Baby bis zum 35. Lebensjahr realistischer sind als danach. Auch Stress, übermäßiger Alkohol- und Kaffeegenuss, eine ungesunde Lebensweise, Rauchen, psychische Aspekte, Über- oder Untergewicht und auch bestimmte Medikamente können einen negativen Einfluss auf die Fruchtbarkeit haben. Nicht zu vergessen ist auch die Umweltverschmutzung. Die ist beispielsweise in China heute noch ein Tabuthema.


Mehr erfahren: http://www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/merck-oh-baby-baby-1.2572606

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Propagandaschlacht im Internet: Unsere tägliche Desinformation

Propagandaschlacht im Internet: Unsere tägliche Desinformation | facts | Scoop.it
Das Internet hat sich zu einer gewaltigen Empörungsmaschine entwickelt, einer Gerüchteschleuder, einem Propagandavehikel für jede noch so obskure Theorie. Die Freiheit im Netz muss verteidigt werden. So wie in der realen Welt.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Die Algorithmen der Suchmaschinen verstärken den Effekt. Google passt seine Ergebnisse den Interessen des Suchenden an. Wer nach der Weltverschwörung sucht, der landet schnell in einem Schwarm der Weltverschwörer, der sich auf der richtigen Seite der Matrix wähnt, während der Rest der Welt vermeintlich in Unwissen dahindämmere. Was eine alte Weisheit bestätigt: Das Medium an sich hat keine Qualität. Es kommt darauf an, wie es genutzt wird. Das Internet schützt nicht Freiheit, gebiert nicht Wahrheit. Freiheit muss im Netz genauso verteidigt werden wie in der realen Welt.

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Unternehmenstrategie: Die Kraft der Marken

Unternehmenstrategie: Die Kraft der Marken | facts | Scoop.it
100.000 Marken buhlen um Aufmerksamkeit. Ein durchschnittlicher Haushalt nutzt nur 400. Was passiert mit einer Marke wenn sie... jetzt lesen
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Längst geht es nicht mehr allein um die Qualität eines Produkts, es geht vielmehr um eine bestimmte Haltung, für die es steht. Samsung oder Apple, Coca-Cola oder Afri Cola, Nivea oder Creme 21 – nicht selten entbrennt darüber beim Feierabendbier eine Diskussion, die mit einer Leidenschaft geführt wird, die einst politischen oder Glaubensfragen vorbehalten war. Marken sind eine Art Modeaccessoire geworden, man schmückt sich mit ihnen, stellt sie selbstbewusst zur Schau.

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Lockheed Martin thinks it can give the world unlimited clean energy in 20 years

Lockheed Martin thinks it can give the world unlimited clean energy in 20 years | facts | Scoop.it
Remember back in the '50s, when official-sounding newsreels promised that we'd have new-kew-lur-powered cars by the '70s and no-one would ever be
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Remember back in the '50s, when official-sounding newsreels promised that we'd have new-kew-lur-powered cars by the '70s and no-one would ever be unhappy? Probably not, since we've probably gotten that skewed sense of history from watching too many episodes of Futurama. Still, several decades behind schedule, the promise of clean and unlimited energy might finally be looming upon the horizon, thanks to Lockheed Martin. The defense behemoth believes that it might have a working prototype of its CompactFusion Reactor in a decade, which might just save the world as we know it.

 

For those not in the know, nuclear power is great, but there are many reasons why we've never ditched coal and gas in favor of it. For one, there's a risk of a meltdown, the process produces hard-to-dispose-of nuclear waste and throws out highly lethal radiation at all times. Fusion by comparison is a lot less dangerous, and could theoretically be shrunk down to the point where it could power an airplane that never needs to land in order to refuel.

A team at the company's skunk works, lead by Dr. Thomas McGuire, has cherry-picked elements from previous fusion experiments to build a magnetic containment chamber that's 90 percent smaller than previous devices. The reactor's small size means that it's possible to turn prototypes around in under a year, and McGuire believes that Lockheed Martin will be able to demonstrate true fusion energy by 2020. The system also promises to be able to plug into the existing gas turbine power infrastructure, which would instantly eliminate carbon emissions in the sector, and, even better, enhances "energy security," which is a euphemism for not buying coal and gas from your political enemies.

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How to Make a Black Hole

How to Make a Black Hole | facts | Scoop.it
Gamma-ray bursts are thought to be the final step by which stars sink into oblivion.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

On July 2, 1967, a network of satellites designed to detect tests of nuclear weapons recorded a flash of gamma rays coming from the wrong direction — outer space.

And so it was that human astronomers were tipped to the existence of one of the most violent phenomena of nature. Today, they know that about once a day somewhere in the observable universe, an explosion called a gamma-ray burst occurs, releasing more energy in a few seconds than our galaxy does in a year.

 

These magnificent cosmic conflagrations are as far away as they are rare, which is just as well. If one happened nearby, in our own galaxy, we could be swathed with radiation. The closest gamma-ray burst whose distance has been measured happened some 119 million light-years from us, far outside the so-called Local Group, which contains our own Milky Way galaxy. The farthest so far recorded was 31 billion light-years away, as calculated by the mathematics of the expanding universe; it happened when the universe was only 500 million years old.

 

Gamma-ray bursts are thought to be the final step in the series of transformations by which stars shrink and slump from blazing glory to oblivion, winding up as bottomless deadly dimples in the fabric of space-time — that is to say, as black holes.

 

The hierarchy of dead stars goes like this: Stars like the sun, when they run out of thermonuclear fuel, shrink to cinders known as white dwarfs, the size of Earth. Stars more massive than the sun might collapse more drastically and undergo a supernova explosion, blasting newly formed heavy elements into space to enrich future stars, planets and perhaps life, and leaving behind crushed cores known as neutron stars. These weigh slightly more than the sun but are only 12 miles or so in diameter — so dense that a teaspoonful on Earth would weigh as much as Mount Everest.

 

Such an explosion, bright enough to be seen in daylight, happened in 1054, Earth time, as told by Chinese astronomers and the ancient inhabitants of Chaco Canyon in what is now New Mexico. That supernova left behind the Crab nebula, a tangle of glowing shreds of gas and a pulsar — a magnetized neutron star spinning 30 times a second, whipping the gas with magnetic fields that make it glow.

Neutron stars, theorists say, are the densest stable form of matter, but they are not the end of the story. According to theory, too much mass accumulating on a neutron star can cause its collapse into a black hole, an abyss from which not even light can escape. The signature of such a cataclysm would be a gamma-ray burst, astronomers say.

 

Supercomputer simulations by astronomers led by Luciano Rezzolla of the Institute of Theoretical Physics in Frankfurt have recently showed this would work.

 

The simulation, as it unwound over six weeks of supercomputer time at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, started with two neutron stars orbiting each other at a distance of 11 miles. That would not be unusual in the universe; most stars are in fact part of double-star systems and several pairs of pulsars orbiting each other are already known. They will eventually collide because such dense, heavy objects lose energy rapidly and spiral together.

 

In the case of Dr. Rezzolla’s computation, it took seven milliseconds for tidal forces from the larger star’s gravity to rip apart the smaller star and unwind it into a spiral resembling flaming toothpaste writhing with magnetic fields and begin munching up the gas.

The excess plasma forms a fat disk around the new black hole, and its magnetic fields, a billion times stronger than those in the sun, align to channel beams of radiation and particles out at the speed of light. The result is a gamma-ray burst visible across the universe, carrying the news of doom — the last astronomers will ever hear of these stars.

 

For those two stars, the last bang was the best. Oblivion can be such a lovely sight.

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Das geteilte Land

Das geteilte Land | facts | Scoop.it
Im Rekordtempo haben die Deutschen nach 1989 die Spuren der Teilung beseitigt – aus den Straßen sind sie verschwunden. Doch in Statistiken bleibt der Osten sichtbar.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Wie sieht die Wiedervereinigung eigentlich aus? Kann man sie berühren? Betreten?

 

Die Deutschen haben sich nach 1990 bemüht, alle Spuren, die die deutsche Teilung hinterlassen hat, so schnell wie möglich verschwinden zu lassen. Von der Berliner Mauer stehen nur noch wenige Meter. Der Palast der Republik ist weg, vieles andere auch. Es ist, als sei die Teilung verschwunden. Uns bleiben nur die verschwimmenden Erinnerungen von 1989. Oder ist da mehr?

 

Wir haben Bilder gesucht, Grafiken und Statistiken, die von der Einheit erzählen – oder der fortbestehenden Trennung. Wir fanden Daten, die präziser berichten als mancher Zeitzeuge. Zum Beispiel statistische Landkarten. Manche werfen die Frage auf, ob sie vor 1989 oder danach entstanden – so deutlich sind die Umrisse der DDR zu erkennen.

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How Exercise May Protect Against Depression

How Exercise May Protect Against Depression | facts | Scoop.it
Exercise may help to safeguard the mind against depression through previously unknown effects on working muscles.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Exercise may help to safeguard the mind against depression through previously unknown effects on working muscles, according to a new study involving mice. The findings may have broad implications for anyone whose stress levels threaten to become emotionally overwhelming.

 

Mental health experts have long been aware that even mild, repeated stress can contribute to the development of depression and other mood disorders in animals and people.

 

Scientists have also known that exercise seems to cushion against depression. Working out somehow makes people and animals emotionally resilient, studies have shown.

 

But precisely how exercise, a physical activity, can lessen someone’s risk for depression, a mood state, has been mysterious.

 

So for the new study, which was published last week in Cell, researchers at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm delved into the brains and behavior of mice in an intricate and novel fashion.

 

Mouse emotions are, of course, opaque to us. We can’t ask mice if they are feeling cheerful or full of woe. Instead, researchers have delineated certain behaviors that indicate depression in mice. If animals lose weight, stop seeking out a sugar solution when it’s available — because, presumably, they no longer experience normal pleasures — or give up trying to escape from a cold-water maze and just freeze in place, they are categorized as depressed.

 

And in the new experiment, after five weeks of frequent but intermittent, low-level stress, such as being restrained or lightly shocked, mice displayed exactly those behaviors. They became depressed.

 

The scientists could then have tested whether exercise blunts the risk of developing depression after stress by having mice run first. But, frankly, from earlier research, they knew it would. They wanted to parse how.

 

So they bred pre-exercised mice.

 

A wealth of earlier research by these scientists and others had shown that aerobic exercise, in both mice and people, increases the production within muscles of an enzyme called PGC-1alpha. In particular, exercise raises levels of a specific subtype of the enzyme known unimaginatively as PGC-1alpha1. The Karolinska scientists suspected that this enzyme somehow creates conditions within the body that protect the brain against depression.

 

But to determine if that theory was true, they had to isolate the PGC-1alpha1 from all the other substances pumped out by the muscles during and after exercise. So they created mice that, even without exercising, were awash in high levels of PGC-1alpha1. Their muscles produced lots of it, even when they were lazing around.

 

The scientists then exposed these animals to five weeks of mild stress. The mice responded with slight symptoms of worry. They lost weight. But they did not develop full-blown rodent depression. They continued to seek out sugar and fought to get out of the cold-water maze. Their high levels of PGC-1alpha1 appeared to render them depression-resistant.

 

But the scientists knew that the PGC-1alpha1 was almost certainly not directly protecting the animals’ brains. It doesn’t work that way, acting directly on cells. Rather it is what’s known as a promoter, sparking activity in genes, which in turn express proteins that then affect various physiological processes throughout the body.

 

So the scientists looked for which processes were being most notably intensified in their PGC-1alpha1-rich mice. They found one in particular, involving a substance called kynurenine that accumulates in human and animal bloodstreams after stress. Kynurenine can pass the blood-brain barrier and, in animal studies, has been shown to cause damaging inflammation in the brain, leading, it is thought, to depression.

 

But in the mice with high levels of PGC-1alpha1, the kynurenine produced by stress was set upon almost immediately by another protein expressed in response to signals from the PGC-1alpha1. This protein changed the kynurenine, breaking it into its component parts, which, interestingly, could not pass the blood-brain barrier. In effect, the extra PGC-1alpha1 had called up guards that defused the threat to the animals’ brains and mood from frequent stress.

 

Finally, to ensure that these findings are relevant to people, the researchers had a group of adult volunteers complete three weeks of frequent endurance training, consisting of 40 to 50 minutes of moderate cycling or jogging. The scientists conducted muscle biopsies before and after the program and found that by the end of the three weeks, the volunteers’ muscle cells contained substantially more PGC-1alpha1 and the substance that breaks down kynurenine than at the study’s start.

 

The upshot of these results, in the simplest terms, is that “you reduce the risk of getting depression when you exercise,” said Maria Lindskog, a researcher in the department of neuroscience at the Karolinska Institute and a study co-author.

 

Whether the same biochemical processes likewise combat depression that already exists is less certain, said Jorge Ruas, a principal investigator at the Karolinska Institute and the study’s senior author. But he is hopeful. “We think that this mechanism would be efficient if activated after depression has begun,” he said. He and his colleagues hoped to test that possibility in mice soon.

 

In the meantime, if work and other pressures mount, it may be a good idea to go for a jog. It may just keep your kynurenine in check.

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No time for consumption?

No time for consumption? | facts | Scoop.it

Did you know that ... almost every third German household complains about time stress? This affects their purchasing behaviour, as GfK found out.

Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

In the past two years, the stress levels subjectively experienced in Germany have clearly increased. Almost one third of all German households - and thus 12% more than in 2011 - complained about long-term daily stress in 2013. This also affects their purchasing and consumer behaviour when it comes to items in day-to-day use. Younger people, in particular, tend to shop less frequently. Most of their purchases are made at weekends or in the evenings. This was found by GfK, a German market research institute, during the course of its consumer panel study.

 

The average number of purchases made per year in younger households with perceived stress was about 170 in 2013, as GfK stated in its consumer index. Middle-aged households that also complained about having too little time shopped an average of 220 times last year. By comparison, middle-aged households reporting lower stress levels shopped 236 times. This difference of 16 purchases corresponds to almost one complete month's worth of purchases which households under time pressure did not make use of, as reported by GfK. Older households tend to have fewer time problems. Despite perceived time pressure, they still managed to shop 272 times during the past year.

 

The study also showed that shopping times had changed. Younger households had a stronger tendency to make purchases at weekends and in the evenings after 6 pm. Purchasing small items occasionally on the way to work became a more frequent occurrence in 2013. Market researchers at GfK regard an increasingly stressed society, with growing flexibility and mobility requirements, as the reason for these changes in purchasing behaviour. Time is regarded as an ever more precious resource and this results in corresponding changes in purchasing and consumer behaviour, to which less time is devoted.

 

Although shopping now takes place more rarely and within a shorter time, an increasing number of Germans place emphasis on high-quality consumer goods, as was equally apparent from the GfK Consumer Index. On average, more than 25% of the total budget of stressed households is spent on day-to-day requirements such as food, beverages, cosmetics and body care products. There is an increasing emphasis on the regional origin of the products.

 

The results of another part of the GfK study also point towards a stronger orientation of consumers towards product quality. The part-study on the development of sales of daily items in Germany during the first quarter of 2014 showed that discount markets were 3.5 percentage points behind full-range food retailers this year. During the month of May this year, supermarkets and consumer markets were able to grow by about 5%, while chemists grew by about 10%, especially in their core segments of cosmetics and body-care products. GfK market researchers see the reason for this in the growing demand for higher-quality products.

 

The combination of the various study results shows that, although having less time available affects purchasing behaviour, it does not appear to affect conscious purchasing behaviour. Germans take the time and spend the money it takes to buy high-quality products, according to the report of the market research institute.

 

GfK also predicts a clear change in sales for manufacturers and dealers, based on its study results. Thus product marketing and retail design will also need to adapt to changed purchasing habits in future.

 

Source: GfK Consumer Index 05/2014

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Honest Slogans – If famous brands were honest

Honest Slogans – If famous brands were honest | facts | Scoop.it
What if the famous brands were honest? After the honest logos by Viktor Hertz (Facebook, Youtube, Nintendo… – What If their logos were Honest ?), It is now
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Viktor Hertz is a graphic designer from Sweden with a soft spot for pictograms and other simple shapes and objects. He makes icons, posters, logos and he is also working on lots of personal projects, often inspired by pop art culture in general.  Viktor currently lives in, and works from, Stockholm, Sweden. 

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Facebook, Youtube, Nintendo… – What If their logos were Honest ?

Facebook, Youtube, Nintendo… – What If their logos were Honest ? | facts | Scoop.it
A reinterpretation of the famous logos such as Facebook, YouTube, Nintendo, and others, to make them more honest... ;) A series created by Viktor Hertz
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Viktor Hertz is a graphic designer from Sweden with a soft spot for pictograms and other simple shapes and objects. He makes icons, posters, logos and he is also working on lots of personal projects, often inspired by pop art culture in general.  Viktor currently lives in, and works from, Stockholm, Sweden. 

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The Narcissism Epidemic

The Narcissism Epidemic | facts | Scoop.it

Did your parents tell you to love yourself before you can love others? Do you take selfies? If so, you may be a narcissist.

Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

In comparison to the days of 1920s, celebrities can be found in every industry we can possibly think of. Famous bankers (Jamie Dimon), chefs (Mario Batali), journalists (Anderson Cooper), and economists (Jeffrey D. Sachs) only are a small sample of celebrities we are constantly exposed to. What comes to mind when you see Kanye West, Charlie Sheen, or Terrell Owens? A person becomes a persona, then to brand, to an empire. How is it that Jay-Z, an artist with a background in selling crack cocaine or Mark Zuckerberg, who has a dubious disciplinary proceeding and found a company under a motto “Move fast and break things” can be celebrated? With money and fame, some celebrities feel entitled to break rules and do whatever they want. Consequently, people exposed to such culture build up the desire to imitate those on screen.

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Russian gangs take 1.2B passwords, 500M email addresses in biggest Web heist ever

Russian gangs take 1.2B passwords, 500M email addresses in biggest Web heist ever | facts | Scoop.it
The biggest data breach ever has been uncovered by a small security research firm in Wisconsin, with nearly 2 billion victims worldwide.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Initially, the gang acquired databases of stolen credentials from fellow hackers on the black market. These databases were used to attack e-mail providers, social media, and other websites to distribute spam to victims and install malicious redirections on legitimate systems. Earlier this year, the hackers altered their approach. Through the underground black market, the CyberVors got access to data from botnet networks (a large group of virus-infected computers controlled by one criminal system). These botnets used victims’ systems to identify SQL vulnerabilities on the sites they visited. The botnet conducted possibly the largest security audit ever. Over 400,000 sites were identified to be potentially vulnerable to SQL injection flaws alone.

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L'UE ne doit pas se détourner de l'Ukraine

L'UE ne doit pas se détourner de l'Ukraine | facts | Scoop.it
Editorial. L'Union européenne doit aller plus loin et exercer une pression directe sur le président Ianoukovitch, responsable de la crise actuelle.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Adoptées à la hussarde le 16 janvier, ces lois interdisent toute manifestation sur la voie publique et encadrent Internet et les médias. Elles prévoient des peines de cinq à dix ans de prison pour les contrevenants. En somme, elles portent un coup à l'expression de l'opposition, alors qu'approche le scrutin présidentiel de 2015. Depuis 1991, l'Ukraine n'avait pas connu pareille atteinte aux libertés politiques.

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Coca-Cola, Adidas, Visa : le bal des hypocrites à la FIFA

Coca-Cola, Adidas, Visa : le bal des hypocrites à la FIFA | facts | Scoop.it
Chronique Pertes et profits. Plusieurs sponsors de la Fédération internationale de football association (FIFA) ont déclaré que la démission de Sepp Blatter était « un pas dans la bonne direction »
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Il est amusant de revenir quatre ans en arrière, où le même sketch nous avait été joué. M. Blatter se représentait en juin 2011 pour un quatrième mandat à la présidence de la FIFA sur fond de scandale de corruption. Les sponsors ont tapé du point sur la table, alerté la presse, exigé des changements. M. Blatter a été réélu… et ils ont renouvelé leurs contrats.


Plus:

http://www.lemonde.fr/economie/article/2015/06/03/coca-cola-adidas-visa-le-bal-des-hypocrites_4646362_3234.html#wVSi08jSHdAFmuoJ.99

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Une étoile est mordue par un trou noir… mais lui échappe

Une étoile est mordue par un trou noir… mais lui échappe | facts | Scoop.it
Une étoile est mordue par un trou noir… mais lui échappe
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Un trou noir est un objet céleste fascinant, probablement parce qu'il touche aux limites de notre imagination. Allons-y quand même et imaginons ce concentré infini de matière qui crée un champ gravitationnel si intense que tout ce qui a le malheur de pénétrer dans son domaine réservé, au-delà de ce que les cosmologistes appellent poétiquement "l'horizon des événements", n'en peut plus ressortir. Rien, ni matière, ni lumière – ce qui explique le "noir" de l'expression. Un trou noir en lui-même est donc déjà une bête impressionnante. Mais quand la bête est géante, comme les trous noirs que l'on retrouve fréquemment au centre des galaxies, on peut parler de monstre du cosmos. Il s'agit d'objets incroyablement massifs qui vont de plusieurs millions à plusieurs milliards de fois la masse du Soleil !

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Die Zukunft der Arbeit

Die Zukunft der Arbeit | facts | Scoop.it

Die digitale Revolution schafft nicht nur vielfältige neue Formen von Kommunikation und Lebenskomfort - sie verändert auch in großem Tempo unseren Arbeitsmarkt. 

Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Sehr viele traditionelle Dienstleistungsbereiche befinden sich auf dem Rückzug. Wo früher der Hausarzt als erste Anlaufstelle Krankheiten diagnostizierte, kontrollieren heute und in Zukunft digitale Sensoren am Handgelenk unsere Gesundheit. Früher beriet uns der kundige Fachverkäufer, heute lassen wir uns durch Posts in den sozialen Netzwerken "beraten". Das Reisebüro hat ausgedient, Flüge und Hotels buchen wir zuhause und der Steuerberater wird durch ein Programm ersetzt. Wo aber bleiben die Arbeitsplätze? Macht das Netz arbeitslos - oder schafft es vielleicht ganz neue Formen der Arbeit? Apps müssen erfunden und gepflegt werden, digitale Dienstleister erobern sich in unendlichen Nischen neue Kundenschichten.

Richard David Precht spricht über dieses große gesellschaftliche Thema in seiner ZDF-Philosophiesendung mit dem Journalisten, Blogger und Buchautor Sascha Lobo, einem der wichtigsten Vordenker der digitalen Zukunft in Deutschland. Er prophezeit: Der gegenwärtige Weg des digitalen Fortschritts führt in die "Dumping-Hölle". Der "Plattform-Kapitalismus", so Sascha Lobo, vernichtet nicht nur Millionen von Arbeitsplätzen um deutlich weniger neue zu schaffen, er verändert auch die Arbeitswelt derjenigen, die noch Arbeit finden. Deren Arbeitsverhältnisse dürften in Zukunft äußerst prekär werden. 

Doch was kann man dagegen tun? Der digitale Fortschritt ist unaufhaltsam und irreversibel. Müssen wir deshalb neu und anders über Arbeit nachdenken? Brauchen wir eine Grundversorgung oder ein garantiertes Mindesteinkommen? Ist das Prinzip Lohnarbeit noch zeitgemäß? 
Amateure statt Profis, hire and fire statt Festanstellung, Schwarmintelligenz statt Fachkräften: Wird die Arbeit der Zukunft an den Günstigsten und Billigsten versteigert? Folgt der Ausbeutung durch Arbeitgeber die freiwillige Selbstausbeutung? Werden Gewerkschaften und soziale Sicherungssysteme ausgehöhlt oder gar hinfällig? 

Die Zukunft der Arbeitswelt, so diagnostizieren Kritiker, wird aus einer Art digitalen Klassengesellschaft bestehen. Einige wenige beherrschen und bestücken die Computer, während die Mehrheit dem folgt, was die Rechner ihnen vorschreiben. Es scheint tatsächlich so, dass es für immer weniger Menschen Arbeit gibt - und erst recht keine lebenslange, hauptberufliche Arbeit mehr. Während der analoge Foto-Konzern Kodak zu seinen besten Zeiten 145.000 Mitarbeiter beschäftigte, kommt heute die beliebte Foto-App Instagram, die Milliarden von Schnappschüssen verwaltet, mit einer Handvoll Angestellter aus. Weder die Politik noch die Gesellschaft können ein Interesse an dieser Entwicklung haben. Auch die Wirtschaft kann sich nicht wünschen, dass Massenarbeitslosigkeit, ein zusammenbrechender Binnenmarkt und schwindende Kaufkraft unser Land aushöhlen. Oder fallen die Prognosen zur Zukunft unserer Arbeit, der Arbeit 2.0, zu düster aus?

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NFL fines 49ers' player for wearing Beats over Bose

NFL fines 49ers' player for wearing Beats over Bose | facts | Scoop.it

Less than a week after the NFL confirmed that players would no longer be allowed to wear Beats headphones during interviews, the league is already handing out fines for noncompliance.

Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick was fined $10,000 for opting to wear pink pair of Dr. Dre's wares over the NFL-approved Bose cans for his post-game press conference last week. After the Bose deal to become the official headphone and headset of the NFL this spring, the league confirmed last weekend that players couldn't wear another brand during interviews -- including those before, during and up to 90-minutes after a game.

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Phone Booth 'Beacons' Track New Yorkers' Movements

Phone Booth 'Beacons' Track New Yorkers' Movements | facts | Scoop.it
Small Bluetooth-enabled tracking sensors have been installed in New York City phone booths without the city's official approval.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Hundreds of New York City telephone booths contain advertising devices known as "beacons," tiny Bluetooth-enabled devices that can communicate with smartphones in close proximity, often for marketing or advertising purposes -- and can also be used to track customers' movements and buying patterns.

 

The NYC Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications (DoITT) knew about the beacons' installation and gave its unofficial approval — but according to Buzzfeed and the New York Daily News, which jointly broke the story, the program was never officially approved, and the public was never notified or consulted.

 

Hours after the story was first posted on Buzzfeed's website, the city asked that the devices be removed, Buzzfeed reported.

 

The phone-booth beacons, which number about 500, are made by a San Diego-based company called Gimbal and distributed by the New York advertising company Titan. Titan manages the advertising panels on about 5,000 phone kiosks in New York City.

 

Gimbal beacons can cause advertisements to appear on Bluetooth-enabled smartphones that come into close proximity, but only if the smartphone has a Gimbal-supported third-party app installed, the user has given that app permission to receive Bluetooth advertisements -- and, of course, if the user has left Bluetooth on.

 

Gimbal beacons can also collect a lot of personal and location data from phones with Gimbal-enabled apps. According to the company's Privacy Policy, such information includes the date and time of day a smartphone passed near a Gimbal beacon, the location of that beacon, the user's age, gender and interests and a list of other apps installed on a device.

 

On Android, Gimbal-enabled apps can also collect the user's Web history and the frequency and duration of usage of other apps. The privacy policy stressed that Gimbal does not collect personally identifying information, such as names or email addresses.

 

Gimbal beacons are most frequently found inside stores or other retail locations.The telephone-booth beacons may be a significant departure from that trend. The DoITT and Titan both told Buzzfeed the booth beacons were part of a preliminary test concerning the beacons' usefulness in "inventory management."

 

Titan would have had to get the city's express approval before using the beacons for marketing purposes, DoITT spokesperson Nicholas Sbordone told Buzzfeed.

 

"To the extent that the city is involved in this, the lack of transparency [is] of even greater concern," New York Civil Liberties Union Executive Director Donna Lieberman told Buzzfeed.

 

The beacons were installed in the fall of 2013, reported Buzzfeed. The website added that neither Titan nor the DoITT would say where the beacons were located. However, by using an Android app called iBeacon Detector, Buzzfeed found a high concentration of beacons in Midtown Manhattan.

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Allemagne de l’Est – Allemagne de l’Ouest : 24 ans après, ce qui les sépare encore

Allemagne de l’Est – Allemagne de l’Ouest : 24 ans après, ce qui les sépare encore | facts | Scoop.it

Depuis le 3 octobre 1990, l'Allemagne n'est qu'une. Pourtant, de nombreuses disparités subsistent entre les territoires situés dans l'ex-Allemagne de l'Est (République démocratique allemande, RDA) et ceux d'Allemagne de l'Ouest (République fédérale allemande, RFA).

Le site Internet de l'hebdomadaire Die Zeit a illustré quelques-uns de ces contrastes, vingt-quatre ans jour pour jour après la réunification du pays, une date devenue fête nationale.

Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Revenu moyen par habitant

Le premier écart est d'ordre économique. La plupart des habitants de l'ex-RDA, ancien pays du bloc communiste, ne disposaient en 2012 que d'un revenu inférieur à 17 800 euros par personne. La majorité des Allemands de l'Ouest, eux, atteignent des sommes pouvant aller jusqu'à 23 700 euros, voire 26 700.

 

Parc automobile

Même contraste entre le nombre de camping-cars en circulation dans les deux parties de l'Allemagne : à l'Est, maximum 31  pour 1 000 habitants, alors ce taux s'élève parfois jusqu'à 105 véhicules pour 1 000 habitants dans certaines contrées de l'Ouest.

 

Enfants en bas âge pris en charge

En revanche, les Allemands de l'Est disposent d'une meilleure prise en charge de leurs progénitures. Il existe des zones où jusqu'à 63% des enfants (âgés de 2 ans ou moins) sont accueillis dans des crèches ou autres établissements de ce type, hérités du système de l'ex-RDA. A l'Ouest, le ratio chute souvent en deçà des 25%.

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Major French Museums to Extend Opening Hours

Major French Museums to Extend Opening Hours | facts | Scoop.it
The Louvre, Versailles and the Musée d’Orsay are preparing to open seven days a week in a new strategy that could start between 2015 and 2017.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

The Louvre, Versailles and the Musée d’Orsay are preparing to open seven days a week to improve public viewing and increase revenues in a new strategy that could start between 2015 and 2017.

 

Currently, most major museums in France are closed on Monday or Tuesday. But under a plan developed by the Culture Ministry and announced Wednesday by the government, the museums’ hours would expand, financed by increased ticket sales.

 

The Louvre is one of the world’s most-visited museums with a record of more than nine million visitors last year. Versailles had seven million, and the Musée d’Orsay 3.5 million.

 

The new strategy follows a well-established trend. The British Museum and the National Gallery in England, for example, are now open all week. The Prado in Madrid began opening every day in 2011.

Introducing the new system will take time as discussions occur with the CGT, the French labor union for culture. The union said the three museums had faced a decline in the number of employees since 2011, including 173 positions at the Louvre. The government is considering starting with a test of expanded hours at one of the museums.

 

The new strategy, under development for months, was disclosed by the government on Wednesday with the presentation of its budget. For the first time in two years, the annual culture and communications budget of more than 7 billion euros was stable after reductions in 2013 and 2014. That reflected a promise from Prime Minister Manuel Valls, who in July pledged to make culture one of his spending priorities.

 

The government authorities are also betting that the expanded hours will bolster France’s economy and add jobs and revenues. Currently, a ticket to the Louvre’s permanent exhibition is €12, or about $15; €15 for Versailles; and €11 for the Musée d’Orsay.

 

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Wie viel Ihr Chef Ihnen mehr zahlen sollte

Wie viel Ihr Chef Ihnen mehr zahlen sollte | facts | Scoop.it
Deutschlands Unternehmer blicken laut einer Studie des Personaldienstleisters Robert Half außerordentlich zuversichtlich in die Zukunft – gute Voraussetzungen für mehr Gehalt. Mit wie viel Sie jetzt rechnen können.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Sie sitzen bei Ihrem Lieblingsarbeitgeber am Tisch. Sie verstehen sich blendend. Das Gespräch läuft richtig gut. Sie haben Ihre Trümpfe ausgespielt, haben gezeigt, was Sie können. Sie haben ein gutes Gefühl. Ihr Gesprächspartner auch. Und so sagt er die magischen Worte: „Prima. Wir sind beeindruckt. Kommen Sie an Bord!“. Und Sie sagen: „Na, gern doch!“. Und schon sind Sie mittendrin im Film, schildern die Autoren Dirk Kreuter und Christopher Funk eine typische Situation bei Neueinstellungen.

 

Sie sehen sich bereits auf den Hof fahren, an Ihrem schicken Schreibtisch sitzen. Dann sagt Ihr zukünftiger Chef noch ganz salopp: „Bestens, dann lassen Sie uns noch kurz über's Gehalt reden. Was stellen Sie sich denn vor?“ Autsch! Wenn Sie darüber noch gar nicht nachgedacht haben, könnte es an der Stelle richtig brenzlig werden. Denn: „Oft manövrieren sich Jobsucher in den Schlamassel hinein, indem sie viel zu viel oder auch viel zu wenig fordern“, schreibt Christopher Funk in „Verkaufen statt Bewerben“, einem Ratgeber für Jobsucher. „Da geben erwachsene Menschen quasi ihr Schicksal aus der Hand. Wenn Sie einen neuen Fernseher kaufen, vergleichen sie tagelang die Preise, aber wenn sie ihre Lebenszeit verkaufen, machen sie sich nur wenig Gedanken darüber, was sie im Gegenzug dafür bekommen.“

 

Damit ist jetzt Schluss: Die neue Gehaltsstudie des Personaldienstleisters Robert Half, die Handelsblatt Online exklusiv vorliegt, zeigt Ihnen, was Sie 2015 verlangen können, wenn das Thema Geld auf die Agenda kommt. Denn auch wenn die Konjunktur schwächelt: Sie dürfen sich durchaus über etwas mehr in der Tasche freuen.

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Fitnessarmband-Daten: New York schläft früh, Berlin lange

Fitnessarmband-Daten: New York schläft früh, Berlin lange | facts | Scoop.it
Fitness-Armbänder können Unmengen von Daten sammeln. Nun hat ein Hersteller die Schlafzeiten großer Städte und ganzer Länder verglichen: Die rastlosen New Yorker gehen besonders früh ins Bett, in Berlin wird etwas länger geschlafen.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Das zeigen die Daten von Hunderttausenden Nutzern des verbreiteten - und vergleichsweise teuren - Fitnessarmbands der Firma Jawbone. Die kleinen Geräte am Handgelenk speichern die Schritte und auch, wann der Träger zur jeweiligen Ortszeit ins Bett geht. Völlig repräsentativ sind die Daten nicht, weil solche Armbänder vor allem von jüngeren, sportlicheren Menschen getragen werden.

Demnach gehen die Träger dieser Geräte im australischen Brisbane am frühesten ins Bett, im Schnitt um 22.57 Uhr. Moskauer sind die Letzten, sie beenden den Tag erst um 0.46 Uhr. Dafür sind die Brisbaner auch wieder als Erste aus dem Bett (6.29 Uhr) und die Moskauer als Letzte (8.08 Uhr). Tokioter schlafen mit 5:44 Stunden am wenigsten, Melbourner mit 6:58 Stunden am meisten. Die Stockholmer gehen mit 8876 Schritten am Tag am meisten, die Menschen in Sao Paulo mit 6254 am wenigsten.

 

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Why Good Deeds Go A Long Way

Why Good Deeds Go A Long Way | facts | Scoop.it

"If you give a little love, you can get a little love of your own."

 

Using this quote as the inspiration for a video that has gone viral, this four-minute clip, which looks to be the work of non-profit Christian organization Křižovatka Olomouc in Czech Republic or talented YouTube user Graham Kervin, shows us the importance of doing good deeds.

Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

And a good deed can mean anything from holding the elevator for a stranger, helping your neighbour rake leaves or even cleaning up a spill in the office kitchen. It seems the perfect time of year to remember that helping others doesn't need to be a huge effort, but only means going out of your way slightly to take others into consideration.

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Will You Lose Your Job to a Robot? Silicon Valley Is Split

Will You Lose Your Job to a Robot? Silicon Valley Is Split | facts | Scoop.it
A Pew Research Center report asked technologists how robotics and artificial intelligence would affect employment in 2025.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

The Pew Research Center published a report Wednesday based on interviews with 2,551 people who make, research and analyze new technology. Most agreed that robotics and artificial intelligence would transform daily life by 2025, but respondents were almost evenly split about what that might mean for the economy and employment.

On one side were the techno-optimists. They believe that even though machines will displace many jobs in a decade, technology and human ingenuity will produce many more, as happened after the agricultural and industrial revolutions. The meaning of “job” might change, too, if people find themselves with hours of free time because the mundane tasks that fill our days are automated.

The other half agree that some jobs will disappear, but they are not convinced that new ones will take their place, even for some highly skilled workers. They fear a future of widespread unemployment, deep inequality and violent uprisings — particularly if policy makers and educational institutions don’t step in.

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36 Hours in Milwaukee

36 Hours in Milwaukee | facts | Scoop.it
Sausage, cheese and beer? Sure. But look around Wisconsin’s largest city and you’ll also find everything from books to art.
Enoal Le Roc'h's insight:

Milwaukee is a city that evolves slowly. Its roots as a blue-collar town — as the German Athens, as Brew City — are still evident in the names of local landmarks (Pabst Theater, Pfister Hotel, Miller Park, where the Milwaukee Brewers play); the neatly demarcated enclaves that still retain strong traces of their ethnic origins; the countless cozy neighborhood taps; and the locals’ love of sausage, cheese and beer, not to mention the array of festivals (German Fest, Irish Fest, Polish Fest) that overtake the lakefront every summer. Yet this city — Wisconsin’s largest, population 600,000 — is hardly a backward-looking place. Following a few decades of diminishing population, numbers have risen slightly in the years since the 2010 census, much of the increase due to young people moving into a few revived downtown neighborhoods like Walker’s Point and the southerly, suddenly hip Bay View, with its bars and galleries. The result is a city that possesses a renewed vitality while still holding on to an Old World character.

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