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Goffin's Cockatoos Can Solve Complex Mechanical Problems, Study Shows

Goffin's Cockatoos Can Solve Complex Mechanical Problems, Study Shows | Business Analysis | Scoop.it

In a recent study, 10 untrained Goffin’s cockatoos faced a puzzle box showing a nut behind a transparent door secured by a series of five different interlocking devices, each one jamming the next along in the series. To retrieve the nut the birds had to first remove a pin, then a screw, then a bolt, then turn a wheel 90 degrees, and then shift a latch sideways.

One bird, called Pipin, cracked the problem unassisted in less than two hours, and several others did it after being helped either by being presented with the series of locks incrementally or being allowed to watch a skilled partner doing it.

 

The study authors were interested in the birds’ progress towards the solution, and on what they knew once they had solved the full task. The scientists found that the birds worked determinedly to overcome one obstacle after another even though they were only rewarded with the nut once they had solved all five devices. They suggest that the birds seemed to progress as if they employed a ‘cognitive ratchet’ process: once they discovered how to solve one lock they rarely had any difficulties with the same device again. This is consistent with the birds having a representation of the goal they were pursuing.

 

After the cockatoos mastered the entire sequence, the scientists investigated whether the birds had learnt how to repeat a sequence of actions or instead responded to the effect of each lock.

 

“After they had solved the initial problem, we confronted six subjects with so-called ‘transfer tasks’ in which some locks were re-ordered, removed, or made non-functional. Statistical analysis showed that they reacted to the changes with immediate sensitivity to the novel situation,” explained lead author Dr Alice Auersperg from Vienna University.

 

“The birds’ sudden and often errorless improvement and response to changes indicates pronounced behavioral plasticity and practical memory. We believe that they are aided by species characteristics such as intense curiosity, tactile exploration techniques and persistence: cockatoos explore surrounding objects with their bill, tongue and feet. A purely visual explorer may have never detected that they could move the locks,” said senior author Dr Auguste von Bayern of Oxford University.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Are we as effective as Business Analysts when it comes to Problem Solving? An off the beaten track article about problem solving skills of Cockatoos.

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Business Analysis
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3 Traps All Business Analysts Fall Into At Least Once!

3 Traps All Business Analysts Fall Into At Least Once! | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
Have you ever felt like your business analysis career is standing still? These are common career traps we all fall into at least once in our careers.
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

I have experienced this in my Business Analysis career - have you?

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Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s curator insight, February 18, 4:04 PM

Have you ever in your Business Analysis career fallen into these traps?

Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Process Mapping
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Flowchart is … | What is this ? - Top definitions

Flowchart is … | What is this ? - Top definitions | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
Flowcharts are used in analyzing, designing, documenting or managing a process or program in various fields. A flowchart is described as “cross-functional” when the page is divided ...

Via Bizmanualz
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

A great page with the essentials around flow chart or process maps. Have a look a these great examples and the simple explanations... enjoy!

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from IT Books Free Share
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Business Analysis For Dummies - Free eBook Share

Business Analysis For Dummies - Free eBook Share | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
eBook Free Download: Business Analysis For Dummies | PDF, EPUB | ISBN: 1118510585 | 2013-07-29 | English | PutLocker

Via Fox eBook
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Business Analysis for Dummies...now that will be a handy book for many of us!

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Jordan Cyril's curator insight, April 26, 7:56 AM

Free

 

Robert Wyatt's curator insight, July 23, 4:53 AM

When I think of the term bridge I think of a structure that connects to masses  that are separated.  I believe the business analyst is a very necessary component in business.

Tony Julius's curator insight, July 27, 4:57 PM

Business Analysis

Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Strategic Planning & Business Process Improvement
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It’s Time to Change Your Outlook on Change

It’s Time to Change Your Outlook on Change | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
If you think that change is coming at you faster and faster each day, you’re right. That’s because the three change accelerators of processing power, storage, and bandwidth have reached

Via Bill Owen
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

This is a great article discussing change and how we cope or not with it. It also outlines how change is changing...essential reading for all Business Analysts working on any project in any organisation!

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Agile in Business
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5 Ways To Lead No Matter Your Title

5 Ways To Lead No Matter Your Title | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
Making the transition from task-focused high achiever to effective manager or leader isn’t always easy.In 1995, when my co-founder hired me out of college to realize the idea that became Angie

Via Chris Davies
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

A great article about real life experience of moving from being the "do-er" in the office who gets things done to the leader. Business Analysts should read this and evaluate where they are at in their careers and decide whether they would like to change to become the next Business Analysis Leaders...

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Storytelling, Sense-making, and Systems Thinking

Storytelling, Sense-making, and Systems Thinking | Business Analysis | Scoop.it

I teach a class on systems thinking perspectives on public health. This past week we discussed the role of narratives and storytelling as ways to learn about systems and how to organize diverse information and how to make sense of it all.


Via Gregg Morris
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

This is a great article which explains how to apply systems thinking to problems and business needs. It is different perspective which walks a close parallel with the "rich picture" in Soft Systems Methodology. 

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Accelerated Development
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Accelerated Development: What the Heck are Non-Functional Requirements?

Accelerated Development: What the Heck are Non-Functional Requirements? | Business Analysis | Scoop.it

Via Dalip S. Mahal
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Some great examples and explanations of what non-functional requirements are! Enjoy!

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Dalip S. Mahal's curator insight, December 27, 2013 9:49 AM

Simply put, if functional requirements create code that will address the needs of the end-users (customers), then non-functional requirements address the needs of the people who install, operate, and configure the code.

Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from digitalNow
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In Search of Leadership Excellence: Self-Reflection

In Search of Leadership Excellence: Self-Reflection | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
We all know that leadership skills are soft skills. And that they are harder to acquire and master for most people when compared to mastering technical or hard skills.  And to make this matter even...

Via Don Dea
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Spending time to self reflect and take stock of your progress, your reflection in others response to you is vital for personal (and career) growth. Read this and remind yourself how to get ahead and grow your career.

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Designing design thinking driven operations
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User stories don't help users: Introducing persona stories | ACM Interactions

User stories don't help users: Introducing persona stories | ACM Interactions | Business Analysis | Scoop.it

User stories are one of the most popular alternatives to traditional user requirement specifications. But despite their promising name, user stories are not about—and don’t necessarily help—users at all. In most cases, user stories are written about roles that users adopt and take no account of the needs and behaviors of real users.


Via Mario K. Sakata, Fred Zimny
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Interesting differentiation between Agile based user stories, requirements specification and then personas. Well worth a read if you want to get familiar with Agile methodology based requirements management....

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Michael Allenberg's curator insight, November 14, 2013 5:19 AM

Quite possibly the most original and thought-provoking post in a while! Absolutely essential conceptual thinking from a unique perspective... Combining elements of Experience Design that are integral to the success of cross-disciplinary Agile teams, while retaining the spirit and velocity of Scrum!

Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Mediocre Me
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How to Engage Stakeholders - Leadership Thoughts

How to Engage Stakeholders - Leadership Thoughts | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
In this posts on stakeholder management we take a quick look at ineffective top management involvement and support and show you how to engage stakeholders.

Via John Michel
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Although written for PMs, we as Business Analysts do this just as often and it is just as important! Do you always do proper stakeholder analysis prior to starting a Requirements Plan?

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John Michel's curator insight, July 2, 2013 7:49 PM

Management commitment is about motivating and leading by example. Consequently, genuine management commitment is essential for every project―if management do not support project management best practices openly and demonstrably or they are not fully committed to the proposed business change it is unlikely that their staff will take on that responsibility.

Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Soft Systems Methodology
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Sharing Thoughts Requires Thinking

Sharing Thoughts Requires Thinking | Business Analysis | Scoop.it

"Quite often we see people talking to each other like Dilbert and his boss in this cartoon. It might be a consultant telling why a new philosophy is good, or it might be the boss explaining to the employees why this new thing must now be implemented.

     Paragraphs of potential meaning are boiled down to phrases of hollow words about nothing – is it then so strange that the implementation fails? What was its purpose in the first place? How could anyone identify a success if it happened?

      I see the Soft Systems Methodology as exactly a means to ensuring this accommodation – by exchanging thoughts in a problem analysis context the participants will not only outline possible solutions, they will also get to understand the needs and considerations of their peers."


Via Annika McGinley
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Soft Systems Methodology has been around for many decades but why do so few Business Analysts apply this? 

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Business Brainpower with the Human Touch
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Five tips for Agile measurement

Five tips for Agile measurement | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
Managers and executives need a way to measure Agile development so they can make informed decisions.


Agile is here to stay. Once the radical alternative to Waterfall development methods, these legacy methodologies are being disrupted and replaced by Agile practices that improve time-to-market, reduce development costs, and produce higher quality software that better meets customer expectations. As the world demands more software, development teams — from scrappy startups to big corporations — are meeting the challenge with Agile.


But while Agile software development projects scale across the enterprise, management is still searching for the best way to gain deeper visibility into these projects. Large organizations cannot rely on the subjective anecdotes of those closest to the work; they require quantitative insight upon which to base business decisions.


Here are some quick tips to quantify the impact of the choices you make during and after your Agile transformation.


Via Vicki Kossoff @ The Learning Factor
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Agile has very effective practices to measure progress which is part of why it is so beneficial as an approach for projects. 

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Free Business PowerPoint Templates
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Free Agile Roadmap PowerPoint Template

Free Agile Roadmap PowerPoint Template | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
Free Agile Roadmap PowerPoint template is a Scrum Agile template that you can download if you are using agile methodologies in your organization

Via SlideHunter
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

This diagram can be used to help you communicate to stakeholders the Agile Roadmap of your project. It's free too!

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SlideHunter's curator insight, November 13, 2013 6:22 PM

Awesome agile PowerPoint template with roadmap ready to be used in PowerPoint presentations and product development

ahmad tajuddin's curator insight, December 9, 2013 12:41 AM

haha

Scooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP®
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3 Traps All Business Analysts Fall Into At Least Once!

3 Traps All Business Analysts Fall Into At Least Once! | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
Have you ever felt like your business analysis career is standing still? These are common career traps we all fall into at least once in our careers.
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Have you ever in your Business Analysis career fallen into these traps?

more...
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s curator insight, February 18, 4:06 PM

I have experienced this in my Business Analysis career - have you?

Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from process management
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Business Process Maps

Business Process Maps | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
Business Process Maps explained in easy terms with easy references. Complete training. For an organisation or for the individual looking to fasttrack their careers.

Via Martha Schade
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Great resources for all Business Analysts!

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Martha Schade's curator insight, August 8, 2013 4:49 AM

Keeping an overview is essential and to keep it constantly under review. How are these interrealtionships really working? 

Stephanie Cracknell's curator insight, January 31, 8:01 AM

BAE area a great site as well, deffo check them out

Martha Schade's comment, February 3, 11:57 AM
Many thanks Esta and Stephanie! I am really chuffed with your approval!, Best wishes, Martha
Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Amazing Science
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Goffin's Cockatoos Can Solve Complex Mechanical Problems, Study Shows

Goffin's Cockatoos Can Solve Complex Mechanical Problems, Study Shows | Business Analysis | Scoop.it

In a recent study, 10 untrained Goffin’s cockatoos faced a puzzle box showing a nut behind a transparent door secured by a series of five different interlocking devices, each one jamming the next along in the series. To retrieve the nut the birds had to first remove a pin, then a screw, then a bolt, then turn a wheel 90 degrees, and then shift a latch sideways.

One bird, called Pipin, cracked the problem unassisted in less than two hours, and several others did it after being helped either by being presented with the series of locks incrementally or being allowed to watch a skilled partner doing it.

 

The study authors were interested in the birds’ progress towards the solution, and on what they knew once they had solved the full task. The scientists found that the birds worked determinedly to overcome one obstacle after another even though they were only rewarded with the nut once they had solved all five devices. They suggest that the birds seemed to progress as if they employed a ‘cognitive ratchet’ process: once they discovered how to solve one lock they rarely had any difficulties with the same device again. This is consistent with the birds having a representation of the goal they were pursuing.

 

After the cockatoos mastered the entire sequence, the scientists investigated whether the birds had learnt how to repeat a sequence of actions or instead responded to the effect of each lock.

 

“After they had solved the initial problem, we confronted six subjects with so-called ‘transfer tasks’ in which some locks were re-ordered, removed, or made non-functional. Statistical analysis showed that they reacted to the changes with immediate sensitivity to the novel situation,” explained lead author Dr Alice Auersperg from Vienna University.

 

“The birds’ sudden and often errorless improvement and response to changes indicates pronounced behavioral plasticity and practical memory. We believe that they are aided by species characteristics such as intense curiosity, tactile exploration techniques and persistence: cockatoos explore surrounding objects with their bill, tongue and feet. A purely visual explorer may have never detected that they could move the locks,” said senior author Dr Auguste von Bayern of Oxford University.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Are we as effective as Business Analysts when it comes to Problem Solving? An off the beaten track article about problem solving skills of Cockatoos.

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from User Experience
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The Redesign: Questions To Ask Before You Start

The Redesign: Questions To Ask Before You Start | Business Analysis | Scoop.it

The Redesign: Questions To Ask Before You Start

Doing a redesign right means putting pieces in place to make sure you can change culture. Doing it wrong can get you fired or kill a company. You aren’t just redesigning an application; you’re hopefully redesigning a culture that has higher expectations. Change like this is tremendous, and affects every department in the company...


Via Ehren Miller
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

This article is describing some good questions to ask which will reveal important company culture related facts that you may not be aware of prior to starting a new project. Although this article is focussed on design aspects, it is very closely aligned to effective requirements questions. Have a look, it is a fresh view on requirements questions to ask...

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Ehren Miller's curator insight, September 5, 2013 10:36 AM

Just read a good article that talks about some of the key questions to ask before starting a redesign project. The focus of the piece is less on how to design something and more about being aware of the company culture that often surrounds a project. It's interesting to see it laid out and got me thinking about the conversations we've had about expanding our role in the company.

 

It would be great to have internal clients to perform a "ready to redesign" type of audit with some of the questions in this article before we accepted their project. Often we're so focused on what the best is to design something that we lose sight of "is this thing ever going to be built?"

Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Superperformance
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Systems Thinking

Systems Thinking | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
Everything affects everything else in one way or another. Whether you are aware of that or not does not change the fact that this is what is happening. - John Woods

Via Dave Guerra (Author)
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Business Analysis is all about introducing change which will improve and add to business goals achievement. This picture shows in an interesting way how everything is interconnected and hence will be affected by change in some way. As Business Analysts we define the change and have to be mindful of how and where there are interconnections. 

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Dave Guerra (Author)'s curator insight, November 25, 2013 7:36 AM

"People are not fungible like money. You cannot simply take one unit out and replace it without impacting the entire system." George Martinez. #SystemsThinking #SuperpefformingCEO #21stCentury

Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from I can explain it to you, but I can't understand it for you.
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Why is Big Project more Fragile

Why is Big Project more Fragile | Business Analysis | Scoop.it

IT management understands the basic KSFs for IT projects such as commitment, stakeholder involvement, SMART requirements, progress tracking and a few more. Most enterprises are good at doing projects between three and nine months.


Via Riaz Khan
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Very interesting article about why big projects tend to fail really badly... I am sure we can all name a few we know of. I can, can you?

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from #TheCodingReview
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Martin Fowler: User Stories | Agile Zone

Martin Fowler: User Stories | Agile Zone | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
User Stories are chunks of desired behavior of a software system. They are widely used in agile software approaches to divide up a large amount of...

Via Ex FromTheLeft
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

A nice short explanation of what a user story is in the Agile world. 

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Visualizing Innovative Product Experiences
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BABOK: Keeping up with the current trends of Agile Requirements Definition and Management (Agile transformation community)

BABOK: Keeping up with the current trends of Agile Requirements Definition and Management (Agile transformation community) | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
The International Institute for Business Analysis’s (IIBA) Body of Knowledge (BABOK) framework is today the foundational standard for business analysts (BA). It provides a clear description of the activities and techniques of the business analysis.

Via OneSpring
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

I trust you have all taken note of the Agile Extension to the BABOK(R) guide? If not, have a look here...

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from digitalNow
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What Leadership Was and What Leadership Has Become

If the gurus and experts are right, leadership is increasingly concerned with soft skills – teamwork, communication and motivation.

Via Don Dea
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Soft skills are important at all levels of the corporate ladder. Business Analysts who would like to excel in their careers, this becomes even more important. Good article about soft skills in true leadership.. 

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Don Dea's curator insight, December 10, 2013 9:13 PM

“The Lone Ranger” is dead. Instead of the individual problem-solver, we have a new model for creative achievement. People like Steve Jobs or Walt Disney headed groups and found their own greatness in them.” Professor Bennis provides a blueprint for the new model leader. “He or she is a pragmatic dreamer, a person with an original but attainable vision. Inevitably, the leader has to invent a style that suits the group. The standard models, especially command and control, simply don’t work. The heads of groups have to act decisively, but never arbitrarily.

Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Strategy and Competitive Intelligence by Bonnie Hohhof
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4 ways to proactively manage stakeholders

4 ways to proactively manage stakeholders | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
Stakeholder management is a hot topic at the moment, given that A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide)—Fifth Edition now includes a tenth knowledge area on managing stakeholders.

Via Bonnie Hohhof
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

As Business Analysts we need to be expert stakeholder managers. Without strong stakeholder relationships we don't achieve half as much as we could with our requirements activities!

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Keep In The Know
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What is feature creep (requirements creep or scope creep)? - Definition from WhatIs.com

What is feature creep (requirements creep or scope creep)? - Definition from WhatIs.com | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
Feature creep (sometimes known as 'requirements creep' or 'scope creep') is a tendency for product or project requirements to increase during development beyond those originally foreseen, leading to features that weren't originally planned and resulting...

Via Denise Cruz
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Scope creep, feature creep or requirements creep - is it really all the same thing? How do we manage this effectively or is it the PM's problem?

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Rescooped by Esta Lessing, CBAP® from Data Analytic Daily
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Using Both the Waterfall and Agile Methods

Using Both the Waterfall and Agile Methods | Business Analysis | Scoop.it
by Justin Taylor
Today, there are plenty of examples of companies using the traditional waterfall project management methodology as compared to the agile methodology.  Both methodologies are valid and have ample potential for success.

Via Fang Feng
Esta Lessing, CBAP®'s insight:

Interesting approach on how Waterfall and Agile can still make sense to both be used within the organisation...

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