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Revoluce umělé inteligence - chytřejší než lidé

Revoluce umělé inteligence - chytřejší než lidé | Budoucnost | Scoop.it

Je možné, že počítače budoucnosti budou nejen plnit pokyny, ale jednat na vlastní pěst, přičemž budou dělat logické rozhodnutí na základě rozumu a řídit se situací, což dosud bylo doménou lidí.

 

Použitím algoritmů založených na pravděpodobnosti odvodit význam z velkého množství dat, výzkumníci zjistili, že nepotřebují učit počítač jak má splnit úkol, ale, že mu stačí ukázat jen to co lidé dělali a nechat přístroj přijít na to jak.

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The real cyborgs - in-depth feature about people merging with machines

The real cyborgs - in-depth feature about people merging with machines | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
In the next ten years, Lee thinks, it might be possible to take part in a “MMO Orgy [Massively Multiplayer Online Orgy]” – a group of people with spinal implants which stimulate the users’ genital nerves linked together over the internet. It’s still only an idea, but Lee sees great commercial promise in this area: “I’ve probably had the most emails from people wanting to get the spinal implant,” he says. “Once you have cyborg sex,” he predicts, “you will never want to return to normal sex.”
Karlos Svoboda's insight:

I think that is chance for stupid people with spinal problems which have a dream, for which they are able to do everything selfishly.  

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Cyborg Next Door : Biohacking, Digital Implants & the Merging of Man & Machine

Cyborg Next Door : Biohacking, Digital Implants & the Merging of Man & Machine | Budoucnost | Scoop.it

By all outward appearances, Tim Cannon looks like a fairly ordinary guy. If you saw him on the streets of his hometown of Pittsburgh, he'd probably blend in.


But on the inside, he's far from ordinary. What sets him apart are not only his several electronic implants that make him part cyborg, but the fact that he has done this himself – at home, outside of the lab, without the help of a team of surgeons, using affordable, safe, open-source technology.


Via Andrea Graziano
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Next Kevin Warwick who wore tested available enhancements ...

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5 Ways the Superintelligence Revolution Might Happen

5 Ways the Superintelligence Revolution Might Happen | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
Assuming that scientific and technological progress continues, human-level machine intelligence is very likely to be developed. And shortly thereafter, superintelligence.

 

Biological brains are unlikely to be the final stage of intelligence. Machines already have superhuman strength, speed and stamina – and one day they will have superhuman intelligence. This is of course not certain to occur – it is possible that we will develop some other dangerous technology first that destroys us, or otherwise fall victim to some existential risk.

 

But assuming that scientific and technological progress continues, human-level machine intelligence is very likely to be developed. And shortly thereafter, superintelligence.

Karlos Svoboda's insight:

In my opinion, this is already happening without the majority of people around knew

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Sea Power in the Robotic Age | Issues in Science and Technology

Sea Power in the Robotic Age | Issues in Science and Technology | Budoucnost | Scoop.it

The military has demonstrated the feasibility of airborne drones; the next development is likely to be a variety of remotely controlled marine vessels.

Robotic weapons are revolutionizing warfare. Anyone following the media knows about so-called aerial “drones,” and soldiers and Marines are using tracked and wheeled robots in ground combat to probe enemy positions, disable bombs, and carry out other risky activities. But R what about the three-fifths of the world covered by water?

Sea-based robots—unmanned maritime systems, or “UMSs” in current Pentagon parlance—receive less attention, even though they have been around a long time. They will likely have as great a role in shaping how the United States fights future wars

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A Survival Plan for the Wild Cyborg

A Survival Plan for the Wild Cyborg | Budoucnost | Scoop.it

In order to stay human in the current intimate technological revolution, we must become high-tech people with quirky characters. Here are seven theses to nail to the door of our technological church.

 

Today, the most exciting discoveries and technological developments have to do with us, we humans. Technology settles itself rapidly around and within us; collects more and more data about us; and increasingly is able to simulate human appearances and behaviour. As our relationship with technology is becoming more and more intimate, we are becoming techno-people or cyborgs. On the one hand, intimate technology offers opportunities for personal development and more control over our lives. On the other hand, governments, businesses, and other citizens may also deploy intimate technologies in order to influence or even coerce us. To put this development on the public and political agenda, the Rathenau Instituut in the Netherlands has coined the term “intimate-technological revolution,” which is partly driven by smartphones, social media, sensor networks, robotics, virtual worlds, and big data analysis. We describe this revolution in our report Intimate Technology: The Battle for Our Body and Behavior www.slideshare.net/slideshow/embed_code/39685819" .

Karlos Svoboda's insight:

The idea of intimacy used to pertain to matters of our body and mind that we would share only with people who were close to us. Without privacy we are nothing. Our data should therefore belong to us.

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Is Human Enhancement Really Cheating?

Is Human Enhancement Really Cheating? | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
Were you incensed when Lance Armstrong was finally cornered and stripped of his seven Tour de France titles? Almost everyone seemed to be. While some felt he had been treated unfairly, most appeared to feel betrayed by a cheater in whom they had believed. In 2013, neither Barry Bonds nor...
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From human extinction to super intelligence, two futurists explain

From human extinction to super intelligence, two futurists explain | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
The Conversation organised a public question-and-answer session on Reddit in which Anders Sandberg and Andrew Snyder-Beattie, researchers at the Future of Humanity Institute at Oxford University, explored what existential risks humanity faces and how we could reduce them. Here are the highlights.
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Journey of Discovery začíná program k pochopení a léčbě sítí mozku

Práce na DARPA systémy-Based Neurotechnology pro rozvíjející se terapie (podsítí), program je nastaven na začátek týmů vedených UC San Francisco (UCSF) a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Program podsítí se snaží snížit závažnost onemocnění v neuropsychologické služeb členům a veteránů vytvořením uzavřené smyčky terapií, které obsahují záznam a analýzu činnosti mozku s téměř v reálném čase nervové stimulace. Program, který bude využívat novou generaci přístrojů inspirovaných současnou hlubokou mozkovou stimulaci (DBS) technologie, byla zahájena na podporu iniciativy prezidenta Obamy mozku. 


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A Bionic Eye That Restores Sight

A Bionic Eye That Restores Sight | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
By bridging the gap between eye and brain, a new device has the capacity to help the blind regain their vision.

 

Scientifically speaking, eyes are not the windows to the soul; they’re the windows to the brain. When you gaze into your lover’s peepers, what you’re actually seeing is the retina, an extension of brain tissue that lines the back of the eyes like wallpaper. This paper-thin strip of cells is what makes the miracle of sight possible. At this very moment, your retina is performing a kind of sensory alchemy, taking in rays of light and seamlessly transforming them into the language of the brain.

Karlos Svoboda's insight:

Will be the people with retina  record everything around and send data on line across the satelite to SAN? Who knows whole truth ...

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Chalmers vs Pigliucci on the Philosophy of Mind-Uploading (2): Pigliucci’s Pessimism

Chalmers vs Pigliucci on the Philosophy of Mind-Uploading (2): Pigliucci’s Pessimism | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
This is the second and final part of my series about a recent exchange between David Chalmers and Massimo Pigliucci. The exchange took place in the pages of Intelligence Unbound, an edited collection of essays about mind-uploading and artificial intelligence. It concerned the philosophical plausibility of mind-uploading.

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Data on the brain: ‘Wet computing’ liquid implants could boost intelligence

Data on the brain: ‘Wet computing’ liquid implants could boost intelligence | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
American scientists believe they have found a way that could one day make people more intelligent. This could be done by implanting data stored in liquid, enabling things like photos and documents to be stored in one’s brain.
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Fear, Safety and the Role of Sleep in Human PTSD

Fear, Safety and the Role of Sleep in Human PTSD | Budoucnost | Scoop.it

The effectiveness of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment may hinge significantly upon sleep quality, report researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System in a paper published today in the Journal of Neuroscience.



“The implication is that we should try treating sleep before treating the daytime symptoms of PTSD and see if those who are sleeping better when they start exposure therapy derive more benefit.”

Karlos Svoboda's insight:

Dear researchers do you understand that  eletrical shocks or high tones are torture for everyone. Wish you testing on your bodies.

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Enter the first cyborg-type robot (2014-09-01) - ISO

Enter the first cyborg-type robot (2014-09-01) - ISO | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
What if cyborgs were real? Partly robot, partly man, functioning as one. No, we are not talking science fiction anymore. The first one is here and his name is HAL.

 

Do you know someone in a wheelchair? What if I tell you there is a way that this person can walk again? That all it takes is a robot suit that reads your mind. What if you too could wear this exoskeleton to gain the strength of a Hulk or a Superman and help people? Would you believe me if I said all this was possible? Japanese robotics company CYBERDYNE has created one such exoskeleton, that is, a device designed to be worn by a human. This Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) can detect and reproduce the wearer’s intention to move by reading signals from the brain.

Karlos Svoboda's insight:

Nice dream for the handicapped persons because price will be too high.

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10 Signs You Should Invest In Artificial Intelligence

10 Signs You Should Invest In Artificial Intelligence | Budoucnost | Scoop.it

Artificial intelligence is arguably already one of the most important industries in the world, and as most futurists predict, it is growing in importance everyday. Here are a few more reasons you should invest not only your money, but your time in understanding some of the important implications of the technology.


As Steve Omohundro points out, the field of artificial intelligence is at an inflection point of huge opportunities, great disruption, arms races and even dangers.

Here are some of the major factors why AI should weigh heavy on you as you plan for the future.

Karlos Svoboda's insight:

Two billion dollar projects now running with major focuses on computational neuroscience - and where is two billion dollar for the victims on the whole World

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Neural devices will change humankind

Some futurists and artificial intelligence experts envision credible scenarios in which synthetic brains will, within this century, extend the functionality of…
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The role of companies in guaranteeing privacy and human rights in the digital realm

The role of companies in guaranteeing privacy and human rights in the digital realm | Budoucnost | Scoop.it

The following was a speech given by Carly Nyst, Head International Adovacy, at the UN Forum on Business and Human Rights, Geneva on 3 December


The internet and innovations in technologies have opened up previously unimagined possibilities for communication, expression, and empowerment. New technologies have become essential enablers of the enjoyment of human rights, from the right to education, to participation, to access to information. Today, the internet is not only a place where rights are exercised, it is in itself a guarantor of human rights.

At the same time, changes in technologies have given rise to increased opportunities for State interferences with human rights, particularly the rights to privacy and free expression. Even the world’s most longstanding democratic States have obtained the technical capacity to conduct country-wide internet monitoring, tracking and surveillance. Today, as the UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression observed in his report presented to the Human Rights Council in June 2013, “the State now has a greater capability to conduct simultaneous, invasive, targeted and broad-scale surveillance than ever before.”

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New guidance only shows the problems of surveillance oversight. Where are the solutions? | Big Brother Watch

New guidance only shows the problems of surveillance oversight. Where are the solutions? | Big Brother Watch | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
Finally clarifying what was already widely accepted, a publication by the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has confirmed that surveillance legislation is “complex”. “Surveillance Road Map” (PDF) seeks to set out the responsibilities of each body tasked with overseeing the laws that govern surveillance as well as highlighting some of their overlapping functions. One of the aims of the guidance is to show members of the public “the avenues available to challenge or complain about any allege
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Our Cyborg Future: Law and Policy Implications

Our Cyborg Future: Law and Policy Implications | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
http://www.rathenau.nl/uploads/tx_tferathenau/Intimate_Technology_-_the_battle_for_our_body_and_behaviourpdf_01.pdf.

 

In June 2014, the Supreme Court handed down its decision in Riley v. California, in which the justices unanimously ruled that police officers may not, without a warrant, search the data on a cell phone seized during an arrest. Writing for eight justices, Chief Justice John Roberts declared that “modern cell phones . . . are now such a pervasive and insistent part of daily life that the proverbial visitor from Mars might conclude they were an important feature of human anatomy.”1

 

This may be the first time the Supreme Court has explicitly contemplated the cyborg in case law—admittedly as a kind of metaphor. But the idea that the law will have to accommodate the integration of technology into the human being has actually been kicking around for a while.

 
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Robots Aren’t Out to Get You. You Should Be Terrified of Them Anyway.

Robots Aren’t Out to Get You. You Should Be Terrified of Them Anyway. | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
Adapted from Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies by Nick Bostrom. Out now from Oxford University Press. In the recent discussion over the risks of developing superintelligent machines—that is, machines with general intelligence greater than that of humans—two narratives have emerged. One side argues that if a machine ever achieved advanced intelligence, it...
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Interactive Bionic Man, featuring 14 novel biotechnologies | KurzweilAI

Interactive Bionic Man, featuring 14 novel biotechnologies | KurzweilAI | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
NIBIB Bionic Man (click image to go the interactive site) (credit: National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering) The National Institute of

Via LilyGiraud
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Rozmotávání mozkové okruhy v duševní nemoci | ucsf.edu

Rozmotávání mozkové okruhy v duševní nemoci | ucsf.edu | Budoucnost | Scoop.it

Deprese. Úzkostné poruchy. Závislost.

Jsou to jedny z nejvíce společných podmínek, které ovlivňují zdraví lidí a miliony s nejtěžších případech, konvenční léčby, jako je psychoterapie a léky nefungují dostatečně - nebo prostě nefungují vůbec.

Co kdyby tam byly léčbu, která by mohla zaměřit na specifické mozkové okruhy, které způsobily tyto podmínky a nabídnout pacientům dlouhodobé řešení?

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Big Brother Is Feeling You: The Global Impact Of AI-Driven Mental Health Care

Big Brother Is Feeling You: The Global Impact Of AI-Driven Mental Health Care | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
Big Brother is feeling you—literally.

A few months back, I wrote about Ellie, the world’s first AI-psychologist. Developed by DARPA and
Karlos Svoboda's insight:

I'm always annoyed when i read about AI and SI as a partner for better and healthy life. 

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Chalmers vs Pigliucci on the Philosophy of Mind-Uploading (1): Chalmers’s Optimism

Chalmers vs Pigliucci on the Philosophy of Mind-Uploading (1): Chalmers’s Optimism | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
The brain is the engine of reason and the seat of the soul. It is the substrate in which our minds reside. The problem is that this substrate is prone to decay. Eventually, our brains will cease to function and along with them so too will our minds. This will result in our deaths. Little wonder then that the prospect of transferring (or uploading) our minds to a more robust, technologically advanced, substrate has proved so attractive to futurists and transhumanists.

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
Karlos Svoboda's insight:

Mind uploading isnt same as the birth and computer isnt your baby. 

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Scientists Induce Lucid Dreaming With Electrical Stimulation | IFLScience

Scientists Induce Lucid Dreaming With Electrical Stimulation | IFLScience | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
Dreams in which the sleeper knows they are dreaming and has some measure of control as to how the events pan out have been stimulated electrically, according to a new paper.    Lucid dreaming is the somewhat misleading name given to dreams where the dreamer is aware that they are in fact dreaming. They are not necessarily any clearer than other dreams, but the dreamer can often consciously control the course of the dream, making for a more intelligible experience.
Karlos Svoboda's insight:

Welcome to the matrix with new technolgy. If you focus on your neural network, it can act like a bridge of consciousness. Do you seen an inception.... 

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Artificial Intelligence: How Algorithms Make Systems Smart | Innovation Insights | WIRED

Artificial Intelligence: How Algorithms Make Systems Smart | Innovation Insights | WIRED | Budoucnost | Scoop.it
“Algorithm” is a word that one hears used much more frequently than in the past. One of the reasons is that scientists have learned that computers can learn on their own if given a few simple instructions. That’s really all that algorithms are mathematical instructions. Wikipedia states that an algorithm “is a step-by-step procedure for…
Karlos Svoboda's insight:

 Je však jasné,že lidé jak s dobrými tak špatnými úmysly používají algoritmy.

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