Two broad categories of results can sum up most people’s purposes for meditating. The first is to fully experience the present moment and to encounter thoughts and bodily sensations without judgment. The second is to enter a place of calmness away from the reactivity that can overwhelm us.
One meditator sails into the maelstrom, the other seeks a temporary shelter from the storm. The most interesting thing is that each result comes from the same basic techniques. So what the meditator seeks, and how much time he or she is willing to put into it, determines the outcome.