Broken Memory: Rwandan Genocide
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Broken Memory: Rwandan Genocide
I will provide links to background information on the novel, Broken Memory by Elisabeth Combres and links to info about the Rwanda genocide.
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Outreach Programme on the Rwanda Genocide and the United Nations

Outreach Programme on the Rwanda Genocide and the United Nations | Broken Memory: Rwandan Genocide | Scoop.it
Morgan Wilson's insight:

This program is an information and educational outreach program.  They work to prevent the genocide from happening again and study the lessons that can be taken from this tragedy.  This program also supports survivors by raising the awareness of the Rwandan genocide survivors.  I think this is an awesome program that is very important when teaching the history of the genocide. 

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Rwanda 1994

Rwanda 1994 | Broken Memory: Rwandan Genocide | Scoop.it
http://megoracle.com/2011/10/28/look-back-on-genocide-in-rwanda/
Morgan Wilson's insight:

This article breaks down the genocide into the before, during, and after. It tells of how although the population had belonged to the Hutu, the Tutsi were normally the ones who owned the land whereas the Hutus worked on it. The farmed together but some Tutsis began to behave like aristocrats, and left the Hutu to feel treated like peasants. An alien political divide was born. Once the Hutu president was assassinated, Hutus were told by radio that their job was to wipe the Tutsis out. Although the attacks were on a large scale, the killings were all done by hands using machetes and clubs. Around 2 million Hutu perpetrators, their families and supporters, and anyone else who feared reprisals, even simply for being Hutu, fled over the borders to Congo. It became hard to find anyone who would admit to the genocide killings and it took years and years to forgive.

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Warriors in the Crossfire

Warriors in the Crossfire | Broken Memory: Rwandan Genocide | Scoop.it
On the island of Saipan, in the South Pacific, the second world war is a distant idea. The Japanese have governed the island for twenty-five years and they mix regularly with the native islanders.
Morgan Wilson's insight:

I chose this book because it seems like a book full of action when the young boys has to learn to be a true warrior during a war in Japan. It interested me because his father died during the second world war and he is left to fend for himself.  When the war takes off he is left to take responsibility for his family and his people.

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Rwanda

Rwanda | Broken Memory: Rwandan Genocide | Scoop.it
Morgan Wilson's insight:

The article is about the history of the genocide and what had caused the tension between the Hutu and Tutsi. The power struggle had existed all the way back to the 1300s when the Tutsi first arrived in central East Africa. After all the violence happened, killing between 500,000 to a million people in 4 months, the government had to deal with the cases. Because of the overcrowding of Rwandan prisons & the inability to handle so many cases, the Rwandan government declared that those prisoners who had pleaded guilty, were elderly or seriously ill, or were minors would be released from prison. The government also used a justice system called Gacaca which allowed the government to try the suspects.

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RwandaMap.jpg (633x495 pixels)

RwandaMap.jpg (633x495 pixels) | Broken Memory: Rwandan Genocide | Scoop.it
Morgan Wilson's insight:

Rwanda is a country in East Africa that suffered huge losses during the 1994 genocide between two of their three main groups; the Tutsi and Hutu.  They lost about 800,000 of their population and had suffered not only demographically but economically. Since the war, they have been improving. 

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BBC NEWS | Africa | Rwanda: How the genocide happened

BBC NEWS | Africa | Rwanda: How the genocide happened | Broken Memory: Rwandan Genocide | Scoop.it
In just three months, an estimated 800,000 people were massacred in the Rwandan genocide of 1994. BBC News Online examines the causes.
Morgan Wilson's insight:

This article is the story of how the genocide happened. It goes in detail of the tension that was building between the Tutsi and Hutu. They are very similar but when Belguim colonists arrived they classified the Tutsi to be superior. For about 20 years the Tutsi were superior and many riots broke out because of the resemtment that the Hutu's had. In 1962 Rwanda was granted independence and the roles flipped to where the Hutu were superior. The icing on the cake that fired the begin of the horrific war was when the president, a Hutu's, plane was shot down. The Tutsi's were blamed and the mass murders began.

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Mixed Feelings Expressed on New Court System

Mixed Feelings Expressed on New Court System | Broken Memory: Rwandan Genocide | Scoop.it
http://www.pri.org/theworld/?q=node/8032
Morgan Wilson's insight:

This article is all about the gacaca court system, which is a way of trying genocide cases. Many survivors of the 1994 massive genocide believe that this system is a way of belittling the worse crimes to mankind. There is also concern about whether the gacaca courts, to be responsible for handling both prosecution and defence, will pay enough heed to defence rights. A lot of people believe the system is taking way to long when trying all of these suspects and are also not fully trusting the judges. The survivors believe that the Gacaca court is a way of settling mild cases not criminal ones.       

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Broken Memory

Broken Memory: A Novel of Rwanda

Product by Groundwood Books ~ Elisabeth Combres (author) More about this product
Price: $8.95
Broken Memory: A Novel of Rwanda [Elisabeth Combres] on Amazon.com. *FREE* super saver shipping on qualifying offers. Hiding behind the old sofa, five-year-old Emma does not witness the murder of her mother, but she hears everything.
Morgan Wilson's insight:

Broken Memory is novel about a genocide survivor, Emma, who at the age of five, had heard (but not watched) her own mother get brutually murdered. Emma survives and stumbles upon an old Hutu woman, Mukecuru, who risks her own life to hide her and almost raise her. Emma is haunted daily by the memories from the traumatic event. She meets a young boy, Ndoli, who was also a genocide survivor and they share a bond over the tragedies they dealt with. Every April they remember they're past and stuggle to get past it. Ndoli had talked to an old man who had eventually reached out to Mukecuru in regards to helping Emma deal with her past. The doctors helps Emma face her past and visit the house where the murder took place. She finds the pieces she needed all along to heal and be happy again.

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HOTEL RWANDA (2004) - Official Movie Trailer

Hotel Rwanda (2004) / Отель Руанда (Трейлер) Director: Terry George Starring: Don Cheadle, Sophie Okonedo, Nick Nolte and Joaquin Phoenix. Nominated for 3 Os...
Morgan Wilson's insight:

This movie is based on the true story of a man, Paul Rusesabagina, who housed over a thousand Tutsi refugees during the Hutu attacks of the Rwanda war.He is the owner of the most luxurious hotel in the capital of Rwanda. He and has family had lived there happily until the Hutus came to wipe out the Tutsi targeting the young tutsi children first. Out of the love for his family, he courageously offers over a thousand refugees shelter at the hotel that he owns.

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Haunted mornings, sleepless nights: Jean Baptiste Kayigamba describes how he survived genocide in Rwanda.

Haunted mornings, sleepless nights: Jean Baptiste Kayigamba describes how he survived genocide in Rwanda. | Broken Memory: Rwandan Genocide | Scoop.it
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=rwanda+genocide+refugees&hl=en&sa=X&tbo=d&biw=1366&bih=643&tbm=isch&tbnid=iHBFNSuo68IMLM:&imgrefurl=https://www.mtholyoke.edu/~
Morgan Wilson's insight:

This article is the story of a genocide survivor telling of his firsthand experience as a Tutsi in the Rwanda War. His story starts when nearly all his family was killed, including his parents, at the hands of the government militias and Hutu mobs. During April of 1994, he was one his own and the world around him where he had grown up was destroyed. He sought refuge in the compound of the Centre for Learning of African Languages (CELA), run by the priests of the Catholic White Fathers. He was haunted by sleepless nights on the run, but lived to tell his story. He says that most survivors are told to forgive and forget but he believes it is so important to tell of the extreme violence of this war.

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