British Colonisation
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Rescooped by Gerard O'Dwyer from British Colonisation of Australia
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education - Colonisation on ASO - Australia's audio and visual heritage online

education - Colonisation on ASO - Australia's audio and visual heritage online | British Colonisation | Scoop.it
Video clips related to Colonisation that have teachers notes on australianscreen.

Via Heather Munro
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Heather Munro's curator insight, April 22, 2013 3:44 AM

This website provides access to short videos collected by Australian Screen (2013), which is the source of Australia’s audio-visual heritage, and has a section dedicated to colonisation. The video extracts from The Colony (Australia Screen, 2013) would be particularly useful for students to use when looking at aspects of life associated with living on a newly established colony. These extracts are set in modern times, where three families are taking part in a living history experiment, where the participants have been placed into similar conditions as those arriving to Australia in 1788. While some may have reservations about using documented living history, it would be beneficial to students in small doses to make this part of history more realistic and imaginable for them. This resource demonstrates a key feature involved with history education, the role of ‘story’, which encourages the students to view this subject matter as a story, rather than historical facts that they must learn, as “stories have great potential to create interest in the past…They can spark initial curiosity” (Gilbert and Hoepper, p.200, 2011), and the students will meaningfully engage more easily.

 

An example of how a teacher could use this resource in the classroom would be to allow students to watch the video extracts and then begin a class discussion on what life would be like in early Australia on the colony, relating back to the video and suggesting what supplies the settlers had access to and where these materials came from. The teacher can easily build activities relating to the information discussed and use them as a cross-curriculum tool, such as using the rations that settlers were provided with as stimulus for mathematics. This activity could involve looking at how much money the British Government would need to supply the colonies with to fund these families, and also proceeding on to hypothetical bartering between students. Literacy links could also be made, where the student is taking on a persona who lived on the colonies and write a diary entry based on that fictitious person’s average day, which the teacher could use as an assessment tool to see if students understand different aspects of life that was present following the colonisation of Australia.

Catherine Smyth's curator insight, May 12, 2013 9:39 PM

This site has a range of short videos that provide useful and interesting snapshots of what life was like in the colonies. 

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Rescooped by Gerard O'Dwyer from HSIE Stage 2: Aboriginal resistance to British colonisation
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Schools TV - Our History

Schools TV - Our History | British Colonisation | Scoop.it

Via Amy Bull
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Amy Bull's comment, April 17, 2013 9:08 PM
Australia’s national broadcaster (ABC) has produced the educational series Our History (2010), which explores a range of topics, issues and attitudes in Australia’s history. In particular, its seventh episode (The colonists: Resistance) investigates the tensions between the Aboriginal people and the First Settlers. In this episode, Governor Phillip captures some Aboriginal men to convince them that his way of life is better. Before long, the British settlement expands, and the Aboriginal people begin to lose their possession over their land. In response to this growing destruction, an Aboriginal man named Pemulwuy organises resistance against the settlers. In the episodes’ climax, Pemulwuy is captured, with his head cut off and sent to England, yet the story continues with his son Timbery taking over as leader to continue the battle for their land. The program uses documentary and archival footage, incorporated through animated interpretations of the events and extracts from primary sources.

Engaging in historical inquiry, in order to develop an understanding of the broad picture of the past, is a cyclical process that begins with the asking of guiding historical questions. This is a useful thought for teachers to keep in mind when planning and teaching lessons of historical significance to students.
A lesson Idea: Explain to students, that as Australia was progressively settled, Aboriginal people were loosing their possession over the land, and in extreme cases, loosing their loved ones. Their land was quickly being invaded and destroyed. Ask students how they would feel in this situation. Introduce the idea to students that in many places around Australia, these invasions were resisted, often with force. View the episode from the ABC schools programs “Our History: The colonists: Resistance” to provide background information for students.
Activity: Instruct students to research the lifestyle of Aboriginal people in Australia in the time before the British officially established the first colony. The gathered historical evidence can be used to construct credible claims/narratives about the past (i.e. historical interpretations) that seek to provide answers to the guiding historical questions that were introduced at the beginning of the lesson.
Assessment task: Ask students to imagine that they are a local Aboriginal person in 1809. Instruct them to create a response (written format of song, story, diary entry, etc) describing their life story and how their life has changed with the coming of the Europeans. (Describe what you think about this situation. How would you feel about this and the changes to your life?) Presenting thoughts and findings in written form links directly to the WS2.9 outcome of the English syllabus (NSW Board of Studies, 2007, p. 39).
Teaching students to engage in the doing of history, Levstik (1996) suggests, involves students to “…pose questions, collect and analyze sources, struggle with issues of significance, and ultimately build their own historical interpretations" (p. 394). The lesson idea incorporating the viewing of the ABC program, in conjunction with the class activity and assessment task, strives to achieve this outcome in the students.

References:

NSW Board of Studies. (2007). English K-6 Syllabus. Sydney: BOS.

Levstik, L. (1996). Negotiating the history landscape. Theory and Research in Social Education, 24, 394.
Catherine Smyth's comment, May 6, 2013 2:17 AM
I like how you draw on Levstik's research on teaching history.