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How to Prevent Stress from Shrinking Your Brain

How to Prevent Stress from Shrinking Your Brain | Brain Plasticity |

Have you ever felt so stressed out and overwhelmed that you can’t think straight?


We now know that prolonged stress or trauma is associated with decreased volume in areas of the human brain responsible for regulating thoughts and feelings, enhancing self-control, and creating new memories. A new research study, published in today’s issue of Nature Medicine, is a first step in uncovering the genetic mechanism underlying these brain changes.


While the evidence is not yet conclusive, these studies suggest that prolonged exposure to stress can shrink the brain, both via the damaging effects of cortisol on brain neurons, and by disrupting expression of genes that facilitate neuronal connections.


This raises the question of whether there is anything we can do to prevent such damage. Since we can’t always control how much we are exposed to financial, relationship, or illness stress, are there preventive activities we can do to maintain cognitive resilience so we can continue to deal effectively with the stressors?


It is not known if we can reverse the damage by these methods, but we may lessen it and make our brains more resilient to stress.


Brain-Enhancing Activities to Combat Stress


Take a Daily DHA Supplement

Exercise Most Days

Do Yoga, Meditate, or Pray


How to meditate 4.00 minutes



Via Maggie Rouman, Rich Guy Miller
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Rapid genomic deep-sequencing testing pinpoints newborns' genetic diseases in a few days

Rapid genomic deep-sequencing testing pinpoints newborns' genetic diseases in a few days | Brain Plasticity |

A faster DNA sequencing machine and streamlined analysis of the results can diagnose genetic disorders in days rather than weeks. 


Up to a third of the babies admitted to neonatal intensive care units have a genetic disease. Although symptoms may be severe, the genetic cause can be hard to pin down. Thousands of genetic diseases have been described, but relatively few tests are available, and even these may detect only the most common mutations.


Whole-genome sequencing could test for many diseases at once, but its cost, the complexity of the results and the turnaround time are prohibitive. In what they hope will be a prototype for other hospitals, a research team led by Stephen Kingsmore at Children’s Mercy Hospital in Kansas City, Missouri, has implemented a much faster, simpler system for finding relevant mutations in whole-genome sequences that is designed for physicians without specialized genetic training.


These kinds of innovation will help more hospitals bring sequencing into clinical care, says Richard Gibbs, director of the human genome sequencing centre at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. “A lot of people are going to realize from this that the future is now.”


Sequencing has been used before to pinpoint the cause of mysterious diseases. In 2011, Gibbs led a team that sequenced 14-year-old twins with a neurological movement disorder and found a way to improve their treatment2. In another instance, whole-genome sequencing suggested that a mysterious case of severe inflammatory bowel disease had a genetic cause and could be relieved through a bone marrow transplant3. But both these examples required several weeks and a team of experts to resolve. The Children’s Mercy Hospital plans to offer routine sequencing in the neonatal intensive care unit by the end of the year.


To order a test, physicians will choose terms from pull-down boxes to describe the infant's symptoms. Software then compiles a list of potential suspect genes. After the genome is sequenced, the software hunts for and analyses mutations in only those genes, which allows it to compile a list of possible causative mutations more quickly. The team had early access to a new DNA sequencing machine from sequencing company Illumina, based in San DIego, California, that could generate a whole genome within 25 hours. The entire process, from obtaining consent to preliminary diagnosis, took 50 hours, not counting the time taken to ship DNA samples and computer hard drives between Illumina's lab in the UK, where the DNA sequencing was carried out, and the hospital, where analysis was conducted. Kingsmore estimates that the cost of sequence and analysis is $13,500 per child, including costs to verify variants in a laboratory certified to perform clinical tests.


Fast sequencing cannot diagnose all genetic diseases. Current sequencing technology tend to overlook mutations such as duplicated genes, for example. Nonetheless, deep sequencing will be able to provide diagnoses for many cases that would otherwise remain harrowing mysteries.

Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Scientists Dramatically Reduce A-beta levels in Mice with Alzheimer’s Disease

Scientists Dramatically Reduce A-beta levels in Mice with Alzheimer’s Disease | Brain Plasticity |

Scientists have found that eliminating an enzyme from mice with symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease leads to a 90 percent reduction in the compounds responsible for formation of the plaques linked to Alzheimer’s disease. That's the biggest drop in A-beta levels that has been reported so far by treating animal models with drugs or genetic manipulation. The compounds are amyloid beta, or A-beta peptides; peptides are proteins, but are shorter in length. When A-beta peptides accumulate in excessive amounts in the brain, they can form plaques, which are a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease. The key to reducing A-beta peptides was the elimination of an enzyme called jnk3. This enzyme stimulates a protein that produces A-beta peptides, suggesting that when jnk3 activities are high, A-beta peptide production increases – increasing chances for their accumulation and formation into plaques.


The researchers also observed that jnk3 activities in brain tissue from Alzheimer’s disease patients were increased by 30 to 40 percent when compared to normal human brain tissue. Jnk3 activity typically remains low in the brain, but increases when physiological abnormalities arise. The findings suggest that jnk3 could be a new target for Alzheimer’s disease intervention, Yoon said. So far, some drugs can slow the disease’s progression, but there is no cure.


Alzheimer’s disease affects more than 5 million Americans, and its cause remains unknown. Although scientists have not yet determined whether A-beta peptides present in plaques cause Alzheimer’s disease or form as a consequence of the disease, the presence of the plaques is linked to progressive cognitive decline.

Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Could Free School Milk Make Children Cleverer?

Could Free School Milk Make Children Cleverer? | Brain Plasticity |
Although one glass a day is enough to meet 50 per cent of the daily requirement, falling consumption is thought to be the reason that rising numbers of Britons are now deficient.


Even mild iodine deficiency in pregnant women can damage the mental abilities of a baby in the womb and, according to the report, moderate to severe iodine deficiency can reduce IQ by 10 to 15 points.

The thyroid gland, which produces hormones that regulate metabolism and fertility, also needs iodine to function.
Low levels of thyroid hormones can lead to women becoming infertile.


According to the US National Institutes of Health, iodine deficiency may also be linked to an increased risk of breast, thyroid, ovarian and prostate cancers.

A new report says that half of women of child-bearing age may also suffer with iodine deficiency.


‘These new findings have major importance,’ says Dr Mark Vanderpump, consultant endocrinologist at the Royal Free Hospital in North London, who carried out the research.

‘The body cannot make iodine – we need to get it from diet, but there is very little in food, unless it has been added, and many countries have acted to add it to salt.


Changes in farming practice in the UK, dating back to the Forties, led to a rise in the iodine content of milk because cattle were (and still are) given iodine-rich artificial feed.

At the same time, successive governments encouraged increased milk consumption in schoolchildren.


The combination of these two factors meant that by the Eighties, the iodine content of milk was enough to meet daily requirements.
However, later that decade, free school milk was ended and research shows that since then there has been a steady decline in iodine levels.


‘It is likely to be the reduced amount of milk now drunk since the Eighties that is responsible for the resurgence of iodine deficiency,’ says Dr Vanderpump.


Failing a return to free school milk, researchers favour adding iodine to salt, which they say would be safe and cost-effective.




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Australian scientists in major breakthrough for alternative to antibiotics | Australian Food News

Australian scientists in major breakthrough for alternative to antibiotics | Australian Food News | Brain Plasticity |

Australian scientists have discovered the structure and operating procedures of a powerful anti-bacterial killer that could replace antibiotics.


Researchers from Australia’s Monash University, working with the Rockefeller University and the University of Maryland have published research detailing how the bacteriophage lysin, PlyC, can kill bacteria.

Bacteriophages are viruses that can attack bacteria using proteins called lysins.

The technology has been investigated since before 1919; however it was mostly abandoned with the development of antibiotics enmasse during World War Two.


Since then antibiotics have become the standard treatment against bacteria, in both humans and livestock.


“PlyC, in its purified form, has been shown to be 100 times more efficient at killing certain bacteria than any other lysin to date even faster than household bleach,” said study co-author Ashley Buckle from Monash University.


“PlyC is actually made from nine separate protein ‘parts’ that assemble to form a very effective bacterial killing machine. It actually resembles a flying saucer carrying two warheads.”

The bacteriophage could revolutionise medical treatment, not only in human therapy but in livestock treatment as well.

PlasmaBorneElectric's comment, July 30, 2012 9:52 AM
Saw the link on G+. TFS
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New Depression Treatment - Called Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS).

John Taoultsides has battled depression since his college days. While medications provided some help, the side effects were unbearable. That's when John discovered a high-tech treatment for depression and the renowned center at BIDMC where the studies of the technology first began. Watch John's story and learn more about rTMS Therapy.

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Dirty minds: Pollution harms not only lungs but also brains

Dirty minds: Pollution harms not only lungs but also brains | Brain Plasticity |
Pollution is ubiquitous in cities, but few rival Mexico City, one of the most smog-filled places in the world. Air pollution is known to cause asthma and other respiratory ailments, even heart disease. But it was still a leap when neuropathologist and toxicologist Lilian Calderon-Garciduenas suggested that it might affect cognitive function--namely memory and learning.


After all, the brain is walled off from potential harm by the blood-brain barrier--tightly bound cells that restrict the passage of particles from the bloodstream into the cerebrospinal fluid bathing the brain.


But Calderon, who works both at the University of Montana and Mexico's National Institute of Pediatrics, has found that the blood-brain barrier is not as impenetrable as once thought.


She recruited healthy children from Mexico City and nearby Polotitlan, where the air is much cleaner.


After two years, Calderon was shocked to find that the Mexico City children lagged significantly on tests of memory and learning. MRIs revealed that about half of them had brain lesions similar to those found in Alzheimer's patients.


"People living in mega-cities do not have an intact blood-brain barrier," she says. "These lesions, they are leaks."


Severe air pollution, Calderon finds, leads to neuroinflammation and damages the brain's white matter. There's evidence that particulate from industrial smokestacks, car and truck exhaust, tobacco smoke, and other sources may be small enough to access the brain directly through neurons in the nose.

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IBM researchers unleash plastic 'ninjas' to fight deadly bacteria

Having discovered that materials could be manipulated at the atomic level to control their movement, IBM researchers used this knowledge to create staph-killing 'ninja polymers' that leave healthy cells alone. They move quickly to target infected cells in the body, destroy the harmful content inside, and then disappear from the body by biodegrading without damaging side effects or accumulating in the organs.

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Berries and Your Brain

Berries and Your Brain | Brain Plasticity |

Nutritionists have long touted the benefits of berries’ high antioxidant levels. But now neuroscientists are also looking deeper into the mental benefits of consuming berries: a particular subclass of antioxidants found in berries, anthocyanidins, can cross the blood-brain barrier and affect the brain.


Specifically, those who reported eating berries at least 1-3 times per month showed slight but significantly higher initial performance on Lumosity games than those who reported never or rarely eating berries.


After scaling a user’s initial scores on each of the five Lumosity Brain Areas to get an overall IQ-like measure of performance, we found that users who reported eating blueberries at least 1-3 times per month averaged 0.61 points higher than those who reported never or rarely eating blueberries.


Users who reported eating strawberries at least 1-3 times per month averaged 0.82 points higher than those who never reported eating blueberries.



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Scooped by Electric Car! – Left-side neglect may shed light on strokes – Left-side neglect may shed light on strokes | Brain Plasticity |

Researchers from the Queensland Brain Institute (QBI) at the University of Queensland have found the condition, a subset of the stroke called ‘unilateral spatial neglect’, tend to have the worst recovery outcomes in regaining lost functioning in their bodies, leading them to believe attention may have an important impact on recovering successfully.
Straight from the Source

Unilateral spatial neglect is typically caused by strokes on the right hand side of the brain and manifests in patients ignoring the left side of their body.


People with the condition may ignore food on the left hand side of their plate or, if asked to draw a clock, squash all 12 numbers into the right side of the clock face, leaving the other side blank.

They may also fail to shave, or to put make-up on the left side of their faces and in severe cases, they behave as though the left side of their world does not exist.

“We know that brain plasticity plays a critical role in recovering from stroke,” says Professor Jason Mattingley, chair of cognitive neuroscience.

“The fact that people with spatial neglect tend to have poorer recovery of motor function suggested to us that attention may be important for guiding plasticity following stroke.”

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» Language Mirrors Brain’s Desire for Clarity - Psych Central News

»  Language Mirrors Brain’s Desire for Clarity   - Psych Central News | Brain Plasticity |
For decades, linguists have debated the roots of language similarity.


In a new study, researchers from the University of Rochester and Georgetown University believe the brain’s tendency toward efficient communication is an underlying reason that many human languages are comparable.


New research also suggests that changes to language are simply the brain’s way of ensuring that communication is as precise and concise as possible.


By the same token, says Jaeger, many elements of informal speech can be interpreted as rising from the brain’s bias toward efficiency.

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Scientists make old muscles young again in attempt to combat aging |

Scientists make old muscles young again in attempt to combat aging | | Brain Plasticity |

An international team of scientists have identified for the first time a key factor responsible for declining muscle repair during ageing, and discovered how to halt the process in mice with a common drug. Although an early study, the findings provide clues as to how muscles lose mass with age, which can result in weakness that affects mobility and may cause falls.


The study looked at stem cells found inside muscle – which are responsible for repairing injury – to find out why the ability of muscles to regenerate declines with age. A dormant reservoir of stem cells is present inside every muscle, ready to be activated by exercise and injury to repair any damage. When needed, these cells divide into hundreds of new muscle fibres that repair the muscle. At the end of the repairing process some of these cells also replenish the pool of dormant stem cells so that the muscle retains the ability to repair itself again and again.

The researchers carried out a study on old mice and found the number of dormant stem cells present in the pool reduces with age, which could explain the decline in the muscle’s ability to repair and regenerate as it gets older. When these old muscles were screened the team found high levels of FGF2, a protein that has the ability to stimulate cells to divide. While encouraging stem cells to divide and repair muscle is a normal and crucial process, they found that FGF2 could also awaken the dormant pool of stem cells even when they were not needed. The continued activation of dormant stem cells meant the pool was depleted over time, so when the muscle really needed stem cells to repair itself the muscle was unable to respond properly.


Following this finding, the researchers attempted to inhibit FGF2 in old muscles to prevent the stem cell pool from being kick-started into action unnecessarily. By administering a common FGF2 inhibitor drug they were able to inhibit the decline in the number of muscle stem cells in the mice.


Kieran Jones, co-author of the study from King’s, added: ‘We do not yet know how or why levels of the protein FGF2 increase with age, triggering stem cells to be activated when they are not needed. This is something that needs to be explored.
‘The next step is to analyse old muscle in humans to see if the same mechanism could be responsible for stem cell depletion in human muscle fibres, leading to loss of mass and wastage.’


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Indiawest: Turmeric May Have the Key to Alzheimer’s Disease

Indiawest: Turmeric May Have the Key to Alzheimer’s Disease | Brain Plasticity |

“I know they say there is no cure for Alzheimer’s… But I was wondering if there’s any development in a cure you know about?” I was asked after my lecture on PET imaging of dementia this past summer. A number of technologists gathered around me, far more eager to hear my response to this question than they were to hear me speak on the continuing education topics.


The woman asking the question told us an emotional story of living with her father who had Alzheimer’s dementia, which meant she interacted everyday with somebody who had no idea who she was or appreciated all the things she had been doing for him in his old age.


Everybody knows Alzheimer’s robs a person of memory, feelings and personality, but we forget that it also robs the people taking care of that person of happiness, too. Another technologist told us about his favorite teacher who he lost touch with because of the disease. He asked if there was something that could reverse it. “As far as I know, the answer is sadly no.”


While waiting for my airplane back, I became curious if there was something in our food that could prevent Alzheimer’s, which is by far the most common dementia in the United States. When I got home, I scoured the literature. Curcumin (the bioactive component of turmeric, used in day-to-day cooking and Ayurvedic medicine for centuries) kept popping up in my research. Studies on mice seemed to show that curcumin actually reversed a cause of the disease.


The current consensus is that there are probably two causes of Alzheimer's dementia. One cause is an increased production and accumulation of a protein called amyloid-beta 42 around brain cells. The other cause is accumulation of a different protein called tau tangles in brain cells. Both causes trigger inflammation, which is the direct cause of these brain cells dying.


A UCLA researcher named Dr. Gary Cole has shown in both in vitro (meaning outside a living organism, such cultured cells growing in petri dishes) and in vivo experiments (using mice) that curcumin fights the amyloid that accumulates in the brain in Alzheimer's in 3 ways: (1) breaking down accumulation of amyloid-beta plaques, (2) preventing amyloid from forming in the first place, and (3) helping reduce how much cholesterol is available in the brain. (High cholesterol levels have been linked to an increased risk of Alzheimer’s dementia.)

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Caffeine may ease Parkinson's symptoms | McGill University Health Centre

Caffeine may ease Parkinson's symptoms | McGill University Health Centre | Brain Plasticity |

Caffeine, which is widely consumed around the world in coffee, tea and soft drinks, may help control movement in people suffering from Parkinson's. This is the finding of a study conducted at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI MUHC) that was recently published in Neurology®, the official journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study opens the door to new treatment options for Parkinson's disease that affects approximately 100 000 Canadians.


Caffeine—one of the most widely used psychomotor stimulants in the world—it acts on the central nervous system and cardiovascular system by temporarily decreasing tiredness and increasing alertness. According to Dr. Postuma, sleepiness is commonly associated with Parkinson's disease. "We wanted to discover how caffeine could impact sleepiness as well as the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease, such as slowness of movement, muscle stiffness, shaking and loss of balance."


"This is one of the first studies to show the benefits of caffeine on motor impairment in people who have Parkinson's disease," stated Dr. Ronald Postuma, lead author of the study, a researcher in neurosciences at the RI MUHC, and Professor of Medicine in the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery at McGill University. "Research has already shown that people who drink coffee have a lower risk of developing Parkinson's disease, but until now no study had looked at the immediate clinical implications of this finding."


The researchers followed a group of 61 people with Parkinson's. While the control group received a placebo pill, the other group received a 100 mg dose of caffeine twice a day for three weeks and then 200 mg twice a day for another three weeks, which was the equivalent of between two and four cups of coffee per day.


"The people who received caffeine supplements experienced an improvement in their motor symptoms (a five-point improvement on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, a rating scale used to measure the severity of the disease) over those who received the placebo," said Dr. Postuma. "This was due to improvement in speed of movement and a reduction in stiffness." Caffeine had only borderline effects on sleepiness, and did not affect depression or nighttime sleep quality in the study participants.

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The Brain Set Free - Science News

The Brain Set Free - Science News | Brain Plasticity |

A baby’s brain is a thirsty sponge, slurping up words, figuring out faces and learning which foods are good and bad to eat. Information about the world flooding into a young brain begins to carve out traces, like rushing water over soft limestone.


As the outside world sculpts the growing brain, important connections between nerve cells become strong rivers, while smaller unused tributaries quietly disappear.


In time, these brain connections crystallize, forming indelible patterns etched into marble. Impressionable brain systems that allowed a child to easily learn a language, for instance, go away, abandoned for the speed and strength that come with rigidity.


In a fully set brain, signals fly around effortlessly, making common­place tasks short work. A master of efficiency, the adult brain loses the exuberance of childhood.


But the adult brain need not remain in this petrified state. In a feat of neural alchemy, the brain can morph from marble back to limestone.


The potential for this metamorphosis has galvanized scientists, who now talk about a mind with the power to remake itself. In the last few years, researchers have found ways to soften the stone, recapturing some of the lost magic of a young brain.


“There’s been a very, very significant change,” says Richard Davidson of the University of Wisconsin–Madison. “I don’t think the import of that basic fact has fully expressed itself.”


Lifting neural constraints could turn back time, making way for youthful flexibility...

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A Single Pill To Treat Three Of The Most Common Brain Conditions?

A Single Pill To Treat Three Of The Most Common Brain Conditions? | Brain Plasticity |
A single pill has the potential to treat multiple brain conditions including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and multiple sclerosis, it has been revealed.


Scientists have developed a new class of drug which can be taken orally and prevents the damaging effects of inflammation in the brain.


Early results from animal studies suggest it could be effective against a plethora of devastating brain conditions.


They include Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), motor neurone disease, frontotemporal dementia, and complications from traumatic brain injury.


Two of the drugs, known as MW151 and MW189, have been patented by US scientists at Northwestern University in Chicago.


They work by blocking excess production of damaging immune system signalling molecules called pro-inflammatory cytokines.


New research published in the Journal of Neuroscience showed how early treatment with MW151 prevented the development of full-blown Alzheimer's in laboratory mice.

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Cancer Treatment Breakthrough: A Single Antibody Drug Found to Shrink or Halt ‘All Tumors’

Cancer Treatment Breakthrough: A Single Antibody Drug Found to Shrink or Halt ‘All Tumors’ | Brain Plasticity |

A biomedical research team at Stanford University School of Medicine reported yesterday the results of mouse experiments using an antibody molecule to treat various types of tumorous cancer cells — with results showing significant tumor shrinkage and slowed tumor growth in all cancer cell types tested. In some cases, the tumorous cells were completely destroyed by host immune cells with no recurrences four months after the treatment was stopped.


This breakthrough results from the application of an earlier discovery by Irving Weissman some ten years ago showing that a certain cell marker protein — known as CD47 — normally found on the surfaces of blood cells, serves as a biological “flag” to immune cells, telling them “don’t eat me”. As it turns out, cancer cells have found away to exploit this innate host protection by secreting the same molecular flag as normal blood cells.


Macrophages — large “killer cells” of the immune system — “see” the correct flag, and generally leave the cancer cells alone to replicate, and even metastasize (i.e., spread throughout the body).


In just the past few years, the research team, led by Dr. Weissman, developed an antibody that blocks production of the CD47 cell marker, and then more recently began trying out the antibody on blood cancers such as leukemia.


“What we’ve shown is that CD47 isn’t just important on leukemias and lymphomas. It’s on every single human primary tumor that we tested.”, said Weissman [source: Science Now].





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Part I of II: Sugar and Fat Make You Stupid | Natural Path Health Center

Part I of II: Sugar and Fat Make You Stupid | Natural Path Health Center | Brain Plasticity |

The first study, published in the Journal of Physiology, showed that a diet consistently high in fructose (i.e., high fructose corn syrup, corn sugar, corn syrup, etc.) slows the brain and hinders memory and learning; in essence, eating high-fructose diet over the long term alters your brain’s ability to learn and remember information.



However, that same study found that omega-3 fatty acids, especially DHA found in fish oils can protect your brain from the damaging effects of too much sugar. Does this mean you should continue to eat a high-sugar diet and just pop some fish oil capsules? No! It means that if you want to maximize your brain health, improve your memory and reduce your risk of Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia you should dramatically reduce the amount of processed sugar in your diet and start consuming a high-quality fish oil supplement on a regular basis.

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Top 10: Top 10 Best Foods For Brain Health

Top 10: Top 10 Best Foods For Brain Health | Brain Plasticity |


If you’re a seafood kind of person, then today just may be your lucky day. Experiments have shown that oysters are great for your brain, no matter your age. Because they are rich in zinc as well as iron, eating this under-the-sea-delight will help to keep your mind sharp and increase your ability to recall information easily.


If you’ve ever tried to lose weight, you know just how healthy whole grains are for your body; however, they are also a great food for your brain. Whole wheat, bran, and wheat germ have high contents of folate, as do brown rice, oatmeal, whole-grain breads, barley, and others. All of these foods work to increase blood flow to the brain which means a higher quality and quantity of brain function.


Forget your coffee in the morning- try a cup of tea! Freshly brewed green or black tea is extremely beneficial to your brain because it is full of catechins. Have you ever had a day where you just feel drained, tired, and “too lazy” to think? It may be because you are lacking catechins in your brain. Catechins are great for keeping your mind sharp, fresh, and functioning properly.


When we get older, our brains begin to shrink due to something called brain atrophy. While some of us might want other parts of our body to shrink, I’m pretty sure no one wants a shrinking brain. However, we can fight against this natural process by eating eggs. This is because eggs are full of vitamin B12 as well as lecithin.


This spicy food is a great way to spice up your brain and keep it fresh. A main ingredient in curry powder, curcumin is full of antioxidants that help fight against brain aging and maintain cognitive function as you get older. These antioxidants also fight against free radical damage that can occur within the brain as well as the body.


If you’re not a vegetable person, you can rely on fruit, especially berries, to improve your brain health. For example, blueberries are well known for their role in improving motor skills as well as your overall learning capacity. They are often called the best berry for your brain, and today you may notice the plethora of products using blueberries.


Looking for a snack food that has everything good for the brain in it? In other words, good brain food, then look no further than nuts and seeds… The good thing about this is that all types of nuts are included. This means peanuts, hazelnuts, cashews, almonds, walnuts, pecans, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, and any other type of nut or seed you can think of, are good for your brain.


Leafy green vegetables such as cabbage, kale, spinach, and others, while not very well-liked by children, are excellent for the brain of children and adults alike. These vegetables help greatly when it comes time to remember old information and process it like you just learned it yesterday.


Eating fish overall is greatly beneficial to your health, especially that of your brain. Fish is full of Omega-3, which is a fatty acid known to be highly beneficial to the body in various aspects. Eating one serving of fish a week can highly decrease one’s chances of getting Alzheimer’s disease.


While eating hundreds of Hershey bars may make you sick, and drinking a lot of hot cocoa in a day just may do the same, the main ingredient in these oh-so-delicious foods, cocoa, is said to be very nutritious for the brain. Scientists have proven that the antioxidant content found in just two or three tablespoons of cocoa powder is much stronger than those antioxidants found in other foods, such as green tea or red wine.

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