With more than 100 common gene variants recently implicated in schizophrenia and autism, the problem now is to pinpoint how they might change brain circuits. A promising new tool is a sort of budding brain in a dish.
This joint article reflects the authors’ personal views regarding noteworthy advances in the neuroscience of consciousness in the last ten years, and suggests what we feel may be promising future directions. (...) we summarize recent advances in our understanding of subjectivity in humans and other animals, including empirical, applied, technical and conceptual insights. These include the evidence for the importance of fronto-parietal connectivity and of feedback processes, both of which enable information to travel across distant cortical areas effectively, as well as numerous dissociations between consciousness and cognitive functions, such as attention, in humans. In addition, we describe the development of mental imagery paradigms, which made it possible to identify covert awareness in non-responsive subjects. Non-human animal consciousness research has also witnessed substantial advances on the specific role of cortical areas and higher order thalamus for consciousness, thanks to important technological advances. In addition, much progress has been made in the understanding of non-vertebrate cognition relevant to possible conscious states. Finally, major advances have been made in theories of consciousness, and also in their comparison with the available evidence. Along with reviewing these findings, each author suggests future avenues for research in their field of investigation.
Consciousness in humans and non-human animals: Recent advances and future directions. Melanie Boly, Anil K. Seth, Melanie Wilke, Paul Ingmundson, Bernard Baars, Steven Laureys, David Edelman and Naotsugu Tsuchiya
No, you do not, in fact, use just 10% of your brain, and learning styles make no difference in the classroom. Psychology professor Christopher Chabris discusses these and other neuromyths with WSJ's Gary Rosen.
The summer Scientific American MIND reports a new twist on the old gorilla in a dorm hallway experiment. I'm talking Selective Attention, or Inattentional Blindness, or whatever you want to call the...
Experience of parents with their children and teachers with their students demonstrate how kids change their behaviors and knowledge from infancy to adolescence. Until now, little was known of the causes that could lead to these changes.
Some parents in a recent study were able to converse with their children for the first time with the help of language development programs on an iPad. Turns out children with autism can learn speech later than previously thought.
A series of new books all present watch-and-ward arguments designed to show that brain science promises much and delivers little. Neuroscience, it’s said, can often answer the obvious questions but rarely the interesting ones.
For all of its wild popularity, caffeine is one seriously misunderstood substance. It's not a simple upper, and it works differently on different people with different tolerances—even in different menstrual cycles.
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