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Play EyeWire and Contribute to Neuroscience Research at MIT

Play EyeWire and Contribute to Neuroscience Research at MIT | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
We've landed on Mars, can grow organs, and even skydive from space, yet we don't even know how many different types of cells there are in the human brain.
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Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly
Covering topics and controversies in Cognitive Neuroscience and Brain Imaging
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Why You Should Take a Week-Long Break From All Screens — PsyBlog

Why You Should Take a Week-Long Break From All Screens — PsyBlog | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
New study finds 5 days away from electronic devices has dramatic effects on children.
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Frontiers | Deficient approaches to human neuroimaging | Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is the workhorse of imaging-based human cognitive neuroscience. The use of fMRI is ever-increasing; within the last 4 years more fMRI studies have been published than in the previous 17 years. This large body of research has mainly focused on the functional localization of condition- or stimulus-dependent changes in the blood-oxygenation-level dependent (BOLD) signal. In recent years, however, many aspects of the commonly practiced analysis frameworks and methodologies have been critically reassessed. Here we summarize these critiques, providing an overview of the major conceptual and practical deficiencies in widely used brain-mapping approaches, and exemplify some of these issues by the use of imaging data and simulations. In particular, we discuss the inherent pitfalls and shortcomings of methodologies for statistical parametric mapping. Our critique emphasizes recent reports of excessively high numbers of both false positive and false negative findings in fMRI brain mapping. We outline our view regarding the broader scientific implications of these methodological considerations and briefly discuss possible solutions.
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Maternal factors, birth order up autism risk — SFARI.org - Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative

Maternal factors, birth order up autism risk — SFARI.org - Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
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UCI researchers find epigenetic tie to neuropsychiatric disorders

UCI researchers find epigenetic tie to neuropsychiatric disorders | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Dysfunction in dopamine signaling profoundly changes the activity level of about 2,000 genes in the brain’s prefrontal cortex and may be an underlying cause of certain complex neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, according to UC Irvine scientists.
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Frontiers | Critical neuroscience—or critical science? A perspective on the perceived normative significance of neuroscience | Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

Members of the Critical Neuroscience initiative raised the question whether the perceived normative significance of neuroscience is justified by the discipline’s actual possibilities. In this paper I show how brain research was assigned the ultimate political, social, and moral authority by some leading researchers who suggested that neuroscientists should change their research priorities, promising solutions to social challenges in order to increase research funds. Discussing the two examples of cognitive enhancement and the neuroscience of (im)moral behavior I argue that there is indeed a gap between promises and expectations on the one hand and knowledge and applications on the other. However it would be premature to generalize this to the neurosciences at large, whose knowledge-producing, innovative, and economic potentials have just recently been confirmed by political and scientific decision-makers with the financial support for the Human Brain Project and the BRAIN Initiative. Finally, I discuss two explanations for the analyzed communication patterns and argue why Critical Neuroscience is necessary, but not sufficient. A more general Critical Science movement is required to improve the scientific incentive system.
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Neural Science is the dark side: Or Why We Can’t All Have Nice Things - Scizzle Blog

Neural Science is the dark side: Or Why We Can’t All Have Nice Things - Scizzle Blog | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
If there is anything that Vader in his multiple choke scenes has taught us is that mind control is awesome and we want it! The dark side of neural science.
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Do Brain Workouts Work? Science Isn't Sure

Do Brain Workouts Work? Science Isn't Sure | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Tools like Lumosity promise to stimulate your mind, though researchers question how much they improve cognitive performance.
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Here Come the Neurothugs! Run! – Percolator - Blogs - The Chronicle of Higher Education

Here Come the Neurothugs! Run! – Percolator - Blogs - The Chronicle of Higher Education | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
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Novel brain-scanning technique maps flow of visual information in brain with unique accuracy

Novel brain-scanning technique maps flow of visual information in brain with unique accuracy | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Every time you open your eyes, visual information flows into your brain, which interprets what you're seeing. Now, for the first time, MIT neuroscientists have noninvasively mapped this flow of information in the human brain with unique accuracy, using a novel brain-scanning technique.
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The Brain, in Exquisite Detail

The Brain, in Exquisite Detail | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Undertaking thousands of hours of work, researchers are working to create an interactive database of a healthy brain’s structure and activity, the first of its kind.
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Frontiers | Valproate reopens critical-period learning of absolute pitch | Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience

Absolute pitch, the ability to identify or produce the pitch of a sound without a reference point, has a critical period, i.e. it can only be acquired early in life.
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How journals like Nature, Cell and Science are damaging science

How journals like Nature, Cell and Science are damaging science | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Randy Schekman: The incentives offered by top journals distort science, just as big bonuses distort banking
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Are brains computers?

Are brains computers? | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Recently Stephen Hawking apparently said "I think the brain is like a programme in the mind, which is like a computer, so it's theoretically possible to copy the brain onto a computer and so provide a form of life after death.”...
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Rapid whole-brain imaging with single cell resolution

Rapid whole-brain imaging with single cell resolution | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Donald J Bolger's insight:

This sounds too good to be true!

 

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The Trouble With Brain Science - NYTimes.com

The Trouble With Brain Science - NYTimes.com | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Donald J Bolger's insight:

I probably posted this already...

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Merely observing stressful situations can trigger a physical stress response - PsyPost

Merely observing stressful situations can trigger a physical stress response - PsyPost | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Stress is contagious. Observing another person in a stressful situation can be enough to make our own bodies release the stress hormone cortisol. This is the conclusion reached by scientists involved in a large-scale cooperation project between the departments of Tania Singer at the Max Planck Institute for Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig andRead More
Donald J Bolger's insight:

I know this sensation!

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Jenny Ebermann's curator insight, July 24, 2:13 AM

Very true, not only for stressful situations!

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Discovery sheds new light on marijuana's anxiety relief effects - PsyPost

Discovery sheds new light on marijuana's anxiety relief effects - PsyPost | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
An international group led by Vanderbilt University researchers has found cannabinoid receptors, through which marijuana exerts its effects, in a key emotional hub in the brain involved in regulating anxiety and the flight-or-fight response. This is the first time cannabinoid receptors have been identified in the central nucleus of the amygdala in a mouse model,Read More
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Long-Term Stimulant Treatment Affects Brain Dopamine Transporter Level in Patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder

Long-Term Stimulant Treatment Affects Brain Dopamine Transporter Level in Patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.
Donald J Bolger's insight:

Here's that long overdue investigation of the long-term impacts of Ritalin on the brain!

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Is misused neuroscience defining early years and child protection policy?

Is misused neuroscience defining early years and child protection policy? | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Zoe Williams: The idea that a child's brain is irrevocably shaped in the first three years increasingly drives government policy on adoption and early childhood intervention. But does the science stand up to scrutiny?
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NIH rethinks psychiatry trials

NIH rethinks psychiatry trials | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Mental-health division will no longer fund research aiming to relieve symptoms without probing underlying causes.
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Blazing Trails in Brain Science

Blazing Trails in Brain Science | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Dr. Thomas R. Insel’s twisted path to his role as director of the National Institute of Mental Health is a tour of where psychiatric science has been, where it’s going and why.
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How Thinking Works: 10 Brilliant Cognitive Psychology Studies Everyone Should Know — PsyBlog

How Thinking Works: 10 Brilliant Cognitive Psychology Studies Everyone Should Know — PsyBlog | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
How experts think, the power of framing, the miracle of attention, the weird world of cognitive biases and more…
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Right Brain: A reading specialist with alexia without agraphia

Right Brain: A reading specialist with alexia without agraphia | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
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Number sense in infancy predicts mathematical abilities in childhood

Number sense in infancy predicts mathematical abilities in childhood | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
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A Pilot Trial of Mindfulness Meditation Training for ADHD in Adulthood: Impact on Core Symptoms, Executive Functioning, and Emotion Dysregulation

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