Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly
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Functional organization of the insula and inner perisylvian regions

In the last few years, the insula has been the focus of many brain-imaging studies, mostly devoted to clarify its role in emotions and social communication. Physiological data, however, on which one may ground these correlative findings are almost totally lacking. Here, we investigated the functional properties of the insular cortex in behaving monkeys using intracortical microstimulation. Behavioral responses and heart rate changes were recorded. The results showed that the insula is functionally formed by two main subdivisions: (i) a sensorimotor field occupying the caudal–dorsal portion of the insula and appearing as an extension of the parietal lobe; and (ii) a mosaic of orofacial motor programs located in the anterior and centroventral insula sector.

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Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly
Covering topics and controversies in Cognitive Neuroscience and Brain Imaging
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Stress inhibits spatial perception

Stress inhibits spatial perception | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Neuroscientists have investigated the effects of stress on the perception of scenes and faces. In a behavioral study, they compared the results of stressed participants with those of an unstressed control group. They were able to show that stress inhibits the perception of complex spatial information. The reason for this lies in the processing of this information in the hippocampus, an area in the temporal lobe of the brain, which is influenced by the stress hormone cortisol.
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Growth factor in brain tied to slower mental decline

Growth factor in brain tied to slower mental decline | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Older people with higher amounts of a key protein in their brains also had slower decline in their memory and thinking abilities than people with lower amounts of protein from the gene called brain-derived neurotrophic factor, or BDNF, according to a study.
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A newly discovered signaling molecule helps neurons find their way in the developing brain

A newly discovered signaling molecule helps neurons find their way in the developing brain | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
During embryonic development, billions of neurons nimbly reposition themselves within the brain and spinal cord, and connect branches to form the neural ci ...
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Exercise Energizes Brain Cell Function

Exercise Energizes Brain Cell Function | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Exercise appears to increase levels of SIRT3 in the brain.
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Brain Chemicals That Create PTSD Response Discovered

Brain Chemicals That Create PTSD Response Discovered | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Findings could lead to better treatments for people with PTSD, researchers report.
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Identifying Unique and Shared Brain Patterns in Bipolar Disorder and ADHD

Identifying Unique and Shared Brain Patterns in Bipolar Disorder and ADHD | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Discovering both unique and shared brain patterns in ADHD and Bipolar Disorder may help with accurate diagnosis and treatments of the conditions, researchers report.
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Parkinson's disease: A new tool aims to improve diagnosis and advance treatment

Parkinson's disease: A new tool aims to improve diagnosis and advance treatment | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
A group of experts working under the umbrella of the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society (MDS), have developed a new tool for healthcare ...
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Unraveling the Neural Circuitry of Cravings

Unraveling the Neural Circuitry of Cravings | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Activating designer neural receptors can suppress cravings in the ventral pallidum, a new study reports.
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It’s All In The Tone

It’s All In The Tone | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
A new study reports on neural communication pathways for prosody.
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How To Tap Into The Neuroscience Of Winning

How To Tap Into The Neuroscience Of Winning | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Building dopamine feedback loops into the challenges you set for employees can keep them motivated.
Donald J Bolger's insight:
this goes into the ugly category!
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Researchers find neurological notes that help identify how we process music

Researchers find neurological notes that help identify how we process music | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
New York University researchers have identified how brain rhythms are used to process music, a finding that also shows how our perception of notes and melo ...
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Mumford Brain Stats — Efficiency, Day 4:  methods for finding the most efficient designs by permuting trial order

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New theory linking brain activity to brain shape could throw light on human consciousness

New theory linking brain activity to brain shape could throw light on human consciousness | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Scientists have shown that complex human brain activity is governed by the same simple universal rule of nature that can explain other phenomena such as the beautiful sound of a finely crafted violin or the spots on a leopard. They have identified a link between the distinctive patterns of brain function that occur at rest and the physical structure of people's brains.
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Brains with autism adapt differently during implicit learning

Brains with autism adapt differently during implicit learning | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Carnegie Mellon University scientists have discovered a crucial difference in the way learning occurs in the brains of adults with autism spectrum disorder ...
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Inflammation linked to weakened reward circuits in depression

Inflammation linked to weakened reward circuits in depression | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
About one third of people with depression have high levels of inflammation markers in their blood. New research indicates that persistent inflammation affe ...
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MIT Press Journals - Neural Computation - Early Access - Abstract

MIT Press Journals - Neural Computation - Early Access - Abstract | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
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Human brains evolved to be more responsive to environmental influences, study finds

Human brains evolved to be more responsive to environmental influences, study finds | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Human brains exhibit more plasticity, the tendency to be modeled by the environment, than chimpanzee brains, which may account for part of human evolution, ...
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How do our brains reconstruct the visual world?

How do our brains reconstruct the visual world? | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Given that we see the world through two small, flat retinae at the backs of our eyes, it seems remarkable that what each of us perceives is a seamless, thr ...
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Triggering and Blocking Pain Signals with Implantable Wireless Devices

Triggering and Blocking Pain Signals with Implantable Wireless Devices | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Researchers have developed flexible, optogenetic implants that can activate and block pain in the body before the signals reach the brain.
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Meta-Neuroscience: Studying the Brains of Neuroscientists - Neuroskeptic

Meta-Neuroscience: Studying the Brains of Neuroscientists - Neuroskeptic | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
How do neuroscientists’ brains work? In a remarkable (and very meta) new paper, German researchers Frieder Michel Paulus et al.
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Thickness of grey matter predicts ability to recognize faces and objects

Thickness of grey matter predicts ability to recognize faces and objects | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
When you see a familiar face, when a bird-watcher catches a glimpse of a rare bird perched on a limb, or when a car-fancier spots a classic auto driving pa ...
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The Brainbow Connection: Viewing Nerve Cells in Living Color

The Brainbow Connection: Viewing Nerve Cells in Living Color | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
A colorful technique is shedding light on the function and development of neural circuits
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Connectometry: A statistical approach harnessing the analytical potential of the local connectome. - PubMed - NCBI

Neuroimage. 2015 Oct 21. pii: S1053-8119(15)00964-7. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.10.053. [Epub ahead of print]
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Seeing in Sound | Neuroscience News

Seeing in Sound | Neuroscience News | Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly | Scoop.it
Neuroscience News has recent neuroscience research articles, brain research news, neurology studies and neuroscience resources for neuroscientists, students, and science fans and is always free to join.
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