Human Nature ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity
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Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity
neuroscience, biology..psychology...Anthropology...singularity..Artificial intelligence
Curated by Mlik Sahib
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Explore The "Quantified Self" Revolution with Jason Silva

"We will measure everything... and feed that information back into the system." The Quantified Self Revolution. You've heard the buzz term, but it's the idea...

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Duygu Kuzum: Brain computing

Duygu Kuzum: Brain computing | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Duygu Kuzum shows how she is using her skills as an electrical engineer to make computers operate more like the human brain. "My transition from electronics to the brain has not been an easy one."

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Duygu Kuzum: Brain computing

Duygu Kuzum: Brain computing | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Duygu Kuzum shows how she is using her skills as an electrical engineer to make computers operate more like the human brain. "My transition from electronics to the brain has not been an easy one."

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Despite what you've been told, you aren't 'left-brained' or 'right-brained'

Despite what you've been told, you aren't 'left-brained' or 'right-brained' | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Amy Novotney: The brain is more complex than corporate team-building exercises suggest, but the myth is unlikely to die anytime soon
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"What research has yet to refute is the fact that the brain is remarkably malleable, even into late adulthood. It has an amazing ability to reorganize itself by forming new connections between brain cells, allowing us to continually learn new things and modify our behavior. Let's not underestimate our potential by allowing a simplistic myth to obscure the complexity of how our brains really work."

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Bienvenue dans le monde fabuleux de la Mesure de soi - Quantified Blog

Bienvenue dans le monde fabuleux de la Mesure de soi - Quantified Blog | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Avec la multiplication des objets connectés portatifs, on parle de plus en plus de la Mesure de Soi. Savez-vous comment est né ce mouvement ?
Mlik Sahib's insight:

 «Real change will happen in individuals as they work through self-knowledge. Self-knowledge of one’s body, mind and spirit»

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Inriality - Chronique du Numérique - Le transhumanisme par Marc Roux

Marc Roux, président de l'Association Française Transhumaniste, Technoprog! nous présente en quelques mots ce qu'est ce le transhumanisme. Toute la chronique...
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Brain training and stimulation improves mental arithmetic ability

Brain training and stimulation improves mental arithmetic ability | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
UCL News RSS Feed: The latest news from UCL.
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How Exercise Makes Your Brain Grow

How Exercise Makes Your Brain Grow | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Research into “neurogenesis”—the ability of certain brain areas to grow new brain cells—has recently taken an exciting turn.
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Regular exercise can stimulate the growth of new brain cells and help protect the ones you already have.

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Anthropology beyond humanity - Professor Timothy Ingold

Speaker: Professor Timothy Ingold, Chair of Social Anthropology and departmental founder, University of Aberdeen. This paper begins with a dispute between my...
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"Speaker: Professor Timothy Ingold, Chair of Social Anthropology and departmental founder, University of Aberdeen.

This paper begins with a dispute between myself and anthropologist Robert Paine about Saami reindeer herding. Do reindeer transact with humans, as humans are alleged to do with one another? Or is a transactional approach no more appropriate for humans than it is for reindeer? Just at the point when transactionalism was on the wane in anthropology, it was on the rise in psychology and the study of animal behaviour. Studies of non-human primates, in particular, likened them to Machiavellian strategists. Picking up on this idea, philosophers Michel Serres and Bruno Latour have argued that human relations are stabilised, by comparison with the animals', through the enrolment of ever more 'non-humans'. By 'non-humans', however, they mean material-semiotic mediators rather than Machiavellian transactors. In the latter capacity, as smart performers, non-humans are supposed to interact only with other individuals of their species, not with humans. The idea that social relations should be confined to intraspecific relations, however, is shown to be a reflex of the assumption that humans are fundamentally different, in their mode of being, from all other living kinds. Rejecting this assumption, I argue for an anthropology beyond the human that would turn its back both on the species concept and on the project of ethnography, and join with non-humans understood neither as material mediators nor as smart performers, but as sentient beings engaged in the tasks of carrying on their own lives."

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Art and the Limits of Neuroscience

Art and the Limits of Neuroscience | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
'(...) engagement with a work of art is a bit like engagement with another person in conversation; and a work of art itself can be usefully compared with a humorous gesture or a joke.'
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CARTA: Is the Human Mind Unique? - Entering the Soul Niche; An Evolved and Creative Mind; Humor

(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) Cognitive abilities often regarded as unique to humans include humor, morality, symbolism, creativity, and preoccupation with th...
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Science Seat: Where morals come from

Science Seat: Where morals come from | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
By Kelly Murray, CNN

Editor's note: The Science Seat is a feature in which CNN Light Years sits down with movers and shakers from different areas of scientific exploration. This is the eighth installment.
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How the brain computes the self's point of view - Psychologie cognitive expérimentale - Olaf Blanke - Collège de France

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Creativity: The Mind, Machines, and Mathematics Public Debate

Creativity: The Mind, Machines, and Mathematics Public Debate | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Two of the sharpest minds in the computing arena spar gamely, but neither scores a knockdown in one of the oldest debates around: whether machines may someday achieve consciousness.

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
Mlik Sahib's insight:

Ray Kurzweil confidently states that artificial intelligence will, in the not distant future, "master human intelligence." He cites the "exponential power of growth in technology" that will enable both a minute, detailed understanding of the human brain, and the capacity for building a machine that can at least simulate original thought. The "frontier" such a machine must cross is emotional intelligence-"being funny, expressing loving sentiment" And when this occurs, says Kurzweil, it's not entirely clear that the entity will have achieved consciousness, since we have no "consciousness detector" to determine if it is capable of subjective experiences.

Acknowledging that his position will prove unpopular, David Gelernter launches his attack: "We won't even be able to build super"intelligent zombies unless we approach the problem right." This means admitting that a continuum of cognitive styles exists among humans. As for building a conscious machine, he sees no possibility of one emerging from even the most sophisticated software. "Consciousness means the presence of mental states strictly private with no visible functions or consequences. A conscious entity can call on a thought or memory merely to feel happy, be inspired, soothed, feel anger" Software programs, by definition, can be separated out, peeled away and run in a logically identical way on any computing platform. How could such a program spontaneously give rise to "a new node of consciousness?"

Kurzweil concedes the difficulty of defining consciousness, but does not want to wish away the concept, since it serves as the basis for our moral and ethical systems. He maintains his argument that reverse engineering of the human brain will enable machines that can act with a level of complexity, from which somehow consciousness will emerge.

Gelernter replies that believing this "seems a completely arbitrary claim. Anything might be true, but I don't see what makes the claim plausible." Ultimately, he says, Kurzweil must explain objectively and scientifically what consciousness is -- "how it's created and got there." Kurzweil stakes his claim on our future capacity to model digitally the actions of billions of neurons and neurotransmitters, which in humans somehow give rise to consciousness. Gelernter believes such a machine might simulate mental states, but not actually pass muster as a conscious entity. Ultimately, he questions the desirability of building such computers: "We might reach the state some day when we prefer the company of a robot from Walmart to our next"door neighbor or roommates."

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Le tatouage électronique qui fait micro breveté par Motorola Mobility

Le tatouage électronique qui fait micro breveté par Motorola Mobility | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Dans un brevet déposé aux États-Unis, Motorola Mobility décrit un tatouage électronique qui, une fois appliqué sur le cou, ferait office de microphone connecté par une liaison sans fil à un terminal mobile....

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Will It Take The #Singularity To Save The Planet?

Will It Take The #Singularity To Save The Planet? | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The melding of man and machine is not only an imaginable future it may be the key to sustainable and healthy living on an overcrowded planet.

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luiy's curator insight, November 15, 2013 10:59 AM

Inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil predicts that before mid-century the exponential acceleration of information technologies, robotics, medical science, and artificial intelligence will result in a “singularity," a point at which humans will essentially merge with their technology. Such an event may seem implausible, but discoveries of how technology and humans really interact are being made every day, leading one to the conclusion that it’s not an unimaginable future--and, in fact, it may be the key to sustainable living on an increasingly overcrowded planet.

 

Heart pacemakers and artificial hips already demonstrate the seeds of Kurzweil’s vision. Innovations like Google Glass could get more real-time information a lot closer to us very soon. But could we use such technology to measure what our bodies actually need and then design foods and homes that maximize our limited resources to sustain a growing population?

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The Mind & Life Institute

An introduction to the Mind & Life Institute, describing its founding and mission of building a scientific understanding of how to cultivate a mind of compas...
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Le transhumanisme entre ambition et déraison (2/2) - Quantified Blog

Le transhumanisme entre ambition et déraison (2/2) - Quantified Blog | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Le transhumanisme est une vision ambitieuse du futur de l'être humain. Vivre 1000 ans, ça vous plairait ? Petit tour d'horizon des penseurs transhumanistes.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

il y a selon Ray Kurzweil une accelération exponentielle de l’évolution technologique. D’ici 2045, « le rythme du changement sera tellement rapide que nous ne seront plus capable de le suivre, à moins que nous améliorons notre propre intelligence en fusionnant avec les machines intelligentes que nous créeons ».

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Un professeur de génétique veut cloner des cohortes d'hommes de Néandertal

Un professeur de génétique veut cloner des cohortes d'hommes de Néandertal | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
CLONAGE - Il a la barbe bien fournie, l'air débonnaire et le sourire franc. En apparence, George Church n'a donc rien du savant fou.
Mlik Sahib's insight:
"Les jours des médicaments classiques pourraient être comptés. De fait, c'est déjà un miracle qu'ils fonctionnent. Ils se répartissent dans tout le corps et réagissent avec d'autres molécules. Maintenant, on est capable de programmer des cellules. Donc je pense que la prochaine grande étape, ce sont les thérapies cellulaires. Si vous êtes capable d'intervenir sur les génomes et les cellules, votre capacité d'amélioration est colossale. Prenez le virus du sida par exemple."

Church ne pourrait pas mieux dire. Deux jours avant l'interview, le 16 janvier, un chercheur australien a annoncé avoir modifié une protéine du VIH, ayant ainsi empêché le virus de se répliquer en laboratoire. Pas encore un vaccin donc, mais bien une nouvelle piste à explorer dans le sillage des possibilités ouvertes par la biologie synthétique.

Améliorer notre espérance de vie, nous rendre résistants à différentes bactéries et autres virus, Church estime qu'il est possible et même souhaitable dans certains cas, d'intervenir directement sur notre ADN pour nous permettre une vie meilleure. L'homme se dit extrêmement attentif aux débats bioéthiques, affirme qu'il faut être prudent et à la question "croyez-vous en Dieu", Church répond qu'il croit au pouvoir bienfaiteur de la science. "Je suis en admiration," dit-il, "en admiration devant la nature."

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OPTOGENETICS: CONTROLLING THE BRAIN WITH LIGHT - British Neuroscience Association

OPTOGENETICS: CONTROLLING THE BRAIN WITH LIGHT - British Neuroscience Association | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"Optogenetics provides revolutionary new tools to guide further understanding of the brain in health and disease. Optogenetics allows genetically defined populations of neurons in the intact brain to be turned on or off with light, offering not only the ability to elucidate the characteristics of normal and abnormal brain function but also new approaches to the treatment of brain disorders. The potential impact of optogenetics on understanding the brain is immense.

 


This new research technique earned Gero Miesenböck (Oxford) and five other international pioneers the prestigious Brain Prize 2013, endowed by the Grete Lundbeck Foundation. Professor Miesenböck will give the keynote lecture.

'Optogenetics: controlling the brain with light ' is a one-day symposium which will bring together leading scientists who will describe the latest developments and applications of optogenetic approaches in neuroscience."

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Stanford researchers surprised to find how neural circuits zero in on the specific information needed for decisions

Stanford researchers surprised to find how neural circuits zero in on the specific information needed for decisions | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Using brain recordings and a computer model, an interdisciplinary team confounds the conventional wisdom about how the brain sorts out relevant versus irrelevant sensory inputs in making choices.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

While eating lunch you notice an insect buzzing around your plate. Its color and its motion both could influence how you respond.

If the insect is yellow and black, you might decide it's a bee and move away; but if it is the motion of the bee you find annoying, you might simply shoo the insect away. You perceive both the color and the motion of the bee, and decide based on the circumstances. Our brains make such contextual decisions in an instant; the mystery is how.

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Noam Chomsky & Michel Foucault - Full debate on Human Nature

Noam Chomsky and Michel Foucault debate on the question of Human Nature. This is the full television debate from 1971 on Dutch television. [Dutch below] [sub...
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ARTE - Un monde sans humains

Ont les machines pour seul but d'améliorer notre existence ? Derrière l'objectif de Philippe Borrel, des savants et des experts prônent l'avènement d'une soc...
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Les animaux pensent-ils ? - videos.arte.tv

Les animaux pensent-ils ? - videos.arte.tv | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Des études récentes prouvent que les animaux sont tout à fait capables de réfléchir...
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Quantum minds: Why we think like quarks - life - 05 September 2011 - New Scientist

Quantum minds: Why we think like quarks - life - 05 September 2011 - New Scientist | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The fuzziness and weird logic of the way particles behave applies surprisingly well to how humans think
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