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Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity
neuroscience, biology..psychology...Anthropology...singularity..Artificial intelligence
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How does Virtual-reality Therapy for PTSD work?: Scientific American

How does Virtual-reality Therapy for PTSD work?: Scientific American | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
How does virtual-reality therapy for PTSD work?

Robert N.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

The jury is still out as to whether virtual reality is superior to other forms of therapy for PTSD. Several studies have demonstrated that symptoms improve after virtual-reality exposure, and at least one study, which used functional MRI, indicated that the therapy tends to restore patients' brain activity to more normal patterns. No treatment works for everyone, however.

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Daniel Goleman Explains Emotional Intelligence

Psychologist and journalist Daniel Goleman is the author of "Working With Emotional Intelligence". Goleman believes that I.Q. is not longer as valued as it o...

Via CECI Jean-François
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CECI Jean-François's curator insight, November 23, 2013 9:44 AM

Parmi les souhaits des entreprises concernant les capacités recherchées figurent essentiellement des aptitudes liées à l'intelligence emmotionnelle ! Edifiant...

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Conférence vidéo - LES NEURONES DE LA LECTURE PAR STANISLAS DEHAENE

Conférence vidéo - LES NEURONES DE LA LECTURE PAR STANISLAS DEHAENE | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

Stanislas Dehaene se propose ici d'aborder le processus de lecture sous l'angle des neurosciences. Une telle approche permet d'éclairer d'un jour nouveau cette activité propre à l'homme, que la plupart des adultes accomplissent le plus naturellement du monde, et dont l'apprentissage est crucial.


Via Laurent Blanquer, Gilles Le Page
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Gilles Le Page's curator insight, November 20, 2013 10:44 AM

Le thème est essentiel pour l'écriture web mais aussi pour la pédagogie.

Le bouquin m'a passionné.

Cette conférence donne vraiment envie de le lire.

Gilles Le Page's curator insight, November 20, 2013 10:45 AM

conférence et livre sont passionnants

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Paul Ricoeur (1/4) : soi-même comme les autres - Idées - France Culture

Paul Ricoeur (1/4) : soi-même comme les autres - Idées - France Culture | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
"@philippeliotard: entendre Paul Ricoeur sur FC c'est toute la semaine "la philosophie comme méditation de la vie" http://t.co/mrZX1DwLuU "

Via Dominique Demartini
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NEWPSYCHIATRY

NEWPSYCHIATRY | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Looking out psychiatry from a different point of view...
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"It’s better to associate a drug that inhibits a specific hypersynchronous manifestation with a psychic stimulus that is equally effective to neutralize the same hypersynchronous manifestation than using the stimuli separately"

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Catching Ourselves in the Act of Thinking | Brainwaves, Scientific American Blog Network

Catching Ourselves in the Act of Thinking | Brainwaves, Scientific American Blog Network | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
From 1934 to 1970, Louie Mayer worked as a cook and housekeeper for writers Virginia and Leonard Woolf at their home in Rodmell, England. Her very ...
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"What we call the self is a story that we continuously write and rewrite in our minds—a narrative that appears to rely, at least in part, on verbal thought specifically. Merely reacting to the world around oneself by talking to oneself about it may be essential to maintaining a cohesive identity that persists through the past, present and future. In 1972, a stroke robbed clinical psychologist Claude Moss of both audible and inner speech. “In other words,” he wrote, “I did not have the ability to think about the future—to worry, to anticipate or perceive it—at least not with words. Thus for the first four or five weeks after hospitalization I simply existed.” Similarly, Helen Keller has written that, before she could think in language, “I did not know that I am. I lived in a world that was a no-world. I cannot hope to describe adequately that unconscious, yet conscious time of nothingness.” Descartes would nod in agreement. Unless we talk to ourselves, we are not ourselves."

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Noam Chomsky: The Singularity is Science Fiction! | Machines Like Us

Noam Chomsky: The Singularity is Science Fiction! | Machines Like Us | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Dr. Noam Chomsky is a famed linguist, political activist, prolific author and recognized public speaker, who has spent the last 60 years living a double life—one as a political activist and another as a linguist.
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Comprendre l'apparition du langage avec la robotique

Comprendre l'apparition du langage avec la robotique | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Environ 6.000 langues sont aujourd'hui parlées dans le monde et il est difficile d'imaginer une humanité sans langage. Pourtant, il y a longtemps les humains ne parlaient pas.

Via Charles Tiayon, René Z.
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Charles Tiayon's curator insight, November 15, 2013 9:01 AM

Environ 6.000 langues sont aujourd'hui parlées dans le monde et il est difficile d'imaginer une humanité sans langage. Pourtant, il y a longtemps les humains ne parlaient pas. Des scientifiques font appel à l'informatique et à la robotique pour essayer de comprendre comment est apparu notre langage.

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A Neuroscientist's Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious - Wired Science

A Neuroscientist's Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious - Wired Science | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"WIRED: That’s pretty fuzzy. How does consciousness arise? How can you quantify it?

Koch: There’s a theory, called Integrated Information Theory, developed by Giulio Tononi at the University of Wisconsin, that assigns to any one brain, or any complex system, a number — denoted by the Greek symbol of Φ — that tells you how integrated a system is, how much more the system is than the union of its parts. Φ gives you an information-theoretical measure of consciousness. Any system with integrated information different from zero has consciousness. Any integration feels like something

It's not that any physical system has consciousness. A black hole, a heap of sand, a bunch of isolated neurons in a dish, they're not integrated. They have no consciousness. But complex systems do. And how much consciousness they have depends on how many connections they have and how they’re wired up."

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Creativity: The Mind, Machines, and Mathematics Public Debate

Creativity: The Mind, Machines, and Mathematics Public Debate | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Two of the sharpest minds in the computing arena spar gamely, but neither scores a knockdown in one of the oldest debates around: whether machines may someday achieve consciousness.

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
Mlik Sahib's insight:

Ray Kurzweil confidently states that artificial intelligence will, in the not distant future, "master human intelligence." He cites the "exponential power of growth in technology" that will enable both a minute, detailed understanding of the human brain, and the capacity for building a machine that can at least simulate original thought. The "frontier" such a machine must cross is emotional intelligence-"being funny, expressing loving sentiment" And when this occurs, says Kurzweil, it's not entirely clear that the entity will have achieved consciousness, since we have no "consciousness detector" to determine if it is capable of subjective experiences.

Acknowledging that his position will prove unpopular, David Gelernter launches his attack: "We won't even be able to build super"intelligent zombies unless we approach the problem right." This means admitting that a continuum of cognitive styles exists among humans. As for building a conscious machine, he sees no possibility of one emerging from even the most sophisticated software. "Consciousness means the presence of mental states strictly private with no visible functions or consequences. A conscious entity can call on a thought or memory merely to feel happy, be inspired, soothed, feel anger" Software programs, by definition, can be separated out, peeled away and run in a logically identical way on any computing platform. How could such a program spontaneously give rise to "a new node of consciousness?"

Kurzweil concedes the difficulty of defining consciousness, but does not want to wish away the concept, since it serves as the basis for our moral and ethical systems. He maintains his argument that reverse engineering of the human brain will enable machines that can act with a level of complexity, from which somehow consciousness will emerge.

Gelernter replies that believing this "seems a completely arbitrary claim. Anything might be true, but I don't see what makes the claim plausible." Ultimately, he says, Kurzweil must explain objectively and scientifically what consciousness is -- "how it's created and got there." Kurzweil stakes his claim on our future capacity to model digitally the actions of billions of neurons and neurotransmitters, which in humans somehow give rise to consciousness. Gelernter believes such a machine might simulate mental states, but not actually pass muster as a conscious entity. Ultimately, he questions the desirability of building such computers: "We might reach the state some day when we prefer the company of a robot from Walmart to our next"door neighbor or roommates."

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Le tatouage électronique qui fait micro breveté par Motorola Mobility

Le tatouage électronique qui fait micro breveté par Motorola Mobility | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Dans un brevet déposé aux États-Unis, Motorola Mobility décrit un tatouage électronique qui, une fois appliqué sur le cou, ferait office de microphone connecté par une liaison sans fil à un terminal mobile....

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Will It Take The #Singularity To Save The Planet?

Will It Take The #Singularity To Save The Planet? | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The melding of man and machine is not only an imaginable future it may be the key to sustainable and healthy living on an overcrowded planet.

Via luiy
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luiy's curator insight, November 15, 2013 10:59 AM

Inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil predicts that before mid-century the exponential acceleration of information technologies, robotics, medical science, and artificial intelligence will result in a “singularity," a point at which humans will essentially merge with their technology. Such an event may seem implausible, but discoveries of how technology and humans really interact are being made every day, leading one to the conclusion that it’s not an unimaginable future--and, in fact, it may be the key to sustainable living on an increasingly overcrowded planet.

 

Heart pacemakers and artificial hips already demonstrate the seeds of Kurzweil’s vision. Innovations like Google Glass could get more real-time information a lot closer to us very soon. But could we use such technology to measure what our bodies actually need and then design foods and homes that maximize our limited resources to sustain a growing population?

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The Mind & Life Institute

An introduction to the Mind & Life Institute, describing its founding and mission of building a scientific understanding of how to cultivate a mind of compas...
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19 Reasons Why Willpower Fails You, And What To Do About It

19 Reasons Why Willpower Fails You, And What To Do About It | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Ever tried? Ever failed? No Matter. Try again, fail again, fail better. --Samuel Beckett Willpower is an essential ingredient in achieving, overcoming, and becoming -- so why does it so often fail us?
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Connections in the Brains of Young Children Strengthen During Sleep

Connections in the Brains of Young Children Strengthen During Sleep | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The connections between the right and left hemispheres of the brain strengthen during sleep for children. This strengthening could help brain functions mature, a new study suggests.
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The Neuroscience of Why Gratitude Makes Us Healthier, by Ocean Robbins

The Neuroscience of Why Gratitude Makes Us Healthier, by Ocean Robbins | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Our world is pretty messed up. With all the violence, pollution and crazy things people do, it would be easy to turn into a grouchy old man without being either elderly or male.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"As Drs. Blaire and Rita Justice reported for the University of Texas Health Science Center, "a growing body of research shows that gratitude is truly amazing in its physical and psychosocial benefits."

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Bionic Eye Implant Will Become Available in U.S. in Coming Weeks

Bionic Eye Implant Will Become Available in U.S. in Coming Weeks | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

The Argus II retinal implant looks like computing goggles such as Google Glass, but it sends the images the eyeglass-mounted visual processing unit detects to a tiny electrode array that’s been implanted in the user’s retina.

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A Contemplation of Chattering Minds | Brainwaves, Scientific American Blog Network

A Contemplation of Chattering Minds | Brainwaves, Scientific American Blog Network | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
On Friday I read a post by novelist and essayist Tim Parks on the New York Review of Books blog. Parks argues that the most memorable ...
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"The self is a story we continually revise, just like Clarissa making it all up as she goes along. One of the greatest accomplishments of fiction writers in the twentieth century was learning to recreate this self-narration so realistically that reading their writing feels like slipping into someone else’s mind. Their thoughts become our thoughts. In an earlier post, Parks concludes that we do not need these kinds of novels or any stories for that matter, nor do we need the narrative self. True, we do not need novels the same way we need water, but when it comes to stories, we do not have a choice. We do not wake up one day in toddlerhood and say, “Now I shall begin to tell the story of my Self!” It just happens. Our brains are evolved storytellers."

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Hidden Metaphors Get under Our Skin: Scientific American

Hidden Metaphors Get under Our Skin: Scientific American | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Our surroundings can trigger figurative thinking and influence behavior
Mlik Sahib's insight:

In all these studies, the influence of the embodied metaphors evaded conscious awareness—the study subjects did not notice the connection between their sensations and their subsequent decisions or feelings. Yet researchers think we might be able to wield this effect by altering our surroundings and habits, such as choosing office art that evokes forward motion. “If you're actively touching an object with the expectation that it will change your view of a situation, it might not work right away,” explains Joshua Ackerman, a psychologist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a co-author of the smoothness study. “But if you make such behavior a habit, you will gradually stop thinking about the connection, and it will then have a stronger effect.”

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The Last Generation to Die — a short film | KurzweilAI

The Last Generation to Die — a short film | KurzweilAI | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Set in the future when science first begins to stop aging, a daughter tries to save her father from natural death. The story takes place roughly 30 years
Mlik Sahib's insight:

“The film takes the direction of finding the gene(s) for aging and altering them. We start there and add a little literary license to help explain the technology further through an animated video the main character presents in the beginning of the film.”

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3 Technological Innovations that Could Revolutionize Meditation Practice

3 Technological Innovations that Could Revolutionize Meditation Practice | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
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Explore The "Quantified Self" Revolution with Jason Silva

"We will measure everything... and feed that information back into the system." The Quantified Self Revolution. You've heard the buzz term, but it's the idea...

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Duygu Kuzum: Brain computing

Duygu Kuzum: Brain computing | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Duygu Kuzum shows how she is using her skills as an electrical engineer to make computers operate more like the human brain. "My transition from electronics to the brain has not been an easy one."

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Duygu Kuzum: Brain computing

Duygu Kuzum: Brain computing | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Duygu Kuzum shows how she is using her skills as an electrical engineer to make computers operate more like the human brain. "My transition from electronics to the brain has not been an easy one."

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Despite what you've been told, you aren't 'left-brained' or 'right-brained'

Despite what you've been told, you aren't 'left-brained' or 'right-brained' | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Amy Novotney: The brain is more complex than corporate team-building exercises suggest, but the myth is unlikely to die anytime soon
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"What research has yet to refute is the fact that the brain is remarkably malleable, even into late adulthood. It has an amazing ability to reorganize itself by forming new connections between brain cells, allowing us to continually learn new things and modify our behavior. Let's not underestimate our potential by allowing a simplistic myth to obscure the complexity of how our brains really work."

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