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Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity
neuroscience, biology..psychology...Anthropology...singularity..Artificial intelligence
Curated by Mlik Sahib
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«Les algorithmes peuvent-ils interpréter Hamlet?»

«Les algorithmes peuvent-ils interpréter Hamlet?» | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Rencontre avec la dramaturge et metteuse en scène new-yorkaise, Annie Dorsen, qui évoque les deux spectacles inhabituels présentés à la Grande Halle de La Villette, à Paris.

Via René Z.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"Mes spectacles posent la question: que peut le langage quand il est libéré d’un corps et de ce désir? Qu’est ce qui peut naître de la réflexion de deux ordinateurs? Si les algorithmes ne sont pas à l’évidence des êtres vivants conscients, ils évoquent néanmoins quelque chose comme des esprits au travail, ils produisent de la pensée, ils prennent des décisions, ils agissent. Mais la production du langage est ici déconnectée de la conscience.

Pourquoi avoir choisi le célèbre débat de 1971 entre le philosophe Michel Foucault et le linguiste Noam Chomsky comme sujet de conversation des bots?

Dans ce long échange, Chomsky soutient que la capacité au langage, propre aux êtres humains, nécessite une énorme créativité innée. Alors que Foucault se montre très sceptique quant à cette idée de nature humaine. En me plongeant dans ce débat, j’ai eu envie de creuser la question du langage, du langage sur scène, du langage comme performance."

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Processors That Work Like Brains Will Accelerate Artificial Intelligence | MIT Technology Review

Processors That Work Like Brains Will Accelerate Artificial Intelligence | MIT Technology Review | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Microchips modeled on the brain may excel at tasks that baffle today’s computers.

Via Spaceweaver
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"Neuroscientist Henry Markram, who discovered spike-timing-dependent plasticity, has attacked Modha’s work on networks of simulated neurons, saying their behavior is too simplistic. He believes that successfully emulating the brain’s faculties requires copying synapses down to the molecular scale; the behavior of neurons is influenced by the interactions of dozens of ion channels and thousands of proteins, he notes, and there are numerous types of synapses, all of which behave in nonlinear, or chaotic, ways. In Markram’s view, capturing the capabilities of a real brain would require scientists to incorporate all those features.

The DARPA teams counter that they don’t have to capture the full complexity of brains to get useful things done, and that successive generations of their chips can be expected to come closer to representing biology. HRL hopes to improve its chips by enabling the silicon neurons to regulate their own firing rate as those in brains do, and IBM is wiring the connections between cores on its latest neuromorphic chip in a new way, using insights from simulations of the connections between different regions of the cortex of a macaque."

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Virtual afterlives will transform humanity

Virtual afterlives will transform humanity | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

The question is not whether we can upload our brains onto a computer, but what will become of us when we do

 


Via Szabolcs Kósa
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"In the real world, two people can share experiences and thoughts. But lacking a USB port in our heads, we can’t directly merge our minds. In a simulated world, that barrier falls. A simple app, and two people will be able to join thoughts directly with each other. Why not? It’s a logical extension. We humans are hyper-social. We love to network. We already live in a half-virtual world of minds linked to minds. In an artificial afterlife, given a few centuries and few tweaks to the technology, what is to stop people from merging into überpeople who are combinations of wisdom, experience, and memory beyond anything possible in biology? Two minds, three minds, 10, pretty soon everyone is linked mind-to-mind. The concept of separate identity is lost. The need for simulated bodies walking in a simulated world is lost. The need for simulated food and simulated landscapes and simulated voices disappears. Instead, a single platform of thought, knowledge, and constant realisation emerges. What starts out as an artificial way to preserve minds after death gradually takes on an emphasis of its own. Real life, our life, shrinks in importance until it becomes a kind of larval phase. Whatever quirky experiences you might have had during your biological existence, they would be valuable only if they can be added to the longer-lived and much more sophisticated machine.

I am not talking about utopia.."

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tina bucci's curator insight, December 30, 2013 9:38 PM

Very interesting question.

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Google's #Glass Castle: The Rise and Fear of a #Transhuman Future I #cyborgs #cyberculture

Google's #Glass Castle: The Rise and Fear of a #Transhuman Future I #cyborgs #cyberculture | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
What happens when humans become more than human? Or when computers surpass humanity to become the dominant 'species' on earth in new cyborg hybrid?

Via luiy
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luiy's curator insight, December 10, 2013 7:17 AM

Most scholars believe that the movement of transhumanism was unofficially started in 1923 with J.B.S. Haldane’s essay “Prometheus: Science and the Future”. In this essay, Haldane introduced a notable idea; that current political and economic states made it likely that science will develop on its own. This would allow recent developments in biology to impact political choices. These scientific developments would include topics like Eugenics—something fraught with peril—and ectogenesis (the creation of life within an artificial environment). Haldane’s thoughts would pervade much of science for the next 100 years, creating a sense that mankind was in a perfect environment politically and economically to create the tools that would allow one to overcome their bodily weaknesses and become like Nietzsche’s Supermen.

 

The official founder of transhumanism—and the individual who coined the term—is considered to be biologist Julian Huxley, brother to famous author and activist Aldous Huxley. In a 1957 essay, Huxley presented a new idea:

 

“Up till now human life has generally been, as Hobbes described it, ‘nasty, brutish and short’; the great majority of human beings (if they have not already died young) have been afflicted with misery… we can justifiably hold the belief that these lands of possibility exist, and that the present limitations and miserable frustrations of our existence could be in large measure surmounted… The human species can, if it wishes, transcend itself —- not just sporadically, an individual here in one way, an individual there in another way, but in its entirety, as humanity.”

This belief that humanity has the potential to “transcend” its current state seemed revolutionary.

 

This idea of transcendence would pervade early science fiction as early as the ‘50s and ‘60s. The best example of this thought was Arthur C. Clarke’s book 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). In this novel, the hero finds a technological obelisk on an alien world that provided an opportunity to overcome physical barriers and become a being of pure energy, transcending human evolution. However, Clarke’s understanding of this cultural evolution is not the only one.

 

Another key idea is that artificial intelligence’s mental capabilities will eventually go through a “Singularity”, where the data capability exceeds that of a mortal man. This Singularity is a concept invented by computer scientist Vernor Vinge who predicted the sudden rise of transistors and intelligence in computer brains. From this, futurist Ray Kurzweil suggested that humanity would eventually mix its subconscious with an AI, becoming “one with the machine”. There are multiple variations on these stories, but all of them offer the same result, the ability to gain immortality through technology and overcome human suffering.

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Développement et longévité du cerveau / France Inter

Développement et longévité du cerveau / France Inter | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Notre cerveau se construit après son "big bang" au 28e jour de grossesse. Comment le cerveau grandit-il? Pourquoi chaque cerveau est-il unique? Comment ralentir les effets du vieillissement?

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Will Today’s Handicapped Become Tomorrow’s First Post-Human?

Will Today’s Handicapped Become Tomorrow’s First Post-Human? | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Needs will almost always come before wants. When it comes to Transhumanism, the ability to differentiate the two tends to blur, because a need could also be a want, depending on the various methods of achieving a need.

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"Cavil: “I don’t want to be human! I want to see gamma rays. I want to hear x-rays. And I want to smell dark matter. Do you see the absurdity of what I am? I can’t even express these things properly because I have to conceptualize complex ideas in this stupid, limiting spoken language. But I know I want to reach out with something other than these prehensile paws and feel the solar wind of a super nova flowing over me. I’m a machine, and I could know much more. I could experience so much more, but I’m trapped in this absurd body!”

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The Animal Communicator | Watch Documentaries Online | Promote Documentary Film

The Animal Communicator | Watch Documentaries Online | Promote Documentary Film | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Documentary on What if you could talk to animals and have them talk back to you?

Anna Breytenbach has dedicated her life to what she calls interspecies communi...
Mlik Sahib's insight:
"What is Psychic Animal Communication?

Interspecies communication is a unique opportunity for learning, clarity and healing. Through direct two-way information exchange, we increase mutual understanding and can work towards resolution of issues in our relationships with other beings. Psychic animal communication is natural; everyone can talk with animals! Most of us have simply forgotten how, but can recall instances from childhood or other times in our lives when we’ve been connected to our intuitive abilities and perceived things in a non-physical manner. We can all remember how to listen and perceive the true nature and essence of an animal’s unique personality and soul. The universal language of telepathy allows us to use our natural intuition and abilities to communicate with other species.

How Does it Work?

Energetic preparation and intentional connection with the animal happens first. Information is then received in the form of thoughts, ideas, words, images, sensations in the body, sounds in the mind, emotions, sudden knowings, etc. It is possible to have any sensory experience telepathically. Whilst the actual mechanism for this is unknown, various investigative sciences (e.g. new physics) attribute it to an aspect of the energy that animates all matter. Thoughts and emotions, too, have a very real electromagnetic energetic consequence that can be perceived. In practice, the key to receptivity lies in intention – which is as much a matter of the heart as it is of the mind. As interspecies communication is a telepathic/energetic phenomenon, it occurs regardless of the physical proximity of the conversing parties. It is a form of remote or distant communication that does not require being in each other’s presence."

http://www.animalspirit.org/animal-communication

 

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Robot surgeons to operate on beating human hearts | technology

Robot surgeons to operate on beating human hearts | technology | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Robots could soon be operating on beating human hearts while a surgeon based in a different part of the world directs the procedure remotely.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

 

« Newer storyOlder story »

 

Robot surgeons to operate on
beating human heartsinShare918 November 2013| 1 commentMore:NewsTechnology

 

 

 

"News: robots could soon be operating on beating human hearts while a surgeon based in a different part of the world directs the procedure remotely, according to a designer working on a new generation of medical equipment."

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The Human Eyeborg: Neil Harbisson at TEDxGateway

Artist Neil Harbisson was born completely color blind, but these days a device attached to his head turns color into audible frequencies. Instead of seeing a...
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To create a super-intelligent machine, start with an equation

To create a super-intelligent machine, start with an equation | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Intelligence is a very difficult concept and, until recently, no one has succeeded in giving it a satisfactory formal definition.

Via Spaceweaver
Mlik Sahib's insight:

Imagine a robot walking around in the environment. Initially it has little or no knowledge about the world, but acquires information from the world from its sensors and constructs an approximate model of how the world works.

It does that using very powerful general theories on how to learn a model from data from arbitrarily complex situations. This theory is rooted in algorithmic information theory, where the basic idea is to search for the simplest model which describes your data.

The model is not perfect but is continuously updated. New observations allow AIXI to improve its world model, which over time gets better and better. This is the learning component.

AIXI now uses this model for approximately predicting the future and bases its decisions on these tentative forecasts. AIXI contemplates possible future behaviour: "If I do this action, followed by that action, etc, this or that will (un)likely happen, which could be good or bad. And if I do this other action sequence, it may be better or worse."



Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2013-11-super-intelligent-machine-equation.html#jCp
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Spaceweaver's curator insight, December 2, 2013 8:52 AM

interesting! See the link to the book.

luiy's curator insight, December 3, 2013 8:40 AM

Universal artificial intelligence


This scientific field is called universal artificial intelligence, with AIXI being the resulting super-intelligent agent.

 

The goal of AIXI is to maximise its reward over its lifetime – that's the planning part.

In summary, every interaction cycle consists of observation, learning, prediction, planning, decision, action and reward, followed by the next cycle.

If you're interested in exploring further, AIXI integrates numerous philosophical, computational and statistical principles:

 

Ockham's razor (simplicity) principle for model selectionEpicurus principle of multiple explanations as a justification of model averagingBayes rule for updating beliefsTuring machines as universal description languageKolmogorov complexity to quantify simplicitySolomonoff's universal prior andBellman equations for sequential decision making.



Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2013-11-super-intelligent-machine-equation.html#jCp

 

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La croyance en Dieu modifierait une partie du cerveau

La croyance en Dieu modifierait une partie du cerveau | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Canada - Des neurologues de l’université de Toronto ont découvert que l’activité du cerveau humain était liée aux croyances religieuses des individus.
Pour dém
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The Bio-intelligence Explosion – David Pearce

The Bio-intelligence Explosion – David Pearce | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

How recursively self-improving organic robots will modify their own source code and bootstrap our way to full-spectrum


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Des abeilles aux sources de la parole

Des abeilles aux sources de la parole | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

Quelle est l’origine du langage ? Comment les langues se construisent-elles, comment évoluent-elles ? Plusieurs approches récentes ont montré l’intérêt de concevoir un parallèle entre l’origine de la parole et l’évolution de structures biologiques comme les spirales des coquillages ou les nids d’abeilles.


Via Vincent Mignerot, René Z.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"si on répète l’expérience de nombreuses fois, on découvre un phénomène étonnant : certaines voyelles apparaissent très souvent dans ces systèmes de vocalisations inventés par les robots. Celles-ci sont les mêmes que les voyelles les plus fréquemment utilisées dans les langues humaines (par exemple /e,i,a,u,o/). En même temps, apparaissent parfois des systèmes de voyelles très différents et très rares, tout comme il existe des langues avec des voyelles rares (comme le /en/ du français)."

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Le monde de demain selon Jean-Michel Besnier | SoonSoonSoon.com

Le monde de demain selon Jean-Michel Besnier | SoonSoonSoon.com | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Jean-Michel Besnier confie à SoonSoonSoon ce qu'il pense du monde de demain.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"On veut fusionner avec les machines, on veut se virtualiser, on veut intégrer la matrice : c’est là un désir profondément mystique."

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#Singularity University plots hi-tech future for humans I #transhumanism

#Singularity University plots hi-tech future for humans I #transhumanism | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

Rob Nail walks into the room looking like a Silicon Valley Doctor Who as played by David Tennant - tailored suit, 3D-printed trainers and the Californian twist on the sonic screwdriver, Google Glass.

But despite spending most of his days predicting what the future will look like, he doesn't want to become a time lord.

"I feel more like a robot," says the chief executive of the Singularity University (SU).

He thinks that the gap between humans and robots is closing as biology and silicon increasingly collide.

 

He reels off examples.

 

Bionic eyes that combine a Google Glass device with a tiny electrode in the retina and will be available in the US for partially-sighted people in a few weeks' time. It is only a matter of time before they filter down to the wider public. "Useful for pilots.," he says.

 

He describes apps for the next-generation Google Glass that will allow users to read the heat maps of people's faces to tell if someone is lying or not. "They will either be banned or become a must-have in the world's boardrooms."

 

And the first re-engineered human is not far off, either. "It will come within the next year, probably initially to offset some disease," he predicts.

 

"If you want to be at the head of the class in future you are going to have to be enhanced," he says matter-of-factly.


Via Wildcat2030, luiy
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"What is making people sit up and take notice of SU is the fact that it has identified a range of disruptive technologies - innovations that can disrupt existing markets - that it believes will change the world, from digital manufacturing to biotechnology, from robotics to artificial intelligence.

As well as highlighting the role they will play in future society, SU also has the modest ambition of using them to solve what it calls the "grand global challenges" - poverty, energy, food, education and disease..."

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luiy's curator insight, December 19, 2013 7:53 AM

Singularity University is a quintessentially Silicon Valley concept. An organisation some regard almost as a cult, others treat with amusement but which few are prepared to entirely ignore.

That isn't just because it is home to some of the brightest minds on the planet. Or the fact that it is based at Nasa's research park in Mountain View and within spitting distance of the Google campus.

What is making people sit up and take notice of SU is the fact that it has identified a range of disruptive technologies - innovations that can disrupt existing markets - that it believes will change the world, from digital manufacturing to biotechnology, from robotics to artificial intelligence.

 

As well as highlighting the role they will play in future society, SU also has the modest ambition of using them to solve what it calls the "grand global challenges" - poverty, energy, food, education and disease.

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Michel Foucault : Les Mots et les Choses (INA, 1966)

Michel Foucault interviewé à propos de son livre « Les Mots et les Choses. Une archéologie des sciences humaines » (1966) par Pierre Dumayet. Source : Archiv...
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3rd Annual Seymour Benzer Lecture - Aliens, computers and the bio-economy - An introduction to synthetic biology

Our capacity to partner with biology to make useful things is limited by the tools that we can use to specify, design, prototype, test, and analyze natural or engineered biological systems. However, biology has typically been engaged as a "technology of last resort" in attempts to solve problems that other more mature technologies cannot. This lecture will examine some recent progress on virus genome redesign and hidden DNA messages from outer space, building living data storage, logic, and communication systems, and how simple but old and nearly forgotten engineering ideas are helping make biology easier to engineer.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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The Long-Term Future of AI (and what we can do about it)

The Long-Term Future of AI (and what we can do about it): Daniel Dewey at TEDxViennaDaniel Dewey is a research fellow in the Oxford Martin Programme on the Impacts of Future Technology at the Future of Humanity Institute, University of Oxford. His research includes paths and timelines to machine superintelligence, the possibility of intelligence explosion, and the strategic and technical challenges arising from these possibilities.


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La langue cachée d'Amazonie

Vimeo is the home for high-quality videos and the people who love them.

Via René Z.
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How 3D Printers Are Cranking Out Eyes, Bones, and Blood Vessels

How 3D Printers Are Cranking Out Eyes, Bones, and Blood Vessels | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
At the dawn of rapid prototyping, a common predication was that 3D printing would transform manufacturing, spurring a consumer revolution that would put a printer in every home.

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Cyborg artist Neil Harbisson uses his Eyeborg to listen to colour

Cyborg artist Neil Harbisson uses his Eyeborg to listen to colour | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Cyborg artist Neil Harbisson hears colour and enjoys listening to Antoni Gaudí's architecture with his Eyeborg - a sensory device implanted into his skull.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"Feeling like a cyborg was a gradual process," he said. "First, I felt that the eyeborg was giving me information, afterwards I felt it was giving me perception, and after a while it gave me feelings. It was when I started to feel colour and started to dream in colour that I felt the extension was part of my organism."

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Rencontrez le premier cyborg officiellement reconnu par un gouvernement

Rencontrez le premier cyborg officiellement reconnu par un gouvernement | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Il s’appelle Neil Harbisson. Il est le premier cyborg au monde à être officiellement reconnu par un gouvernement.

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
Mlik Sahib's insight:

« Au lieu d’utiliser la technologie ou de la porter constamment, nous allons commencer à devenir de la technologie. »

« la bonne chose avec la cybernétique, c’est qu’elle vous permet d’avoir de nouveaux sens. Quand vous avez un nouveau sens, vous pouvez vous exprimer à travers lui d’une manière qui n’a jamais été explorée avant dans la mode, l’architecture ou n’importe quelle autre forme d’art qui existe. On pourra exprimer ce que nous sommes grâce à l’exploration de ces toutes nouvelles possibilités offertes par ces nouveaux sens. »

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Marcus Hutter - What is Intelligence? AIXI & Induction

What is Intelligence? Intelligence is a very difficult concept (maybe thats the reason why many people try to avoid it or narrow it down). I've worked on thi...
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"ntelligence is a very difficult concept (maybe thats the reason why many people try to avoid it or narrow it down). I've worked on this question for many many years now, and we went through the literature; psychology literature, philosophy literature; AI literature) what individuals, researches, and also groups came up with definitions, they are very diverse. But there seems to be one redcurrant theme and if you wnat to put it in one sentence, then you could define intelligence as:
"an agents ability to achieve goals in a wide range of environments", or to succeed in a wide range of environments.
If you now look at this sentence and ask, "wow, how can this single sentence capture the complexity of intelligence?" There are two answers to that. First: many aspect of that are emergent properties of intelligence, like being able to learn - if I want to succeed or solve a problem I need to acquire new knowledge, so learning is an emergent phenomenon this definition.
And the second answer is: this is just a sentence that contains a few words, what you really have to do, and that's the hard part, is to transform it into meaningful equations and then study these equations. And that's what I have done in the last 12 years."

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DARPA Wants to Fix Broken Brains, Restore Lost Memories

DARPA Wants to Fix Broken Brains, Restore Lost Memories | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

At the Society for Neuroscience meeting earlier this month in San Diego, California, Science sat down with Geoffrey Ling, deputy director of the Defense Sciences Office at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), to discuss the agency’s plans for the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, a neuroscience research effort put forth by President Barack Obama earlier this year. So far, DARPA has released two calls for grant applications, with at least one more likely: The first, calledSUBNETS (Systems-Based Neurotechnology for Emerging Therapies), asks researchers to develop novel, wireless devices, such as deep brain stimulators, that can cure neurological disorders such as posttraumatic stress (PTS), major depression, and chronic pain. The second,RAM (Restoring Active Memory), calls for a separate wireless device that repairs brain damage and restores memory loss.


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What is transhumanism, or, what does it mean to be human? | ExtremeTech

What is transhumanism, or, what does it mean to be human? | ExtremeTech | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
What does it mean to be human? Biology has a simple answer: If your DNA is consistent with Homo sapiens, you are human -- but we all know that humanity is a lot more complex and nuanced than that, especially when you mix in the concept of...
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