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Stanislas Dehaene - L’inconscient cognitif

Stanislas Dehaene - L’inconscient cognitif | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Le cours donné par Stanislas Dehaene au Collège de France en janvier 2009…
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"C’est un renversement complet de la perspective, parce que auparavant, je pense jusqu’au XIX siècle très largement, le traitement conscient ne posait pas de questions, c’était finalement comme ça que fonctionnait le psychisme, et c’est le traitement non conscient qui paraissait mystérieux. Et dans une certaine mesure, au début de cet exposé, lorsque je vous ai parlé de traitement subliminal, on retrouve un petit peu cette notion-là, c’est-à-dire, intuitivement, ça ne nous parait pas poser de questions que nous soyons conscients du monde extérieur, mais ce qui nous parait poser de questions c’est que nous ayons des motivations non conscientes. Mais la métaphore de l’ordinateur et la mécanisation, et même la naturalisation de l’esprit qui étaient rendues possibles par les avancées que j’ai décrites, nous conduisent à renverser complètement la question : le traitement non conscient ne devrait pas poser de problèmes particuliers, il est après tout le résultat de cette machine cérébrale, et c’est évidemment la frontière, le passage au niveau conscient qui soulève les questions tout à fait particulières."

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Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity
neuroscience, biology..psychology...Anthropology...singularity..Artificial intelligence
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The Age of Transhumanist Politics Has Begun: Will It Change Traditional Concepts of Left and Right?

The Age of Transhumanist Politics Has Begun: Will It Change Traditional Concepts of Left and Right? | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The founding of the Transhumanist Party of the United States, the intensifying of the U.S.
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Fabriquer l'humain de demain.

Fabriquer l'humain de demain. | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
s'il fallait résumer la philosophie transhumaniste en une seule idée, la plus extrême mais aussi la plus saisissante, ce serait -celle-ci : un jour, l'homme ne sera plus un mammifère. Il se -libére...

Via Thierry Curty
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The Self At Your Wrist.

The Self At Your Wrist. | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Wearable Technologies, Self-Perception and Identity at the Threshold of a New Quantified Existence.
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Director Alex Garland Explains Why Ex Machina Is So Disturbingly Sexy

Director Alex Garland Explains Why Ex Machina Is So Disturbingly Sexy | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
You've probably seen some pretty sexy robotic imagery from Ex Machina — and yet, it's kind of weird and off-putting as well. The new film from 28 Days Later and Dredd writer Alex Garland, takes the "sexualized robot" archetype and makes it weirder.
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Making people smarter through brain stimulation

Making people smarter through brain stimulation | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Brain stimulation used to be just a cool idea in science fiction movies, novels and other hard to believe tales when human subjects were stimulated using electrical currents and achieved near super-human feats. But now, thanks to researchers at the University of New Mexico and other collaborators, brain ...
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Biology and Self Organization - YouTube

"The arch of complexity and open-ended creation in the last four billion years is nothing compared to what lies ahead." - Kevin Kelly Learn More: Out of Cont...

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Scientists explain how memories stick together - PsyPost

Scientists explain how memories stick together - PsyPost | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Scientists at the Salk Institute have created a new model of memory that explains how neurons retain select memories a few hours after an event. This new framework provides a more complete picture of how memory works, which can inform research into disorders liked Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, post-traumatic stress and learning disabilities. “Previous models of memoryRead More

Via Neil Gains, Emre Erdogan, Jocelyn Stoller
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Jaron Lanier on #Transhumanism | #cybernetics

Jaron Lanier on #Transhumanism | #cybernetics | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
I first encountered Jaron Lanier’s work when I taught his essay “One-Half of A Manifesto” to computer science students at the University of Texas at Austin.

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Pierre Tran's curator insight, July 10, 2014 1:17 AM

Les transhumanistes sont bien obligés de reconnaître les dangers d'un "totalitarisme cybernétique" que brandit Jaron Lanier.

luiy's curator insight, July 10, 2014 5:30 AM

Here are the most important beliefs of cybernetic totalism:

 

1) That cybernetic patterns of information provide the ultimate and best way to understand reality.


2) That people are no more than cybernetic patterns.


3) That subjective experience either doesn’t exist, or is unimportant because it is some sort of ambient or peripheral effect.


4) That what Darwin described in biology, or something like it, is in fact also the singular, superior description of all creativity and culture.


5) That qualitative as well as quantitative aspects of information systems will be accelerated by Moore’s Law.

 

And finally, the most dramatic:

6) That biology and physics will merge with computer science (becoming biotechnology and nanotechnology), resulting in life and the physical universe becoming mercurial; achieving the supposed nature of computer software. Furthermore, all of this will happen very soon! Since computers are improving so quickly, they will overwhelm all the other cybernetic processes, like people, and will fundamentally change the nature of what’s going on in the familiar neighborhood of Earth at some moment when a new “criticality”is achieved- maybe in about the year 2020. To be a human after that moment will be either impossible or something very different than we now can know.

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Working to Loosen the Grip of Severe Mental Illness

Working to Loosen the Grip of Severe Mental Illness | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The underlying architecture of the brain at rest is basically the same as that of a person performing a variety of tasks, a new study reports.
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Dance Of Human Evolution Was Herky-Jerky, Fossils Suggest

Dance Of Human Evolution Was Herky-Jerky, Fossils Suggest | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Maybe it was messier than we thought, some scientists now say. Big brains, long legs and long childhoods may have evolved piecemeal in different spots, in response to frequent swings in climate.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

“ What's different is that the whole package that makes us human — long linear bodies, very large body size, delayed growth and development for the kids — didn't evolve at the same time.

- Leslie Aiello

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Serge Haroche, prix Nobel de physique 2012

Serge Haroche, prix Nobel de physique 2012 | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

Le Prix Nobel de physique a été attribué à Serge Haroche et à David J. Wineland. Le prix récompense l'invention de dispositifs expérimentaux permettant de manipuler des systèmes quantiques individuels.

Les deux physiciens ont, ainsi, ouvert la voie à la réalisation d'un rêve d'Einstein, isoler un atome ou un photon pour voir comment il se comporte.


Mlik Sahib's insight:

"Sa recherche a creusé profond un sillon ouvert par les spéculations théoriques des années 20, lorsque les inventeurs de la mécanique quantique se heurtaient, dans un bouillonnement d’idées mêlant la physique et la philosophie, aux résultats étranges et contre-intuitifs de leurs travaux. Il s’est en particulier attaché à aller jusqu’au bout expérimental de la piste ouverte par une expérience de pensée d’Albert Einstein – «que se passerait-il si l’on réussissait à isoler un atome ?» – et par le paradoxe vulgarisé sous le nom de «chat de Schrödinger» relatif au passage entre le monde quantique et le monde classique."

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Researchers Translate Chimpanzee "Language" | IFLScience

Researchers Translate Chimpanzee "Language" | IFLScience | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
After analyzing thousands of wild chimp-to-chimp gestures, University of St Andrews researchers believe that they have translated the meanings of 36 chimpanzee gestures that are used to communicate. According to the researchers, this is the first time that another animal communication system has been found to have meaning. Furthermore, this novel information may also offer an insight into the evolution of human language.
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Transhumanism: Would You Agree to an Upgrade of Your Brain and Body? - Aleteia

Transhumanism: Would You Agree to an Upgrade of Your Brain and Body? - Aleteia | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
How to talk about transhumanism, H+ (human plus), and post humanism in the light of faith
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Russian volunteer for first ever head transplant operation speaks out

Russian volunteer for first ever head transplant operation speaks out | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Valery Spiridonov says he will put his trust in Dr Sergio Canavero as the
computer scientist, 30, was born with muscle-wasting Werdnig-Hoffman disease and desperately wants a new body.
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Better Than Human: Why Robots Will — And Must — Take Our Jobs | WIRED

Better Than Human: Why Robots Will — And Must — Take Our Jobs | WIRED | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The rote tasks of any information-intensive job can be automated. It doesn’t matter if you are a doctor, lawyer, architect, reporter, or even programmer: The robot takeover will be epic.
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Inside the Artificial Brain That’s Remaking the Google Empire | Enterprise | WIRED

Inside the Artificial Brain That’s Remaking the Google Empire | Enterprise | WIRED | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
It was one of the most tedious jobs on the internet. A team of Googlers would spend day after day staring at computer screens, scrutinizing tiny snippets of street photographs, asking themselves the same question over and over again: “Am I looking at an address or not?’ Click. Yes. Click. Yes. Click. No. This was…

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Jean-Michel Besnier : L'Homme simplifié - actu philosophia

Jean-Michel Besnier : L'Homme simplifié - actu philosophia | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Dans son dernier essai, L'homme simplifié. Le syndrome de la touche étoile , Jean-Michel Besnier critique le développement technologique contemporain (...)
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Entretien avec Dany-Robert Dufour : Autour de la Cité perverse - actu philosophia

Entretien avec Dany-Robert Dufour : Autour de la Cité perverse - actu philosophia | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

" Quand j’ai commencé à travailler sur cette question, je me suis interrogé sur le tournant qui a été pris il y a maintenant une trentaine d’années, qui est le tournant dit « ultra-libéral » ou « néo-libéral », pour m’interroger sur sa nature. Souvent, on analyse l’ultra-libéralisme ou le néo-libéralisme (ce qui n’est pas tout à fait la même chose), dans le seul champ de l’économie marchande. Or, essayant de faire une généalogie du libéralisme, j’ai trouvé que dès le début celui-ci était une pensée totale. ..."


Via dm
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"AP  : D’où vient cette fragilité de l’homme ? Est-ce que cela vient de ce que vous appelez dans un autre ouvrage sa néoténie ?

DRD : Oui je pense qu’il faut évoquer ici la néoténie qui permet de comprendre que nous ne sommes pas finalisés pour occuper une place définie dans la hiérarchie des espèces, puisque nous naissons inachevés à la naissance. À la différence des animaux, nous n’avons pas d’instinct nous amenant à occuper une place particulière ; nous avons des pulsions, qui veulent tout et n’importe quoi. Cela crée une très grande débilité, au sens fort du terme, celui de faiblesse, de fragilité. Nous ne sommes pas fixés dans un monde qui est naturel, nous participons à un autre monde qui est celui du langage, de la culture, dans lequel les significations sont extrêmement mouvantes, sujettes à fluctuations et manipulations. C’est notre fragilité fondamentale. Mais cette fragilité est aussi la beauté de l’homme, cela le sort du règne animal, et lui permet de chercher sa voie, sa route. C’est au fond par là qu’a commencé la Renaissance, avec le fameux « discours de la dignité humaine » de Pic de la Mirandole : vous n’êtes pas finalisés pour être ici plutôt qu’ailleurs, c’est donc que vous devez vous achever vous-mêmes. C’est une très belle mission, car c’est la part de liberté que Dieu, s’il existe, nous laisse. Pour une part, vous êtes formatés, mais pour une autre, c’est à vous de vous créer, pour le meilleur et pour le pire."

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Google co-founders share their philosophy and vision about world's future, and it's full of robots and AI

Google co-founders share their philosophy and vision about world's future, and it's full of robots and AI | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Larry Page and Sergey Brin, the co-founders of one of the most innovative companies of our time, have spoken a lot about the past and the impending future of Google.

Via Spaceweaver
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Scientists threaten to boycott €1.2bn Human Brain Project

Scientists threaten to boycott €1.2bn Human Brain Project | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Researchers say European commission-funded initiative to simulate human brain suffers from 'substantial failures'
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Quantum-control pioneers bag 2012 Nobel Prize for Physics - physicsworld.com

Quantum-control pioneers bag 2012 Nobel Prize for Physics - physicsworld.com | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Serge Haroche and David Wineland share SEK 8m prize
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"According to Nobel committee member Anne L'Huillier, the pair's work represents "the first tiny steps towards building a quantum computer".

Quantum-optics pioneer Alain Aspect of Laboratoire Charles Fabry in Paris told physicsworld.com "Observing, manipulating and controlling individual quantum systems has been a major breakthrough of the last few decades. Schrödinger doubted that it might ever be possible, but this year's laureates have done it."

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Heisenberg's uncertainty principle might be wrong.

Heisenberg's uncertainty principle might be wrong. | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The uncertainty principle might be wrong. It will be good news for quantum technology if true. ...
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