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A monkey that controls a robot with its thoughts. No, really.

A monkey that controls a robot with its thoughts. No, really. | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Can we use our brains to directly control machines -- without requiring a body as the middleman? Miguel Nicolelis talks through an astonishing experiment, in which a clever monkey in the US learns to control a monkey avatar, and then a robot arm in Japan, purely with its thoughts. The research has big implications for quadraplegic people -- and maybe for all of us. (Filmed at TEDMED 2012.)
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Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity
neuroscience, biology..psychology...Anthropology...singularity..Artificial intelligence
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Making people smarter through brain stimulation

Making people smarter through brain stimulation | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Brain stimulation used to be just a cool idea in science fiction movies, novels and other hard to believe tales when human subjects were stimulated using electrical currents and achieved near super-human feats. But now, thanks to researchers at the University of New Mexico and other collaborators, brain ...
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Biology and Self Organization - YouTube

"The arch of complexity and open-ended creation in the last four billion years is nothing compared to what lies ahead." - Kevin Kelly Learn More: Out of Cont...

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Scientists explain how memories stick together - PsyPost

Scientists explain how memories stick together - PsyPost | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Scientists at the Salk Institute have created a new model of memory that explains how neurons retain select memories a few hours after an event. This new framework provides a more complete picture of how memory works, which can inform research into disorders liked Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, post-traumatic stress and learning disabilities. “Previous models of memoryRead More

Via Neil Gains, Emre Erdogan, Jocelyn Stoller
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Jaron Lanier on #Transhumanism | #cybernetics

Jaron Lanier on #Transhumanism | #cybernetics | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
I first encountered Jaron Lanier’s work when I taught his essay “One-Half of A Manifesto” to computer science students at the University of Texas at Austin.

Via Spaceweaver, Pierre Levy, luiy
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Pierre Tran's curator insight, July 10, 1:17 AM

Les transhumanistes sont bien obligés de reconnaître les dangers d'un "totalitarisme cybernétique" que brandit Jaron Lanier.

luiy's curator insight, July 10, 5:30 AM

Here are the most important beliefs of cybernetic totalism:

 

1) That cybernetic patterns of information provide the ultimate and best way to understand reality.


2) That people are no more than cybernetic patterns.


3) That subjective experience either doesn’t exist, or is unimportant because it is some sort of ambient or peripheral effect.


4) That what Darwin described in biology, or something like it, is in fact also the singular, superior description of all creativity and culture.


5) That qualitative as well as quantitative aspects of information systems will be accelerated by Moore’s Law.

 

And finally, the most dramatic:

6) That biology and physics will merge with computer science (becoming biotechnology and nanotechnology), resulting in life and the physical universe becoming mercurial; achieving the supposed nature of computer software. Furthermore, all of this will happen very soon! Since computers are improving so quickly, they will overwhelm all the other cybernetic processes, like people, and will fundamentally change the nature of what’s going on in the familiar neighborhood of Earth at some moment when a new “criticality”is achieved- maybe in about the year 2020. To be a human after that moment will be either impossible or something very different than we now can know.

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Working to Loosen the Grip of Severe Mental Illness

Working to Loosen the Grip of Severe Mental Illness | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The underlying architecture of the brain at rest is basically the same as that of a person performing a variety of tasks, a new study reports.
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Dance Of Human Evolution Was Herky-Jerky, Fossils Suggest

Dance Of Human Evolution Was Herky-Jerky, Fossils Suggest | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Maybe it was messier than we thought, some scientists now say. Big brains, long legs and long childhoods may have evolved piecemeal in different spots, in response to frequent swings in climate.
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“ What's different is that the whole package that makes us human — long linear bodies, very large body size, delayed growth and development for the kids — didn't evolve at the same time.

- Leslie Aiello

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Serge Haroche, prix Nobel de physique 2012

Serge Haroche, prix Nobel de physique 2012 | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

Le Prix Nobel de physique a été attribué à Serge Haroche et à David J. Wineland. Le prix récompense l'invention de dispositifs expérimentaux permettant de manipuler des systèmes quantiques individuels.

Les deux physiciens ont, ainsi, ouvert la voie à la réalisation d'un rêve d'Einstein, isoler un atome ou un photon pour voir comment il se comporte.


Mlik Sahib's insight:

"Sa recherche a creusé profond un sillon ouvert par les spéculations théoriques des années 20, lorsque les inventeurs de la mécanique quantique se heurtaient, dans un bouillonnement d’idées mêlant la physique et la philosophie, aux résultats étranges et contre-intuitifs de leurs travaux. Il s’est en particulier attaché à aller jusqu’au bout expérimental de la piste ouverte par une expérience de pensée d’Albert Einstein – «que se passerait-il si l’on réussissait à isoler un atome ?» – et par le paradoxe vulgarisé sous le nom de «chat de Schrödinger» relatif au passage entre le monde quantique et le monde classique."

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Researchers Translate Chimpanzee "Language" | IFLScience

Researchers Translate Chimpanzee "Language" | IFLScience | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
After analyzing thousands of wild chimp-to-chimp gestures, University of St Andrews researchers believe that they have translated the meanings of 36 chimpanzee gestures that are used to communicate. According to the researchers, this is the first time that another animal communication system has been found to have meaning. Furthermore, this novel information may also offer an insight into the evolution of human language.
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Amis végétariens, les plantes peuvent entendre leurs feuilles se faire croquer | Gizmodo

Amis végétariens, les plantes peuvent entendre leurs feuilles se faire croquer | Gizmodo | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Nous ne savons pas encore si les plantes souffrent quand elles se font manger, mais elles peuvent vous entendre quand vos dents croquent leurs feuilles !
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Key brain region responds to subjective perception in study of individual neuron activity

Key brain region responds to subjective perception in study of individual neuron activity | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
When evaluating another person’s emotions – happy, sad, angry, afraid – humans take cues from facial expressions. Neurons in a part of the brain called the amygdala “fire” in response to the visual stimulation as information is processed by the retina, the amygdala and a network of interconnected brain structures. Some of these regions respond just to the actual features of the face, whereas others respond to how things appear to the viewer, but it is unknown where in the brain this difference arises.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"The firing of a single neuron is believed to be the basic unit of brain computation, and these studies are accomplished through the collaboration of neuroscientists and neurosurgeons, with the consent and participation of patients who undergo deep brain electrode placement for diagnostic or treatment procedures.

"Single neuron studies have been performed in animals, but conducting them in human subjects gives us an opportunity to get direct feedback, without having to make assumptions when interpreting animal responses. The amygdala is a routine target for depth electrodes to localize epileptic seizures, and this provides the opportunity to explore this structure that is vitally important in the processing of emotions," said Adam Mamelak, MD, professor of neurosurgery and director of functional neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai, one of the article's authors.

According to Ralph Adolphs, PhD, Bren professor of psychology and neuroscience at Caltech, a contributing author, "Most data relevant to understanding psychiatric illness is derived from studies that use functional magnetic resonance imaging. What we desperately need is a more microscopic level as well, and these single-unit data we can record in neurosurgical patients offer a unique study opportunity."

Rutishauser added, "Our group is focused on pursuing neurosurgical approaches that allow us to study individual neurons. We believe this research can provide valuable new knowledge on the function of the human nervous system that would otherwise be unobtainable."

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Consciousness on-off switch discovered deep in brain - life - 02 July 2014 - New Scientist

Consciousness on-off switch discovered deep in brain - life - 02 July 2014 - New Scientist | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Zapping an area deep in our brains turns off consciousness – suggesting this is where perceptions are bound together into a cohesive experience
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"Scientists have been probing individual regions of the brain for over a century, exploring their function by zapping them with electricity and temporarily putting them out of action. Despite this, they have never been able to turn off consciousness – until now.

Although only tested in one person, the discovery suggests that a single area – the claustrum – might be integral to combining disparate brain activity into a seamless package of thoughts, sensations and emotions. It takes us a step closer to answering a problem that has confounded scientists and philosophers for millennia – namely how our conscious awareness arises."

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Why the Many-Worlds Formulation of Quantum Mechanics Is Probably Correct | Sean Carroll

Why the Many-Worlds Formulation of Quantum Mechanics Is Probably Correct | Sean Carroll | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

Our understanding of the classical Newtonian universe so dominates our worldview--it is the most storied physics narrative and the most observable to the naked eye--that any opposing theories risk severe cognitive dissonance. Positing more than one universe implies finding a lot of new space for those universes to fit into, but this is not how quantum mechanics conceives of space. "The reason why we can state this with such confidence is because of the fundamental reality of quantum mechanics: the existence of superpositions of different possible measurement outcomes." If you accept the premises of quantum mechanics to be true, you must accept its conclusions.

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Inside the Artificial Brain That’s Remaking the Google Empire | Enterprise | WIRED

Inside the Artificial Brain That’s Remaking the Google Empire | Enterprise | WIRED | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
It was one of the most tedious jobs on the internet. A team of Googlers would spend day after day staring at computer screens, scrutinizing tiny snippets of street photographs, asking themselves the same question over and over again: “Am I looking at an address or not?’ Click. Yes. Click. Yes. Click. No. This was…

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Jean-Michel Besnier : L'Homme simplifié - actu philosophia

Jean-Michel Besnier : L'Homme simplifié - actu philosophia | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Dans son dernier essai, L'homme simplifié. Le syndrome de la touche étoile , Jean-Michel Besnier critique le développement technologique contemporain (...)
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Entretien avec Dany-Robert Dufour : Autour de la Cité perverse - actu philosophia

Entretien avec Dany-Robert Dufour : Autour de la Cité perverse - actu philosophia | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

" Quand j’ai commencé à travailler sur cette question, je me suis interrogé sur le tournant qui a été pris il y a maintenant une trentaine d’années, qui est le tournant dit « ultra-libéral » ou « néo-libéral », pour m’interroger sur sa nature. Souvent, on analyse l’ultra-libéralisme ou le néo-libéralisme (ce qui n’est pas tout à fait la même chose), dans le seul champ de l’économie marchande. Or, essayant de faire une généalogie du libéralisme, j’ai trouvé que dès le début celui-ci était une pensée totale. ..."


Via dm
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"AP  : D’où vient cette fragilité de l’homme ? Est-ce que cela vient de ce que vous appelez dans un autre ouvrage sa néoténie ?

DRD : Oui je pense qu’il faut évoquer ici la néoténie qui permet de comprendre que nous ne sommes pas finalisés pour occuper une place définie dans la hiérarchie des espèces, puisque nous naissons inachevés à la naissance. À la différence des animaux, nous n’avons pas d’instinct nous amenant à occuper une place particulière ; nous avons des pulsions, qui veulent tout et n’importe quoi. Cela crée une très grande débilité, au sens fort du terme, celui de faiblesse, de fragilité. Nous ne sommes pas fixés dans un monde qui est naturel, nous participons à un autre monde qui est celui du langage, de la culture, dans lequel les significations sont extrêmement mouvantes, sujettes à fluctuations et manipulations. C’est notre fragilité fondamentale. Mais cette fragilité est aussi la beauté de l’homme, cela le sort du règne animal, et lui permet de chercher sa voie, sa route. C’est au fond par là qu’a commencé la Renaissance, avec le fameux « discours de la dignité humaine » de Pic de la Mirandole : vous n’êtes pas finalisés pour être ici plutôt qu’ailleurs, c’est donc que vous devez vous achever vous-mêmes. C’est une très belle mission, car c’est la part de liberté que Dieu, s’il existe, nous laisse. Pour une part, vous êtes formatés, mais pour une autre, c’est à vous de vous créer, pour le meilleur et pour le pire."

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Google co-founders share their philosophy and vision about world's future, and it's full of robots and AI

Google co-founders share their philosophy and vision about world's future, and it's full of robots and AI | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Larry Page and Sergey Brin, the co-founders of one of the most innovative companies of our time, have spoken a lot about the past and the impending future of Google.

Via Spaceweaver
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Scientists threaten to boycott €1.2bn Human Brain Project

Scientists threaten to boycott €1.2bn Human Brain Project | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Researchers say European commission-funded initiative to simulate human brain suffers from 'substantial failures'
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Quantum-control pioneers bag 2012 Nobel Prize for Physics - physicsworld.com

Quantum-control pioneers bag 2012 Nobel Prize for Physics - physicsworld.com | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Serge Haroche and David Wineland share SEK 8m prize
Mlik Sahib's insight:

"According to Nobel committee member Anne L'Huillier, the pair's work represents "the first tiny steps towards building a quantum computer".

Quantum-optics pioneer Alain Aspect of Laboratoire Charles Fabry in Paris told physicsworld.com "Observing, manipulating and controlling individual quantum systems has been a major breakthrough of the last few decades. Schrödinger doubted that it might ever be possible, but this year's laureates have done it."

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Heisenberg's uncertainty principle might be wrong.

Heisenberg's uncertainty principle might be wrong. | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The uncertainty principle might be wrong. It will be good news for quantum technology if true. ...
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Evolution of life's operating system revealed in detail

Evolution of life's operating system revealed in detail | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The evolution of the ribosome, a large molecular structure found in the cells of all species, has been revealed in unprecedented detail in a new study.
Mlik Sahib's insight:

The common core of the ribosome is essentially the same in humans, yeast, bacteria and archaea – in all living systems. The Georgia Tech team has shown that as organisms evolve and become more complex, so do their ribosomes. Humans have the largest and most complex ribosomes. But the changes are on the surface – the heart of a human ribosome the same as in a bacterial ribosome.

"The translation system is the operating system of life," Williams said. "At its core the ribosome is the same everywhere. The ribosome is universal biology."



Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2014-06-evolution-life-revealed.html#jCp
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Something doesn’t smell right

Something doesn’t smell right | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Harvard scientists say they’re closer to unraveling one of the most basic questions in neuroscience — how the brain encodes likes and dislikes — with the discovery of the first receptors in any species evolved to detect cadaverine and putrescine,...

Via David McGavock, Jocelyn Stoller
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David McGavock's curator insight, January 28, 2:47 PM

I'm curious about attraction  and aversion. This study investigates aversion at a very basic level. Important steps in understanding what turns us on and off.


“We don’t understand, as a field, how aversive and attractive odors are differentially processed … but identifying the receptor gives us a handle on the neural circuits that are involved. Now that we have the receptor, we can ask basic questions about aversion and attraction circuitry in general."

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Yes, you can learn a foreign language in your sleep, say Swiss psychologists

Yes, you can learn a foreign language in your sleep, say Swiss psychologists | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Subliminal learning in your sleep is usually dismissed as pseudo-science at best and fraud at worst, but a team of Swiss psychologists say you can actually learn a foreign language in your sleep.

Via René Z.
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How many gigabytes does it take to make a human?

How many gigabytes does it take to make a human? | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
How much information is stored inside a human? Not as much as you think. All you need is a mere 1.5 gigabytes to fit your entire genetic code. Veritasium did the math in his latest brain tapping video and cooked up that number using bits to understand the molecules that make up a person's genetic code.
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LOr's curator insight, July 4, 5:41 AM

robotique