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neuroscience, biology..psychology...Anthropology...singularity..Artificial intelligence
Curated by Mlik Sahib
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Jaron Lanier on #Transhumanism | #cybernetics

Jaron Lanier on #Transhumanism | #cybernetics | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
I first encountered Jaron Lanier’s work when I taught his essay “One-Half of A Manifesto” to computer science students at the University of Texas at Austin.

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Pierre Tran's curator insight, July 10, 2014 1:17 AM

Les transhumanistes sont bien obligés de reconnaître les dangers d'un "totalitarisme cybernétique" que brandit Jaron Lanier.

luiy's curator insight, July 10, 2014 5:30 AM

Here are the most important beliefs of cybernetic totalism:

 

1) That cybernetic patterns of information provide the ultimate and best way to understand reality.


2) That people are no more than cybernetic patterns.


3) That subjective experience either doesn’t exist, or is unimportant because it is some sort of ambient or peripheral effect.


4) That what Darwin described in biology, or something like it, is in fact also the singular, superior description of all creativity and culture.


5) That qualitative as well as quantitative aspects of information systems will be accelerated by Moore’s Law.

 

And finally, the most dramatic:

6) That biology and physics will merge with computer science (becoming biotechnology and nanotechnology), resulting in life and the physical universe becoming mercurial; achieving the supposed nature of computer software. Furthermore, all of this will happen very soon! Since computers are improving so quickly, they will overwhelm all the other cybernetic processes, like people, and will fundamentally change the nature of what’s going on in the familiar neighborhood of Earth at some moment when a new “criticality”is achieved- maybe in about the year 2020. To be a human after that moment will be either impossible or something very different than we now can know.

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Can #robots be trusted to know right from wrong? | #algorithms #morality

Can #robots be trusted to know right from wrong? | #algorithms #morality | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
HAL 9000 (credit: Warner Bros.) Is it possible to develop moral autonomous robots with a sense for right, wrong, and the consequences of

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luiy's curator insight, May 13, 2014 12:50 PM

Is it possible to develop “moral” autonomous robots with a sense for right, wrong, and the consequences of both?

 

Researchers from Tufts University, Brown University, and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute think so, and are teaming with the U.S. Navy to explore technology that would pave the way to do exactly that.

“Moral competence can be roughly thought about as the ability to learn, reason with, act upon, and talk about the laws and societal conventions on which humans tend to agree,” says principal investigator Matthias Scheutz, professor of computer science at Tufts School of Engineering and director of the Human-Robot Interaction Laboratory (HRI Lab) at Tufts.

 

“The question is whether machines — or any other artificial system, for that matter — can emulate and exercise these abilities.”

But since there’s no universal agreement on the morality of laws and societal conventions, this raises some interesting questions. Was HAL 9000 (HAL = (Heuristically programmed ALgorithmic computer) moral? Who defines morality?

 
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Between Ape and Artilect. Pioneers of Artificial Intelligence | #nano #AI #cyborgs #FreeBook

Between Ape and Artilect. Pioneers of Artificial Intelligence | #nano #AI #cyborgs #FreeBook | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

During 2010-12, noted AI researcher and long-time Humanity+ Board member Ben Goertzel conducted a series of textual interviews with researchers in various areas of cutting-edge science — artificial general intelligence, nanotechnology, life extension, neurotechnology, collective intelligence, mind uploading, body modification, neuro-spiritual transformation, and more. These interviews were published online in H+ Magazine, and are here gathered together in a single volume. The resulting series of dialogues treats a variety of social, futurological and scientific topics in a way that is accessible to the educated non-scientist, yet also deep and honest to the subtleties of the topics being discussed.

 

Between Ape and Artilect is a must-read if you want the real views, opinions, ideas, muses and arguments of the people creating our future.


Via Szabolcs Kósa, luiy
Mlik Sahib's insight:

- Itamar Arel: AGI via Deep Learning 

- Pei Wang: What Do You Mean by “AI”? 
- Joscha Bach: Understanding the Mind
- Hugo DeGaris: Will There be Cyborgs?
- DeGaris Interviews Goertzel: Seeking the Sputnik of AGI 
- Linas Vepstas: AGI, Open Source and Our Economic Future 
- Joel Pitt: The Benefits of Open Source for AGI
- Randal Koene: Substrate-Independent Minds
- João Pedro de Magalhães: Ending Aging 
- Aubrey De Grey: Aging and AGI
- David Brin: Sousveillance
- J. Storrs Hall: Intelligent Nano Factories and Fogs
- Mohamad Tarifi: AGI and the Emerging Peer-to-Peer Economy 
- Michael Anissimov: The Risks of Artificial Superintelligence 
- Muehlhauser & Goertzel: Rationality, Risk, and the Future of AGI 
- Paul Werbos: Will Humanity Survive?
- Wendell Wallach: Machine Morality
- Francis Heylighen: The Emerging Global Brain 
- Steve Omohundro: The Wisdom of the Global Brain and the Future of AGI 
- Alexandra Elbakyan: Beyond the Borg 
- Giulio Prisco: Technological Transcendence 
- Zhou Changle: Zen and the Art of Intelligent Robotics 
- Hugo DeGaris: Is God an Alien Mathematician? 
- Lincoln Cannon: The Most Transhumanist Religion?
- Natasha Vita-More: Upgrading Humanity 
- Jeffery Martin & Mikey Siegel: Engineering Enlightenment 

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luiy's curator insight, March 8, 2014 2:34 PM

- Itamar Arel: AGI via Deep Learning 

- Pei Wang: What Do You Mean by “AI”? 
- Joscha Bach: Understanding the Mind
- Hugo DeGaris: Will There be Cyborgs?
- DeGaris Interviews Goertzel: Seeking the Sputnik of AGI 
- Linas Vepstas: AGI, Open Source and Our Economic Future 
- Joel Pitt: The Benefits of Open Source for AGI
- Randal Koene: Substrate-Independent Minds
- João Pedro de Magalhães: Ending Aging 
- Aubrey De Grey: Aging and AGI
- David Brin: Sousveillance
- J. Storrs Hall: Intelligent Nano Factories and Fogs
- Mohamad Tarifi: AGI and the Emerging Peer-to-Peer Economy 
- Michael Anissimov: The Risks of Artificial Superintelligence 
- Muehlhauser & Goertzel: Rationality, Risk, and the Future of AGI 
- Paul Werbos: Will Humanity Survive?
- Wendell Wallach: Machine Morality
- Francis Heylighen: The Emerging Global Brain 
- Steve Omohundro: The Wisdom of the Global Brain and the Future of AGI 
- Alexandra Elbakyan: Beyond the Borg 
- Giulio Prisco: Technological Transcendence 
- Zhou Changle: Zen and the Art of Intelligent Robotics 
- Hugo DeGaris: Is God an Alien Mathematician? 
- Lincoln Cannon: The Most Transhumanist Religion?
- Natasha Vita-More: Upgrading Humanity 
- Jeffery Martin & Mikey Siegel: Engineering Enlightenment 

aanve's curator insight, March 8, 2014 10:03 PM

www.aanve.com

 

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Beyond #Posthumanism? | #cyborgs #enhanced


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Claude Emond's curator insight, January 11, 2014 8:02 PM

«We are already Posthuman»

                                                      Andy Miah

 

Amen ! :)

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Google's #Glass Castle: The Rise and Fear of a #Transhuman Future I #cyborgs #cyberculture

Google's #Glass Castle: The Rise and Fear of a #Transhuman Future I #cyborgs #cyberculture | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
What happens when humans become more than human? Or when computers surpass humanity to become the dominant 'species' on earth in new cyborg hybrid?

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luiy's curator insight, December 10, 2013 7:17 AM

Most scholars believe that the movement of transhumanism was unofficially started in 1923 with J.B.S. Haldane’s essay “Prometheus: Science and the Future”. In this essay, Haldane introduced a notable idea; that current political and economic states made it likely that science will develop on its own. This would allow recent developments in biology to impact political choices. These scientific developments would include topics like Eugenics—something fraught with peril—and ectogenesis (the creation of life within an artificial environment). Haldane’s thoughts would pervade much of science for the next 100 years, creating a sense that mankind was in a perfect environment politically and economically to create the tools that would allow one to overcome their bodily weaknesses and become like Nietzsche’s Supermen.

 

The official founder of transhumanism—and the individual who coined the term—is considered to be biologist Julian Huxley, brother to famous author and activist Aldous Huxley. In a 1957 essay, Huxley presented a new idea:

 

“Up till now human life has generally been, as Hobbes described it, ‘nasty, brutish and short’; the great majority of human beings (if they have not already died young) have been afflicted with misery… we can justifiably hold the belief that these lands of possibility exist, and that the present limitations and miserable frustrations of our existence could be in large measure surmounted… The human species can, if it wishes, transcend itself —- not just sporadically, an individual here in one way, an individual there in another way, but in its entirety, as humanity.”

This belief that humanity has the potential to “transcend” its current state seemed revolutionary.

 

This idea of transcendence would pervade early science fiction as early as the ‘50s and ‘60s. The best example of this thought was Arthur C. Clarke’s book 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). In this novel, the hero finds a technological obelisk on an alien world that provided an opportunity to overcome physical barriers and become a being of pure energy, transcending human evolution. However, Clarke’s understanding of this cultural evolution is not the only one.

 

Another key idea is that artificial intelligence’s mental capabilities will eventually go through a “Singularity”, where the data capability exceeds that of a mortal man. This Singularity is a concept invented by computer scientist Vernor Vinge who predicted the sudden rise of transistors and intelligence in computer brains. From this, futurist Ray Kurzweil suggested that humanity would eventually mix its subconscious with an AI, becoming “one with the machine”. There are multiple variations on these stories, but all of them offer the same result, the ability to gain immortality through technology and overcome human suffering.

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FM 2030: Are You a #Transhuman? | #singularity #cyborgs

This archive file was compiled from audio of a discussion futurist FM 2030 held at the University of California, February 6th, 1994. In this discussion 2030 laid…

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luiy's curator insight, October 11, 2013 9:32 AM

In this discussion 2030 laid out an overview of his ‘transhuman’ philosophy and held a back and forth with other people present in the discussion. Discussion and debate included items such as the value of researching ‘indefinite lifespan’ technologies directly as opposed to (or in addition to) more traditional approaches, such as researching cures for specific diseases.

 

The excerpts in this archive file present a sort of thesis of FM 2030’s transhuman ideas.

 

About FM 2030: FM 2030 was at various points in his life, an Iranian Olympic basketball player, a diplomat, a university teacher, and a corporate consultant. He developed his views on transhumanism in the 1960s and evolved them over the next thirty-something years. He was placed in cryonic suspension July 8th, 2000. For more information about FM 2030, view the GPA Archive File: ‘Introduction to FM 2030’ or visit some of the following links:

 

GPA on Facebook: on.fb.me/18NiF8z
GPA on Twitter: twitter.com/GPA2030
GPA on YouTube: youtu.be/eaS9QBdVHMs

 

Wikipedia:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FM-2030

Institute for Ethics & Emerging Technologies:
ieet.org/index.php/tpwiki/Transhuman

The New York Times:
nytimes.com/2000/07/11/us/futurist-known-as-fm-2030-is-dead-at-69.html

IT's curator insight, October 11, 2013 11:48 PM

Tohle je moc povedený video.

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#Transhumanisme : de la science-fiction à la réalité | #cyborgs #health

#Transhumanisme : de la science-fiction à la réalité | #cyborgs #health | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it

Les avancées technologiques dans les domaines de la bionique et de la génétique se succèdent à un rythme toujours plus élevé. Découvrez la nature de ces découvertes et leurs applications au travers de notre dossier consacré au transhumanisme, cette tendance qui rassemble scientifiques et technologues convaincus que le futur de l'humanité passe par une fusion entre hommes et machines. 


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luiy's curator insight, May 19, 2014 2:24 PM

Neuromancien, RoboCop, Ghost in the Shell, Deus Ex... Les concepts évoqués dans ces œuvres de fiction, de l'interface neuronale à la réalité augmentée sans oublier les exosquelettes, les prothèses biomécaniques ou les modifications nanotechnologiques, sont en effet désormais à notre portée, quand elles ne sont pas déjà implémentées. Cela passe par les smartphones devenus indispensables et par l'essor des objets connectés : smartwatches, lunettes (voire lentilles), vêtements. Mais aussi et surtout par les progrès effectués dans le domaine médical, qu'il s'agisse de génétique ou de bionique.

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Perfect memory, #enhanced vision, an expert golf swing: The future of brain #implants | #health #cyborgs

Perfect memory, #enhanced vision, an expert golf swing: The future of brain #implants | #health #cyborgs | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
How soon can we expect to see brain implants for perfect memory, enhanced vision, hypernormal focus or an expert golf swing? We're closer than you might think.

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luiy's curator insight, March 19, 2014 10:22 AM

Today, effective brain-machine interfaces have to be wired directly into the brain to pick up the signals emanating from small groups of nerve cells. But nobody yet knows how to make devices that listen to the same nerve cells that long. Part of the problem is mechanical: The brain sloshes around inside the skull every time you move, and an implant that slips by a millimeter may become ineffective.

 

Another part of the problem is biological: The implant must be nontoxic and biocompatible so as not to provoke an immune reaction. It also must be small enough to be totally enclosed within the skull and energy-efficient enough that it can be recharged through induction coils placed on the scalp at night (as with the recharging stands now used for some electric toothbrushes).

thierrydenys's curator insight, March 20, 2014 1:24 PM

You, me tomorrow ? Perfect memory, enhanced vision: The future of brain implants...

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Wearable ‘neurocam’ records scenes when it detects user interest | #sensors #algorithms

Wearable ‘neurocam’ records scenes when it detects user interest | #sensors #algorithms | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
(Credit: Neurowear) Keio University scientists have developed a neurocam --- a wearable camera system that detects emotions, based on an analysis of the

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luiy's curator insight, February 20, 2014 12:52 PM

Keio University scientists have developed a “neurocam” — a wearable camera system that detects emotions, based on an analysis of the user’s brainwaves.

 

The hardware is a combination of Neurosky’s Mind Wave Mobile and a customized brainwave sensor.

 

The algorithm is based on measures of “interest” and “like” developed by Professor Mitsukura and the neurowear team.

 

The users interests are quantified on a range of 0 to 100. The camera automatically records five-second clips of scenes when the interest value exceeds 60, with timestamp and location, and can be replayed later and shared socially on Facebook.

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E+ ou l’élève #augmenté - Accessoires, smart drugs, implants ... | #cyborgs #learning

E+ ou l’élève #augmenté - Accessoires, smart drugs, implants ... | #cyborgs #learning | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
Et si l’élève du futur pouvait et augmenter ses capacités intellectuelles et physiques et ne plus avoir la nécessité d’apprendre ?

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luiy's curator insight, January 30, 2014 8:56 AM

L'anthropologue américaine Amber Case, directrice du centre de R&D ESRI, décrit les nouvelles technologies comme un prolongement naturel de nos corps. Les objets connectés sont une extension de nous-mêmes, ils augmentent nos capacités, nous confèrent des «superpouvoirs», avec la crainte toujours présente qu’ils prennent le pouvoir sur nous.

 

Les élèves équipés de multiples objets connectés n’auront plus besoin d’antisèches collées sous leurs chaussures. Il faudra peut-être truffer les salles d’examen de brouilleurs d’ondes... Ou alors accepter cette connexion permanente et repenser totalement la définition de l’apprentissage et de ses contenus. Il y a vingt-cinq ans, l’introduction de la calculatrice en cours et en examen faisait polémique. A écouter, les plus réfractaires, les élèves n’allaient plus savoir compter. Finalement, les élèves se sont mis à programmer des fonctions.

Le fait d’être connecté en permanence et donc de pouvoir vérifier une information ou de chercher des réponses permet de développer d’autres compétences que la mémoire et permet en un sens de pousser la réflexion plus loin. Ainsi dans l’évaluation, la restitution de connaissances deviendra sans aucun doute moins centrale que l’utilisation de différentes informations trouvées afin de structurer une pensée.

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Will It Take The #Singularity To Save The Planet?

Will It Take The #Singularity To Save The Planet? | Human Nature  ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity | Scoop.it
The melding of man and machine is not only an imaginable future it may be the key to sustainable and healthy living on an overcrowded planet.

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luiy's curator insight, November 15, 2013 10:59 AM

Inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil predicts that before mid-century the exponential acceleration of information technologies, robotics, medical science, and artificial intelligence will result in a “singularity," a point at which humans will essentially merge with their technology. Such an event may seem implausible, but discoveries of how technology and humans really interact are being made every day, leading one to the conclusion that it’s not an unimaginable future--and, in fact, it may be the key to sustainable living on an increasingly overcrowded planet.

 

Heart pacemakers and artificial hips already demonstrate the seeds of Kurzweil’s vision. Innovations like Google Glass could get more real-time information a lot closer to us very soon. But could we use such technology to measure what our bodies actually need and then design foods and homes that maximize our limited resources to sustain a growing population?