Bonus Army
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Bonus Army
The great depression
Curated by Shoua Her
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Vocabulary

1.Support - bear all or part of the weight of; hold up:

 

Americans supported the bonus army

 

2.Bonus Army - A group of almost 20,000 World War I veterans who were hard-hit victims of the depression, who wanted what the government owed them for their services and "saving" democracy. 

 

The bonus army consisted of WWI veterans. 

 

3. Promise - A declaration or assurance that one will do a particular thing or that a particular thing will happen.

 

President Hoover promised the veterans for a bill. 

 

4. Conspiracy - A secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful.

 

President Hoover planned a conspiracy against the Bonus army. 

 

5. Encampment - A place with temporary accommodations consisting of huts or tents, typically for troops or nomads.

 

The bonus army set up encampments in vacant lots .

 

6. Veto - a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.

 

President Hoover vetoed against his promised bill. 

 

7.Sympathetic - Showing approval of or favor toward an idea or action.

 

The press wasn't sympathetic towards the event. 

 

8.Veterans - A person who has served in the military.

 

The bonus army were mainly veterans from WWI. 

 

9. Discipline - the practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behavior, using punishment to correct disobedience.

 

President Hoover hoped the police would discipline the veterans. 

 

10. Anxious -Experiencing worry, unease, or nervousness, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome.

 

Veterans were anxious towards their payment to come.

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Todays time - #6: Hoover's Attack on the Bonus Army (Top 10 Mistakes by U.S. Presidents)

Todays time - #6: Hoover's Attack on the Bonus Army (Top 10 Mistakes by U.S. Presidents) | Bonus Army | Scoop.it
Lesson for President Obama: Don't beat up on the unemployed. It was 1932, and the Great Depression was three year old.
Shoua Her's insight:

In today's time, its a rememberance to not do what they did. 

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Historical Document #2 - Today's Document from the National Archives

Historical Document #2 - Today's Document from the National Archives | Bonus Army | Scoop.it
Today\'s Document -- Burning Shacks of the "Bonus Army"
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Primary Document #2 - American Experience . MacArthur . People & Events | The Bonus March (May-July, 1932) | PBS

Primary Document #2 - American Experience . MacArthur . People & Events | The Bonus March (May-July, 1932) | PBS | Bonus Army | Scoop.it
Shoua Her's insight:

The depression began to grow and became a difficult year for WWI veterans. Veterans began to become hungry and anxious about the results to come. It would be 13 years until they get their promised money. Out of twenty-six leaders in the Bouns March, only three were communists, for the government believed that it was a march of a communist conspiracy. When the conspiracy finished, the press were less sympathetic towards the event, than the Americans who applauded to the governments actions. 

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Primary Document #1 - The History Project

Primary Document #1 - The History Project | Bonus Army | Scoop.it
Discipline-specific professional development programs for history teachers that raise student achievement by bolstering standards-based content knowledge and modeling effective instructional practices.
Shoua Her's insight:

President Hoover used his power, as president, to order the army to protect his own life against the veterans. He called the army to go on their old people, in order to protect his own life. Among the bonus army, Walter W. Waters was greeted with applies and was the commander in chief of B.E.F. On the other hand, President Hoover reveled his feelings at midnight. Calling his VP for 60 marines to guard the senate. This man was scared out of his wits.

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The Great Depression Letter

Dear Mother,

 

I wonder each day of how you and father struggle to survive each day, ever since you’ve been saving money in those untrustworthy banks, your life has been pitiful. But I still hope that you stay strong, for I will come to you when I once get money.

All President Hoover has ever done was hide behind his miserable desk with ink and paper. Having the power to change people’s lives is wonderful, but he does not think of anyone other than himself. When has he put himself down for us, to see the people struggle of life and death situation everyday? Hoover is a crowdedly man, if he is able to help himself grow to where he is today, why can’t he solve the issues of the government. It is not only us veterans who are struggling, there is also the Mexican-Americans and African Americans. They are given mistreatment but they are the same as I. The Africans have fought alongside with us Americans, they should not be treated the way that they are. They were wonderful people to interact with. This I must say is important, to survive during this harsh time, we veterans are coming together and marching to the white house. In order to get our promised payment sooner in this time of struggles, we veterans have decided to march to the white house and demand for the money now. I see no reason why they would object. It is our rightful money, since we have fought long and proudly in the war. Ever since the crash new forms of entertainment was created, but no one has time or the money even to buy them to enjoy it. Cinemas and music are all interesting and a wonderful kind of enjoyment but no one has any emotions to enjoy them rather than the rich who looks down on us. But what they do not know is that, we have been cheated. What they have planned was to take our money, in order for them to gain more and more money, leaving us down in the pits. America is supposed to be for the good of the people, not for the good of the riches. It should not matter here; this country was made for equal rights among each other. Yet this country uses one another to gain more than the other. All those greed brought us down to where we are today. Struggle to survive, not even a penny can go a long way. America is for the people, not for power. Oh mother, this is such an unfair place. Of how not only we have had wonderful dreams of having money, but so did others. America was suppose to be a place of peace among one another, but we are still like what we were before we came here. I wish that this horrible nightmare will wake all these blind people. Nothing can be changed unless someone steps up. That is why I am marching to the white house with 26 leaders and other veterans. No matter how harsh the condition is, I will survive this depression. This depression is not the wrong doing of us, not the ones who only wanted to gain money by saving, but by the greediness of the rich. Oh how much they can see their foul play. Their so-called way of justice is only for their rights, but where is our justice. The president should be protecting the people, not protecting him and the higher ups. He should do as to what he has said and promised. If he does not he shall be hated, which he already is for that is his own fault. He volunteers to help, but why does he not use his power as president to help the people. Is it shameful? Are we dirty people? If it is not for us, what would this country be made of? Nothing but grass, dirt, wild animals, and things that were before us. All these struggles and pain, can they not see that we are the same as them? We too have families that we care for. We work to provide, we went to war for this country, but we are given nothing. Money is what blinds the rich. They are too scared to use as much as they want, for the safety of their richness.  What cowardly people they are! Hide behind closed doors, hiding their children saying that they are protecting them from the harmful people outside. It wouldn’t be harmful if they would lend a helping hand. My mother as I march, I will continue to look for a greater better future. Once I have my promised money I will send some to you to ease your struggle. Don’t forget this son of yours, whom you can always rely on. I will not be like those who I despise.

 

 

From your loving Son,

 

Peter Edgar Waltz

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Nathan Cushenbery-Andrews's comment, February 7, 2013 2:05 PM
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'The Bonus Army' Lesson

'The Bonus Army' Lesson | Bonus Army | Scoop.it
The phrase "support our troops" has become code for supporting the war. But it doesn't logically follow that such a sentiment means supporting the policies that unnecessarily put troops in harm's way.
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Lesson taught from the Bonus Army March.

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Primary Document #3 - How A Protest Led To The GI Bill : NPR

Primary Document #3 - How A Protest Led To The GI Bill : NPR | Bonus Army | Scoop.it
When World War I veterans returned from overseas, they were promised a cash bonus for their service — but they wouldn't get their money until 1945. Then the Great Depression struck.
Shoua Her's insight:

Veterans who fought in WW1 were given a cash bonus with a catch that it will not be given until 1945. With the economy not as good, they are at the white house. At the white house they demand for their money early despite the  timing payment. Camps were set up in vacant lots, empty buildings and in Army-style encampment along the Anacostia River. Soon on July 28, the police went to evict the marchers and was peaceful until a brick was thrown. 

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