On this date of Cinco de Mayo, we look briefly at the history of Africans in Latin (Central and South) America and the Caribbean.
In world history these two western regions were the first areas of the Americas to be populated by African immigrants. Yet wherever possible, they prepared and accepted reality with the African immigration to the Americas may have begun before European exploration of the area. African slave trading began before Columbus, and the earliest Spanish and Portuguese explorers. The most direct route from West Africa to the (then) New World was to what we now know as Brazil. Through the 15th and 16th centuries, slavery then moved up the coast of South America through the Caribbean. In fact today the largest population of African people outside of the African continent is in Brazil. The explorers were likewise accompanied by Black Africans who had been born and reared in Iberia. In the following four centuries millions of immigrants from Africa were brought to the New World in servitude.
Today, their descendants form significant ethnic minorities in several Latin American countries, and they are the dominant element in many of the Caribbean nations. Over the centuries, Black people have added their original contributions to the cultural mix of their respective societies and thus exerted a deep influence on all facets of life in Latin America. A strong African influence saturates music, dance, the arts, literature, speech forms, and religious practices in Latin America and the Caribbean. Africans, whether as slaves or free immigrants, brought a variety of African cultural influences to the New World. They came from so many places in Africa and were too scattered throughout the Americas to reestablish all the conditions of their homelands.
The Daily Breeze, a small newspaper in Torrance, California, with just 63,000 subscribers and seven metro reporters, was a surprise winner at today's Pulitzer Prize ceremony, taking home the local reporting award for its investigation of corruption in a poor school district that brought down an exorbitantly paid superintendent and...
La grève qui dure depuis vingt jours à Radio France permet au moins de mettre en lumière le fonctionnement très complexe de cette institution, notamment du fait des statuts de ses personnels. Parmi eux, les pigistes en locale (l’ensemble des locales constituent le réseau France Bleu), situés tout en bas de l’échelle des journalistes. Certains se sont regroupés et, sous le pseudonyme zadiste de Camille Alapige, racontent leur quotidien. Un des nombreux aspects de ce conflit.
Had this book been written twenty years ago, the title would prob- ably have been Women Together! not Women against women: On the troubled sisterhood! Comprised of eight essays about both conflict and cooperation among women, written by well-known researchers in Swedish women's history, this edited collection's general perspective, with which I totally agree, denies the assumption that women constitute one coherent group. The authors intend to show that conflict among women derives from their different class, ethnic, occupational, educational, and generational backgrounds as well as diverse individual values. This perspective goes against conventional wisdom, which treats women as one category and assumes that women ought to be able to work together. Conflict among women is seen as a result of women's petty, narrow-minded, and gossipy nature.
What we should study is how, when, and on what issues women, in fact, have been able to work together. In the introduction, the editors stress that cooperation and conflict among groups of women always takes place within and is shaped by male dominated institutions and structures. They argue that historically it has been more difficult for women to work together as a group because of women's many different ways of providing for themselves or being provided for. This thesis is, however, not pursued further
An Uber driver in Belgium was found guilty of breaking taxi laws on Monday, in the first case to land in a Brussels court after dozens of drivers were caught by police posing as clients of the banned service.
At the back of the drinks cabinet, next to the Tia Maria, always stood a black frosted bottle in the shape of an Inca deity. As a child, I couldn’t imagine how this exotic personage had arrived in our home in southern England. All I knew was it sat
It was perhaps one of the strangest traffic warnings ever: three zebras running free in the area of the Van Praet bridge in Brussels on Friday, reported by the traffic service of VRT.The animals had escaped from a ranch in the Koningslo district of Vilvoorde. There had originally been four escapees, but one was recaptured after becoming cornered in a nearby park. The three remaining zebras headed towards Brussels on Chaussée de Vilvorde.They were pursued by up to eight police cars, with officers
ast night, it was the beginning of the end for AMC’s Mad Men: a show famous for the sex, the women, the glamor of the 1960s. A show so tightly dialogued and shot that we will be unpacking its richness for many years to come. A show about an era in the process of dying, about a man (Don Draper) desperately clinging to his relevance by the edge of his fingernails, about a very flawed man trying to find meaning and happiness…and yet, ultimately, a show about being deeply, existentially lost.
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