Birth and Expansion of the Bollywood Industry
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Birth and Expansion of the Bollywood Industry
How a country with the 46th ranked economy in 1950 evolved into the second largest film industry in the world.
Curated by Anuj Patel
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History of Bollywood

History of Bollywood | Birth and Expansion of the Bollywood Industry | Scoop.it
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Cinema in India was first introduced by the British in 1896 via six short films by the Lumiere Brothers. The man whose name entered the history books was Harischandra Sakharam Bhatavdekar, who short film, 'The Wrestlers,' became the first Indian made motion picture. From there, Bollywood was born. From the Silent Era, through the Golden Age, up to the 'Masala' Movie and to the Bollywood films we know today, Bollywood would expand to become a globally regarded industry. 

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The Golden Age of Bollywood - 1940 to 1960

1950s was the decade that saw the rise of the golden age in the world of Hindi cinema. It was a period that saw some of the greatest Hindi films of all time ...
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The independence of India from the United Kingdom  in 1947 marked the beginning of what is now called the Golden Age by historians. Many of Bollywood's most critically acclaimed films were made during this time span, films such as Pyaasa'  and 'Awaara.' These films told stories of the different ways of life throughout India now that the British had left. The Golden Age also witnessed the rise of some of the greatest actors and actresses in Indian history such as Raj Kapoor, Mehboob Khan and Dilip Kumar.

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Masala film - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Masala film

Masala films of Indian cinema are those that mix genres in one work. Typically these films freely mix action, comedy, romance, and drama or melodrama. They tend to be musicals that include songs filmed in picturesque locations. The genre is named after the masala, a mixture of spices in Indian cuisine.

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The term 'masala' comes from the indian spices mixed together to add intensity of heat and flavor to food. These term was used to coin the next generation of film, which can even been seen today: Masala Films. A true defintion or a more credible site was hard to find due to the broadness of the definition of a 'masala film,' but the storyline almost always contained a mixture of multiple genres mixed into one film. Masala films are still seen today and while predictable, it does not stop the masses to go see one if it has the right mix of "Masala!"

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Amitabh Bachchan, The Greatest Indian Actor Ever?

A documentary which looks at the life of Amitabh Bachchan - the Bollywood Shahenshah, The days of its struggle, his break with 'Saat Hindustani' and 'Bombay ...
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I gave the title a question mark because it can be debated if Amitabh Bachchan is the greatest ever with the likes of Raj Kapoor and Shah Rukh Khan begin successfuly actors as well. However, Bachchan is the most recognizeable actor not just within India, but around the world. With a net worth estimated to be around $400 million and breaking into the Hollywood scene with 'The Great Gatsby,' Amitabh Bachchan will go down at the end of his career as the greatest and most prominant actor Bollywood has ever seen.

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Music in Bollywood

Music in Bollywood | Birth and Expansion of the Bollywood Industry | Scoop.it
“For us, there’s God, then film stars, then cricketers.” ~ Indu Mehrani (qtd in Booth104) Introduction Most sources disagree on the exact definition of the term Bollywood, so for the purpose of thi...
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While this article is a great read into the overall history of Bollywood, it's section on Music is what really stood out in this article. The multiple intricate musical scenes that Bollywood films have is what many people recognize Bollywood films by. Film is what introduced music to the lower castes, when at a time it was usually reserved for the upper castes. Music plays such a big role with Bollywood films now that a vast majority of popular songs in India today, originated from Bollywood movies.

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100 years of Bollywood: History in pictures

100 years of Bollywood: History in pictures | Birth and Expansion of the Bollywood Industry | Scoop.it
every decade of the 100 years of hindi films had its unique highlights. a pictorial...
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This timeline marks some of the biggest films and actors of their time, tracing Bollywood's history all the way from its humble beginning to what we know of it today. 

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"Raja Harishchandra" - India's First Fully Indigenous Film

Raja Harishchandra is a 1913 silent Indian film directed and produced by Dadasaheb Phalke, and is the first full-length Indian feature film
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In 1913, Dadasaheb (translated 'Mr. Grandfather) Phalke directed and produced India's first film made 100% in India. Released in Coronation Theatre, it came with Hindi and English subtitles. Based on the actual Raja Harishchandra, it is cloudy with controversy as to if it is actually the first film in Indian history as 'Shree Pundalik' was made one year eariler. However, defenders of 'Raja Harishchandra' counter by pointing out that Shree Pundalik's cameraman was a Brit and the film was processed in London.

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Mughal-e-Azam: Greatest Bollywood Film of All Time

Mughal-e-Azam: Greatest Bollywood Film of All Time | Birth and Expansion of the Bollywood Industry | Scoop.it
Filmmaker K Asif's 1960s epic Mughal-e-Azam has been crowned the greatest Bollywood film of all time by a poll celebrating 100 years of Indian cinema in the UK. The Madhubala and Dilip Kumar starrer beat off...
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The Golden Age witnessed what is til today recognized as the greatest film ever created by the Indian film industry. Mughal-e-Azam follows the path of a royal prince who falls in love with a court dancer, only to incur the wrath of his father. Filmmaker K. Asif's personal twist to a 'Romeo and Juliet' type film took nearly a decade to film and even almost got refilmed from scratch when the creation of color film was introduced during production. 

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Bollywood's Impact on India

Bollywood's Impact on India | Birth and Expansion of the Bollywood Industry | Scoop.it
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Similar to Hollywood's effect on mainstream America, Bollywood plays a large role in India, especially within the society. The big dance scenes in the mountains or whatever romantic destination a director chooses has seen an influx of Indians going to these places for their honeymoons. Similarly, we can see an impact on the fashion industry based on what Bollywood has to offer to the Indian society.

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Global Impact of Bollywood

Global Impact of Bollywood | Birth and Expansion of the Bollywood Industry | Scoop.it
It doesn't take rocket science to figure out why Tom Cruise, even in his badly translated English-to-Hindi tweet, went out of his way to praise "MI:4" co-star Anil Kapoor.Days before he cruised in...
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With the expansion of Bollywood, it has now opened the doors to relations with Hollywood. Films such as Lagaan (which was nominated for an Oscars) and Slumdog Millionaire has brought the Bollywood industry into the worldwide spotlight and with the new influx of directors and actors trying to utlizie what Bollywood has to offer, we can expect that spotlight to stay.

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The Perfect Masala Film - Chennai Express

The Perfect Masala Film - Chennai Express | Birth and Expansion of the Bollywood Industry | Scoop.it
The beauty of South Indian landscapes, good music and zany acting of Deepika and Shahrukh make the movie excellent.
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Although masala films broke into the Bollywood scene in the 70s and gained full steam with the film 'Sholay,' many Indians today identify the film 'Chennai Express' when asked about Masala films. Until just recently by the film 'Krrish 3,' 'Chennai Express' was the highest grossing film in Indian history, racking in a total of 422 cores (rupees) or 65 million dollars.

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