Throughout the years, the German biotech industry has become a significant global player. Germany is now one of the leading nations, after only the US, in biotech research and manufacturing, and the leading nation in Europe. The main source for Germany’s success is the so-called “red biotech”, or medical biotech sector. Forty four percent of all German biotech companies conduct research in this sector, while 9% work in the industrial biotech sector (white), 5% in the agricultural sector (green), and 4% in the bioinformatics sector.
German pharmaceutical companies were among the first to explore the commercial potential of genetic engineering discoveries in the 1970s. Hoechst, Boehringer Mannheim, and other big, diversified drug-makers established in-house laboratories focused on the new technologies and formed alliances with academic scientists around the world. Yet by the early 1990s, it was clear that these early pioneers had fallen behind while some companies that came late to biotechnology sped past them. What happened?
The research directory of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) and of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) in cooperation with the German Rectors' Conference (HRK).
The Research Explorer contains over 19,000 institutes at German universities and non-university research institutions, searchable by geographic location, subject and other structural criteria.
Despite a more positive assessment of their current situation, German biotechnology companies are starting 2012 less optimistically. By using product and service models, the sector is making itself ever less dependent on venture capital.
Welcome to North Rhine-Westphalia Germany's center of biotechnology. The majority of biotechnology patent applications in Europe originates from North Rhine-Westphalia. North Rhine-Westphalia has helped biotechnology develop into an important innovative economic sector in Germany in recent years. 360 life science companies including 86 firms that successfully focus on biotechnology have made the state a leading center of innovation in Europe.