Biomimicry
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Biomimicry
Nature inspired innovation
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Smartwatch Uses Bio-ispired Mirasol Display Technology

Smartwatch Uses Bio-ispired Mirasol Display Technology | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"The Mirasol display technology (developed by Qualcomm) is based on biomimetics - that is, technology that imitates nature. The natural phenomenon that makes a butterfly’s wings or a peacock’s feathers shimmer and give off their rich, striking colors is the same exact quality that drives how Mirasol displays generate color. How do butterflies and peacocks do it? Through microscopic structures on their wings and feathers they are each able to create truly vivid colors simply by causing light to interfere with itself. This "interference" is the reason the term "interferometric" comes into play."

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Antibacterial Power of Black Silicon

Antibacterial Power of Black Silicon | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Earlier this year, we reported about a finding which revealed that physical structure of Psaltoda claripenniscicada wings can shred certain types of rod-shaped bacteria. After analyzing the surface, researchers at the Swinburne University of Technology used biomimicry to create a surface with similar properties. This nanosurface could lead to development of a new generation of nanostructured antibacterial materials. 

“Based on this discovery, we investigated other insects that may possess similar surface architectures that might kill more bacteria, in particular the deadly strains of the Staphylococcus aureus or golden staph bacterium”, said Elena Ivanova, microbiology professor at the Swinburne University of Technology. Their search led them to the wings of the Diplacodes bipunctata (Wandering Percher dragonfly), whose spike-like nanostructure destroys both rod-shaped and spherical bacteria."


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Secret of Owls' Silent Flight Revealed by Scientists

Secret of Owls' Silent Flight Revealed by Scientists | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"The secrets of owls' near silent wings has been revealed by scientists who could now use the technology to develop quieter aircraft. A new study has shown how the bird of prey's naturally evolved plumage gives the hunting advantage of 'acoustic stealth', allowing it to sneak up on targets. Research found that many owl species have developed feathers which can effectively eliminate the aerodynamic noise from their wings as they cut through the air."

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Waterproof Surface is 'Driest Ever'

Waterproof Surface is 'Driest Ever' | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"US engineers have created the "most waterproof material ever" - inspired by nasturtium leaves and butterfly wings. The new "super-hydrophobic" surface could keep clothes dry and stop aircraft engines icing over, they say."

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4 Bio-Inspired Tips to Create Better Teams

4 Bio-Inspired Tips to Create Better Teams | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"There’s an entire industry built around how to be a better leader and build strong, dynamic teams. But for the last few years, my colleague and dear friend Jane Fulton Suri and I have been looking to the earth and seas and sky for inspiration. A Partner, Chief Creative Officer, and a founding member of IDEO’s human-centered design practice, Jane believes that the natural world has much to teach us about cultivating the optimal conditions for creative teams. Together, with help from design biologist Tim McGee, we’ve come up with a few bio-inspired tips."

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Coastal Resilience Through Biomimicry

Coastal Resilience Through Biomimicry | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"The resort town of Blackpool on the UK’s northeast coast is a classic example of what can go wrong when you work against natural coastline dynamics. It was built on a sand dune, which, as the town expanded, the Victorians replaced with a monumental 10-meter/30-foot-high seawall. This severed the town from its main asset, its beach, and as competition grew from continental European destinations, Blackpool fell into economic decline. To make matters worse, by the early 2000s the seawall was failing to hold back increasingly stormy winter seas, which began to flood the town. The solution has been to learn from the dunes. The high wall has been replaced with a gently sloping set of steps stretching the length of the town, mimicking the incline of sand dunes to dissipate wave energy.."

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LA Design Challenge Invokes Biology for 2025 Concepts

LA Design Challenge Invokes Biology for 2025 Concepts | Biomimicry | Scoop.it
The 2013 LA Design Challenge has a theme of Biomimicry and Mobility for future vehicle designs for the year 2025.
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Move Over Genetic-Engineering; Biomimicry Seems The Better Bet For Solving Global Hunger

Move Over Genetic-Engineering; Biomimicry Seems The Better Bet For Solving Global Hunger | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"The latest wave of biomimicry research has focused on the question of symbiosis, essentially nature’s cooperative exchanges. One place these exchanges show up is in extreme environments—like high up in the mountains or in the middle of a barren desert. In 2002,University of Washington researcher Russell Rodriguez was studying a grass that grows in geothermal hotsprings and discovered a fungi, an endophyte in the technical parlance, without which the grass could grow at such high temperatures. Rodriguez decided to see if this fungi could be used to produce a drought tolerant plants. He isolated the fungal spores and sprayed them onto wheat seeds. The results were impressive. The wheat needed 50 percent less water, and could grow at much higher temperatures."

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Nickelate Synaptic Transistors Could Improve Parallel Computing

Nickelate Synaptic Transistors Could Improve Parallel Computing | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Materials scientists at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have created a new type of transistor that mimics the behavior of a synapse. The synaptic transistor simultaneously modulates the flow of information in a circuit and physically adapts to changing signals. The technology could lead to creation of a new kind of artificial intelligence which is embedded in the very architecture of a computer rather than software."

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5 Tech trends Mingling With Bio-inspired Design

5 Tech trends Mingling With Bio-inspired Design | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Bio-inspired design is showing up in technology projects big and small, from telescopes inspired by lobster eyes to see more of space to swellable microneedle arrays that provide safer skin grafts, based on an insect with a similar swellable proboscis. Here is a look at how bio-inspired design is finding its place within five ascendant technology trends [...]"

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“Molecular Velcro” May Lead to Cost-Effective Alternatives to Natural Antibodies

“Molecular Velcro” May Lead to Cost-Effective Alternatives to Natural Antibodies | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Taking inspiration from the human immune system, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have created a new material that can be programmed to identify an endless variety of molecules. The new material resembles tiny sheets of Velcro, each just one-hundred nanometers across. But instead of securing your sneakers, this molecular Velcro mimics the way natural antibodies recognize viruses and toxins, and could lead to a new class of biosensors."

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Bees no Drones When it Comes to Landing

Bees no Drones When it Comes to Landing | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Australian neuroscientists studying bees' flight have uncovered a surprisingly simple guidance strategy which could be used by drones, stealth fighters and even spacecraft. Experiments at the Australian National University revealed that bees land safely by ensuring that the surface they are approaching expands at a constant rate within their field of vision."

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Deciphering Butterflies' Designer Colors: Findings Could Inspire New Hue-changing Materials

Deciphering Butterflies' Designer Colors: Findings Could Inspire New Hue-changing Materials | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Butterfly wings can do remarkable things with light, and humans are still trying to learn from them. Physicists have now uncovered how subtle differences in the tiny crystals of butterfly wings create stunningly varied patterns of color even among closely related species. The discovery, reported today in the Optical Society's (OSA) open-access journal Optical Materials Express, could lead to new coatings for manufactured materials that could change color by design, if researchers can figure out how to replicate the wings' light-manipulating properties."

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Biomimicry and Patterns of Nature Can Offer Solutions to Complexity

Biomimicry and Patterns of Nature Can Offer Solutions to Complexity | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"[...] people are also starting to look to nature not just for technical assistance, but for system-wide strategic solutions. Whether it is working out the best strategy to deal with economic recessions or contemplating the best way to lay out a new town, problem solvers are looking to nature for deeper insights. And little wonder. Over millions of years nature has managed thousands of interrelated components and living systems that collaborate to deliver a sustainable and self-generating system that benefit all its members. It is the way that nature organises itself to deal with this complexity that is the key for a new way of thinking about our problems according to Tim Winton, the founder of Pattern Dynamics. “Biomimicry takes the tactics of nature to make actual physical mechanisms, but Pattern Dynamics uses the patterns in nature to develop high level principles that can be used to build generative strategies,” he said."

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Robot Turtle helps Underwater Archaeologists Inspect Shipwrecks

Robot Turtle helps Underwater Archaeologists Inspect Shipwrecks | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"The Robot Safari in London Science Museum will see the world premiere of the underwater robot U-CAT, a highly maneuverable robot turtle, designed to penetrate shipwrecks. U-CAT’s locomotion principle is similar to sea turtles. Independently driven four flippers make the robot highly maneuverable; it can swim forward and backward, up and down and turn on spot in all directions. Maneuverability is a desirable feature when inspecting confined spaces such as shipwrecks. The robot carries an onboard camera and the video footage can be later used to reconstruct the underwater site."

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StartupNectar-The Biommimicry Business Incubator

StartupNectar-The Biommimicry Business Incubator | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"StartupNectar enables early-stage, biomimicry-based ventures to access resources and gain traction in the marketplace. The incubation model is informed by nature’s strategies for creating conditions conducive to life".

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3D-Printed Fish Scales May Improve Military Armor

3D-Printed Fish Scales May Improve Military Armor | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Human body armor has come a long way since the steel-plated suits of the Middle Ages, but protective animal structures — such as some shells and scales — still beat the most sophisticated man-made gear in terms of mobility and rigidity. Researchers at MIT are now using3D printing to bring humans up to speed with their animal kin by studying some of the sturdiest forms of animal armor, particularly fish scales, to design gear that matches the flexibility, comfort and durability found in the natural world."

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Natural Allies for the Next Sandy

Natural Allies for the Next Sandy | Biomimicry | Scoop.it
Nature’s own walls, like reefs and marshes, have appeal and provide many other benefits, but questions remain on how much protection they would provide, especially in a major storm.
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Stingrays' Weird Swimming May Inspire New Submarine Designs

Stingrays' Weird Swimming May Inspire New Submarine Designs | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Sometimes the answers to some of the most challenging problems with technology can be found in nature. Researchers hoping to design more agile and fuel-efficient submarines are taking cues from the unique and elegant way stingrays swim. Scientists at Harvard University and the University at Buffalo are studying how stingrays move, including the seemingly effortless way the fish's round and flattened bodies ripple through water. The new research could inspire the development of next-generation unmanned submarines for ocean exploration, clean-up efforts or rescue missions."

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Creepy Cat Eyes Inspire Road Markers

Creepy Cat Eyes Inspire Road Markers | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Nature’s inventiveness often inspires human innovation as in the well-known case of hook-and-loop fasteners: Swiss engineer George de Mestrel turned a hiking annoyance (burrs) into a handy tool (Velcro). But did you know that safety road markers were inspired by a cat’s eyes reflecting headlights. [...] “Eyeshine” may be most familiar as a feline phenomenon, but it occurs in a tremendous variety of animals, from moths to whales. It’s caused by the tapetum lucidum, a reflective layer behind the photosensitive part of the eye which bounces photons back, giving them a second chance to be seen. This ability is a major advantage at night and in the deep sea and has evolved many times in many different forms."

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Science of Bioinspiration Is Spreading, But Lacks Commercial Teeth

Science of Bioinspiration Is Spreading, But Lacks Commercial Teeth | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Can innovators learn anything about sustainability from the minimalist lifestyle of a two-toed sloth? [...]  the San Diego Zoo Global Centre for Bioinspiration, which hosted the two-day event, is focused on taking a much more rigorous and “hard science” approach to bioinspiration—a largely collaborative field that typically requires a mix of disciplines to move from scientific discovery to a new commercial product. [...] As an industry, however, bioinspiration suffers from a lack of public awareness, uncertainty about how the field is defined, and how “serious” it really is, according to scientists who specialize in bioinspiration. For many innovation leaders and investors, bioinspiration conjures an amorphous field with mushy scientific discipline."

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Cocktail Novelties Inspired by Nature’s Designs

Cocktail Novelties Inspired by Nature’s Designs | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"An MIT mathematician and a celebrity chef have combined talents to create two culinary novelties inspired by nature.  John Bush, a professor of applied mathematics, and renowned Spanish chef José Andrés have designed a cocktail accessory and a palate cleanser based on the mechanics of water bugs and water lilies, respectively."

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Scientists study 'fishy' behavior to solve an animal locomotion mystery (w/ Video)

Scientists study 'fishy' behavior to solve an animal locomotion mystery (w/ Video) | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"A quirk of nature has long baffled biologists: Why do animals push in directions that don't point toward their goal, like the side-to-side sashaying of a running lizard or cockroach? An engineer building a robot would likely avoid these movements because they seem wasteful. So why do animals behave this way?

A multi-institutional research team, led by Johns Hopkins engineers, says it has solved this puzzle. In an article published in the Nov. 4-8 online edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team reported that these extra forces are not wasteful after all: They allow animals to increase both stability and maneuverability, a feat that is often described as impossible in engineering textbooks."

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Autodesk Gallery Exhibits Mercedes-Benz Biome Car

"A concept car like no other, the Biome is made from an ultra-lightweight biological material that is grown from a seed. With a weight restriction of 1,000 pounds and just a month for design, Mercedes-Benz turned to biomimicry and the symbiotic relationships of nature for inspiration. The Biome is made from a biological material, BioFibre, uses bioluminescence for headlights, releases pure oxygen as it operates, and becomes a seamless part of the ecosystem."

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Nature, Inc.

Nature, Inc. | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"A pioneering inventor explains how biomimicry–innovation inspired by nature–will be the business of the 21st century."

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