Biomimicry
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Nature inspired innovation
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New "Artificial Synapse" Gets Closer to Mimicking Brain Connections

New "Artificial Synapse" Gets Closer to Mimicking Brain Connections | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"A brain-inspired computing component provides the most faithful emulation yet of connections among neurons in the human brain, researchers say. The so-called memristor, an electrical component whose resistance relies on how much charge has passed through it in the past, mimics the way calcium ions behave at the junction between two neurons in the human brain, the study said. That junction is known as a synapse. The researchers said the new device could lead to significant advances in brain-inspired—or neuromorphic—computers, which could be much better at perceptual and learning tasks than traditional computers, as well as far more energy efficient."

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Electronic Memory May Bring Bionic Brain One Step Closer

Electronic Memory May Bring Bionic Brain One Step Closer | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Using a matrix of nano-sized memristors, researchers working at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) and the University of California, Santa Barbara claim to have constructed the world’s first electronic memory cell that effectively mimics the analog process of the human brain. By storing memories as multiple threads of varying information, rather than a collection of ones and zeroes, scientists believe that this device may prove to be the first step towards creating a completely artificial, bionic brain.   Working at the MicroNano Research Facility of RMIT, the researchers believe that the breakthrough not only carries them closer to reproducing key aspects of the human brain electronically, but could also one day assist in providing effective treatments for neurological conditions – such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases – by studying such diseases outside the body using artificial brains. Eventually, even cybernetic implants could conceivably be developed from this technology."

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Stanford Bioengineers Create Circuit Board Modeled on the Human Brain

Stanford Bioengineers Create Circuit Board Modeled on the Human Brain | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Stanford bioengineers have developed faster, more energy-efficient microchips based on the human brain – 9,000 times faster and using significantly less power than a typical PC. This offers greater possibilities for advances in robotics and a new way of understanding the brain. For instance, a chip as fast and efficient as the human brain could drive prosthetic limbs with the speed and complexity of our own actions."

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Neuro-Inspired Chips for Robots and Smartphones

Neuro-Inspired Chips for Robots and Smartphones | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"The world’s largest smartphone chipmaker, Qualcomm, says it is ready to start helping partners manufacture a radically different kind of a chip—one that mimics the neural structures and processing methods found in the brain."

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IBM Designs New 'Software Ecosystem' That Mimics The Human Brain

IBM Designs New 'Software Ecosystem' That Mimics The Human Brain | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Inspired by nothing less than the human brain, IBM announced today a new "software ecosystem" that is designed for programming silicon chips that have a dramatically different architecture. The breakthrough technology, the company stated in a press release, could enable “a new generation of intelligent sensor networks that mimic the brain’s abilities for perception, action, and cognition."

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IBM Creates Liquid-based Transistors That Can Process Data Like The Human brain

IBM Creates Liquid-based Transistors That Can Process Data Like The Human brain | Biomimicry | Scoop.it
A new way of creating on-off switches could lead to brain-like computing devices.
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Carnegie Mellon Joins IARPA Project to Reverse-engineer Brain Algorithms

Carnegie Mellon Joins IARPA Project to Reverse-engineer Brain Algorithms | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"Carnegie Mellon University is embarking on a five-year, $12 million research effort to reverse-engineer the brain, seeking to unlock the secrets of neural circuitry and the brain's learning methods. Researchers will use these insights to make computers think more like humans."

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The Human Brain’s Remarkably Low Power Consumption, and How Computers Might Mimic its Efficiency

The Human Brain’s Remarkably Low Power Consumption, and How Computers Might Mimic its Efficiency | Biomimicry | Scoop.it
A new paper discusses the efficiency of neuronal computing and the ways in which we might better model the brain's function in future hardware. In some significant ways, we're clearly on the right track already.
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Insect Nervous System Copied To Boost Computing Power

Insect Nervous System Copied To Boost Computing Power | Biomimicry | Scoop.it
Brains are the most powerful computers known. Now microchips built to mimic insects' nervous systems have been shown to successfully tackle technical computing problems like object recognition and data mining, researchers say.
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How to Build a Brainlike Computer

How to Build a Brainlike Computer | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"What if you could build a computer that works just like the human brain?Scientists have started to imagine the possibilities: We could invent new forms of industrial machinery, create fully autonomous thinking cars, devise new kinds of home appliances. A new project in Europe hopes to create a computer brain just that powerful in the next ten years -- and it’s incredibly well-funded."

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GPU-based Brain Research Helps Japanese Robot Swing for the Fences

GPU-based Brain Research Helps Japanese Robot Swing for the Fences | Biomimicry | Scoop.it

"The human cerebellum is a mysterious thing. Responsible for motor control, it’s the reason why we can walk, run, or learn to hit a baseball without having to consciously think through the mechanics of what we’re doing. These are some of the tasks that robots — with their ‘electronic’ brains — struggle with most."

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Cat Brain: A Step Toward the Electronic Equivalent

Cat Brain: A Step Toward the Electronic Equivalent | Biomimicry | Scoop.it
A cat can recognize a face faster and more efficiently than a supercomputer. That's one reason a feline brain is the model for a biologically-inspired computer project.
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