biomimicry
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Nature pitched as source of innovation in poor countries

Nature pitched as source of innovation in poor countries | biomimicry | Scoop.it
“ Developing countries should take clues from nature to do good science with fewer resources, a meeting hears.”
Via Janine Benyus
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Seven fabrics inspired by nature: from the lotus leaf to butterflies and sharks

Seven fabrics inspired by nature: from the lotus leaf to butterflies and sharks | biomimicry | Scoop.it
Biomimicry brings nature and technology together to create exciting new fabrics that are smarter and more sustainable

Via Amazon Rainforest Workshops
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Biomimetic nano-environments as templates for skin regeneration

Biomimetic nano-environments as templates for skin regeneration | biomimicry | Scoop.it
Cellular functions within living organisms are extremely complex processes and researchers have been using nanopatterned substrates to control and monitor cellular functions in order to design and fabricate nanoscale biotechnological systems. Especially stem cell research has benefitted from nanopatterned surfaces to maintains stem cells' long-term viability and phenotype during experiments. Nevertheless, despite the intense scientific efforts to achieve precise control of stem cell fates with engineered nanopatterned substrates, reliable and cost effective control of stem cell behavior remains a challenge.
Most of the tissues and organs in the human body, with their distinct three-dimensional structures, require support – scaffold/substrate, template, and artificial extracellular matrix or niche – for their formation from diverse cells.
Researchers have now fabricated biomimetic substrates that are similar to that of the native extracellular matrix (ECM) in the epidermis which assists proliferation, differentiation, and biosynthesis of the keratinocyte (i.e. human outer skin) cells. "

Via Nathalie Tuel (nattuel)
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Cloaked DNA nanodevices evade immune system detection

Cloaked DNA nanodevices evade immune system detection | biomimicry | Scoop.it

An enveloped virus (left) coats itself with lipid as part of its life cycle. New lipid-coated DNA nanodevices (right) closely resemble those viruses and evade.

 

Scientists at Harvard’s Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering have built the first DNA nanodevices that survive the body’s immune defenses.

 

The results pave the way for smart DNA nanorobots that could use logic to diagnose cancer earlier and more accurately than doctors can today, target drugs to tumors, or even manufacture drugs on the spot to cripple cancer, the researchers report in the April 22 online issue of ACS Nano.

 

“We’re mimicking virus functionality to eventually build therapeutics that specifically target cells,” said Wyss Institute Core Faculty member William Shih, Ph.D., the paper’s senior author. Shih is also an Associate Professor of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology at Harvard Medical School and Associate Professor of Cancer Biology at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.

 

The same cloaking strategy could also be used to make artificial microscopic containers called protocells that could act as biosensors to detect pathogens in food or toxic chemicals in drinking water.

 

DNA is well known for carrying genetic information, but Shih and other bioengineers are using it instead as a building material. To do this, they use DNA origami — a method Shih helped extend from 2D to 3D. In this method, scientists take a long strand of DNA and program it to fold into specific shapes, much as a single sheet of paper is folded to create various shapes in the traditional Japanese art.

 

Shih’s team assembles these shapes to build DNA nanoscale devices that might one day be as complex as the molecular machinery found in cells. For example, they are developing methods to build DNA into tiny robots that sense their environment, calculate how to respond, then carry out a useful task, such as performing a chemical reaction or generating mechanical force or movement.

 

In 2012 Wyss Institute researchers reported in Science that they had built a nanorobot that uses logic to detect a target cell, then reveals an antibody that activates a “suicide switch” in leukemia or lymphoma cells.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Carlos Garcia Pando's comment, April 26, 2014 4:10 AM
This might also be used as a powerful and controlled weapon against individuals or groups (ethnic selection, or just other type of genetic or environmental factors). Very dangerous.
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Aircraft engineers turn to biomimicry for greener designs

Aircraft engineers turn to biomimicry for greener designs | biomimicry | Scoop.it
“ Birds do it. Bees do it. And now, increasingly, aircraft engineers are falling in love with the idea of studying the natural world to find solutions that...”
Via Vincent Chapin, Janine Benyus
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Why Sprint turned to biomimicry for packaging design

Why Sprint turned to biomimicry for packaging design | biomimicry | Scoop.it
“What happens when a telecom company looks to the armadillo and other critters for packaging innovation?”
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A Piece Of Mould Just Revolutionised How Modern Cities Should Be Designed

A Piece Of Mould Just Revolutionised How Modern Cities Should Be Designed | biomimicry | Scoop.it
“ In an increasingly complex and interconnected world, how do we go on about designing efficient transport systems? Some innovative research claims that the answer is in slime mould... (Watch the vid!”
Via Janine Benyus
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14 Smart Inventions Inspired by Nature: Biomimicry - World Industrial Reporter

14 Smart Inventions Inspired by Nature: Biomimicry - World Industrial Reporter | biomimicry | Scoop.it
biomimicry, evolution, Janine Benyus, George de Mestral, Biomimicry 3.8, Eiji Nakatsu, Shinkansen Bullet Train, Pak Kitae, Peter Agre, Frank Fish
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Brought To You By - Core77.com (blog)

Brought To You By - Core77.com (blog) | biomimicry | Scoop.it
Core77.com (blog)
Brought To You By
Core77.com (blog)
Perhaps the best example is Janine Benyus's short primer on biomimicry, in which the biologist, innovation consultant and author explains how the natural world can inspire and inform design.
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Dragonflies and Frogs Inspired the Best of Biomimicry in 2013

Dragonflies and Frogs Inspired the Best of Biomimicry in 2013 | biomimicry | Scoop.it
“ From an arthropod to a virus, here are 10 of the most impressive bioinspired developments from the past year.”
Via Miguel Prazeres
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Inhabitat - Sustainable Design Innovation, Eco Architecture, Green Building

Inhabitat - Sustainable Design Innovation, Eco Architecture, Green Building | biomimicry | Scoop.it
Green design & eco innovation for a better world
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Researchers unveil rich world of fish biofluorescence

Researchers unveil rich world of fish biofluorescence | biomimicry | Scoop.it
A team of researchers led by scientists from the American Museum of Natural History has released the first report of widespread biofluorescence in the tree of life of fishes, identifying more than 180 species that glow in a wide range of colors and...
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Scientists make your stomach turn bright green if you have an ulcer

Scientists make your stomach turn bright green if you have an ulcer | biomimicry | Scoop.it
Doctors may soon be able to diagnose stomach ulcers without taking tissue samples from the stomach. Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark now report to have developed a new, safer and noninvasive diagnostic technique for ulcers.
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Aligning Business & Nature Through Biomimicry

Aligning Business & Nature Through Biomimicry | biomimicry | Scoop.it
By Adiel Gavish The room of homosapiens was buzzing like bees, as a diverse tribe of over 100 eco geeks, science nerds and finance dweebs met and exchanged ideas and shared interests. An enthusiastic crowd of architects, engineers, students, designers, business and finance professionals came together at Impact Hub NYC to learn more about the…

Via Janine Benyus
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Using Fungi to Grow Packaging Material

Using Fungi to Grow Packaging Material | biomimicry | Scoop.it
Biology is influencing design and Biomimicry in packaging is a science that studies nature's models and then uses these designs and processes to solve human problems.

Via Miguel Prazeres
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'Chameleon' crystals could camouflage clothing and cars

'Chameleon' crystals could camouflage clothing and cars | biomimicry | Scoop.it
The latex paint microparticles rearrange themselves according to the pattern of light they're exposed to, but only when in a liquid.

Via Jocelyn Stoller
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Diane Johnson's curator insight, April 29, 2014 10:38 PM

Engineering implications

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Can Sea Urchins Show Scientists How To Capture Carbon Affordably?

Can Sea Urchins Show Scientists How To Capture Carbon Affordably? | biomimicry | Scoop.it
According to a story in Gizmag yesterday, a group of researchers at Newcastle University in the U.K. may have accidentally stumbled on a solution to the pr

Via Janine Benyus
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Medical microrobots to deliver drugs on demand

Medical microrobots to deliver drugs on demand | biomimicry | Scoop.it
Advances in micro- and nanoscale engineering in the medical field have led to the development of various robotic designs that one day will allow a new level of minimally invasive medicine. These micro- and nanorobots will be able to reach a targeted area, provide treatments and therapies for a desired duration, measure the effects and, at the conclusion of the treatment, be removed or degrade without causing adverse effects. Ideally, all these tasks would be automated but they could also be performed under the direct supervision and control of an external user.Several approaches have been explored for the wireless actuation of microrobots. Among these, magnetic fields have been the most widely employed strategy for propulsion because they do not require special environmental properties such as conductivity or transparency (for instance: "Artificial nano swimmers", with a video that shows the controlled motions of particles in a magnetic field).This approach allows for the precise manipulation of magnetic objects toward specific locations, and magnetic fields are biocompatible even at relatively high field strengths (MRI).In a new work, a team of researchers from ETH Zurich and Harvard University (David Mooney's lab) demonstrate that additional intelligence – including sensing and actuation – can be instantiated in these microrobots by selecting appropriate materials and methods for the fabrication process."Our work combines the design and fabrication of near infrared light (NIR) responsive hydrogel capsules and biocompatible magnetic microgels with a magnetic manipulation system to perform targeted drug and cell delivery tasks, Dr." Mahmut Selman Sakar, a research scientist in Bradley Nelson's Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH Zurich, tells Nanowerk.Reporting their results in the November 4, 2013 online edition of Advanced Materials ("An Integrated Microrobotic Platform for On-Demand, Targeted Therapeutic Interventions"), first-authored by Sakar's co-researcher Stefano Fusco, the team fabricated an untethered, self-folding, soft microrobotic platform, in which different functionalities are integrated to achieve targeted, on-demand delivery of biological agents.
Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Happy Birthday, Life!

Happy Birthday, Life! | biomimicry | Scoop.it
“ Life's birthday is today, February 25. No, we're not saying that we know life started on this particular date.”
Via Janine Benyus
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What Slime Mold Can Teach Us About Fixing Our Highways

What Slime Mold Can Teach Us About Fixing Our Highways | biomimicry | Scoop.it
“ Using biomimicry, urban planners could learn how to build better networks of roads and railway lines by looking at the super-efficient many-headed...”
Via Janine Benyus
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Dutch scientists flap to the future with 'insect' drone

Dutch scientists flap to the future with 'insect' drone | biomimicry | Scoop.it
Dutch scientists have developed the world's smallest autonomous flapping drone, a dragonfly-like beast with 3-D vision that could revolutionise our experience of everything from pop concerts to farming.
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The Biomimicry Manual: What Can Leaf-Cutter Ants Teach Us About Farming?

The Biomimicry Manual: What Can Leaf-Cutter Ants Teach Us About Farming? | biomimicry | Scoop.it
Why not farm like a prairie? Perennial polyculture is productive, resilient, self-fertilizing, self-weeding, and it improves the soil.
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Urban Nature: How to Foster Biodiversity in World’s Cities - A New Urban Wildlife Movement?

Urban Nature: How to Foster Biodiversity in World’s Cities - A New Urban Wildlife Movement? | biomimicry | Scoop.it
Yale Environment 360, January 06, 2014 - ▶ URBAN NATURE: HOW TO FOSTER BIODIVERSITY IN WORLD'S CITIES As the world becomes more urbanized, researchers and city managers from Baltimore to Britain are recognizing the importance of providing urban habitat that can support biodiversity. It just may be the start of an urban wildlife movement... http://www.globalpossibilities.org/urban-nature-how-to-foster-biodiversity-in-worlds-cities/ The Green Leap: Can We Construct Urban Communities That Conserve Biodiversity? Huffington Post Green, March 3, 2013 - ▶ THE GREEN LEAP: CAN WE CONSTRUCT URBAN COMMUNITIES THAT CONSERVE BIODIVERSITY? Why are green developments different? The goals are conservation while providing a unique living experience. Biodiversity, however, often is lower on the totem pole of priorities. For the first time in our history, more people live in urban vs. rural areas and humans continue to move into cities. Cities have huge impacts on our natural resources. Urban dwellers consume vast amounts of energy, produce waste, and alter landscapes to the point where native plant and animal populations decline precipitously. As cities grow, people have pondered -- can we develop land without destroying our natural heritage?.. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mark-hostetler/the-green-leap-can-we-con_b_1314981.html US Forest Service Research & Development - ▶ URBAN WILDLIFE http://www.fs.fed.us/research/wildlife-fish/themes/urban-wildlife.php - ▶ THE NATURE OF CITIES: A collective blog on cities as ecological spaces http://www.thenatureofcities.com/ - ▶ BIOPHILIC CITIES| The Biophilic Cities Project http://biophiliccities.org/the-biophilic-cities-project/ Yale Environment 360, December 16, 2013 - ▶ SINGAPORE TAKE THE LEAD IN GREEN BUILDING IN ASIA http://e360.yale.edu/feature/singapore_takes_the_lead_in_green_building_in_asia/2720/ - ▶ RESEARCH CONFIRMS FOR THE FIRST TIME THAT GREEN SPACE DOES IMPROVE MENTAL HEALTH AND HAPPINESS. The new study compared the mental well-being of hundreds of people in the UK who moved from a grey urban setting to a greener area to those who moved in the opposite direction.The results revealed that those surrounded by nature felt happier and more content for many years. http://www.clickgreen.org.uk/research/trends/124091-green-space-boosts-happiness-for-years%2C-new-research-confirms.html -▶ BRINGING NATURE BACK INTO YOUR LIFE -- AND THE WORK PLACE http://sco.lt/5ih73J Harvard Business -▶ MAKING THE CHOICE BETWEEN MONEY AND MEANING : THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS http://sco.lt/8Zzbyz -▶ REWILD THE CHILD http://sco.lt/6BGlA9 - ▶ WHY CHOOSING NATURE WILL ONLY ADVANCE HUMAN SOCIETIES http://sco.lt/8BIJP7 - ▶ NATURE HAS THE ANSWERS: WE ARE SURROUNDED BY GENIUS - WHOLE SYSTEMS DESIGN BY NATURE http://sco.lt/8yvXjV THICH NHAT HANH: - ▶ BEYOND ENVIRONMENT: FALLING BACK IN LOVE WITH MOTHER EARTH | Guardian Sustainable Business | guardian.co.ukhttp://www.guardian.co.uk/sustainable-business/zen-thich-naht-hanh-buddhidm-business-values?intcmp=239 - ▶ WETLANDS VITAL IN SUPPORTING HUMAN LIFE AND BIODIVERSITY http://sco.lt/6Gprk1 -▶ STATE OF THE WORLD'S BIRDS REPORT INDICATES A PLANET IN PERIL http://sco.lt/4yq6z3 AN URGENT MEMO TO THE WORLD The Natural Eye Project http://thenaturaleye.wordpress.com/2012/07/12/an-urgent-memo-to-the-world/
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BioInspired Ink

BioInspired Ink | biomimicry | Scoop.it
Personal essays on Biomimicry by an evolutionary biologist. How would Nature design it?
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Bio-inspired glue keeps hearts securely sealed

Bio-inspired glue keeps hearts securely sealed | biomimicry | Scoop.it
When a child is born with a heart defect such as a hole in the heart, the highly invasive therapies are challenging due to an inability to quickly and safely secure devices inside the heart.
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