Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation
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The Return of Dr. Eiji Nakatsu and Biomimicry
in the Lab

The Return of Dr. Eiji Nakatsu and Biomimicry <br/>in the Lab | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it

Dr. Nakatsu is making a return visit to the United States. He will be covering biomimicry via lectures at some schools. He shared his presentation with me, and with his permission, I am sharing a subset of it with It’s Alive in the Lab readers.

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Biomimétisme : M2i Life Sciences reçoit une récompense européenne

Biomimétisme : M2i Life Sciences reçoit une récompense européenne | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it

M2i Life Sciences n’en fini pas de recevoir les honneurs. Après avoir été lauréat en France en octobre 2015 du prix de l’innovation du Ministère de l’environnement et du développement durable, ce leader européen des phéromones pour la protection biologique des plantes, a remporté l’European Business Award for Environment dans la catégorie innovation & procédé.

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INSCRIPTION – Formation au Biomimétisme les 16,17,29 et 30 mars 2017 | CEEBIOS

INSCRIPTION – Formation au Biomimétisme les 16,17,29 et 30 mars 2017 | CEEBIOS | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
Le Ceebios, l’ Institut des Futurs souhaitables, et le Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle se sont associés pour lancer une formation de 4 jours au Biomimétisme. Nouvelle promotion les 16,17,29 et 30 Mars 2017.
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De nouveaux matériaux composites ultra-résistants inspirés d'un crustacé frappeur

De nouveaux matériaux composites ultra-résistants inspirés d'un crustacé frappeur | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it

Les squilles, ou crevettes-mantes, sont la source d’inspiration originale de nouveaux matériaux composites à haute résistance développés par les chercheurs de l’Université Riverside de Californie (UCR) et de l’Université de Purdue. En particulier, les chercheurs ont été inspirés par la capacité de ce petit crustacé multicolore à écraser les coquilles de ses proies en utilisant ses pattes ravisseuses.

Dans une publication d’Advanced Materials, les chercheurs décrivent la structure en épi unique, observée pour la première fois dans la nature, dans la couche supérieure des pattes ravisseuses.

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To repel liquids, design with these flowers in mind

To repel liquids, design with these flowers in mind | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it

Similar to the lotus leaf, the bright yellow flowers of oilseed rape (Brassica campestris) are superhydrophobic. Scanning electron microscope images of the leaves show torturous, intestine-like microstructures that interlock with each other. These rough structures contribute to the superhydrophobicity property in ways that are different from the lotus leaf, according to this Science Direct article. While such wetting characteristics may be common in nature, the designs that create these mechanisms suggest different ways to achieve them.

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Biomimicry might be University of Akron's next high-profile field of research

Biomimicry might be University of Akron's next high-profile field of research | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
The school's new doctoral program, which studies nature to solve human problems, is drawing researchers from around the world, and area companies are getting some sophisticated new R&D help as a result of their support for UA's new fellows.
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Geckos Inspire Yet Another Revolutionary Adhesive | Adhesives.org and Sealants.org

Geckos Inspire Yet Another Revolutionary Adhesive | Adhesives.org and Sealants.org | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it


Cape Western Reserve University working at the Dayton Air Force Research Laboratory in partnership with Chinese scholars has developed a new dry adhesive inspired by the tiny hairs on gecko’s feet that allow them to cling to improbable surfaces. The adhesive bonds even more strongly at temperatures as high as 1,832 degrees Fahrenheit, the temperature of molten silver, and still retains its properties when temperatures plummet as low as -320 degrees or the temperature of liquid nitrogen.
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Biosteel® Fiber

Biosteel® Fiber | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
With its totally unique and integrated process from the pioneering protein production all the way to the fiber spinning, our Biosteel® fiber offers customers high-tech biofabrication made by AMSilk: We are the first brand to successfully commercialize the industrial biofabrication of nature-identical silk for textiles. We will be constantly driving the category further.
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Comment l’impression 3D accélère le biomimétisme dans l’industrie

Comment l’impression 3D accélère le biomimétisme dans l’industrie | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
L’arrivée à maturité de l’impression 3D, en particulier son usage pour le prototypage, participe au développement du biomimétisme dans l’industrie. C’est l’hypothèse qu’explorent les analystes d’Alcimed, un cabinet de conseil spécialisé dans les sciences de la vie, la chimie, les matériaux, l'énergie et l’aérospatial. « Il s’agit encore de R&D, tempère Vincent Pessey, responsable de l’étude chez Alcimed. Mais plusieurs industriels nous questionnent sur ce sujet."
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Biomimétisme : regardez cet impressionnant robot poulpe se déplacer sous l'eau

Biomimétisme : regardez cet impressionnant robot poulpe se déplacer sous l'eau | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
Une équipe de chercheurs italiens, dirigée par le professeur Cecilia Laschi, a mis au point un impressionnant robot sous-marin. Pour parvenir à cette prouesse, les chercheurs se sont inspirés du poulpe et ont adopté une démarche baptisée "intelligence incarnée".
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Next-generation smartphone battery inspired by the gut

Next-generation smartphone battery inspired by the gut | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it

A new prototype of a lithium-sulphur battery – which could have five times the energy density of a typical lithium-ion battery – overcomes one of the key hurdles preventing their commercial development by mimicking the structure of the cells which allow us to absorb nutrients. Read more: Next-generation smartphone battery inspired by the gut

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The Sharklet Technology

The Sharklet Technology | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
Healthcare professionals use a variety of tools to combat dangerous infections. These include: Personal maintenance – Washing your hands, using hand sanitizer, avoiding contact with eyes and face Antibiotics – Powerful medications that kill bacteria Chemicals – Sprays and solutions meant to sterilize surfaces These precautions are effective and work most of the time – but each has a shortfall. The passenger next to you on the train is not as diligent with hand washing as you would hope. The door handle has all sorts of bacteria on the surface, even between cleanings. Antibiotics are effective, but eventually some strains of bacteria become resistant to antibiotics. Using chemicals comes with a heavy cost, between their environmentally unfriendly manufacturing and dangerous side effects. Sharklet is the solution. The antibacterial properties of Sharklet are not a result of harsh chemicals or antibiotics – they are purely structural. This is due to the unique shape and configuration of the Sharklet micropattern.
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Sound-proof metamaterial inspired by spider webs

Sound-proof metamaterial inspired by spider webs | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it

Spider silk is well-known for its unusual combination of being both lightweight and extremely strong—in some cases, stronger than steel. Due to these properties, researchers have been developing spider-silk-inspired materials for potential applications such as durable yet lightweight clothing, bullet-proof vests, and parachutes. But so far, the acoustic properties of spider webs have not yet been explored. Now in a new study, a team of researchers from Italy, France and the UK has designed an acoustic metamaterial (which is a material made of periodically repeating structures) influenced by the intricate spider web architecture of the golden silk orb-weaver, also called the Nephila spider. Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2016-09-sound-proof-metamaterial-spider-webs.html#jCp

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Equipping insects for special service | Energy Harvesting Journal

Equipping insects for special service | Energy Harvesting Journal | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
The smallest aerial drones mimic insects in many ways, but none can match the efficiency and maneuverability of the dragonfly. Now, engineers are creating a new kind of hybrid drone by combining miniaturized navigation, synthetic biology and neurotechnology to guide dragonfly insects.
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The best of biomimicry: Here’s 7 brilliant examples of nature-inspired design

The best of biomimicry: Here’s 7 brilliant examples of nature-inspired design | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
Many of our technological innovations have been based on natural design properties. Here are the seven best technologies inspired by the animal kingdom.
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Les matériaux bio-inspirés : de l’art du feu à la chimie douce Conférence de Jacques Livage à l'Espace des sciences

Les matériaux bio-inspirés : de l’art du feu à la chimie douce Conférence de Jacques Livage à l'Espace des sciences | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
Les nanomatériaux envahissent notre quotidien et pour en maîtriser l’élaboration, des techniques sophistiquées sont développées. Pourtant, il suffit d’observer la nature ! Le vivant sait élaborer des matériaux nanostructurés depuis des centaines de millions d’années. Comment alors, prendre exemple sur la nature pour inventer de nouveaux matériaux “bio-inspirés” ?
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Biomaterials: Silk gland mimic spins strong fibres : Nature : Nature Research

Biomaterials: Silk gland mimic spins strong fibres : Nature : Nature Research | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it


« Nous avons conçu une protéine de soie à partir de plusieurs espèces d'araignées », explique Jan Johansson de l'université suédoise des sciences agricoles à Uppsala et coauteur de l'étude publiée lundi dans Nature Chemical Biology. Selon l'étude, cette protéine de soie artificielle peut être produite en grandes quantités. Pour simuler le « canal » de l'araignée, les chercheurs ont conçu « un nouvel appareil de filature qui imite les changements de pH que l'araignée utilise pour fabriquer les fibres de soie », ajoute le chercheur. Cette découverte « permet, pour la première fois, la production "sans fin" de fibres de soie artificielles », précise Jan Johansson.
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Bird friendly glass : ORNILUX

Bird friendly glass : ORNILUX | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it


As the leader in innovative bird-friendly glass solutions, Arnold Glas has been involved with the concept of bird-friendly glass since about 2000 when the Biomimetically inspired idea of a transparent bird-friendly glass utilizing UV technology was first considered.
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Artificial leaf as mini-factory for medicine - Bio-based News - The portal for bio-based economy and industrial biotechnology

Artificial leaf as mini-factory for medicine - Bio-based News - The portal for bio-based economy and industrial biotechnology | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
To produce medicine sustainably and cheaply, anywhere you want. Whether in the middle of the jungle or even on Mars. A ‘mini-factory’ whereby sunlight can be captured to make chemical products. Inspired by the art of nature where leaves are … Continue reading →
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Meet SALTO, the tiny robot that jumps better than you

Meet SALTO, the tiny robot that jumps better than you | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
SALTO's jumping mechanism — a motor-driven spring that creates energy — was inspired by the galago (also called bushbabies). These little animals can jump five times in four seconds, reaching a height of almost 28 feet. The galago store energy in their tendons when they crouch, and this trait inspired SALTO's springy step. Even while it's in the air, SALTO is already getting ready for its next jump, no winding needed.
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Le biomimétisme : les animaux-robots - Afis - Association française pour l'information scientifique

Le biomimétisme : les animaux-robots - Afis - Association française pour l'information scientifique | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
De tout temps, les inventeurs se sont inspirés de l’organisation de l’animal, de son aptitude à s’adapter aux conditions du milieu extérieur, pour fabriquer des machines capables d’effectuer des tâches de plus en plus complexes.
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Zipp 454 NSW wheels take design cues from whales | VeloNews.com

Zipp 454 NSW wheels take design cues from whales | VeloNews.com | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it

For the 454, Zipp looked to humpback whales and, specifically, the lumps on the leading edges of their pectoral fins. Called tubercles, these protrusions make humpbacks more agile by keeping water attached to their flippers when they turn. In the same way that a plane can stall when air separates from the wing during high-speed maneuvers, uncontrolled turbulence over a whale’s flipper makes turning more difficult. Tubercles keep the water attached as it flows past. Aircraft designers have known about these benefits for years. A lot of airplane wings have small fins near their leading edges, turned at slight angles to the wind. These “vortex generators” disrupt airflow in a way that provides better lift and stability.

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The nanostructured cloak of invisibility

The nanostructured cloak of invisibility | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems took a page out of the design book for moth cornea. The corneas of these mostly nocturnal insects reflect almost no incoming light. There is no glow of light bouncing off the moth's eyes to betray their presence to potential predators. Less reflected light also means that moths are able to use practically all the scarce night-time light to see. This magic from the world of insects inspired scientists to try the same tactics for the design of optical components. Like the corneas of moths, the components must allow light to pass through while light reflection is of little use. So far, component designers apply anti-reflective coating to lenses, display screens, monitors and laser components. However, these coatings have disadvantages. Most of them work only in a narrow wavelength range, and they produce lens errors dependent on the angle of light incidence. Read more: The nanostructured cloak of invisibility

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[Vidéo] Quand le MIT s'inspire des castors pour concevoir des combinaisons de surf

[Vidéo] Quand le MIT s'inspire des castors pour concevoir des combinaisons de surf | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
Une équipe de chercheurs du MIT s'est inspirée de la méthode d'isolation qu'utilisent les castors et les loutres des mers pour développer des combinaisons de surf plus performantes. Ces petits mammifères semi-aquatiques savent restés au chaud tout en conservant leur agilité. Deux caractéristiques clés pour une combinaison. Comment rendre les combinaisons des surfeurs plus isolantes sans entraver leurs mouvements ? Pour résoudre cette problématique, le fabricant de combinaison Sheico Group, s'est rapproché d'une équipe de chercheurs du MIT. Ces derniers se sont inspirés de la nature pour proposer une réponse pertinente.
Alors que les baleines utilisent leur épaisse couche de graisse pour se protéger du froid, d'autres mammifères plus petits et semi-aquatiques, comme le castor et la loutre des mers, utilisent leur fourrure très dense pour capturer des bulles d'air chaud et s'isoler du froid.
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NASA, coating technology, and the lotus leaf phenomenon - Surface Technology

NASA, coating technology, and the lotus leaf phenomenon - Surface Technology | Biomimétisme, Biomimicry, Bioinspired innovation | Scoop.it
Discover how NASA researchers are testing new lotus leaf-inspired coatings that improve aircraft efficiency and reduce drag - with exciting results.
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