BIOCLEAN is a European Funded Project under the FP7 programme.
Biodegradation of synthetic plastics can occur in nature, in sediments and marine environments as well as in landfills, compost and soil. The process is governed by the polymer characteristics, the organisms available and the surrounding environmental conditions. However, the knowledge on the biodegradation of major synthetic polymers is still very limited and fragmented. BIOCLEAN strategy is aimed at deepening the scientific understanding on the biodegradation of such materials in natural environments and waste disposing facilities and exploring the feasibility of biotechnological solutions for the effective and sustainable disposal of plastic waste. In particular, the consortium will focus on PVC, Polystyrene, Polypropylene and Polyethylene.
Objectives: BIOCLEAN intends to find smart and robust biotechnological solutions for the degradation and detoxification of:
Plastic waste existing landfills
Plastic fragments entering waste composting and anaerobic digestors
Plastic fragments occurring in marine habitats, thus contributing to mitigate the current impact of plastics in marine ecosystems.
September 2012- September 2015
BIOCLEAN is a European Funded Project under the FP7 programme. BIOCLEAN includes 19 partners from nine different and widely distributed European Countries and one from China. The Project includes different organisation types, namely: Universities, Research Institutes, SMEs, a multi-municipality (DEDISA), one enterprise (MMB) and the Association of European plastic producers (PlasticsEurope).
I once got stabbed in the head with a wooden knife. It was an accident that occurred during a martial arts training exercise. I'd heard that head wounds bleed badly, but as I waited for the taxi to take me to the hospital (an ambulance is not what you take in NYC if speed is a priority) I was shocked at the amount of blood that came out of my head. While head wounds are bad, severing a femoral
Oil spills and plastic waste are polluting our oceans – destroying marine life and contaminating beaches. Now scientists are exploring how they can get microbes to degrade these substances more effectively and thus reduce the pollution in the sea.
Evonik Industries bringt zwei neue Produkte als Ersatz für Mikroplastik in Peelings auf den Markt: die Spezialkieselsäuren "SIPERNAT" 2200 PC und "SIPERNAT" 22 PC. Die neuen Produkte werden laut Evonik bereits von einigen namhaften internationalen Kosmetikfirmen in Duschgelen ebenso wie in Gesichts- und Körperpeelingprodukten verwendet, nachdem Evonik Ende 2013 erste Muster bereitgestellt hatte.
Microscopic creatures could be helping reduce marine garbage on the ocean surface, not only by "eating" plastics but by causing tiny pieces to sink to the seafloor, Australian researchers said Thursday.
EuPC Reacts to European Parliament's ENVI Committee Vote Packaging Europe EuPC would, therefore, urge all MEPs in Plenary to oppose the nonsensical provisions in the Auken Report and to not push biodegradable materials as an environmental solution...
Defra seeks solutions for biodegradable bag waste letsrecycle.com The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is seeking suggestions from industry to enable biodegradable bags to be used more widely by reducing their...
PLAPACK project has finished successfully after three years of development. AIMPLAS collaborated in this project, funded by Direct Innovation Line CDTI, along with two research centres and six companies.
The result is a new generation of biodegradable plastics of natural sources used for the manufacturing of clothes hangers, disposable household and food packages.
"Our observations of the size distribution of floating plastic debris point at important size-selective sinks removing millimeter-sized fragments of floating plastic on a large scale. This sink may involve a combination of fast nano-fragmentation of the microplastic into particles of microns or smaller, their transference to the ocean interior by food webs and ballasting processes, and processes yet to be discovered. Resolving the fate of the missing plastic debris is of fundamental importance to determine the nature and significance of the impacts of plastic pollution in the ocean."
Plastics in Packaging EcoCortec combats marine litter Plastics in Packaging Croatian bioplastics company EcoCortec has developed a bio-based and water degradable film that it claims is a huge step forward in the fight against marine debris.
Pollution of nature by plastics is a major environmental problem and the challenge for the future is to manage the lifetime of polymers better. The aim of this study is to establish a baseline on degradation mechanism and degradation kinetics for lifetime prediction of polylactide (PLA) in a marine environment. The ageing of PLA was accelerated by raising temperature in distilled water, filtered and renewed seawater and natural seawater. Samples were immersed in distilled water for six months at different temperatures (25, 30, 40 and 50 °C) in order to evaluate the influence of temperature on PLA degradation kinetics and to predict lifetime. Then, samples were immersed in seawater both in the laboratory and at sea, in order to compare the effects of environment, marine organisms and salt, on degradation. The different degradation steps were followed by gravimetry, tensile tests, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), steric exclusion chromatography (SEC) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). In distilled water, accelerated ageing of PLA is complex with deviation from Fickian behaviour at higher temperature. Moreover, immersion in distilled water induces morphological changes, in particular holes, which are absent in seawater at 40 °C for the same immersion time. Indeed, seawater has little impact on the diffusion kinetics but affects M∞ values, which are slightly lower compared to the distilled water uptake.