In my previous posting I briefly described Roger Bagnall’s new book, Everyday Writing in the Graeco-Roman East, and I mentioned his lead chapter on a body of graffiti from ancient Smyrna..
Bagnall also notes a few other graffiti from Smyrna that he judges “possible references to Christianity” (23). These include a fragmentary graffito that can be restored as “the one who has given the spirit”. Another partially-preserved graffito “even more tantalizingly” has the letters ΚΑΡΠΟΣ, which Bagnall wonders might have been the name of Polycarp (Greek: Πολυκαρπος), a leader in the church in Smyrna in the period of the graffito.
Little else is known about the creator of this artistic masterpiece from 1,800 years ago, who worked neither quickly nor cheaply.
The artist who made it some 1,800 years ago was apparently the greatest mosaic artist ever to work in this land. The laboratory has another large mosaic, excavated about 40 years ago in the Lachish area that also features lions and other animals, and geometric patterns. But the lion's mane and tail are missing and the donkey has a limp, the peacock's foot is distorted and the circles are crooked.
Competing philosophies put pressure on the early Christian church to change its doctrines and practices
The New Testament as we see it today stands in stark contrast to the ideas of the Gnostics. The discovery and subsequent study of Gnostic documents actually demands the reconsideration of the entire New Testament as a product of the Jewish milieu. The result is that all the writings of the apostles must be recontextualized within their world rather than the Hellenistic world in which generations of commentators have tried to place them. This calls for a total reevaluation of the lineage of what is called Christianity.
Ruling ends three-year legal battle from left-wing organization to stop agreement between Elad and National Parks Authority.
The City of David Park, located south of the Temple Mount, contains archeological ruins from the First Temple period.
The park has long been a source of tension between the Ir David Foundation and the Arab residents of the Silwan neighborhood, who say it encroaches on their land. Ir David supports Jewish residents in the predominantly Arab neighborhood in addition to developing the archeological site.
Although recent scholarship tends to assume that there were few horses in ancient Israel and that chariotry was relatively insignificant, Cantrell concludes otherwise based on sophisticated inferences from Biblical as well as ancient Near Eastern texts and from an abundance of archaeological evidence. In Iron Age Israel, she argues, there were large numbers of horses.
This discovery adds significantly to our understanding of Jesus, his earliest followers, and the birth of Christianity. In this book we reveal reliable archaeological evidence that is directly connected to Jesus' first followers, those who knew him personally and to Jesus himself. The discovery provides the earliest archaeological evidence of faith in Jesus' resurrection from the dead, the first witness to a saying of Jesus that predates even the writing of our New Testament gospels, and the earliest example of Christian art, all found in a sealed tomb dated to the 1st century CE.
Don't miss the largest collection of Dead Sea Scrolls ever displayed @TheFranklin in #Philly May12 - visit http://t.co/BM0hfvmM for tickets!
The Franklin Institute's Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times exhibit presents one of the most comprehensive collections of ancient artifacts from Israel ever organized, featuring twenty scrolls including the oldest known copies of the Hebrew Bible and four never-before-seen scrolls. With more than 600 items on display, visitors will experience firsthand the traditions, beliefs and iconic objects from everyday life, more than 2000 years ago.
The archaeological evidence shows that Jesus grew up in a small village, Nazareth, about four miles from Sepphoris, a prominent city in the early first century C.E. This city had a Greco-Roman look, complete with paved, columned street, but its inhabitants were observant Jews.
The evidence further shows that Nazareth was linked to a network of roads that accommodated travel and commerce. The quaint notion that Jesus grew up in rustic isolation has been laid to rest. The youthful Jesus may well have visited Sepphoris, whose theatre may have been the inspiration for his later mockery of religious hypocrites as play-actors.
Archaeologist Elizabeth Stone of Stony Brook (N.Y.) University has returned to Iraq to dig at some of the important sites in ancient Mesopotamia. In her recent visit, Stoned excavated as the site of Ga’esh, “a place where Ur’s kings went every year for a festival renewing their rulership.”
The American Schools of Oriental research is excited to announce free access to the current content of all three of our publications during the month of April. You are now able to access all content published in Near Eastern Archaeology, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research and the Journal of Cuneiform Studies over the last four years!
Greek Scholar, Bill Mounce, discusses how education of Biblical languages is changing and where the field might be headed.
To students of biblical languages, especially New Testament Greek, Bill Mounce is no stranger. His many linguistic works include: Basics of Biblical Greek, A Graded Reader of Biblical Greek, Learn the Basics of Biblical Greek DVD Series, Basics of Biblical Greek Vocabulary Cards, The Analytical Lexicon to the Greek New Testament, Greek for the Rest of Us: Using Greek Tools Without Mastering Biblical Greek and he has written the Word Commentary Series volume on The Pastoral Epistles.
There's no better place this Passover to explore new excavations that have so much to do with the holiday.
When I first arrived in Israel I was in awe of the remnants of biblical and Talmudic Jerusalem. It seemed that everywhere I turned I would bump into something that would send me almost 2,000 or 3,000 years in back time. My mind would race through history and my emotions would bubble up to the surface and sometimes, even for this secular Jew, I would find myself in the midst of a spiritual experience.
Since I started here in 2009, we have processed thirty two collections from the mass of material stored at ASOR headquarters in Boston, the Semitic Museum at Harvard University, and the Albright Institute in Jerusalem. I expect that a few more collections will emerge before we are through with the processing.
These collections include excavation materials, photographs, dig diaries, drawings, correspondence and all manner of administrative materials. The collections document fascinating moments in the history of archaeology like the first photographic survey of area east of the Jordan River, and the discovery and publication of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The collections also document the experiences of American archaeologists working in the Near East through World War II, the Six Day War, the establishment of the state of Israel, and other significant political events.
This breed, once seen by Moses and Jesus, now the focus of a battle between preservationists and bureaucracy.
Pricked, pointy ears and almond-shaped brown eyes. A tan or black-and-white coat and a tail that curls upward. For many in Israel, this is the description of a pesky stray that feeds on garbage. But for a passionate few, it is a cultural treasure that should be preserved.
Are the Scriptures—the Old and the New Testament—biased against women? It’s a common enough claim.
The wives of the patriarchs are seen as subservient; ancient Hebrew society is said to have treated women as possessions; and the apostle Paul, understood by many to be the real founder of Christianity, is viewed as a fierce woman hater. Given these perceptions, how can we think of the Bible as anything but anti-woman?
Where was Jesus crucified and buried? Most would say the Church of the Holy Sepulchre or the Garden Tomb, but 1st-century evidence says neither.
While Catholic, Orthodox and some other religious communities place the location of Jesus Christ’s death within the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, most Protestant churches opt instead for an outcrop of rock near the Garden Tomb. But other ideas have been put forward over the years, one of which is worthy of further consideration in light of first-century Jewish practices and New Testament accounts of the event.
James Tabor stated in a comment here yesterday that he is “not sure how finding the earliest evidence of faith in Jesus’ resurrection would negate Christianity,” but the book excerpt above shows otherwise. In their interpretations of the evidence, the authors claim that the evidence refutes “certain theological traditions” about the bodily resurrection of Jesus.
I was preparing for my class in the OT Historical Books the other day when I stumbled over one of the ESV's little-advertised translation changes in 1 Samuel 13:1 (I'd call it a stealth version, but that would be a cheap shot).
Translation is never simple, and formal equivalence will rarely work for more than a verse or two before it must be abandoned. We might talk about a version being “more formal” or “less formal” than another, but never purely formal.
Until now, your chances of poring over the Dead Sea Scrolls—ancient documents so brittle that direct light would damage them—were on the slim side. The next step of the project will involve digitizing more of the vast collection, which was discovered outside Jerusalem more than 50 years ago and includes the oldest known biblical manuscripts. Before you start browsing, read up on the scrolls and their deep religious and historical significance below.
Sharing your scoops to your social media accounts is a must to distribute your curated content. Not only will it drive traffic and leads through your content, but it will help show your expertise with your followers.
How to integrate my topics' content to my website?
Integrating your curated content to your website or blog will allow you to increase your website visitors’ engagement, boost SEO and acquire new visitors. By redirecting your social media traffic to your website, Scoop.it will also help you generate more qualified traffic and leads from your curation work.
Distributing your curated content through a newsletter is a great way to nurture and engage your email subscribers will developing your traffic and visibility.
Creating engaging newsletters with your curated content is really easy.