Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage
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Les entomophages | ARTE Creative

Les entomophages | ARTE Creative | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
Ces dernières années, s’il y a bien un secteur qui a su écouter les faiseurs de tendance, c’est l’alimentation.
Jacques Mignon's insight:

"Le dégoût des Occidentaux pour les insectes n’est donc pas profondément ancré dans le cerveau, mais seulement une convention culturelle. Et ce ne sont pas les épreuves de courage dans les émissions de télé qui vont faire disparaître ces a priori."

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Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage
Informations sur les élevages non-conventionnels et le mini-élevage : la production, la valorisation et la qualité des produits
Curated by Jacques Mignon
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Reproduction, growth performance and docility in common coat and albino grasscutters (Thryonomys swinderianus)

The production efficiency of any livestock depends to a large extent on its reproductive performance. Research is needed to overcome the problems associated with reproduction and docility in domesticated grasscutter. The present study was conducted to compare the reproductive, growth and docility in common coat and albino grasscutters using the kindling records of 108 does (72 common coat and 39 albino does).
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part introduction : "As much as 40,000 tonnes of grasscutter meat is consumed per year in West Africa of which only 0.2% is produced by domestic ated grasscutter (Mensah and Okeyo, 2006). "
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Determination Du Niveau De Fibres Dans L'aliment Granule Chez L'aulacodine (Thryonomys Swinderianus, Temminck 1827): Impacts Sur Les Performances Zootechniques

Determination of fibers level in grass-cutters (Thryonomys swinderianus, Temminck 1827) granulated diet: impacts on zootechnic performance. The grass-cutter or cane rat is a monogastric herbivore domesticated in Africa for meat production. Dietary fibre intake seems to play an important role in its digestive functioning, although the effects of fibre level on reproductive parameters of female cane rat remain largely unknown. An experiment was carried out to estimate the optimal fibre content of complete pelleted diets which optimizes the reproduction performance of female cane rat. Feed intake, digestible energy intake, and reproductive parameters of ad libitum fed female cane rat were studied for four diets differing in fibre levels (14, 18, 22 and 26 % of acid detergent fibre (ADF)) on 4 groups of 8 female animals.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract:
"Les poids moyens final, le gain moyen quotidien, les taux de fécondité, de prolificité, de fertilité, de mortinatalité et la taille des portées des reproductrices n’ont pas été impactés par le niveau de fibres alimentaires. Les valeurs moyennes respectives ont été de 3156 g ; 7,29 g/j ; 47,11 % ; 52,32 % ; 90,18 % ; 7,71 % et 3,6 aulacodeaux avec un sexe ratio à la naissance d’un mâle pour une femelle. Cependant, les animaux nourris aux rations 14 % et 18 % d’ADF ont enregistré les plus faibles indices de consommation (5,8 ± 1,5 g/j et 7,9 ± 3,3 g/j) (p ˂ 0,01). Ces rations ont été mieux digérées avec un coefficient de digestibilité de la matière sèche supérieur à celui des lots 3 et 4 respectivement de 1,12 fois et 1,18 fois (p ˂ 0,01). Les aulacodeaux ont obtenu un poids à la naissance plus élevé que celui des aulacodelles de 11,7 g (p ˂ 0,01)."
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Feeding value of cassava products supplemented with earthworm meal in diets of growing rabbits

Feeding value of cassava products supplemented with earthworm meal in diets of growing rabbits | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

An eight week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of earthworm meal supplementation in various cassava based products in growing rabbit diets. Nine isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets were formulated such that each diet contained a constant amount of Soybean Meal, SBM (50%) and Cassava Leaf Meal, CLM (25%) as part of the protein component. The remaining 25% protein of animal origin was supplied by Fish Meal (FM) and Earthworm Meal (EWM) in varying proportions....

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Part abstract:
"Twenty seven (27) growing rabbits of mixed breeds and sexes were allotted to the nine dietary treatments such that each was replicated three times and were fed and watered ad libitum. Data collected included feed intake, weight gain, feed conversion ratio, as well as carcass characteristics, organ weights and gut dimension. Results showed that feed intake was not significantly (P>0.05) affected by dietary treatments but weight gain and FCR were both enhanced (P<0.05). Treatment effects on carcass characteristics, organ weights and gut dimensions were not significant. The results suggested that EWM protein can replace 50% of FM protein in rabbit diets without any adverse effects."
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SKILLS NEEDED FOR PRODUCTIVE GRASSCUTTER REARING AT THE RURAL LEVEL: THE CURRENT APPLICATION LEVEL AND IMPROVEMENT NEEDS OF THE FARMERS

The study was carried out to determine the grasscutter rearing skill improvement needs of farmers for income enhancement and sustainable livelihood. Three research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted Borich need assessment model. The population for the study was 126 comprised of 83 registered grasscutter farmers and 43 extension Agents.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
ATBU Journal of Science, Technology and Education

Part abstract: "The findings of the study revealed that 42 skill items were required while farmers needed improvementin 29items for effective grasscutter rearing. The null hypotheses tested for the study at 0.05 level of significance showed that there were no significant differences between the mean responses of grasscutter farmers and agricultural extension agents on the skills required in entering into grasscutter rearing enterprise. Based on the findings, it was recommended that the identified skills be utilized in training target grasscutter farmers at the rural level where small scaled farming can be easily encouraged to strive."
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Effet de l’amendement au carbonate de calcium
(mikhart) de substrat d’élevage sur les performances de reproduction de l’escargot Achatina achatina (Linné, 1758)

" Des naissains d’escargots âgés de deux mois, avec un poids vif moyen de 3,30 ± 1,00 g et une longueur moyenne de coquille de 2,8 0 ± 0,33 cm ont été soumis à un régime alimentaire concentré sous forme de farine. Durant 24 mois, ces mollusques ont été élevés sur cinq types de substrats d’élevage (S 0 (terreau) substrat témoin, S Ca10 (S 0 + 10 % poudre de carbonate de calcium), S Ca20 (S 0 + 20 % poudre de carbonate de calcium), S Ca30 (S 0 + 30 % poudre de carbonate de calcium) et S Ca40 (S 0 + 40 % poudre de carbonate de calcium)). Les résultats ont montré que l’amendement du substrat d’élevage avec de la poudre carbonate de calcium (Mikhart) a une influence significative sur la reproduction de A. achatina en ce sens que la maturité sexuelle est atteinte pl us précocement à 14 mois sur les substrats S Ca10 et S Ca20 puis tardivement sur le substrat S 0 non amendé (20 mois)."
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Conclusion et application des résultats : Il convient donc de retenir que la poudre de carbonate de calcium (Mikhart) est une bonne source d’amendement calcique des substrats d’élevage de A. achatina et pourrait être conseillée à quiconque voudrait faire l’élevage de cette espèce. Toutefois, il serait profitable de mener cette expérimentation avec les autres espèces d’escargots géants.

Lien : http://m.elewa.org/Journals/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/10.Bouye-2.pdf

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Croissance des aulaucodes (Thryonomys swinderianus, TEMMINCK ,1827) élevés en captivité étroite à base de fourrages de Penissetum purpureum et Hyparrhenia diplandra

Journal of Applied Biosciences 109: 10580-10593


"Ce travail, réalisé dans l’aulacoderie du Centre de Ressources Professionnel de Kombé de l’Institut AGRICONGO, est une contribution à l’étude de la croissance des aulacodes élevés en captivité étroite par l’utilisation de deux types de graminées fourragères ( Penissetum purpureum et Hyparrhénia diplandra ) et de concentré . 35 aulacodes âgés de 40 jours ont été utilisés."
Jacques Mignon's insight:
"Conclusion et application des résultats : Les rations à base de fourrage de gaminées ( Penissetum purpureum, Hyparrhenia diplandra ) se trouvent être bien valorisées dans la pratique de l’élevage des aulacodes élevés en captivité étroite dans une approche d‘étude de leur croissance en phase d’engraissement."
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Effect of Feeding Different Energy Level Feeds on Litter Growth Performance of Rabbits in Three Successive Kindlings

The present study was under taken to study the effect of feeding different energy level feeds on the litter growth performance in rabbits in three successive kindlings at the Small Animal House, Veterinary College, Bangalore. Twelve adult females of second kindling stage and three male rabbits aged between 8 and 9 months with average weight of 2500–2650 g were randomly allotted to three different treatment groups of four animals in each group, namely, Control, T1 and T2 in a completely randomized design (CRD). Rabbits in control group were fed ad lib quantity (2500 Kcal of digestible energy/Kg) and second treatment (T1) group with 2250 Kcal of digestible energy/Kg of diet by restricting 10 % of feed and the treatment (T2) group with 2000 Kcal of digestible energy/Kg of diet restricting 20 % of feed offered than control.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract: "The study concluded that high energy diet has an influence on kindling, increases litter size at birth and at weaning, and reduces the age of weaning of bunnies from 42 to 30 days. Bunnies attained a body weight of 400g at weaning. Hence, high energy diet is recommended to obtain good kindling performance in rabbits, which in turn which will increase in economic returns by producing more number of young ones and making rabbitary a highly profitable enterprise."
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Economic of Production of Growing Japanese Quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Fed Sun-dried Mango (Mangifera indica) Kernel Meal

Economic of Production of Growing Japanese Quails (Coturnix  coturnix  japonica) Fed Sun-dried Mango (Mangifera indica) Kernel Meal | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
This study investigated the cost effectiveness of graded replacement levels of maize with Sun-dried Mango (Mangifera indica) Kernel Meal (SMKM) in the diets of growing Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) over a period of four weeks (28 days). One hundred and forty four unsexed Japanese quails of about 2 weeks old and about the same weights (26.56 ± 0.02g) were randomly allotted to three dietary treatments of 48 quails each.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract: "Feed cost reduced with increased supplementation of SMKM. Average cost of feed in take per quail was significantly (P<0.05) lowest in TIII. The cost of feed per gram weight gain reduced across treatments. More saving accrued at 50% inclusion level with highest profit and return to Naira invested. The results indicated reduced cost as levels of SMKM increased in diets of growing Japanese quails. "
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Comparative Dietary Values of Dried Pawpaw Leaves, Cassava Leaves and Orange Pulp for Giant African Land Snails


The result showed that the control diet (pawpaw leaves based) was most consumed, gave the highest weight gain and visceral weight, but the orange pulp based diet gave most efficient Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) and dressing percentage (p<0.05). The study recommends the use of the three test ingredients as feed components for the Giant African Land Snails.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract: "This study was conducted to investigate the comparative nutritional adequacy of cassava leaves, pawpaw leaves and orange peel for snail (Archachatina marginata) feed components. A total of three hundred adult snails were randomly allocated to five treatments that were replicated five times, and each replicate unit consisted of twenty snails. "
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Eating and conserving bushmeat in Africa

Eating and conserving bushmeat in Africa | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
In this review, we examine the actors involved in the use of wildlife as food and discuss the possible solutions required to address urban and rural bushmeat consumption. Interventions must tackle use and conservation of wildlife through the application of context-relevant interventions in a variety of geographies across Africa.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract:
"In Africa, overhunting of tropical wildlife for food remains an intractable issue. Donors and governments remain committed to invest in efforts to both conserve and allow the sustainable use of wildlife. Four principal barriers need to be overcome: (i) communities are not motivated to conserve wildlife long-term because they have no formal rights to benefit from wildlife, or to exclude others from taking it on their land; (ii) multispecies harvests, typical of bushmeat hunting scenarios, place large-bodied species at risk of extinction; (iii) wildlife production cannot expand, in the same way that livestock farming can, to meet the expected growth in consumer demand; and (iv) wildlife habitat is lost through conversion to agriculture, housing, transportation networks and extractive industries."
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Contribución proteica de animales silvestres y domésticos a los menús de los contextos rurales, peri-urbanos y urbanos de varias regiones de Colombia

Contribución proteica de animales silvestres y domésticos a los menús de los contextos rurales, peri-urbanos y urbanos de varias regiones de Colombia | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
El presente estudio busca generar información acerca de la importancia del consumo de carne de monte con respecto a otras fuentes de proteína animal silvestre (pescado), doméstica o industrial, en cuatro regiones de Colombia, desde lo rural hacia lo urbano. Para llevar a cabo este estudio se analizaron los datos del consumo de proteínas animales de 1808 estudiantes en 23 colegios rurales, peri-urbanos y urbanos. En las regiones urbanas y peri-urbanas, las proteínas animales más consumidas son de origen doméstico o industrial (pollo industrial, huevo industrial y carne de res), mientras que en las regiones rurales el pescado ocupa el primer lugar.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
"La carne de monte fue consumida por el 8 % de los niños en zonas rurales, el 3 % de los niños en zonas urbanas y el 2 % de los niños en zonas urbanas. Grandes diferencias regionales fueron observadas en la región Pacífica, donde la carne de monte fue la más consumida. Este estudio demuestra que la transición nutricional de lo rural a lo urbano, se caracteriza por la sustitución del consumo de proteínas silvestres (pescado y carne de monte), hacia el consumo de proteínas domésticas e industriales, acompañado a su vez por una pérdida considerable en la diversidad de sus dietas."
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Mémoires du Bénin - Sciences agronomiques

Mémoires du Bénin - Sciences agronomiques | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES DE LA PRODUCTION ANIMALE
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Mémoires à télécharger.
Voir en bas de page ceux qui concernent les sciences et techniques de la production animales. Diverses ressources sur le petit élevage, l'aulacode, le lapin, la volaille, ...
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Microbiological Safety Evaluation of Ready to Eat Shrimps and Snails Sold Along Lagos-Shagamu Expressway, Nigeria

The microbial quality of ready to eat shrimps (Penaeus monodon) and snails (Achatina maginata) was investigated in three vending sites along Lagos – Shagamu express road. Sixty samples (30 each of shrimps and snails) were analyzed for microbial counts and for organisms of public health importance.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Covenant Journal of Physical and Life Sciences

Part abstract:
"The microbial isolates identified included species of Bacillus (31%), Staphylococcus aureus (18%), Klebsiella (13%), Escherichia coli (6%), Salmonellae (2%). Fungal species included Aspergillus, Mucor, Geotrichum, Fusarium, Paecilomyces, Rhizopus and Cladosporium. The presence of coliforms which are indicator organisms of feacal contamination and Salmonellae which are enteric pathogens is a reflection of the sanitary quality of the processing of these food products. This result is informative with respect to public health hazard and calls for urgent improvement in hygiene practices by food processors and vendors. Adoption of hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) principles in seafood preparation should be encouraged to prevent possible foodborne illnesses and outbreaks.".
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PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF INDIGENOUS RABBITS UNDER TRADITIONAL AND INTENSIVE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN NORTHERN PAKISTAN

PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF INDIGENOUS RABBITS UNDER TRADITIONAL AND INTENSIVE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN NORTHERN PAKISTAN | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of rabbit phenotypes and production systems (traditional vs. intensive) on the production performance of indigenous rabbits in Northern Pakistan. A total of 128 rabbits from four distinct phenotypes, denoted as white, black and white, brown and black, were allotted to a traditional (household subsistence) and intensive (modern husbandry and balanced feeding) production systems for a period of 12 months.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract: " This study develops the first dataset on the production performance of rabbits raised in Northern Pakistan under traditional and intensive production systems, and shows that the production performance of indigenous rabbits can be improved under the intensive production systems, and brown phenotypes are more efficient in terms of weight gain at weaning and first kindling"
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L’aviculture urbaine familiale au Sénégal: caractérisation et rôle socio-économique dans la commune de Thiès

L’étude est réalisée à Thiès, ville située à 70 km de Dakar, en vue d’identifier et de caractériser l’aviculture familiale. Elle est conduite auprès de 271 acteurs de la filière. Dans cette ville, l’aviculture est pratiquée par plusieurs catégories socioprofessionnelles dont l’âge varie de 15 à 69 ans. L’activité est plus masculine (88,42%) que féminine; elle est réalisée par des aviculteurs instruits. Les autres acteurs sont les vendeurs d’aliment, les accouveurs, les artisans.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Fin du résumé :
"L’aviculture familiale est composée de 8 sous – types d’élevage. Les espèces élevées sont: poules, pigeons, dindes, cailles, canards et oies. La maladie de Gumboro est très présente (34,88%). Les marges nettes mensuelles varient de 50 521 à 72 417 FCFA. Les principales contraintes identifiées sont les maladies, le coût élevé des aliments et le manque de formation technique des éleveurs."
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Effect of Whole Cassava Root and Yam Tubers on Performance of Grasscutter (Thryonomus swindarianus) Held in Captivity

This study was carried out to investigate the effect of whole cassava root and yam tubers on performance of grasscutter. Twenty-seven young male grass cutter (Thyrononys swindarianus), 5-7 months old with an average body weight of679.00±1.95g were used in a completely randomized design experiment lasted for 12 weeks. Animals were groupedto three groups with nine animals per group, balanced for body weight (680.20.20± 1.80g, 678.50± 2.15g and 679.00± 1.90g) and designated as Gl, G2, and G3 groups respectively.

Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract:
" These results suggested that whole cassava roots and yam tubers can be included in grass cutter diet without any adverse effects on animals. However, cassava rooted-based diet improved performance of grass cutter held in captivity."
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Growth performance of grasscutters fed diets containing Moringa oleifera leaf meal and/or soybean meal

A total of ninety six-week old grasscutters were used in a study conducted to investigate the growth performance of grasscutters fed diets containing Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MOLM) and/or soybean meal (SBM). The ninety (90) grasscutters were randomly assigned to three experimental groups consisting of thirty (30) grasscutters each. The grasscutters were randomly assigned each to three experimental diets designated as follows: 15% MOLM, 15% SBM, and 10% MOLM + 10% SBM. Feed and water were provided ad libitum. Data were collected on growth performance during the period of the study which lasted for ten weeks including two weeks of acclimatization period.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract: "Results showed that grasscutters fed diet containing 10% MOLM+10% SBM had significantly (p < 0.05) higher performance indices than grasscutters on other treatment diets, except for feed conversion ratio, where grasscutters fed diet 1 (15% MOLM,) had the least FCR than grasscutters in other groups. Based on the results, the inclusion of MOLM and SBM at 10% levels each resulted in improved performance, and thus considered adequate for growth of grasscutters."
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Étude de la croissance d’un escargot géant africain comestible : Achatina achatina (Linné, 1758), élevé sur du substrat amendé à la poudre de coquilles d’escargot

Journal of Applied Biosciences 109: 10630-10639

" Deux cent vingt-cinq juvéniles d’escargots A. achatina , âgés de deux mois, de poids vif moyen 3,30 ± 1,00 g, de longueur moyenne de coquille 2,80 ± 0,33 cm et nourris exclusivement avec un aliment concentré (incorporé à 12 % de calc ium alimentaire), ont été élevés sur cinq types de substrats, durant 24 mois. "
Jacques Mignon's insight:
"Conclusion et application des résultats : L’utilisation de la coquille d’escargot exploitée comme source de calcium pour l’amendement du substrat d’élevage peu t maintenant être envisagée en l’élevage des escargots géants africains. Toutefois, il est conse illé de n’utiliser que les coquilles des escargots dont les états de santé sont connus afin d’éviter toute cont amination du substrat par des agents pathogènes. "

http://m.elewa.org/Journals/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/10.Bouye-2.pdf

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CARCASS YIELD AND GUT CHARACTERISTICS OF BROILER CHICKENS FED DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHYTOGENIC PLANT LEAF EXTRACT AS FEED ADDITIVES

An experiment was designed to evaluate the effect of some herbal plant extracts additives as alternatives growth promoters for broiler chicks. Three different phytogenic plants were collected i.e. Azandiracta indica, Gueiria senegalensis and Commiphora kerstingii were sundried and grounded into powder form and their extracts were fed to broilers with synthetic antibiotics fed as control diet.

Jacques Mignon's insight:
Conclusion:
"It can be concluded that out of the three medicinal plants, Commiphora kerstingii gavethe highest performance and it can be recommended as source of additive for broiler production in the tropics; this willprovide availability of the materials since they are sourced locall y in the environment and reduce the cost of production."
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STRESS MODULATING EFFECT OF CRUDE LEAF EXTRACT OF VERNONIA AMYGDALINA IN CAPTIVE GRASSCUTTER (Thryonomys swinderianus)

The effect of administering graded concentration levels of Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leaf) crude leaf powder to captive grasscutters on growth performance, haematology, serum biochemistry and faecal worm egg-counts were evaluated. Animals were randomly assigned to four treatments with three replicates per treatment, each having three animals. Treatment A (control) was given distilled water while treatments B, C and D were given albendazole (according to manufacturers prescription), 25ml and 50ml V. amygdalina per litre of water respectively. The highest weight gain was observed in animals in treatment D compared to those in other treatments.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract: "Vernonia amygdalina was more effective in controlling helminthes in weaner grasscutters at either of the levels used than the synthetic drug administered (albendazole) and has no deleterious effect on the gut microflora profile of the stomach, small intestine and caecum of the grasscutter. It was concluded that Vernonia amygdalina leaf powder could improve the growth performance of weaner grasscutters at any of the levels used without deleterious effect, though there is need to test the efficacy of higher doses on the animal. "
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Growth Performance of
Grasscutter (Thryonomys swinderianus) Fed with Fresh Yellow Sweet Potato Leaves Diets in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

This study was conducted to determine the growth performance of grasscutter (Thryonomys swinderianus) fed with fresh yellow sweet potato in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State. The study adopted a pretest - posttest randomized control group arrangement. A multi - stage sampling technique was used to select eight (8) eight - weeks old grasscutters allotted to two treatment groups of four animals each.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
http://benchmarkjournals.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Growth-Performance-of-Grasscutter-Thryonomys-swinderianus.pdf

Part abstract:
"The results revealed that body weight, body length and hind leg length growth performance was better in grasscutters fed with fresh yellow sweet potato leaves feeds among other findings. Based on the findings, it was recommended that grasscutter farmers should use fresh yellow sweet potato leaves and can supplement the feeds to enhance better growth among other recommendations."


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Culture of earthworm (Eisenia fetida), production, nutritive value and utilization of its meal in diet for Parachanna obscura fingerlings reared in captivity

The impact of the substitution of fish meal (FM) with earthworm meal (EM) in Parachanna obscura fingerlings diets was investigated for 42 days. Growth parameters, nutrient utilization and economical incidence of the fish were measured. Earthworms were cultured using animal wastes for 90 days and harvested, dried and stored.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract: "The fish were reared in 15 circular t anks which volume of 90 l each, at a density of 20 fingerlings per tank. Better growth rate and feed conversion efficiency were obtained with the fish’s diet containing 50% of earthworm meal. Feed efficien cy, protein efficiency rate and specific growth rate between the groups of fish fed with 25% and 50% EM content diets were statistically similar ( p >0.05)."
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Use and trade of bushmeat in Colombia: Relevance to rural livelihoods

Use and trade of bushmeat in Colombia: Relevance to rural livelihoods | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
Bushmeat continues to play an important role in the local livelihoods of many communities in Colombia.
The level of dependency on bushmeat increases in rural areas that are located far from urban settlements, because of the difficultly in accessing other proteins and the lack of alternative productive activities.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part:
"Despite illegality, some recent legal instruments have opened a path for regulating wild meat trade. Resolution 075 of 2015 from the Colombian Agricultural and Livestock Institute, established some health requirements for species for which commercial hunting has been authorized. Moreover, Decree 562 of 2016 from the Ministry of Environment regulated health and food safety requirements for the handling of Capybara meat obtained through hunting."
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Strategic Approaches to Food Security in Developing Countries

As the world's population increases, the issue of food security presents a serious challenge. Currently, food security is reliant on a very narrow range of cultivated plant species and is also limited to traditional animal husbandry practices. The use of edible wild plants can be considered to support food security efforts. Such plants have shown to be more resilient compared to traditionally cultivated crops and also have superior nutritional attributes. The issue of protein food security can be addressed through production improvements for local or indigenous chickens, livestock production systems and wildlife to some extent. Food security in developing countries would increasingly become more dependent on widening the biodiversity from which food is selected and utilized and insects, like wild plants, provide another such opportunity.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract:
"Contemporary reproductive technologies such as lactation induction, embryo transfer and artificial insemination among others can bolster food security efforts in developing countries. Improvements in forage species as well as processing technologies to improve nutritional value of low quality forages can improve overall animal nutrition. Irrespective of the concerns related to genetically modified organisms (GMOs), these sources of food could be beneficial globally. The formation of farmers' groups can be a strategic approach to food security in resource poor developing countries for the purposes of collective action and resource sharing. Sustainable food security requires the integration of several multi-dimensional approaches into a holistic management model to achieve the food security objectives in many developing nations."
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Potentials of earthworm and its by-products in animal agriculture and waste management

A review work was conducted to unveil the potentials of earthworm (EW) and its by – products such as earthworm meal (EWM) and earthworm casts (EWC) in poultry nutrition and management of animal waste. Production of EW is called vermiculture and using it to decompose organic matter is vermicomposting while processing it into such product as EWM is known as vermitechnology.
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part abstract: "Earthworm tinase and cellulolytic microorganisms which enable it to degrade organic waste. Cattle dung and other animal manure can be degraded by earthworm thereby reducing environmental pollution. In this era of organic farming and sustainable environment, EW could therefore have a potential place in animal nutrition and management of waste from animal"
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