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Des insectes dans l’assiette

Des insectes dans l’assiette | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
Cuisiner des insectes au four ou à la poêle pourrait bientôt faire partie de votre quotidien. Alors, en brochettes ou en sauce?
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Le chef cuisinier Jean-Louis Thémis, fondateur de Cuisiniers sans frontières, a consacré dix ans de sa vie à la ­recherche sur la consommation ­d’insectes, ou ­entomophagie. C'est un des pionniers, avec l'insectarium de Montréal !

 

(Quelques erreurs dans les illustrations d'insectes comestibles !)

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Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage
Informations sur les élevages non-conventionnels et le mini-élevage : la production, la valorisation et la qualité des produits
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L'elevage en Guyane. Bilan (1993) des travaux réalisés sur les espèces domestiques et sur deux espèces sauvages autochtones

Jacques Mignon's insight:

S. INGRAND, G. Hostache. L'elevage en Guyane. Bilan des travaux realises sur les especes domestiques et sur deux especes sauvages autochtones. INRA Productions animales, 1993, 6 (5), pp.319-332.

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Best practice for rural food security projects in Southern Africa?

Best practice for rural food security projects in Southern Africa? | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
(2014). Best practice for rural food security projects in Southern Africa? Development in Practice: Vol. 24, No. 8, pp. 933-947. doi: 10.1080/09614524.2014.969196
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Résumé:

"Nombreux sont ceux qui ont adopté le point de vue selon lequel la commercialisation est la solution à l'insécurité alimentaire en Afrique rurale. Les conceptions de projet ont cherché à établir des coopératives agricoles et à encourager les agriculteurs désireux de vendre leurs produits. Mais les problèmes révélés dans les années 1950 sont encore très répandus. Dans le cadre d'une contre-perspective, certains ont soutenu la pertinence de l'agriculture de subsistance et à faibles intrants. Cet article examine trois projets d'ONG en Afrique australe et dans le sud-est de l'Afrique, qui accordent la priorité à la sécurité alimentaire à travers la subsistance des ménages, à l'aide de technologies à faibles intrants, tout en encourageant la production d'un excédent à vendre. Nous examinons les points communs entre ces projets et les raisons pour lesquelles leurs stratégies se révèlent efficaces."

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Why not a piece of meat of rhea, nutria, yacare, or vicugna for dinner?

The indigenous meat-producing species considered in the present work are the most promising animals to produce new and innovative food for Latin America and the world.

 

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Meat from farmed indigenous species is a practical approach to ensure the use and sustainability of the animal biodiversity !

 

doi: 10.2527/af.2014-0030 

Animal Frontiers October 2014 vol. 4 no. 4 25-32

A. Saadoun,M.C. Cabrera,A. Terevinto andM. del Puerto


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Journée mondiale de l'alimentation

Journée mondiale de l'alimentation | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
En 2014, la Journée mondiale de l’alimentation a pour thème l’agriculture familiale
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Le thème de la Journée internationale de l’alimentation 2014, «Nourrir le monde, préserver la planète», a été choisi pour accroître la visibilité de l’agriculture familiale et des petits exploitants.

 

La communauté internationale reconnaît ainsi l’importante contribution des petits exploitants à la sécurité alimentaire mondiale.

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Carrion consumption by Dasyprocta leporina (RODENTIA: DASYPROCTIDAE) and a review of meat use by agoutis

Brazilian Journal of Biology

Braz. J. Biol. vol.74 no.3
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"The consumption of the carrion of a tapiti by a reintroduced female Dasyprocta leporina was observed in the wild. Herein, besides describing this event, we reviewed other evidence of vertebrate consumption by agoutis. Most of the studies describing this behaviour have been carried out in captivity. The preyed animals included birds and small rodents, which were sometimes killed by agoutis. This pattern suggests that this is not an anomalous behaviour for the genus, reflecting its omnivorous habits."

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Opportunities for Increasing Peasant Farmers Income through Snail Production in Ghana

Seedi Mohammed, Abdul-Aziz Ahmed and Daniel Adjei (2014)

Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, 1(4):195-200

Jacques Mignon's insight:

"This study attempt to reveal the opportunities for increasing peasant farmers income through snail production in Ghana. The paper stressed that snail production is a crucial means of increasing peasant farmers income, protein supply and utilization of farm scraps in Ghana."

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From taboo to commodity: history and current situation of cavy culture in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Livestock Research for Rural Development 26 (8) 2014

B L Maass, T K Metre, F Tsongo, A B Mugisho, F M Kampemba, R B B Ayagirwe, P C Azine, J Bindelleand W L Chiuri 

 

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part of the conclusions :

"Cavy culture contributes to the wellbeing of hundreds of thousands of mostly poor, rural and urban households in DRC who see the animal as an important asset. The rapid growth in their contribution – a contribution that is clearly being adopted widely – suggests that greater R4D investment is necessary if production is to reach the potential that is common place in some South American countries. There is firstly a need to get more accurate information on cavies and their roles across DRC; and to do that, cavies need to be included in livestock census. They have a particular stake in the empowerment of women and the youth as a non-monetary service and an indirect benefit by assisting to meet some of the household nutrition requirements and contribute to the educational costs of many children (Maass et al 2012, 2013). As such they may serve as the first rung on the livestock ladder that can help to acquire certain levels of wealth (Maass et al 2013). It is likely that cavy culture will continue its expansion in DRC and that growth will be supported by a project on ‘Harnessing husbandry of domestic cavy for alternative and rapid access to food and income in Cameroon and the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo’. Progress will expedite by accessing knowledge from South America, where improving cavy culture has received attention over decades (Chauca de Zaldívar 2000). Knowledge exchange between project partners from Cameroon and DRC will additionally help to advance cavy culture in the region."

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Détermination de la couleur et de la valeur nutritionnelle de la viande d’aulacodes sauvages ( Thryonomys swinderianus, Temminck , 1827)

Détermination de la couleur et de la valeur nutritionnelle de la viande d’aulacodes sauvages ( Thryonomys swinderianus, Temminck , 1827) | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
Détermination de la couleur et de la valeur nutritionnelle de la viande d’aulacodes sauvages ( Thryonomys swinderianus, Temminck , 1827)
Jacques Mignon's insight:

GS Mteme Ella, S Aoussi, P Kouame, A Fantodji, S Bakou

International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 8(2)

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Neosomes of tungid fleas on wild and domestic animals

Neosomes of tungid fleas on wild and domestic animals | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

"Although its effects on humans and domestic animals are well described in the literature, little is known about the impact of tungiasis on wild animals."

Jacques Mignon's insight:
Pedro Marcos Linardi,Daniel Moreira de Avelar

 

Abstract :

"

Tunga is the most specialized genus among the Siphonaptera because adult females penetrate into the skin of their hosts and, after mating and fertilization, undergo hypertrophy, forming an enlarged structure known as the neosome. In humans and other warm-blooded animals, neosomes cause tungiasis, which arises due to the action of opportunistic agents. Although its effects on humans and domestic animals are well described in the literature, little is known about the impact of tungiasis on wild animals. This review focuses on the morphology, taxonomy, geographical distribution, hosts, prevalence, sites of attachment, and impact of tungid neosomes on wild and domestic animals. Because neosomes are the most characteristic form of the genus Tunga and also the form most frequently found in hosts, they are here differentiated and illustrated to aid in the identification of the 13 currently known species. Perspectives for future studies regarding the possibility of discovering other sand flea species, adaptation to new hosts, and the transfer of tungids between hosts in natural and modified habitats are also presented."

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From taboo to commodity: history and current situation of cavy culture in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Livestock Research for Rural Development

 

B L Maass, T K Metre, F Tsongo, A B Mugisho, F M Kampemba, R B B Ayagirwe, P C Azine, J Bindelle and W L Chiuri

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"For the first time, the status of cavy culture in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is reviewed with emphasis on Sud-Kivu province. Cavy culture, as discussed in this paper, is the raising, production and utilization of the domestic cavy (i.e., Guinea pig, Cavia porcellus) for consumption. Many sources were used in the review, but published scientific research literature is extremely scarce. Nevertheless, it can be estimated that more than 2 million cavies are kept in DRC, contributing significantly to nutrition security, especially animal protein, and income generation of some hundreds of thousands of poor rural and urban households. The largest cavy populations are in the Kivu provinces, which is probably partly due to the inclusion of cavies in ‘rehabilitation kits’ of humanitarian NGOs and in the agricultural portfolio of development agencies who seek to address the challenges of widespread hunger and malnutrition in the area."

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Relative economic value estimates of grasscutter production traits

Relative economic value estimates of grasscutter production traits | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

The study was conducted to estimate relative economic values (REVs) of survival, body weight, growth rate, reproduction, docility and food intake. Data were obtained from records of grasscutters (Thryonomys swinderianus) kept at the grasscutter section of the Department of Animal Science Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana. Average values of production inputs and outputs parameters were computed from records of 502 kids born between 2006 and 2010.

...

It was concluded that post-weaning growth rate, litter size at weaning and docility should be selected to be included in the breeding objective of grasscutter breeding programmes in Ghana.

Jacques Mignon's insight:

International Journal of Livestock Production
Vol.5(7) , pp. 137-146 , August 2014
DOI: 10.5897/IJLP2013.0180
ISSN 2141-2448

 

Key words: Breeding objective, docility, food intake, growth traits, reproduction, survival.

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Biodiversity Conservation and Commercial Bushmeat Hunting Challenges in African Parks and Protected Areas: A Critical Review and Synthesis of the Literature

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Research on Humanities and Social Sciences

www.iiste.org
ISSN (Paper) 2224-5766 ISSN (Online) 2225-0484
Vol.4, No.15, 2014

Enuoh & Bisong

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Health impact evaluation of alternative management systems in vicuña (Vicugna vicugna mensalis) populations in Peru

Health impact evaluation of alternative management systems in vicuña (Vicugna vicugna mensalis) populations in Peru | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
Veronica Risco-Castillo,Jane Collins Wheeler,Raúl Rosadio,Francisco Javier García-Peña,Ignacio Arnaiz-Seco,Domingo Hoces,Hugo Castillo,Álvaro Veliz,Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Part Abstract

To determine the impact of farming over vicuña population in Peru, serum samples were collected from 207 vicuñas (126 captive vicuñas and 81 free-ranging vicuñas) and 614 domestic South American camelids (571 alpacas and 43 llamas), in ten Andean communities at the Salinas y Aguada Blanca reserve, province of Arequipa, southern Peru.

...

This is the first study where health status of free-ranging and captive vicuñas has been compared. Results indicate minimal to nil presence of FMD, BVD, BHV-1, brucellosis, BT, paratuberculosis, and neosporosis allied to health disorders in our sample. The detection of seropositive animals against Leptospira, however, unveils the likely significance of leptospirosis in wild and domestic South American camelids, the impact of mixed husbandry over vicuña population and the risk to human health.

 

 

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Growth and reproductive performance of two rabbit breeds reared under intensive system in Ghana

Growth and reproductive performance of two rabbit breeds reared under intensive system in Ghana | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
Samuel Obeng Apori,Julius Kofi Hagan,Yaa Doris Osei

 

Tropical Animal Health and Production 
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract :

"A study on the growth and reproductive performance of two rabbit breeds was undertaken. Data on 588 kits and 97 does of California White and 574 kits and 90 does of New Zealand White rabbits reared under hot and humid environment in Ghana were taken. The reproductive performance of the two breeds, in terms of litter size at birth and weaning, litter weight at birth and weaning, kindling interval, age at sexual maturity, and gestation length as influenced by breed, season of kindling (rainy and dry), year of kindling (2005–2012), and parity (first to sixth and over) were determined."

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Assessing aquaculture sustainability: a comparative methodology

Assessing aquaculture sustainability: a comparative methodology | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

Assessing aquaculture sustainability: a comparative methodology. doi: 10.1080/13504509.2014.964350

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"Little work dealing with the evaluation of aquaculture system sustainability has so far been undertaken on a global and comparative basis. Moreover, such work is mostly based on very unbalanced approaches in terms of the dimensions of sustainable development that are taken into account. The approach adopted in this article is designed to encompass all the dimensions of sustainability including the institutional one (governance). "

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EFFECT OF GRASS TAIWAN (Pennisetum purpureum) AND RAMON (Brosimum alicastrum) SILAGE SUPPLEMENTATION ON CHANGE OF BODY WEIGHT AND BLOOD VARIABLES IN COLLARED PECCARY (Pecarí tajacu) IN CAPTIVITY

EFFECT OF GRASS TAIWAN (Pennisetum purpureum) AND RAMON (Brosimum alicastrum) SILAGE SUPPLEMENTATION ON CHANGE OF BODY WEIGHT AND BLOOD VARIABLES IN COLLARED PECCARY (Pecarí tajacu) IN CAPTIVITY | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

D. Borges, R. Montes, L. Sarmiento-Franco, F. Solorio-Sánchez

 

Tropical and Subtropical AgroecosystemsVolume 17, Issue 2, 1 May 2014, Pages 277-279
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract :

"In order to evaluate the weight changes,level of hematocrit and serum total protein to supplement the diet of collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu) with a silage mixture of grass Taiwan (Pennisetum purpureum) and Ramon (Brosimum alicastrum) a voluntary consumption test was performed for five weeks."

...

"There were no differences between the means of the weights and blood proteins levels of individuals. The use of a silage mixture of grass and fodder cutting is a viable option to supplement the diet of nonpregnant adult females."

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Meat Quality and Economic Analysis of Grasscutter (Thyronomys swinderianus) Fed Mixture of Spear Grass and Sweet Potato Peels Supplemented with Moringa Oleifera Leaves

Meat Quality and Economic Analysis of Grasscutter (Thyronomys swinderianus) Fed Mixture of Spear Grass and Sweet Potato Peels Supplemented with Moringa Oleifera Leaves | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

Meat Quality and Economic Analysis of Grasscutter (Thyronomys Swinderianus) Fed Mixture of Spear Grass and Sweet Potato Peels Supplemented with Moringa Oleifera Leaves BY Okoruwa, M.I.

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"The study was conducted to assess the meat quality and economic analysis of grasscutter fed mixture of spear grass and sweet potato peels supplemented with Moringa oleifera leaves. Eighteen grasscutters with average weight of 1.00+0.23kg and aged between 2 and 3 months old were assigned to three dietary treatments with six animals per treatment in a complete randomized design.

...

 It is concluded that Diet II (spear grass and parboiled before sundried sweet potato peels with concentrate that was supplemented with moringa) improved meat quality and economic analysis of grasscutter."

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Nutrient recovery from urban forest leaf litter waste solids using Eisenia fetida

Nutrient recovery from urban forest leaf litter waste solids using Eisenia fetida | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Surindra Suthar & Shailja Gairola

Ecological Engineering, 71, 660-666

Part abstract:

"The efforts were made in this study to recycle the nutrients from silver oak (SOL) and bamboo (BL) leaf litter waste solids spiked with cow dung (CD) using earthworm Eisenia fetida."

...

"Results, thus indicates that urban forest leaf litter can be converted into added-value manures for sustainable soil fertility management programme."

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Consommation de produits d'origine animale dans la concession forestière 039/11 de la SODEFOR à Oshwe (R.D. Congo)

Tropicultura, 32(3), 147-155

J. Semeki Ngabinzeke, J. Belani Masamba, R. Ntoto M’Vubu & C. Vermeulen

 

Jacques Mignon's insight:

"Les résultats montrent que la viande de brousse représente 72,00% du nombre de repas, suivi du poisson (24,00%) et enfin des produits d’élevage (3,10%). Au total, 30 espèces animales dont 4 légalement interdites de chasse ont été identifiées, pour une biomasse totale de 1235 kg."

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Influence des facteurs environnementaux sur le cycle sexuel de l'aulacodine ( Thryonomys swinderianus , Temminck 1827) élevée en captivité étroite

Influence des facteurs environnementaux sur le cycle sexuel de l'aulacodine ( Thryonomys swinderianus , Temminck 1827) élevée en captivité étroite | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

Influence des facteurs environnementaux sur le cycle sexuel de l'aulacodine ( Thryonomys swinderianus , Temminck 1827) élevée en captivité étroite

Jacques Mignon's insight:

AJL Okon, D Soro, A Fantodji

International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 8(2)

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Performance of Broiler Contract Farmers: A Case Study in Perak, Malaysia

Rasak Bin Majid,Sallahuddin Hassan

 

UMK Procedia

Volume 1, 2014, Pages 18–25

International Agribusiness Marketing Conference 2013

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Abstract

"Contract broiler farming is one the system used to increase poultry production in Malaysia. Broiler contract farmers (BCF) participate in this system for having some benefits. This paper has evaluated economic performance of the BCFs in Perak. An economic evaluation of 60 BCFs was conducted in Perak to determine the performance of the system using economic performance analysis. Panel regression model was used in the analysis. This model involves price per bird (PRM) as dependent variable and size of farm (SOF), feed conversion rate (FCR), average body weight(ABW), average marketing age (AMA), mortality rate (MOR), and rearing housing system (DU). The results show that all variables, except SOF, are significantly influence the performance of BCF at five percent level of significance."

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Opportunities and Needs in Development and Adoption of Urban Agriculture for Food Security in Sub Saharan Africa

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Authors: Never Assan, Edmore Nhamo Country: Zimbabwe, Subject Area: Environment Science - See more at: http://www.ijsr.net/v3i8.php#sthash.wfaGeK3D.dpufAuthors: Never Assan, Edmore Nhamo Country: Zimbabwe, Subject Area: Environment Science - See more at: http://www.ijsr.net/v3i8.php#sthash.wfaGeK3D.dpuf

Never Assan & Admore Nhamo

 

Part abstract: This discussion is concerned with food production in urban settings in Sub Saharan Africa. It seeks to highlight the opportunities and needs in development and adoption of urban agriculture for food Security in Sub Saharan Africa. The rapidly growing urban population in the region has tended to drive demographic, social and economic changes leading to the evolution of transformed urban food production systems, as some of the most efficient and sustainable contributors to food production...

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The Chinese Cashmere Industry: A Global Value Chain Analysis - by Waldron

Scott Waldron, Colin Brown and Adam M. Komarek

Article first published online: 11 AUG 2014

DOI: 10.1111/dpr.12074

Development Policy Review

Volume 32, Issue 5, pages 589–610

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Growth and internationalisation of the Chinese economy have reconfigured the global value chains of many commodities with important implications for industry and rural and regional development both in and outside China. This article analyses the chain for cashmere, all stages of which have gravitated to China, and the impacts on rural development, especially for herders in remote pastoral regions.

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Earthworm meal in jundiá juveniles diets

Earthworm meal in jundiá juveniles diets | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

Uma das demandas, na nutrição de peixes nativos, é a avaliação de fontes proteicas alternativas, que possam ser utilizadas em dietas. Este trabalho objetivou avaliar o crescimento e a composição corporal de juvenis de jundiá submetidos a dietas com diferentes níveis de farinha de minhoca.

Jacques Mignon's insight:

 

Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical

 

On-line version ISSN 1983-4063

 

Pesqui. Agropecu. Trop. vol.44 no.2 Goiânia April/June 2014

Patrícia Inês Mombach; Dirleise Pianesso; Taida Juliana Adorian; Juliano Uczay; Rafael Lazzari

 

Part abstract :

"At the end of the experimental period, the final weight, total and standard length, specific growth rate, condition factor and relative weight gain were evaluated. The body composition was also analyzed, being determined the rates of moisture, ashes and body fat and protein, as well as blood glucose. The weight and total and standard length were not influenced by the addition of earthworm meal to the diet. The inclusion levels of earthworm meal affected the fish specific growth rate, relative weight gain and condition factor. The earthworm meal can be added up to 30%, in jundiá juveniles diets, without compromising fish growth."

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Using Communication to Improve Grasscutter (Thryonomys Swinderianus) Reproductive Behaviour in Cote D’Ivoire

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Stress is a limiting factor in the production of grasscutters. Communication experiments were therefore conducted to reduce
or eliminate the psychosocial stress and panic instinct with grasscutters.

...

These results suggest the technique of communication beyond words as a solution to psychosocial stress of farmed grasscutters.

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