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Gastro grub on the menu for Imperial explorers - Benin

Gastro grub on the menu for Imperial explorers - Benin | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

A team led by Imperial students return from Benin, where they have been sampling the local bug life.

 

Eating cricket kebabs, collecting bugs with local villagers, and extending our knowledge of insect eating practices in Benin were all on the menu for a two-month expedition led by two Imperial students before Christmas.

Jacques Mignon's insight:
It was great to learn more not only about insects and how they fit into the Wama people’s lifestyles and traditions, but also about their environment and their culture in a wider sense. Eating insects after collecting them was also quite fun!

 – Rudi Verspoor

 

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Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage
Informations sur les élevages non-conventionnels et le mini-élevage : la production, la valorisation et la qualité des produits
Curated by Jacques Mignon
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Livestock for Household Food Security- A Case Study of Small-Scale Mixed Farmers in Semi-Arid Nyakach, Kenya

International Journal of Livestock Research

 

Obuoyo et al.

Key words:Livestock production; household food security; small-scale mixed farmers; semi-arid Nyakach.

 

Jacques Mignon's insight:

"Various constraints are faced by small-scale livestock farmers with regard to producing enough food,but overally livestock has cushioned the farmers from food insecurity."

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Grasshoppers Sphenarium Purpurascens Ch Source of Proteins and Essential Amino Acids

Melo-Ruiz et al. Open Access

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract: "This research was conducted to determine proximal composition of Sphenarium purpurascens Ch, grasshoppers, focused on proteins and AA. Sampling was performed during autumn, 2013, in Oaxaca State. Dry raw adult insects were ground and proceeded to macro molecules proximal analysis, protein by Kjeldahl AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists) method and essential AA in a Beckman 6300 equipment. "

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"Sphenarium purpurascens Ch, Grasshoppers represent a good source of proteins and essential AA that can grow almost everywhere, available mostly all year round and affordable to all social groups, thus being a good option to improve human health. "

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Growth Performance of Archachatina marginata Bred on the Substrate Amended with Industrial Calcium: Mikhart

Jacques Mignon's insight:

PDF:

http://www.ijsr.net/archive/v5i1/NOV152703.pdf

 

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Rescooped by Jacques Mignon from Agroecologie et Systèmes Alimentaires Durables ISARA-Lyon
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Emergence de l'agroécologie et perspectives pour le futur.pdf - Médiaterre


Via Service Documentation et Veille ISARA-Lyon
Jacques Mignon's insight:

"Une agroécologie française fondée sur l'articulation entre sciences agronomiques, écologiques et sociales"

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Impact de la fréquence des manipulations sur la croissance de l’escargot géant d’Afrique Archachatina marginata

Kouassi, Aman & Kouakou, 2015

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Partie du résumé :

"Cette étude a révélé que la fréquence de manipulation influence négativement les paramètres de croissance d’Archachatina marginata. Les effets nocifs de la manipulation sont minimisés à partir d’une fréquence de manipulation de deux semaines pour une alimentation habituelle. Cette fréquence pourrait être conseillée à tout expérimentateur travaillant sur les escargots géants d’Afrique. Par ailleurs, l’éleveur se doit de limiter les manipulations pour un meilleur rendement de la croissance. "

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Effect of cassava leaf (Manihot esculenta) level in Guinea-Pigs (Cavia porcellus) meal on the physico-chemical and technological properties of its meat

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Maguipa Tandzog et al.

Open Access

 

 

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Parasitic fauna of domestic cavies in the western highlands of Cameroon (Central Africa)

Domestic cavies (Cavia porcellus) are increasingly reared in rural areas of Cameroon for meat and income generation. Unfortunately, health constraints due to various pathogens including parasites stand as one of the major obstacles to the development of cavy industry in the country. The main objective of this study was to investigate the species of gastrointestinal parasites in cavy husbandry in the western highlands of Cameroon and to detect external parasites in those animals affected with dermatological disorders.
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Veterinary Research - Full text - Open Access

Marc K. Kouam et al. 2015

Conclusion

"The parasites are apparently composed of host-specific species in the original habitat (South America) and species acquired later from other mammals. These parasites are either deleterious to cavy health or zoonotic. Preventive measures should be put in practice to avoid their presence on farms due to their harmful effect on cavy rearing."

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Concentrations of some metals in three species of terrestrial molluscs (Achatina fulica, Achatina achatina and Archachatina marginata) in bushes within University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"Therefore consumption of snails picked within University of Calabar farm and along the shores of the Great Kwa River near University of Calabar Staff Quarters is recommended though continuous monitoring of these metals is necessary since metals can bio-accumulate in biological tissues over a period of time. "

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Cow or Goat? Population pressure and livestock keeping in Burundi

Desiere et al. 2015
       International Association of Agricultural Economists
          2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Abstract:

"Livestock contributes significantly to peoples’ livelihoods in developing countries. Yet, most studies focus on dairy cattle, overlooking the fact that many smallholder farmers in mixed-cropping systems prefer to keep goats, sheep, pigs or poultry rather than cattle. For this paper we applied a multivariate probit model to a unique dataset from a national, representative, agricultural survey in Burundi, to estimate the determinants of livestock keeping. We found that wealthier households keep more livestock, but that population density and access to markets are also key determinants. Moreover, in densely populated regions, even the wealthiest households prefer smaller animals to cattle, as the pressure on land is high and access to pastures is limited. This has important policy implications as it raises questions as to whether the focus on dairy cattle, which has been adopted in most NGO and governmental development programs in Sub-Saharan Africa, is justified. "

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Livestock Research for Rural Development

LRRD (Livestock Research for Rural Development) is an international journal published electronically by CIPAV, an NGO in Colombia, as a forum for exchange of knowledge on sustainable rural development. It is continually updated as papers are published immediately they are refereed and edited. CIPAVs home page is at http://www.cipav.org.co

Jacques Mignon's insight:

27 Volumes depuis 1989.

Nombreuses publications sur le petit élevage à découvrir !

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Smallholder goat production and marketing: a gendered baseline study from Inhassoro District Mozambique

Smallholder goat production and marketing: a gendered baseline study from Inhassoro District Mozambique | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

Highlights :

•Women in male-headed households rarely have control over income from goat sales.

•Meanings of “joint” ownership, decision making and asset control differ by gender.

•The primary goal of selling goats is to cover emergencies and household needs.

•Goat meat consumption is linked to market access and agro-ecological zone.

•It is challenging to undertake robust gendered quantitative analyses.

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"Despite the challenges of undertaking robust gender studies in a real-life developing country setting, this study provides a practical technical example of how one can implement gendered quantitative analyses in the context of the livelihoods framework."

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Modeling Commercial Freshwater Turtle Production on US Farms for Pet and Meat Markets

Modeling Commercial Freshwater Turtle Production on US Farms for Pet and Meat Markets | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
Freshwater turtles are being exploited for meat, eggs, traditional medicine, and pet trade. As a response, turtle farming became a booming aquaculture industry in the past two decades, specifically in the southeastern states of the United States of America (US) and across Southeast Asia. However, US turtle farms are currently producing turtles only for the pet trade while commercial trappers remain focused on catching the largest individuals from the wild. In our analyses we have created a biol
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract :

"Our economic model required current profit requirements of ~$13/turtle or ~$20.31/kg of meat from non-traditional farming in order to acquire the same profit as traditional farming, a value which currently exceeds market values of red-eared sliders. However, increasing competition with Asian turtle farms and decreasing hatchling prices may force the shift in the US toward producing turtles for meat markets."

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A recipe for co-management of forest and livestock — Results of bio-economic model at a village level in Iran

A recipe for co-management of forest and livestock — Results of bio-economic model at a village level in Iran | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
Arezoo Soltani,Prem L. Sankhayan,Ole Hofstad
Jacques Mignon's insight:
Highlights•

Soft state control and traditional rules avoid resource degradation in Zagros.

Multiple-use of forest is beneficiary for agriculture and forest sectors in Iran.

Traditional resource management can adapt to ecological and economic changes.

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Exploring food choices within the context of nutritional security in Gaborone, Botswana

Exploring food choices within the context of nutritional security in Gaborone, Botswana | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

Legwegoh - 2016

Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

" Analysis reveals the range of foodstuff people consume, highlighting the prevalence of diets comprised of energy dense, processed and animal-sourced foods, which are major nutritional security concerns. However these diets were not summarily western or westernizing as per the nutritional transition thesis, as our analysis suggests subtleties of dietary patterns, including the fact that meat-based diets are traditionally rooted rather than imported and meals tend to comprise both local and western components. The paper also identifies multiple interacting factors influencing consumer food choices, illustrating how food decisions embody context-specific personal and social circumstances. Understanding how these factors shape what people eat in Gaborone may enable policy makers to facilitate the conditions within which healthy food choices can be made and to address emerging public health and nutrition challenges in African cities."

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Archachatina diet: Assessment of the nutritional values of Dried Bread Fruit Peel Meal

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Potential of earthworm (Eisenia foetida) as dietary protein source for rohu (Labeo rohita) advanced fry

Potential of earthworm (Eisenia foetida) as dietary protein source for rohu (Labeo rohita) advanced fry | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

Earthworm, a non-conventional protein source with 520-530 g protein kg-1 on dry matter basis was used in three forms viz. i) whole earthworm ii) earthworm custard and iii) pelleted earthworm diet to prepare three iso-nitrogenous (500 g protein kg-1 diet) and iso-caloric (17.0 MJ kg-1 diet) experimental diets....

 

doi: 10.1080/23311932.2016.1138594

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Results: "The experiment results indicated that the pelleted earthworm diet could be used in rearing of rohu advanced fry"

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Feeding garlic powder on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and carcass characteristics of rabbit

Jacques Mignon's insight:

"Therefore, it may be concluded that adding 0.25% garlic powder may be practiced for economic rabbit production."

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Bushmeat consumption and its implications for wildlife conservation in the semi-arid region of Brazil

Bushmeat consumption and its implications for wildlife conservation in the semi-arid region of Brazil | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

Mendonça et al.

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"A questionnaire was used to gather information from hunters, and the consumption of bushmeat by their families was monitored. Interviews revealed that 58 vertebrate species could potentially be consumed as bushmeat, but the samples provided by the monitored families comprised only 28 species. Birds were the animals most consumed, followed by mammals, although the biomass of both groups was similar. The consumption of bushmeat was not correlated with hunters’ socioeconomic data (income, age or schooling). Hunters recognized that the populations of some game species appeared to be declining, showing that bushmeat consumption, together with the cultural, economic and social aspects of the human populations involved in hunting, should be considered when discussing the conservation of animal resources in the Caatinga region."

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MONITORING OF THE INTESTINAL TRACT PARASITE LOAD AND OF THE SANITARY MANGEMENT AT A PACA BREEDING FARM

MONITORING OF THE INTESTINAL TRACT PARASITE LOAD AND OF THE SANITARY MANGEMENT AT A PACA BREEDING FARM | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it

ACOMPANHAMENTO DA CARGA PARASITÁRIA INTESTINAL E DO MANEJO SANITÁRIO DE UM CRIATÓRIO DE PACAS

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Vânia Maria França Ribeiro et al.

 

Introdução

"A paca (Cuniculus paca) está entre as espécies mais intensamente caçadas na América Latina, principalmente por causa de sua carne, cotada como a mais apreciada entre todas as carnes de caça, tornando-se uma importante fonte de proteína animal para as populações rurais. No centro da região sul do Brasil, como no estado de Santa Catarina, esta espécie já consta como ameaçada de extinção.

A criação de animais silvestres é apontada como uma importante estratégia para a preservação da fauna, por meio da qual se busca garantir a manutenção da biodiversidade, contribuir para a conservação e, ao mesmo tempo, atender às necessidades nutricionais das populações rurais brasileiras."

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Rural households’ livelihoods diversification through termite utilization in depressed region of Zimbabwe

Rural households’ livelihoods diversification through termite utilization in depressed region of Zimbabwe.

doi: 10.1080/10042857.2015.1113649

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"Though considered nostalgic foods, most respondents highlighted that selling termites complimented other off-farm livelihood activities. Termite consumption and utilization provide a sustainable way for livelihood diversification in depressed regions and has partly addressed problems of food insecurity."

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Systèmes de production cunicole en milieu paysan au Sud-Kivu, est de la RD Congo

Rabbit production systems under smallholder conditions in South Kivu, Eastern DRC

 

La cuniculture est très répandue dans la basse-cour, du fait de son alimentation et de son mode d’élevage très proche des volailles. C’est un élevage très simple à conduire, qui demande peu de place et se montre très prolifique toute l’année (Lebas 2008). Par ailleurs, il est facile à loger, n’entre pas en compétition avec l’homme pour la nourriture et produit une viande qui a de bonnes qualités diététiques (Guindjoumbi 2007, Schiere et Coustiaensen 2008).

 

Au Sud-Kivu, malgré ces avantages et le rôle de premier plan que la cuniculture pourrait jouer dans les stratégies de renforcement de la sécurité alimentaire des populations, particulièrement dans le milieu rural et en zone post-conflit, cet élevage a fait l’objet de peu d’attention de la part du pouvoir public et des stations de recherche. En 2013, le rapport de l’Inspection Provinciale de l’Agriculture, Pêche et Elevage (IPAPEL) indiquait une diminution du tiers de la production cunicole du Sud-Kivu mais dont les causes restent non élucidées.

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"Pour expliquer les raisons de la diminution des effectifs de lapin au Sud- Kivu, à l’est de la RD Congo, les systèmes de production des lapins en milieu villageois et leurs contraintes et opportunités ont été étudiés. Pour cela, 240 cuniculteurs de 4 territoires ont été questionnés de mai à novembre 2014. Cet élevage est surtout dans les mains d’hommes (62,8 %), adultes (34,8 ± 11,9 ans), mariés (71,7 %), ayant majoritairement été à l’école (82,5 %) et exerçant l’agriculture comme activité principale (44,5 %). Les poules (38,3 %) et les caprins (28,1 %) sont les principales espèces associées aux lapins. Les lapins sont élevés dans des cages (52,5 %) ou en liberté à même le sol (47,5 %) dans la cuisine ou dans la maison d’habitation"

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Palm Kernel Meal and Brewer’s Dried Grain Improve Laying Performance of Japanese Quails (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) without Affecting Egg Quality Characteristics

Palm Kernel Meal and Brewer’s Dried Grain Improve Laying Performance of Japanese Quails (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) without Affecting Egg Quality Characteristics | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
This study was carried out to evaluate the laying performance and egg quality characteristics of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) fed palm kernel meal (PKM) and brewers dried grain (BDG) based diets. Five diets were formulated with diet 1 (control) containing 0%PKM and 0%BDG.
Jacques Mignon's insight:

John M.O.

Part abstract:

"the result of the egg quality characteristics showed no significant (P>0.05) difference across the treatments when compared with the control. Thus, utilization of BDG and PKM in quail’s diet at 30% inclusion level during the egg laying phase resulted in enhanced growth and egg production performance at the least cost."

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Evaluation of the growth performance of grasscutter (Thryonomys swinderianus) fed diet containing varying levels of sweet potato root meal and guinea grass (Panicum maximum)

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Okereke, C. O., Okereke, I. H. and Okiyi, P. C.

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Assessment of Growth Rate of Juvenile African Giant Land Snail, Archachatina marginate, Under Three Feeding Treatments

Ukpong et al. 2015

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"These findings indicate that local farmers who feed their snailets with only vegetable leaves and fruits obtained locally could obtain mature snails with good weight and shell growth even without combination with any other feed material."

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Cities and Agriculture: Developing Resilient Urban Food Systems

Cities and Agriculture: Developing Resilient Urban Food Systems | Elevage non-conventionnel et mini-élevage | Scoop.it
As people increasingly migrate to urban settings and more than half of the world's population now lives in cities, it is vital to plan and provide for sustainable and resilient food systems which reflect this challenge. This volume presents…
Jacques Mignon's insight:

About the book :

"The book provides urban planners, local policy makers and urban development practitioners with an overview of crucial aspects of urban food systems based on an up to date review of research results and practical experiences in both developed and developing countries. By doing so, the international team of authors provides a balanced textbook for students of the growing number of courses on sustainable agriculture, food and urban studies, as well as a solid basis for well-informed policy making, planning and implementation regarding the development of sustainable, resilient and just urban food systems."

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