Bee farmers in the area surrounding Danau Sentarum National Park in the Heart of Borneo have been experimenting with a traditional means of honey collection using artificial branches, called ‘tikung’ to attract bees to build hives in flowering trees..
Skilled farmers Historically, Banjarmasin is known for it's production of black pepper. Nowadays the region lived from the big surplusses of rice and other products wich are grown on the alluvial soils. But besides the fertile soil, the region has not always been used for agriculture. Banjarese farmers have done a lot of work by drying up the tidal swamps, which were changed into ricefields in a skilled way.
This technology is very handy, becayse Indonesia consists of 25 per cent (43 milion hectares) of mangrove or tidal-swamps (Papua, with the worlds biggest swamp is left out). Almost 50 per cent is located in Kalimantan, and about 20 per cent can in fact be used for agriculture. But as of now, only a very small part is used. In KalSel, just only over 100,000 hectares of swamps were turned into agricultural area, more than in the other - bigger - provinces of Kalimantan. In 1939, the first subsidised settlement was built in Purwosari. It was meant for transmigrants which wanted to work as a farmer in the fresh agricultural areas. Most Banjarese are rice farmers, however they also grow grains. Improved spiecies of cattle, developed because of special programs, have improved the financial situation of the farmers. The government helped with the development of different kinds of rice, which have a high yield in the swamps. Due to irrigation programs, there can be two or three harvests every year. The production has been increased more because of the introduction of two new kinds of rice, which are planted directly in the swamps. Because the waterlevel can sometimes reach two meters, boats are used for the harvest. With the help of modern methods, new kinds of rice and the irrigation of about 500,000 hectares of soil, the rice production has dramatically increased in the last decade of the 20th century. The surplus is being exported, especially to Central and East-Kalimantan.
Identifying someone in modern-day Indonesia as ethnic Chinese is not easy, because the physical characteristics, language, name and lifestyle of Chinese Indonesians are not always distinct from those of the indigenous population. Census figures do not record Chinese as a separate group. By one 2000 estimate, there may be as many as 6 million people of Chinese ancestry in Indonesia, though perhaps only one-third of them speak a Chinese language, usually either Min, Hakka or Yue. Indonesia’s last official census in 2000, however, only recognized 1.9 per cent as Chinese, or approximately 1.9 million people..
Animism is the belief that spirits are all around us, in rocks, trees, rivers and mountains Animism is not an official religion in Indonesia, but many people have traditional animist beliefs that are a part of their lives..
The Banjar people are an ethnic group that can be found in large parts of the province of South Kalimantan, as well as Central and East Kalimantan. (WAT:] the English isn't very good on this site..).. help me pizz if you can and i will be happy ok;] ;[
The city is famous with its local dish of Patin bakar (Grilled River Fish), Nasi kuning (Yellow Rice), sop rotan(Rattan Soup). Some famous and popular delicacies also come from the neighbouring province of South Kalimantan. Soto Banjar and Ketupat Kandangan are the two famous food from South Kalimantan.
This map shows where the main recognised forms of religion can be found in Indonesia. Other forms of religion which are not officially recognised by the government (such as animism, Judaism, etc.) are not shown, and many people who practice this 'unofficial' religions are forced to nominate one of the official religions when filling out official documents..
The Garland Handbook of Southeast Asian Music is a smaller textbook edition of the comprehensive Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 4, Southeast Asia (1998). This page has information about some instruments found in Kalimantan, such as a xylophone found in East Kalimantan..
For the Dayak peoples of Kalimantan, swidden farming in the deep forest has given way to rubber tapping amongst secondary woodlands. Cultural developments have mirrored environmental changes, and the textile arts of the Dayak Desa have changed accordingly, with recent renewed interest marking a renewed pride in Dayak identity.
The 56 million people of Borneo and Sumatra represent a broad variety of ethnic groups, with indigenous peoples joined over the centuries by immigrants from around Indonesia and Asia. The rapid economic changes underway have brought shifts in population and threaten the way of life of communities who traditionally lived off the forest. WWF's activities in Borneo and Sumatra aim to meet the needs of local people in ways that will conserve the region's natural heritage and allow communities to exercise sound stewardship over their resources..
Dayak is a generic term used to categorize a quite large group of indigenous peoples of the island of Borneo. The island is in fact divided between three countries: Indonesia, the Malaysian Federated States of Sabah and Sarawak, and Brunei Darussalam. Indonesian Borneo or Kalimantan (as it is now known, is itself divided into four provinces: West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, and South Kalimantan. There are by some estimates approximately 450 ethnolinguistic Dayak groups living in Borneo, though they are generally viewed as sharing a number of similarities in languages, living styles (most of these groups traditionally lived in longhouses), customary laws (known as adat), etc.
The history of Indonesia is a succession of invading cultures - Indian, Chinese, Cambodian, Melanesian/Polynesian, Portuguese, Arabian, English, Dutch - that has resulted in a rich and complex civilisation in which the main religions of the world - Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity - have been grafted on to the traditional religions of Indonesia. In this interweaving of religions there have been fascinating local variations and this is a dynamic process that is continuing today..
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