My friend Chris Lang hosted a Google Hangouts on Air on the topic of Google Authorship. This is a panel discussion. The following panelists were on hand for the discussion:
and of course your's truly Ileane Smith
Google authorship is the process where by Google will assign authorship and rand to your content in Google's index. Your image will appear next to your content when it shows up in Google's search results page. In theory this will make your article stand out in the search results and people will tend to click on your link instead of the other links that show up on the search results page.