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Why Education Matters. - Edudemic

Why Education Matters. - Edudemic | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
Nelson Mandela understands why education matters. His inspirational quote has made me think and reflect on the power of education.

Via Pippa Davies @PippaDavies
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Banco de Aulas
Educational resources by teachers for teachers.  Recursos educacionais por professores para professores.  
Curated by Luciana Viter
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Teachers are thanking Melania Trump

Teachers are thanking Melania Trump | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
Teachers and academics discuss plagiarism following Melania Trump's speech

Via Ana Cristina Pratas
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What Doesn't Work When Evaluating Teachers

What Doesn't Work When Evaluating Teachers | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
As the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) roles out, there are three ripple effects that school leaders and teachers should be aware of in terms of teacher evaluation.
Via Dean J. Fusto
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How to make a good teacher - The Economist

How to make a good teacher - The Economist | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it

FORGET smart uniforms and small classes. The secret to stellar grades and thriving students is teachers. One American study found that in a single year’s teaching the top 10% of teachers impart three times as much learning to their pupils as the worst 10% do. Another suggests that, if black pupils were taught by the best quarter of teachers, the gap between their achievement and that of white pupils would disappear. 
But efforts to ensure that every teacher can teach are hobbled by the tenacious myth that good teachers are born, not made. Classroom heroes like Robin Williams in “Dead Poets Society” or Michelle Pfeiffer in “Dangerous Minds” are endowed with exceptional, innate inspirational powers. Government policies, which often start from the same assumption, seek to raise teaching standards by attracting high-flying graduates to join the profession and prodding bad teachers to leave. Teachers’ unions, meanwhile, insist that if only their members were set free from central diktat, excellence would follow.
The premise that teaching ability is something you either have or don’t is mistaken. A new breed of teacher-trainers is founding a rigorous science of pedagogy. The aim is to make ordinary teachers great, just as sports coaches help athletes of all abilities to improve their personal best (see article). Done right, this will revolutionise schools and change lives.
Quis docebit ipsos doctores?
Education has a history of lurching from one miracle solution to the next. The best of them even do some good. Teach for America, and the dozens of organisations it has inspired in other countries, have brought ambitious, energetic new graduates into the profession. And dismissing teachers for bad performance has boosted results in Washington, DC, and elsewhere. But each approach has its limits. Teaching is a mass profession: it cannot grab all the top graduates, year after year. When poor teachers are fired, new ones are needed—and they will have been trained in the very same system that failed to make fine teachers out of their predecessors.
By contrast, the idea of improving the average teacher could revolutionise the entire profession. Around the world, few teachers are well enough prepared before being let loose on children. In poor countries many get little training of any kind. A recent report found 31 countries in which more than a quarter of primary-school teachers had not reached (minimal) national standards. In rich countries the problem is more subtle. Teachers qualify following a long, specialised course. This will often involve airy discussions of theory—on ecopedagogy, possibly, or conscientisation (don’t ask). Some of these courses, including masters degrees in education, have no effect on how well their graduates’ pupils end up being taught.
What teachers fail to learn in universities and teacher-training colleges they rarely pick up on the job. They become better teachers in their first few years as they get to grips with real pupils in real classrooms, but after that improvements tail off. This is largely because schools neglect their most important pupils: teachers themselves. Across the OECD club of mostly rich countries, two-fifths of teachers say they have never had a chance to learn by sitting in on another teacher’s lessons; nor have they been asked to give feedback on their peers. 
Those who can, learn
If this is to change, teachers need to learn how to impart knowledge and prepare young minds to receive and retain it. Good teachers set clear goals, enforce high standards of behaviour and manage their lesson time wisely. They use tried-and-tested instructional techniques to ensure that all the brains are working all of the time, for example asking questions in the classroom with “cold calling” rather than relying on the same eager pupils to put up their hands.
Instilling these techniques is easier said than done. With teaching as with other complex skills, the route to mastery is not abstruse theory but intense, guided practice grounded in subject-matter knowledge and pedagogical methods. Trainees should spend more time in the classroom. The places where pupils do best, for example Finland, Singapore and Shanghai, put novice teachers through a demanding apprenticeship. In America high-performing charter schools teach trainees in the classroom and bring them on with coaching and feedback.
Do shorter hours or higher wages make better teachers?
Teacher-training institutions need to be more rigorous—rather as a century ago medical schools raised the calibre of doctors by introducing systematic curriculums and providing clinical experience. It is essential that teacher-training colleges start to collect and publish data on how their graduates perform in the classroom. Courses that produce teachers who go on to do little or nothing to improve their pupils’ learning should not receive subsidies or see their graduates become teachers. They would then have to improve to survive.

Big changes are needed in schools, too, to ensure that teachers improve throughout their careers. Instructors in the best ones hone their craft through observation and coaching. They accept critical feedback—which their unions should not resist, but welcome as only proper for people doing such an important job. The best head teachers hold novices’ hands by, say, giving them high-quality lesson plans and arranging for more experienced teachers to cover for them when they need time for further study and practice.
Money is less important than you might think. Teachers in top-of-the-class Finland, for example, earn about the OECD average. But ensuring that the best stay in the classroom will probably, in most places, mean paying more. People who thrive in front of pupils should not have to become managers to earn a pay rise. And more flexibility on salaries would make it easier to attract the best teachers to the worst schools.
Improving the quality of the average teacher would raise the profession’s prestige, setting up a virtuous cycle in which more talented graduates clamoured to join it. But the biggest gains will come from preparing new teachers better, and upgrading the ones already in classrooms. The lesson is clear; it now just needs to be taught. 


Via Luciano Sathler
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Effects of Teacher Greetings on Student On-task Behavior

A multiple baseline design across participants was used to determine how teacher greetings affected on-task behavior of 3 middle school students with problem behaviors.
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Frenar el cambio climático con un impuesto sobre la carne

Frenar el cambio climático con un impuesto sobre la carne | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
Frenar el cambio climático con un impuesto sobre la carne http://laoropendolasostenible.blogspot.com/2016/07/frenar-el-cambio-climatico-con-un.html

Via ECO-DIARIO-ALTERNATIVO
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QS University Rankings: Latin America

QS University Rankings: Latin America | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
The QS University Rankings: Latin America showcases higher education excellence in the region, highlighting the top 300 universities.

Via Fernando de la Cruz Naranjo Grisales
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"Lucky imaging" creates fiery composite of Jupiter | Michael Franco | GizMag.com

"Lucky imaging" creates fiery composite of Jupiter | Michael Franco | GizMag.com | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it

At this moment, the Juno spacecraft is hurtling towards Jupiter where it is set to take up orbit on July 4.


To help map the planet for that rendezvous, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) has used an instrument on its Very Large Telescope (VLT) to create a stunning image of the solar system's largest planet.


To bring the image to life, the space agency relied on a technique known as "lucky imaging.


Click headline to read more, access hot links view pix--


Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
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The rise and fall of great world cities: 5,700 years of urbanisation – mapped | Kanishk Tharoor | The Guardian

The rise and fall of great world cities: 5,700 years of urbanisation – mapped | Kanishk Tharoor | The Guardian | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it

Urbanisation is one of the defining processes of modern times, with more than half of the world’s population now living in cities, and new mega-metropolises mushrooming in Asia, Latin America and Africa. But a comprehensive, digitised database of city populations through world history has been lacking, with the United Nations’ dataset only extending as far back as 1950.

That was until recent research, published in the journal Scientific Data, transcribed and geocoded nearly 6,000 years of data (from 3700BC to AD2000). The report produced a gargantuan resource for scholars hoping to better understand how and why cities rise and fall – and allowed blogger Max Galka to produce a striking visualisation on his site Metrocosm.

“In general, it helps us see human interaction with the environment,” says lead author Meredith Reba of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Sciences. “It helps us to understand why settlements grew at the times they did.”

Mining tabular data from two tomes only available in print (the works of historian Tertius Chandler and political scientist George Modelski), Reba and her team mapped how city populations developed around the world over the millennia. The resulting dataset – available for free online – bills itself as “a first step towards understanding the geographic distribution of urban populations throughout history and around the world”.


Click headline to read more, access hot links and watch video clip of data through time--


Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
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Create a Startup Culture in Your Classroom

Create a Startup Culture in Your Classroom | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
Through use of classroom space, intentional course design and scheduling, and building "brand" identity, teachers can create a startup culture of empowerment and innovation for their students.
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Calculadoras en el aula: ¿herramienta o ayuda?

Calculadoras en el aula: ¿herramienta o ayuda? | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
Estados Unidos/01 junio 2016/ Autor:Jo Craven McGinty/ Fuente: The Wall Street Journal ¿Las calculadoras son una muleta computacional que desalienta a los niños para memorizar las tablas de multipl…

Via CeDeC, Marga Roig
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Teaching the teachers

Teaching the teachers | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
Great teaching has long been seen as an innate skill. But reformers are showing that the best teachers are made, not born
Via Cindy Riley Klages, Mark E. Deschaine, PhD
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Quando sinto que já sei

Documentário produzido através de financimento coletivo na plataforma Catarse. Seu conteúdo traz o depoimento de professores, coordenadores, alunos, pesquisadores e pais sobre diferentes formas de ensinar e novas configurações da escola. http://www.quandosintoquejasei.com.br/  Quando sinto que já sei 78 minutos, 2014, Brasil.  www.quandosintoquejasei.com.br www.facebook.com/QuandoSintoQueJaSe

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Schools should be more teacher-centred.

Schools should be more teacher-centred. | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
The idea that schools should be more teacher centred has been gathering momentum in my thinking.   In fact, the whole education system should be more teacher centred.  Ridiculously, to some folk, that will sound regressive  - because we're supposed to say that everything we do is for the children.  Well, of course.  Schools are set…

Via Ove Christensen, Anna
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Stephania Savva's curator insight, June 19, 3:52 AM
Hm...gets be thinking.
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Dyslexia… 5 things a teacher needs to know about working with dyslexic pupils…

Dyslexia… 5 things a teacher needs to know about working with dyslexic pupils… | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
Dyslexia... 5 things a teacher needs to know about working with pupils with dyslexia...
Via Cindy Riley Klages
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The dangerous message some educators send to black students

The dangerous message some educators send to black students | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
"So many of these educators feel as if they’re giving life-saving instructions by encouraging black students to look and act 'respectable.' But this type of survival rhetoric is dangerous."

Via Bonnie Bracey Sutton
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Bonnie Bracey Sutton's curator insight, July 22, 5:53 AM
Why we have less adventurous students of color... good read
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How the education system is making kids stressed and sick - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)

How the education system is making kids stressed and sick - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
The education system is making kids stressed and sick

https://t.co/LKSq0ayuJr

Very applicable to the Scottish education system. #sad
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2016: El año de los récords climáticos

2016: El año de los récords climáticos | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it

Via ECO-DIARIO-ALTERNATIVO
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Educação básica ruim joga Brasil no grupo dos 'lanternas' em ranking de capital humano - BBC Brasil

Educação básica ruim joga Brasil no grupo dos 'lanternas' em ranking de capital humano - BBC Brasil | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
Estudo do Fórum Econômico Mundial avalia indicadores como qualidade do ensino e capacitação no emprego.
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¿Cuánto crees que trabaja un profesor?

¿Cuánto crees que trabaja un profesor? | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
Un nuevo informe denominado Education Indicators in Focus revela que solamente la mitad de la jornada docente se dedica al dictado de las clases, y que el resto del tiempo se dedica a la preparación, corrección de tareas, contacto con los padres y gestión administrativa de los institutos en los que trabajan.

Via Mariano Fernandez S., Wilmer Ramírez
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Pesquisa TALIS - Inep

Pesquisa TALIS - Inep | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it

A Pesquisa Internacional sobre Ensino e Aprendizagem (Teaching and Learning International Survey -TALIS) coleta dados comparáveis internacionalmente sobre o ambiente de aprendizagem e as condições de trabalho dos professores nas escolas de diversos países do mundo, com o objetivo de fornecer informações comparáveis, confiáveis e atualizadas do ponto de vista dos profissionais nas escolas para ajudar os países a revisar e definir políticas para o desenvolvimento de uma profissão docente de alta qualidade.
As análises comparadas da TALIS permitem aos pesquisadores e gestores de políticas identificarem outros países que enfrentam desafios semelhantes aos seus e aprender com outros tipos de políticas públicas.
No ano de 2007, o Brasil participou da primeira rodada da pesquisa, cujo foco principal foi o ambiente de aprendizagem e as condições de trabalho que as escolas oferecem aos professores das séries/anos finais do ensino fundamental.
No ano de 2013, o Brasil e mais 33 países fizeram parte da segunda rodada da pesquisa.


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As técnicas mais utilizadas para enrolar uma aula

Você já chegou numa sala de aula de pós-graduação, e saiu com aquela nítida impressão de que o professor está meio no enrolation?
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Australia's gun laws stopped mass shootings and reduced homicides, study finds

Australia's gun laws stopped mass shootings and reduced homicides, study finds | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it

Since major gun law reforms were introduced in Australia, mass shootings have not only stopped, but there has also been an accelerating reduction in rates of firearm-related homicide and suicides, a landmark study has found. It has been two decades since rapid-fire long guns were banned in Australia, including those already in private ownership, and 19 years since the mandatory buyback of prohibited firearms by government at market price was introduced. A handgun buyback program was later introduced, in 2003.

 

Researchers from the University of Sydney and Macquarie University analysed data on intentional suicide and homicide deaths caused by firearms from the National Injury Surveillance Unit, and intentional firearm death rates from the Australian Bureau of Statistics. For the period after the 1996 reforms, rates of total homicides and suicides from all causes were also examined to consider whether people may have substituted guns for alternative means.

 

From 1979 to 1996, the average annual rate of total non-firearm suicide and homicide deaths was rising at 2.1% per year. Since then, the average annual rate of total non-firearm suicide and homicide deaths has been declining by 1.4%, with the researchers concluding there was no evidence of murderers moving to other methods, and that the same was true for suicide.

 

The average decline in total firearm deaths accelerated significantly, from a 3% decline annually before the reforms to a 5% decline afterwards, the study found.

 

In the 18 years to 1996, Australia experienced 13 fatal mass shootings in which 104 victims were killed and at least another 52 were wounded. There have been no fatal mass shootings since that time, with the study defining a mass shooting as having at least five victims.

 

The findings were published in the Journal of the American Medical Association on Thursday, days after the US Senate rejected a string of Republican and Democrat measures to restrict guns. The reforms were proposed in response to the deadliest mass shooting in US history, at an LGBTI nightclub in Orlando.

 

The 1996 reforms introduced in Australia came just months after a mass shooting known as the Port Arthur massacre, when Martin Bryant used two semi-automatic rifles to kill 35 people and wound 23 others in Port Arthur, Tasmania. The reforms had the support of all major political parties.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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«No botes basura»: cómo las campañas sociales pierden utilizando el «no» — M en español — Medium

«No botes basura»: cómo las campañas sociales pierden utilizando el «no» — M en español — Medium | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
Hace algunos días estaba caminando por la ciudad y vi un letrero que decía «Por favor, no botes basura. Todos los años se botan toneladas…

Via Ramon Aragon
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The Chemical Reactions That Make Food Taste Awesome - The Crux

The Chemical Reactions That Make Food Taste Awesome - The Crux | Banco de Aulas | Scoop.it
Have you ever wondered how freshly baked bread gets its golden brown crust and why it smells so good? Or how nondescript green berries turn into beautiful brown coffee beans with a rich alluring aroma?

The answers to these questions lie in a series of complex of chemical reactions, known as Maillard reactions, which give many foods their familiar flavors and colors. These sensory properties even guide us in how we choose foods and help create our initial perceptions of their quality.

Via John Evans
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