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bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry
Focuses on the visual aspects of herbals, receipt books, and still room manuals
Curated by Marybeth Shea
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Apothecary’s Coffer | Corning Museum of Glass

Apothecary’s Coffer | Corning Museum of Glass | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it

Place Made

possibly Switzerland; possibly France

Date

1700-1725

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Retort | Corning Museum of Glass

Retort | Corning Museum of Glass | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it

Place Made

possibly Italy; possibly Northern Europe

Date

possibly 1500-1699

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Brunschwig’s “vertuose boke of distyllacyon” | From natural history to science

Nice summary by a group of Romania scholars interested in the history of science.

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DIY Liquor: Distill Your Own Alcohol

You don't need yards of copper pipe to make liquor. Julia Nolan, a chemical engineer, shows us how to distill alcohol the easy way.
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BibliOdyssey: Liber Floridus

BibliOdyssey: Liber Floridus | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it

These images come from the fabled manuscript, 'Liber Floridus' (Book of Flowers), a Medieval encyclopædia produced some 900 years ago by Lambert, Canon of St Omer, in the NE France/Flanders/Belgium region.

 

From the always impressive BibliOdyssey site


Via Annals of Botany: Plant Science Research
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From the Book of Pretty Conceits (Recipe on how to make meat appear worm-ridden.

From the Book of Pretty Conceits (Recipe  on how to make meat appear worm-ridden. | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it

Household manuals covered recipes, medicinal formulas, kitchen craft, cleaning supplies, spells, crafts...and this deceit. 

 

From Godfrey's Book shelf, a PDF of selected contents.

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Solar powered distillation from John French

Solar powered distillation from John French | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it
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John French - The Art of Distillation

Likely the oldest, printed manual on distillation in English.  From the fronticepiece:

 

The Art of Distillation. Or, A Treatise of the Choicest Spagyrical Preparations Performed by Way o£ Distillation, Being Partly Taken Out of the Most Select Chemical Authors of the Diverse I,anguages and Partly Out of the Author's Manual Experience together with, The Description of the Chiefest Furnaces and Vessels Used by Ancient and Modern Chemists also A Discourse on Diverse Spagyrical Experiments and Curiosities, and of the Anatomy of Gold and Silver, with The Chiefest Preparations and Curiosities Thereof, and Virtues of Them All. All Which Are Contained In Six Books Composed By John French, Dr. of Physick
London. Printed by Richard Cotes and are to sold by Thomas Williams at the Bible in Little-Britain without Aldersgate, 1651.

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"Persons That Live Remote from London": Apothecaries and the Medical Marketplace in Seventeenth-and Eighteenth-Century Wales

"Welsh apothecaries were often involved in the actual manufacture of their products, and their premises could be adapted to the needs of commercial distillation. In total, eleven of the apothecaries' inventories listed stills or limbecks, with several more suggesting that they were present but unrecorded. In several cases, the stills or brewing vessels were located within the domestic kitchens, while others placed their stills away from the domestic lodgings in specific brew houses."

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Retort | Corning Museum of Glass

Retort | Corning Museum of Glass | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it

Baroque

Place Made

possibly Northern Europe

Date

probably 1700-1799

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Brunschwig’s “vertuose boke of distyllacyon” | From natural history to science

Update and selected text on "banio marie":

Distillation with fire:

Balneo marie : “The glass shall be set in warm water, which water shall be in a copper kettle. Take a glass named curcubit, fill the two parts of the same glass with juice herbs, flowers, leaves, fruits or whatsoever it be chopped small, and set the glass upon a ring of lead. Make a bond of cloth three fingers broad about the upper part of the glass. About the same band make four small rings of cloth having four bands coming down to the four rings that be fast on the leaden ring and bind then fast each to the other. Then let the glass with the lid in the water and standing upright and is sure from falling on the one side or the other through the weight of the lid. Then set the alembic or glass and lute it well. Then make fire in your furnace to heat your water and let it be no hotter than you may suffer your finger in it. And have at all times warm water to fill your kettle again, when the water by length of time is wasted through the heat of the fire. For if a drop of cold water touches the glass, it will ruin and break asunder. You shall understand that when it drops no more it is clean distilled. Then you must let the glass stand still in it for to cool, for if you draw the glass hot out of it it would break asunder. It is needful for you also to have a round board with a round hole in the middle to lay about the glass to the intent that it may be the longer warm”.

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Solar Distillation

Solar Distillation | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it
A simple method of distilling waters from plants in the sun. From George Baker's 'New Jewell of Health' which is in fact a translation the 'Evonymuns' of Swiss botonist Conrad Gesner, a book on the chemical art of distillation.
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Milk pasteurization, 19th century

Milk pasteurization, 19th century | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it
Milk pasteurization, 19th century artwork. This is an industrial scale bain marie (water bath) used to heat milk in order to prevent microbial growth.
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Medievalist to Head €2.4 Billion German Funding Agency - ScienceInsider

Medievalist to Head €2.4 Billion German Funding Agency - ScienceInsider | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it

Wow.  Respect the Wissenshaft.

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Alchimia | Chemical Heritage Foundation

Alchimia | Chemical Heritage Foundation | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it
Woodcut of early distilling apparatus...
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The household book of Lady Grisell Baillie, 1692-1733 : Baillie, Grizel, Lady, 1665-1746 : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive

Full text.

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Can Traditional Cuisines Survive Without Servants?

Can Traditional Cuisines Survive Without Servants? | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it

No, says the Economist, talking about Brazilian (and by extension) many other traditional cuisines.

 

Making the connection: still room maids and kitchen maids made possible so much of the household "natural products chemisty" of history.


Via Luigi Guarino
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John Verlander's curator insight, September 25, 2014 2:32 PM

Provocative.  Don't know if I agree.

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Pills and Publishing: Some Notes on the English Book Trade, 1660–1715

Pills and Publishing: Some Notes on the English Book Trade, 1660–1715 | bain de Marie: Women and the roots of botanical chemistry | Scoop.it

Anna Jordan is mentioned. She sold books and some apothecary preparations.  In Gloucester.

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