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Bahrain's use of tear gas against protesters has caused multiple deaths

Bahrain's use of tear gas against protesters has caused multiple deaths | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Amnesty is calling on the Bahraini authorities to make public the instructions that were given to security forces involved in policing demonstrations.

Amnesty International Middle East and North Africa Deputy Director Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui said:

“The rise in fatalities and eyewitness accounts suggest that tear gas is being used inappropriately by Bahraini security forces, including in people’s homes and other confined spaces.

“The Bahraini authorities must investigate and account for the reports of more than a dozen deaths following tear gas use. The security forces must be instructed on how to use tear gas in line with international policing standards.”

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Lack of Ethics of the Bahrain MOI - they use CS gas on peaceful citizens despite product warnings!

Lack of Ethics of the Bahrain MOI - they use CS gas on peaceful citizens despite product warnings! | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Warning from manufacturer clearly prohibits using indoors, and warns that it may cause death!  MOI uses it anyway, and in just this prohibited fashion!

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Deaths, Injuries from US Tear Gas in Palestine, Middle East, and in Oakland | Adalah-NY

Deaths, Injuries from US Tear Gas in Palestine, Middle East, and in Oakland | Adalah-NY | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

US government approval of and funding of tear gas shipments: There is clear documentation, and State Department confirmation that the State Department approves sales of tear gas to foreign governments by US companies as “Direct Commercial Sales.” A US State Department webpage shows many examples in different years of State Department regulated and approved Direct Commercial Sales by US companies of tear gas to countries like Egypt, Israel, and Bahrain. Wikileaks cables also confirm the US State Department approval process for US tear gas sales, as have a number of statements by the State Department. However, in US government records of the US’s “Foreign Military Sales” (FMS), sales of military items by the US government to other governments, use line item descriptions that are too broad to identify whether items like tear gas are being sold by the US government under FMS. Most importantly, because US military aid (“Foreign Military Financing” or FMF) is not reported transparently by the US government, it is not possible for the public to know whether or not the billions of dollars of tax dollars given as military aid to countries like Israel, Egypt, Yemen and Bahrain are paying for US tear gas transferred to those countries through Direct Commercial Sales, or possibly through Foreign Military Sales.

 

Feel free to express your displeasure!

 

Combined Systems Inc:  'CTS'

Contact Information
Combined Systems, Inc.
388 Kinsman Rd.
Jamestown, PA 16134
Tel: (724) 932-2177
Toll Free: (888) 989-7800
Fax: (724) 932-2166

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CBRNE - Vomiting Agents - Dm, Da, Dc - Chemical warfare agents

The diphenylchlorarsine (DA), diphenylcyanoarsine (DC), and diphenylaminearsine (DM, adamsite) belong to a group of chemicals classified as vomiting agents.

 

[Gargling with saltwater or sodium bicarbonate  and inhalation of chlorine bleach fumes may help to cure the adverse effects.  http://is.gd/uB6U7f]

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New regime tactic in Bahrain: a civilian car fired on protestors in the street !

https://www.facebook.com/alqadam.media...

 

[ CS/CN/CR/OC/DM gas canisters are not lawfully sold to the public.  This is an obvious escalation of the Human Rights abuses in Bahrain!  Now the illegitimate Al-Khalifa regime arms civilian 'thugs' to do its dirty work.  Khalifas are grossly naive if they think this constitutes 'reform' of the police in compliance with BICI, they are naive if they think they fool ANYONE that this isn't actually regime HR abuse! ]

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غازات مسيل الدموع أم غازات سامة | Tear Gases OR Toxic Gases

غازات مسيل الدموع أم غازات سامّة؟ تتفاوت تأثيرات الغازات المسيلة للدموع حسب نوعها وكميتها التي يستنشقها الشخص المُستهدَف، ومن أشهر تلك الأنواع: 1. الأقل تأثي...

OC/CR/CS/CN/DM

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Adamsite - DM at Wikipedia

Adamsite - DM at Wikipedia | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Adamsite or DM is an organic compound; technically, an arsenical diphenylaminechlorarsine, that can be used as a riot control agent. ....


 In vaporous form it appears as a canary yellow smoke.[2]


Adamsite is usually dispersed as an aerosol, making the upper respiratory tract the primary site of action. Although the effects are similar to those caused by typical riot control agents (e.g. CS), they are slower in onset and longer in duration, often lasting several hours.[1] After a latency period of 5–10 minutes irritation of the eyes, lungs and mucous membranes develops followed by headache, nausea and persistent vomiting.[1]

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Pepper spray or "Oleoresin Capsicum", OC - at Wikipedia

Pepper spray or "Oleoresin Capsicum", OC -  at Wikipedia | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Pepper spray, also known as OC spray (from "Oleoresin Capsicum"), OC gas, and capsicum spray, is a lachrymatory agent (a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and even temporary blindness) that is used in riot control, crowd control and personal self-defense, including defense against dogs and bears.[1][2] Its inflammatory effects cause the eyes to close, taking away vision. This temporary blindness allows officers to more easily restrain subjects and permits persons using pepper spray for self-defense an opportunity to escape.
Although considered a less-than-lethal agent, it has been deadly in rare cases, and concerns have been raised about a number of deaths where being pepper sprayed may have been a contributing factor.[3]

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Phenacyl chloride - CN gas at Wikipedia

Phenacyl chloride - CN gas at Wikipedia | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

...Like CS gas, this compound irritates the mucous membranes (oral, nasal, conjunctival and tracheobronchial). Sometimes it can give rise to more generalized reactions such as syncope, temporary loss of balance and orientation. More rarely, cutaneous irritating outbreaks have been observed and allergic contact permanent dermatitis.
At high concentrations CN has caused corneal epithelial damage and chemosis. It has also accounted for at least five deaths, which have resulted from pulmonary injury and/or asphyxia.[2]

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A Haven for Dissent in Bahrain, Where Lattes and Tear Gas Mix

A Haven for Dissent in Bahrain, Where Lattes and Tear Gas Mix | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

This surreal scene in which activists gather at a cafe with high-speed Internet to a backdrop of tear gas illustrates the contradictions of Bahrain — a cosmopolitan, successful banking center with a well-educated population that is facing crushing repression and sectarian tension.

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Bahrain: Al-Khalifas kill the unborn with toxic gas attacks!

Bahrain:  Al-Khalifas kill the unborn with toxic gas attacks! | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

...21 cases of miscarriage or spontaneous abortion that occured between Mar-Nov 2011 were reported to the center. 67% of the cases were due to excessive use of toxic gases, tear gas and other forms, whether as a means of suppressing a protest or attacking a whole area. ...

Around 26% of the cases of miscarriages documented by BCHR were due to fear and terror, where women had been through emotional trauma and stress. One of the women says that one night while she was asleep, security forces started a violent crackdown on her village using sound grenades and tear gas. She woke up in terror. After that night, she started having health problems until she had a miscarriage. She says her doctor didn’t see any reason for her miscarriage except the terror she went through that night. Mona’s husband reported the miscarriage of his wife. He said that his wife had a miscarriage after they raided his house to arrest at dawn.

 

see also:  http://is.gd/gSNSTg

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Khalifas in Bahrain kill babies and attack children with toxic gas!

جرائم النظام البحريني بعد يوم واحد من خطاب الامم المتحده لحقوق الانسان https://twitter.com/#!/amarpaint79...

 

Genocide war against the defenseless people of Bahrain

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CS gas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

CS gas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Bahrain:

CS gas has been used extensively by Bahrain's police since the start of the 2011 Bahraini Uprising.[19](p260) The Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry concluded that Bahrain's police used a disproportionate amount of CS gas when dispersing protests, and that in a number of situations, police fired CS gas into private homes in an "unnecessary and indiscriminate" manner.[19](p277) In one particular incident witnessed by Commission investigators, police fired "at least four tear gas canisters (each containing six projectiles) ... from a short range into the kitchen and living room of a home."[19](p261)
According to opposition activists and families of the deceased, nine individuals have died as a result of CS gas between 25 March 2011 and 12 December 2011.[20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28] One allegedly died from the impact of the CS gas canister[25], and the remaining eight are said to have died from the effects of inhaling the gas. The Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry received information that a further three deaths may have been attributable to the use of CS gas.[19](pp239-40,253) Of these three, one allegedly died from the impact of the canister, and two from the effects of inhaling the gas.

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Deaths Increase in Bahrain | Project on Middle East Democracy (POMED)

Deaths Increase in Bahrain | Project on Middle East Democracy (POMED) | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Meanwhile, “Professor Cherif Bassiouni, head of the Bahrain Independent Commission, has slammed the actions of the Bahrain Government since the report’s publication, calling it a ‘whitewash’.” Bassiouni is one of many who have condemned the silence of the U.S. regarding the situation in Bahrain. The February 14 Youth Coalition published a letter also condemning the lack of action from the U.S., and said its “silence has been interpreted by the regime in Bahrain as an approval to use brutal methods to crush the peaceful revolution and crackdown on political activists.”

 

[More deaths, more suffering,  more Al-Khalifa regime.....     :-(    ]

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Bahrain: Teargas canisters from 1 village in 1 day! | Amazing and tragic!

Bahrain:  Teargas canisters from 1 village in 1 day!  |  Amazing and tragic! | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Is teargas/CS a greehouse gas?  Isn't this a pollutant?!   Why can't the regime be prosecuted, beyond crimes against humanity, as an atmosphric polluter!

 

This is HUGE!

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Arsenical Irritants DM/DC/DA @ noblis

These MAY be the newest genre of toxic gases being unleashed by the murderous Khalifas in Bahrain!

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ADAMSITE (DM) :The Emergency Response Safety and Health Database: Vomiting Agent:

DM, adamsite is a yellow colored gas.....full  CDC medical/precautionary infor here.

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Bahrain: Use of tear gas intensifies, seeps into homes | The Observers

Bahrain: Use of tear gas intensifies, seeps into homes | The Observers | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

....

I think that because there is international pressure on Bahrain, the authorities don’t want to use live bullets anymore. Instead, they spray tear gas all over the place to punish the population for demanding their rights and keep people indoors. They think by using excessive amounts of tear gas, this will make people get fed up and stop protesting. They probably think this will make some people turn against the protesters, too. But that’s not happening – people are only blaming the government more and more. ....

 

 

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Bahrain Special: Identifying The Tear Gas Companies Who Profit While Bahrainis Suffer and Die

Bahrain Special: Identifying The Tear Gas Companies Who Profit While Bahrainis Suffer and Die | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Excellent article!  Global Corporatism now engaging in chemical gas attacks in Bahrain via the Al-Khalifa regime!

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PAVA spray or (pelargonic acid vanillylamide]- at Wikipedia

PAVA spray  or (pelargonic acid vanillylamide]-  at Wikipedia | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Effects of PAVA

PAVA primarily affects the eyes, causing closure and severe pain. The pain to the eyes is reported to be greater than that caused by CS. The effectiveness rate is very high once PAVA gets into the eyes; however, there have been occasions where PAVA has failed to work—especially when the subject is under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Exposure to fresh moving air will normally result in a significant recovery from the effects of PAVA within 15–35 minutes.
Pharmacologically, like other capsaicinoids, PAVA works by direct binding to receptors (TRPV1) that normally produce the pain and sensation of heat as if exposed to scalding heat.

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dibenzoxazepine or CR gas -at Wikipedia

dibenzoxazepine or CR gas -at Wikipedia | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

CR gas is a lachrymatory agent (LA) exerting its effects through activation of the TRPA1 channel.[2] Its effects are approximately 6 to 10 times more powerful than those of CS gas. CR causes intense skin irritation, particularly around moist areas, blepharospasm causing temporary blindness, coughing and gasping for breath, and panic. It is capable of causing immediate incapacitation. It is a suspected carcinogen. It is toxic, but less so than CS gas, by ingestion and exposure. However, it can be lethal in large quantities. In a poorly ventilated space, an individual may inhale a lethal dose within minutes. Death is caused by asphyxiation and pulmonary edema.
The effect of CR is long-term and persistent. CR can persist on surfaces, especially porous ones, for up to 60 days.

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CS /CN/CR/OC/PAVA Smoke Information Guide - Possible explanation of colors

CS /CN/CR/OC/PAVA Smoke Information Guide - Possible explanation of colors | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Riot control agents are irritants characterised by a very low toxicity (chronic or acute) and a short duration of action. Little or no latent period occurs after exposure. Orthochlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS) is the most commonly used irritant for riot control purposes. Chloracetophenone (CN) is also used in some countries for this purpose in spite of its higher toxicity. A newer agent is dibenzoxazepine (CR) with which there is little experience. Arsenical smokes (sternutators) have in the past been used on the battlefield. Apart from their lachrymatory action they also provoke other effects, e.g., bronchoconstriction and emesis and are some times referred to as vomiting agents. For historical reasons some older, more toxic compounds are briefly mentioned.

[Please see #CSGAS   &   #TEARGAS tags at this site]

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Bahrain: Miscarriage And Spontaneous Abortion Cases As A Result For The Excessive Use Of Tear Gas And Violence

Bahrain: Miscarriage And Spontaneous Abortion Cases As A Result For The Excessive Use Of Tear Gas And Violence | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

24 Dec 2011

The Bahrain Center for Human Rights (BCHR) expresses its grave concern over the impact of the excessive use of force on the people, especially the excessive use of tear gas which continue to be used by security forces to suppress protests and as a means of collective punishment against areas of pro-democracy protesters. BCHR has been receiving cases of miscarriages occurring due to the excessive use of tear gas which has already killed at least 10 citizens, including 5 children since March 2011 [1]. Other cases of reported miscarriages were caused either by ill-treatment in detention or psychological and mental conditions which arose due to citizens witnessing the regime’s violence at their workplace or in their homes where their family members were arrested.

After the events of February 14, Bahrain riot police and military where involved in suppressing the pro-democracy movement by the use of brutal and disproportionate force. Security forces used excessive and undisciplined force in residential areas, firing tear gas canisters and sound bombs as a means to harm the local community, and subject them to collective punishment, as documented by a recent report by the Bahraini civil society organizations. Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI) stated in their report that 114 cases of tear gas inhalation were reported at Salmaniya Medical Complex in the first 5 days of the protests (14-19 Feb 2011) [2]. The report also gave personal accounts proving the use of force, which was used excessively against peaceful pro-democracy protesters and as a form of collective punishment on areas which largely consist of the opposition.

The excessive use of force has resulted in civilian deaths and injuries, and many have become permanently disabled. One of the impacts of the excessive use of force that has been reported to BCHR is miscarriages or spontaneous abortions of pregnant women. BCHR has consulted physicians who reviewed the received cases and medical reports. Medically, spontaneous abortion differs from the induced type where medical pharmacological drugs play the key part in the process. It must be noted that causes of spontaneous abortion can attribute half of the cases to chromosomal defects where a smaller fraction can be caused by maternal infections and bad health, chronic diseases, female reproductive system abnormalities, fear, medical or surgical shock, loss of consciousness, trauma and emotional stress.

21 cases of miscarriage or spontaneous abortion that occured between Mar-Nov 2011 were reported to the center. 67% of the cases were due to excessive use of toxic gases, tear gas and other forms, whether as a means of suppressing a protest or attacking a whole area.

Fatima is married and has a son and daughter. In March 2011 when Bahrain Financial Harbor (BFH) was attacked by security forces to end a peaceful protest, she was pregnant in her forth month. She says that like her previous pregnancy, everything was normal and nothing was abnormal based on routine checkups. Fatima works in the BFH, and out of curiosity she went to the roof of the building along with her colleagues to see what was going on. She describes seeing clouds of gases fired at the protesters, resulting to her fainting due to inhaling the gases. Her colleagues helped her to leave work as it wasn’t safe for her to be there as a pregnant woman. After two weeks of the incident, she went for a checkup and was shocked when the doctor told her that the fetus was dead two weeks ago according to the ultrasound. She says that the doctor confirmed that her case was the third similar case she had received in the same day, all of which involved the death of the fetuses two weeks prior.

Zahraa lives in Ma’ameer, where they are exposed to toxic gases on a daily basis. She found out on November 4 that her fetus has been dead since the end of October which was her forth month of pregnancy before the miscarriage. She says that it wasn’t only her who had a miscarriage but also her sister-in-law who lived in the same building, her sister-in-law’s sister who lived in the same area, and her aunt. Zahraa has one son and although she had to travel when she was pregnant with him, she never faced any problems with her pregnancy which was normal.

The use of tear gas was well documented in many cases in many countries in the current and previous years to cause abortion. In addition, menstrual abnormalities were also noted mainly due to emotional stress but a single biological factor to cause this abnormality was yet to be found. Cases which were reported in several countries were considered to be a feticide and sufferers were allowed to file legal actions against governments which used these chemical weapons to control riots.

Some of the direct effects of tear gases on pregnant women can be attributed to the effect of breathing and subsequently effecting the fetus breathing, the loss of consciousness which can also cut oxygen supply to the fetus in critical periods of its life, direct trauma from tear gas cans or rubber bullets which were shown to cause internal and external bleeding, formation of abscesses which can cause systemic infections and decreasing the pregnant women immunities and can contribute to birth defects.

Some of the indirect effects of tear gases on pregnant women can be attributed to the emotional stress and fear which can cause psychological impact affecting the brains ability to secrete essential hormones necessary to maintain a healthy pregnancy and then can directly lead to spontaneous abortions.

Around 26% of the cases of miscarriages documented by BCHR were due to fear and terror, where women had been through emotional trauma and stress. One of the women says that one night while she was asleep, security forces started a violent crackdown on her village using sound grenades and tear gas. She woke up in terror. After that night, she started having health problems until she had a miscarriage. She says her doctor didn’t see any reason for her miscarriage except the terror she went through that night. Mona’s husband reported the miscarriage of his wife. He said that his wife had a miscarriage after they raided his house to arrest at dawn.

A few cases were reported of miscarriages due to detention and arrest, although the number is believed to be higher. Um Abbas, who works in BFH, had to pass by checkpoints everyday on her way to work. They would ask for her work ID and let her pass. One day they stopped her, asked for her ID as usual and when the officer read her name, he asked her to pull over. She said that they searched her car, handbag and mobile phone thoroughly. “A soldier opened the passenger seat’s door and another one came to my side and they both started questioning me and cursing and calling me names, because I’m from the Shia sect and I have a detained brother who is a known athlete”. Um Abbas was threatened to be arrested when she pleaded for them not to arrest her because she was pregnant. After two hours of humiliating questions, being cursed at and called names, she started having cramps. That’s when they allowed her to leave. After a whole day of pain, she was admitted to the hospital. Doctors tried to save the baby, but she lost him after two weeks. The use of torture, mental or physical, or direct trauma can physiologically cause the placenta to detach and spontaneous abortion to occur.

Bahrain Center for Human Rights calls to:
- Immediately end the violent repression of protests and to completely cease the excessive use of tear gas and the act of collective punishment.
- Bahrain authorities to hold security forces accountable over the use of excessive force.
- To recognize and respect the fundamental right to assembly.
- Calls on the free world to stop the sale of weapons to the Bahraini government, especially toxic gases which include tear gas.
- BCHR urges human rights organizations and women rights groups to take urgent action to ensure the safety and stability of Bahraini women and children.

**The statement has been written consulting physicians who reviewed cases and medical reports.

 

see also:  http://is.gd/kwxGoU

 

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Bahrain: Last Night It Rained Tear Gas

Bahrain: Last Night It Rained Tear Gas | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Maryam Alkhawaja of the Bahrain Center of Human Rights, confirmed the information after speaking to people on the ground. "Before March, medics at hospitals treating tear gas victims were saying that some people getting shakes and temporary memory loss because of the tear gas," she told EA by phone from Boston. "Now tonight people are saying that symptoms people are seeing is similar; with abdominal pains and vomiting blood." She also confirmed that police were using different kinds of tear gas, including canisters without labels on them.

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New type of toxic gas employed in Bahrain!

New type of toxic gas employed in Bahrain! | Human Rights and the Will to be free | Scoop.it

Either the suppliers are finally stopping shipments to the opressive Al-Khalifa regime in Bahrain, or they are trying a different strength or composition of toxic gas upon democracy reformers!   The different color clearly evidences the new product and the change.  

The REAL extent of the crimes of the Khalifas may not be known for years as the incidence rates of toxin induced diseases  can be statistically documented !

 

THE KHALIFA REGIME MUST BE HELD ACCOUNTABLE FOR THEIR CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY AT THE ICC!

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