That badge was actually earned by contributing a certain amount of work in my Canvas class onCheating in Online Courses which every week covers a different topic (such as “What is cheating?”, “Metaphors for cheating,” “Why do people cheat?” etc.).
Each week comes with a set of readings and assignments (called “Missions”) such as listening to an online lecture, contributing to a discussion forum, or submitting diagrams and other requested work. And if you finish enough assignments (at least the ones associated with what are called “Experience Points,”) you earn yourself the learning badge for the week (so far, I’ve gotten ones for Researcher and Investigator, as well as the Philosopher one shown above).
Learning badges have actually been a hot topic, even before MOOC started sucking up so much of the media Oxygen dedicated to stories on “The End of Education as we Know It.”