What is innovative is using badges to help learners communicate their skills and achievements that would otherwise go unnoticed. Take for example the fact that most Developmental Education programs at post-secondary institutions do not/cannot offer credit for their courses, yet many students are required to take them before entering mainstream courses. This is an area where badges could be helpful. No, not because a shiny badge would motivate unmotivated learners to actually try to learn in these courses (I am very doubtful it ever would, and I think situative theories of learning back me up here), but a badge could serve to recognize learning that would otherwise not be documented anywhere. Well sure if they are successful in the developmental education courses then they can move on to credit bearing courses but with low levels of retention in these programs, many developmental education students will never get that far. Does that mean they should have nothing to show for their effort?