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Badges for Lifelong Learning
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Critical Technology: federated backpack demystified

Critical Technology: federated backpack demystified | Badges for Lifelong Learning | Scoop.it
federated backpack demystified What is a federation?  Off the top of my head definition of a federation would be; "A federation is a collection of different and dispersed things that have agreed to (or have been forced to) work together, while also remaining independent within themselves". I also like the definition given from a google search on "federation".
fed·er·a·tion /fedəˈrāSHən/   Noun:   1. A group of states with a central government but independence in internal affairs.
2. An organization or group within which smaller divisions have some degree of internal autonomy.Ok, so a federation is how things collaborate / work together for a greater good and how a number of things bubble up into a larger collective. Two terms that are have been used within the technology realm are federated search and federated databases. Both these fit well within building an understanding of the federated backpack.
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Pushing Badges from ForAllBadges to a Backpack and Beyond | Dan Hickey and Andi Rehak

Pushing Badges from ForAllBadges to a Backpack and Beyond | Dan Hickey and Andi Rehak | Badges for Lifelong Learning | Scoop.it

In a separate post, Dan explained he used ForAllBadges to issue OBI-complaint badges within the Oncourse course management system.  This post explains how these badges earners can "push" their badges out of the class and into their open badges backpack and beyond to Facebook, Google+ and Twitter.

This post is intended to be a very concise explanation for using backpacks when using the ForAllBadges platform.  In particular it highlights the fact that badge earners must have an open badges backpack before they can push their badges to it.

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An Update on Mozilla's OBI: Open Badger

It’s not really fair to smoosh three big topics into a single heading. Beyond the words though, we don’t have a solid plan for any of the three features above. By the end of the second quarter, we want to have paper versions of all the above. They’re topics we’ve thrown around for a while now, if they’re not obvious, some definitions:

 

Endorsement is the ability for one badge issuing organization to endorse another organization’s badges. Endorsement is a significant step towards a badge ‘economy’, where badges have objective worth relative to one another. A badge with multiple endorsements will probably be ‘worth’ more than a badge without the endorsements.

 

Public key infrastructure will allow issuers to sign a badge cryptographically. Badge signing will allow the issuers an extra level of security, but will also give the earners truly portable badges, even if the issuer goes away, or stops hosting the badge’s assertion file.


Federated backpacks are the holy grail of the open badges infrastructure. Mozilla’s hosted backpack can’t be the only backpack out there, we want everyone to create and host backpacks. We want them discoverable though, which complicates things. We need a system for making all the backpacks in the world act like one giant backpack for the purposes of aggregation and discovery. This is a tricky one, but it will be super awesome when we’re done with it. Super awesome.

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Making Badges Easier | FunnyMonkey

Making Badges Easier | FunnyMonkey | Badges for Lifelong Learning | Scoop.it

When both learners and organizations come to badges, one of the first questions they ask is how badges differ from credentials, diplomas, certificates, or the other tools currently used to mark when learning has occurred. This is the primary question that people new to badges need addressed. Currently, addressing that question requires a technical vocabulary lesson before the actual utility of badges can be addressed.

Eliminating the backpack (as both a technical requirement and a metaphor) would simplify things. Without the backpack, we have a system where badges are earned and badges are displayed. The logic of how badges are earned, stored, and displayed could be left where they belong: to the sites where badges are both earned and displayed.

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Critical Technology: Linkages to other badges | Peter Rawsthorne

Critical Technology: Linkages to other badges | Peter Rawsthorne | Badges for Lifelong Learning | Scoop.it

Who creates a badges relationships?
I believe two different people (or groups) create the badge relationships; the issuer and the earner. 

 

The issuer creates a badge and its metadata detailing the badges criteria, origin, contact, etc. The issuer also knows how the badge exists in relationship to other badges. Does the badge stand alone as representing a skill or knowledge all on its own? or does the badge exist with other badges to be a part of a curriculum, learning objectives, a learning journey or a cluster of skills and knowledge?

 

The earner, who has little control over a badges metadata, will also create relationships between badges. Is the earner creating their own learning journey or clustering badges to represent a unique set of skills and knowledge. I believe one of the strengths of badges is how the earner is given greater control of their learning by allowing them to create a personalized curriculum.The earner needs to be able to organize their own badges. Fortunately this can be done in the Mozilla badges backpack.

 

This distinction is important when considering the required additions to the badge metadata specification. Once a badge is issued its attributes cannot be altered for (given current thinking) this would invalidate the badge. I agree with this assertion. What this means is that if an earner wants to set relationships among their earned badges this needs to be done in the earners badge backpack and not alter the metadata of the badge itself. I believe the issuer has many reasons to set the relationships within the metadata of the badge, as the issuer understands how the badges fits within learning and related learning. Look to the above webmaker badges for an example of this.

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Badges and Assessment (part 1) | Coordinating Curation

I’ve come on board to work on two projects, the first to help develop a badge backpack, and the second is to work with Philipp Schmidt and the Peer-2-Peer University (P2PU) to experiment with peer-based educational assessment and recognition. The relationship between the two projects is simple: some peer-based assessments on P2PU will result in students being given digital badges; these badges will then get stored in a digital backpack.

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